Publications by authors named "Filiz Akin"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The relationship between coronary slow flow phenomenon and urotensin-II: A prospective and controlled study.

Anatol J Cardiol 2015 Jun 28;15(6):475-9. Epub 2014 Apr 28.

Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ondokuz Mayıs University; Samsun-Turkey.

Objective: The underlying mechanism of coronary slow flow (CSF) has not yet been clarified, although many studies have been conducted to understand its pathophysiology. In this study, we investigated the role of a very potent vasoconstrictor, urotensin-II (UII), in the pathophysiology of CSF. This prospective and controlled investigation aimed to evaluate the association between CSF and serum levels of UII.

Methods: Our study included 32 patients with slow flow in any coronary artery and 32 patients with normal coronary arteries. Coronary flow was calculated using the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) frame count (TFC) method, and CSF was defined as TFC ≥39 for the left anterior descending artery, TFC ≥27 for the circumflex coronary artery, and TFC ≥24 for the right coronary artery. UII levels in blood samples obtained from both groups were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method.

Results: UII levels were significantly higher in the CSF group than in the control group [122 pg/mL (71-831), 95 pg/mL (21-635), respectively; p<0.001]. High-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels were lower in the CSF group, and leukocyte counts were significantly higher. A positive correlation between UII and mean TFC (r=0.524, p=0.002) was found in the CSF group. The multivariate logistic regression analysis determined that UII, HDL, and cigarette smoking were independent indicators in predicting CSF (OR=1.010, 95% confidence interval 1.002-1014, p=0.019; OR=0.927, 95% confidence interval 0.869-0.988, p=0.019; OR=5.755, 95% confidence interval 1.272-26.041, p=0.021, respectively).

Conclusion: Serum UII levels were found to be significantly higher in the CSF group, suggesting that UII may be one of the underlying factors in the pathogenesis of CSF.
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June 2015

Acute myocardial infarction associated with blood transfusion: case report and literature review.

Transfus Apher Sci 2014 Apr 17;50(2):260-2. Epub 2014 Jan 17.

Kastamonu State Hospital, Department of Cardiology, Kastamonu, Turkey.

A 62-year old patient with a history of chronic anemia associated with malabsorption secondary to short gut syndrome, experienced acute chest pain the second hour after the transfusion of a crossmatch-compatible erythrocyte suspension. His electrocardiogram (ECG) revealed widespread ST-segment depressions and he had an elevated troponin level. Laboratory findings and physical examination did not indicate the presence of immunological or non-immunological blood transfusion reactions. Cardiac catheterization was performed and showed angiographically non-obstructive, atherosclerotic plaques and the absence of vasospasm or thrombus formation. Following antiischemic therapy his symptoms resolved completely. The ECG obtained 24 hours after the emergence of chest pain demonstrated normal sinus rhythm with no ST-T wave changes. We present a rare case of acute myocardial infarction induced following a blood transfusion. To the best of our knowledge, a few cases of acute myocardial infarction associated with blood transfusion have been formally recorded in the medical literature and the clinical experience regarding such cases is indeed quite limited. The present case is reviewed in the context of the relevant literature as a practical resource for clinical practice.
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April 2014

High-amplitude left ventricular pacing in cardiac resynchronization therapy: an alternative way to increase response rate in non-responders.

J Thorac Dis 2013 Oct;5(5):650-7

Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, Turkey;

Purpose: This study compared patients who underwent cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) by high-amplitude left ventricular (LV) pacing with those who underwent CRT by standard LV pacing.

Methods: We included 32 CRT patients with ejection fraction (EF) ≤35%, QRS time ≥120 ms, and New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III/IV symptoms of heart failure despite optimal medical treatment. These patients were evaluated clinically and echocardiographically before, three and six months after CRT. At the 3(rd) month, the LV pulse amplitude value was set high at 5 volt for 16 patients [high-amplitude Group (HAG)], while for the other 16 patients, it was reduced to at least twice the threshold value at ≤2.5 volt [low-amplitude group (LAG)].

Results: Clinical and echocardiographic response rates of HAG and LAG after CRT were similar in the 3(rd) and 6(th) month. In both groups, increase in LVEF and decrease in LV ESV in the 3(rd) and 6(th) month were statistically significant compared to those before CRT, and NYHA class and end-diastolic volume (EDV) was significantly reduced in the 6(th) month compared to those before CRT. However, NHYA class and EDV continued to reduce significantly in HAG from the 3(rd) to the 6(th) month (P<0.05), while the decrease in LAG was not significant (P>0.05). The rate of mitral regurgitation (MR) was reduced significantly in HAG in the 6(th) month compared to that before CRT, while the decrease in LAG was not significant (P<0.05; P>0.05 respectively).

Conclusions: CRT by high-amplitude LV pacing was more effective according to clinical and echocardiographic evaluations. It should be considered as an alternative in non-responsive patients.
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October 2013

Serum urotensin II levels in patients with non-dipper hypertension.

Clin Exp Hypertens 2013 9;35(7):506-11. Epub 2013 Jan 9.

Clinic of Cardiology, Bitlis State Hospital , Bitlis , Turkey.

Hypertension terms "dipper" and "non-dipper" are propounded by the change that occurs during ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring. The purpose of this study is to present whether the serum urotensin II levels are different in patients with dipper and non-dipper hypertension and to put forward the effects causing this difference, if there are any. Patients recently diagnosed with hypertension were included in the study. With ambulatory BP monitoring, 81 patients with high BP were divided into two groups, dipper (n = 40) and non-dipper (n = 41). Serum urotensin II levels were analyzed by ELISA method. Serum urotensin II levels were higher in patients with non-dipper hypertension than in patients with dipper hypertension (204 [106-533] vs. 140 [96-309], P = .004). There was a positive correlation between total systolic BP and serum urotensin II levels (r = 0.408 and P = .009), but the relation in the non-dipper hypertension group was not significant (r = 0.194 and P = .2). In conclusion, serum urotensin II levels were higher in non-dipper HT patients than dipper HT patients. This higher urotensin II level might be responsible for poor prognoses.
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June 2014