Publications by authors named "Fernanda Franco Munari"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Frequency of Human Papillomavirus Detection in Chagasic Megaesophagus Associated or Not with Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Pathobiology 2021 Oct 12:1-9. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Molecular Oncology Research Center, Barretos Cancer Hospital, Barretos, Brazil.

Background: Chagasic megaesophagus (CM) as well as the presence of human papillomavirus (HPV) has been reported as etiological factors for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).

Objective: We assessed the prevalence of HPV DNA in a series of ESCCs associated or not with CM. Data obtained were further correlated to the pathological and clinical data of affected individuals.

Methods: A retrospective study was performed on 92 formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissues collected from patients referred to 3 different hospitals in São Paulo, Brazil: Barretos Cancer Hospital, Barretos, São Paulo; Federal University of Triângulo Mineiro, Uberaba, Minas Gerais; and São Paulo State University, Botucatu, São Paulo. Cases were divided into 3 groups: (i) 24 patients with CM associated with ESCC (CM/ESCC); (ii) 37 patients with ESCC without CM (ESCC); and (iii) 31 patients with CM without ESCC (CM). Detection of HPV DNA was assessed in all samples by a genotyping assay combining multiplex polymerase chain reaction and bead-based Luminex technology.

Results: We identified a high prevalence of high-risk HPV in patients in the CM group (12/31, 38.8%) and CM/ESCC (8/24, 33.3%), compared to individuals in the ESCC group (6/37, 16.3%). The individuals in the groups with cancer (ESCC and CM/ESCC) had a higher frequency of HPV-16 (4/9, 44.5% and 2/8, 25.0%). The other types of high-risk HPVs detected were HPV-31, 45, 51, 53, 56, 66, and 73. We also observed in some samples HPV coinfection by more than one viral type. Despite the high incidence of HPV, it did not show any association with the patient's clinical-pathological and molecular (TP53 mutation status) characteristics.

Conclusion: This is the first report of the presence of HPV DNA in CM associated with ESCC. HPV infection was more presence in megaesophagus lesions. Further studies are needed to confirm and better understand the role of persistent HPV infection in patients with CM.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000518697DOI Listing
October 2021

Profile of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma mutations in Brazilian patients.

Sci Rep 2021 Oct 18;11(1):20596. Epub 2021 Oct 18.

Molecular Oncology Research Center, Barretos Cancer Hospital, Antenor Duarte Villela, 1331, Barretos, São Paulo, 14784 400, Brazil.

Esophageal cancer is an aggressive tumor that has a high rate of incidence and mortality worldwide. It is the 10th most frequent type in Brazil, being squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) the predominant subtype. There is currently an incessant search to identify the frequently altered genes associated with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma biology that could be druggable. This study aimed to analyze the somatic mutation profile of a large panel of cancer-related genes in Brazilian ESCC. In a series of 46 ESCC diagnoses at Barretos Cancer Hospital, DNA isolated from paired fresh-frozen and blood tissue, a panel of 150 cancer-related genes was analyzed by next-generation sequencing. The genes with the highest frequency of mutations were TP53 (39/46, 84.8%), followed by NOTCH1 (7/46, 15.2%), NFE2L2 (5/46, 10.8%), RB1 (3/46, 6.5%), PTEN (3/46, 6.5%), CDKN2A (3/46, 6.5%), PTCH1 (2/46, 4.3%) and PIK3CA (2/46, 4.3%). There was no significant association between molecular and patients' clinicopathological features. Applying an evolutionary action score of p53 (EAp53), we observed that 14 (35.9%) TP53 mutations were classified as high-risk, yet no association with overall survival was observed. Concluding, this the largest mutation profile of Brazilian ESCC patients, which helps in the elucidation of the major cancer-related genes in this population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-00208-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8523676PMC
October 2021

Reproduction of the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Asian Cancer Research Group (ACRG) Gastric Cancer Molecular Classifications and Their Association with Clinicopathological Characteristics and Overall Survival in Moroccan Patients.

Dis Markers 2021 28;2021:9980410. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Life and Health Sciences Research Institute (ICVS), School of Medicine, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal.

