Publications by authors named "Fernando Petracci"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Knowledge, Practice, and Attitudes of Physicians in Low- and Middle-Income Countries on Fertility and Pregnancy-Related Issues in Young Women With Breast Cancer.

JCO Glob Oncol 2022 Jan;8:e2100153

Department of Medical Oncology, U.O. Clinica di Oncologia Medica, IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Genova, Italy.

Purpose: Fertility and pregnancy-related issues are highly relevant for young (≤ 40 years) patients with breast cancer. Limited evidence exists on knowledge, practice, and attitudes of physicians from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) regarding these issues.

Methods: A 19-item questionnaire adapted from an international survey exploring issues about fertility preservation and pregnancy after breast cancer was sent by e-mail between November 2019 and January 2020 to physicians from LMICs involved in breast cancer care. Descriptive analyses were performed.

Results: A total of 288 physicians from Asia, Africa, America, and Europe completed the survey. Median age was 38 years. Responders were mainly medical oncologists (44.4%) working in an academic setting (46.9%). Among responders, 40.2% and 53.8% reported having never consulted the available international guidelines on fertility preservation and pregnancy after breast cancer, respectively. 25.0%, 19.1%, and 24.3% of responders answered to be not at all knowledgeable about embryo, oocyte, or ovarian tissue cryopreservation, respectively; 29.2%, 23.6%, and 31.3% declared that embryo, oocyte, and ovarian tissue cryopreservation were not available in their countries, respectively. 57.6% of responders disagreed or were neutral on the statement that controlled ovarian stimulation can be considered safe in patients with breast cancer. 49.7% and 58.6% of responders agreed or were neutral on the statement that pregnancy in breast cancer survivors may increase the risk of recurrence overall or only in those with hormone receptor-positive disease, respectively.

Conclusion: This survey showed suboptimal knowledge, practice, and attitudes of physicians from LMICs on fertility preservation and pregnancy after treatment completion in young women with breast cancer. Increasing awareness and education on these aspects are needed to improve adherence to available guidelines and to promote patients' oncofertility counseling.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/GO.21.00153DOI Listing
January 2022

Use of real-world evidence for oncology clinical decision making in emerging economies.

Future Oncol 2021 Aug 28;17(22):2951-2960. Epub 2021 May 28.

Hematology & Oncology Department, Hotel Dieu de France University Hospital & Saint Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon.

Real-world evidence (RWE) can provide insights into patient profiles, disease detection, treatment choice, dosing strategies, treatment sequencing, adverse event management and financial toxicity associated with oncology treatment. However, the full potential of RWE is untapped in emerging economies due to structural and behavioral factors. Structural barriers include lack of regulatory engagement, real-world data availability, quality and integrity. Behavioral barriers include entrenched healthcare professional behaviors that impede rapid RWE understanding and adoption. These barriers can be addressed with close collaboration of healthcare stakeholders; of whom, regulators need to be at the forefront given their ability to facilitate use of RWE in healthcare policy and legislation.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2217/fon-2021-0425DOI Listing
August 2021

Erratum: RENATA study-Latin American prospective experience: clinical outcome of patients treated with palbociclib in hormone receptor-positive metastatic breast cancer-real-world use.

Ecancermedicalscience 2020 7;14:1087. Epub 2020 Aug 7.

Oncology Service Chair, Instituto Alexander Fleming, Buenos Aires 1642, Argentina.

[This corrects the article on p. 1 in vol. 14.].
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3332/ecancer.2020.1087DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7498270PMC
August 2020

RENATA study-Latin American prospective experience: clinical outcome of patients treated with palbociclib in hormone receptor-positive metastatic breast cancer-real-world use.

Ecancermedicalscience 2020 17;14:1058. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Oncology Service Chair, Instituto Alexander Fleming, Buenos Aires 1642, Argentina.

Background: In hormone receptor-positive, HER-2 negative (HR+/HER2-) advanced breast cancer (ABC) endocrine therapy (ET) plus cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 inhibitors (CDK4/6i) in first and second line improved progression-free survival (PFS), overall response rate (ORR) and clinical benefit rate (CB) without deterioration in quality of life compared with ET alone. In addition, recent data showed improvement in overall survival (OS) for premenopausal women in first line setting and for different subgroups of patients in second line. Since 2015, in Argentina, the combination of ET with CDK4/6i is a standard of care in HR+/HER2- ABC.

Methods: We carried out a prospective analysis of real-world use of palbociclib with ET in HR+/HER2- ABC patients who received treatment between October 2015 and August 2019 in two private institutes from Buenos Aires, Argentina. The aims of the study were to determine efficacy and safety of patients treated with ET and palbociclib, describe patient profile and treatment strategy beyond progression.

Results: One-hundred and twenty-eight patients were included in the final analysis. Main baseline characteristics include, median age 57 years, 20% were premenopausal women, 44% had visceral metastasis and 26% bone only disease. More than half of patients had two or more metastatic sites, 44.4% had performance status 1, and most of them (59.4%) were treated with palbociclib in first-line setting. Palbociclib was preferentially associated with aromatase inhibitors in 63.9% of patients, and with fulvestrant in the remaining. All premenopausal women received ovarian suppression or ovarian ablation (OS/OA). The median PFS was 36.7 months in first line and 24.2 months in second line. The ORR was 45.3% and 25.0% in first and second line, respectively. The median OS in the entire population was not reached. Half of patients did not require dose interruption and/or delay, dose reduction was required in 15% of patients and almost no patients required drug discontinuation (2.0%). With regard to safety, 55% of patients developed grade 3-4 adverse events, 20% neutropenia grade 3-4, and 7% febrile neutropenia. Infections were presented in one out of three patients, mostly uncomplicated.

Conclusions: This is the first prospective evidence of real-world use of palbociclib in a Latin American population. We found similar outcomes to the PALOMA-2 and PALOMA-3 randomised trials and Real-World Data already published, with lower incidence of side effects and treatment discontinuation, but with higher incidence of febrile neutropenia.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3332/ecancer.2020.1058DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7302883PMC
June 2020

[Chylopericardium and bilateral chylothorax in a breast cancer patient].

Medicina (B Aires) 2014 ;74(1):62-3

Instituto Alexander Fleming, Buenos Aires, Argentina. E-mail:

Non traumatic chylopericar dium is mostly secondary to infection, congenital or neoplastic disease that invade mediastinal lymph nodes and modify the normal lymphatic flow. It is associated to chylothorax in approximately 3% of cases. We report the case of a 52 years old woman with diagnosis of advanced breast cancer. She was admitted with bilateral pleural effusion and echocardiographic signs of cardiac tamponade. A CT scan disclosed multiple mediastinal lymphadenopathy. The level of tryglicerides in pleural effusion was 372 mg/dl. A percutaneous pericardiocentesis was performed, obtaining chyle, with 984 mg/dl of tryglicerides and cholesterol 90 mg/dl levels. Treatment strategy was modified. We reviewed pathophysiology, diagnostic criteria and treatment of this rare entity.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
September 2014
-->