Introduction: The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) project and Asian Cancer Research Group (ACRG) recently categorized gastric cancer into molecular subtypes. Nevertheless, these classification systems require high cost and sophisticated molecular technologies, preventing their widespread use in the clinic. This study is aimed to generating molecular subtypes of gastric cancer using techniques available in routine diagnostic practice in a series of Moroccan gastric cancer patients. In addition, we assessed the associations between molecular subtypes, clinicopathological features, and prognosis.

Methods: Ninety-seven gastric cancer cases were classified according to TCGA, ACRG, and integrated classifications using a panel of four molecular markers (EBV, MSI, E-cadherin, and p53). HER2 status and PD-L1 expression were also evaluated. These markers were analyzed using immunohistochemistry (E-cadherin, p53, HER2, and PD-L1), in situ hybridization (EBV and HER2 equivocal cases), and multiplex PCR (MSI).

Results: Our results showed that the subtypes presented distinct clinicopathological features and prognosis. EBV-positive gastric cancers were found exclusively in male patients. The GS (TCGA classification), MSS/EMT (ACRG classification), and E-cadherin aberrant subtype (integrated classification) presented the Lauren diffuse histology enrichment and tended to be diagnosed at a younger age. The MSI subtype was associated with a better overall survival across all classifications (TCGA, ACRG, and integrated classification). The worst prognosis was observed in the EBV subtype (TCGA and integrated classification) and MSS/EMT subtype (ACRG classification). . We reported a reproducible and affordable gastric cancer subtyping algorithms that can reproduce the recently recognized TCGA, ACRG, and integrated gastric cancer classifications, using techniques available in routine diagnosis. These simplified classifications can be employed not only for molecular classification but also in predicting the prognosis of gastric cancer patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2021/9980410DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8342151PMC
July 2021

Establishment, molecular and biological characterization of HCB-514: a novel human cervical cancer cell line.

Sci Rep 2019 02 13;9(1):1913. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Molecular Oncology Research Center, Barretos Cancer Hospital, Barretos, SP, Brazil.

Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women. Although cure rates are high for early stage disease, clinical outcomes for advanced, metastatic, or recurrent disease remain poor. To change this panorama, a deeper understanding of cervical cancer biology and novel study models are needed. Immortalized human cancer cell lines such as HeLa constitute crucial scientific tools, but there are few other cervical cancer cell lines available, limiting our understanding of a disease known for its molecular heterogeneity. This study aimed to establish novel cervical cancer cell lines derived from Brazilian patients. We successfully established one (HCB-514) out of 35 cervical tumors biopsied. We confirmed the phenotype of HCB-514 by verifying its' epithelial and tumor origin through cytokeratins, EpCAM and p16 staining. It was also HPV-16 positive. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) showed relevant somatic mutations in several genes including BRCA2, TGFBR1 and IRX2. A copy number variation (CNV) analysis by nanostring and WES revealed amplification of genes mainly related to kinases proteins involved in proliferation, migration and cell differentiation, such as EGFR, PIK3CA, and MAPK7. Overexpression of EGFR was confirmed by phospho RTK-array and validated by western blot analysis. Furthermore, the HCB-514 cell line was sensitive to cisplatin. In summary, this novel Brazilian cervical cancer cell line exhibits relevant key molecular features and constitutes a new biological model for pre-clinical studies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-38315-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374403PMC
February 2019

mutations are frequent in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma associated with chagasic megaesophagus and are associated with a worse patient outcome.

Infect Agent Cancer 2018 29;13:43. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

1Molecular Oncology Research Center, Barretos Cancer Hospital, Rua Antenor Duarte Villela, 1331, Barretos, SP CEP 14784 400 Brazil.

Background: Chronic diseases such as chagasic megaesophagus (secondary to Chagas' disease) have been suggested as etiological factors for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma; however, the molecular mechanisms involved are poorly understood.

Objective: We analyzed hotspot gene mutations in a series of esophageal squamous cell carcinomas associated or not with chagasic megaesophagus, as well as, in chagasic megaesophagus biopsies. We also checked for correlations between the presence of mutations with patients' clinical and pathological features.

Methods: The study included three different groups of patients: i) 23 patients with chagasic megaesophagus associated with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (CM/ESCC); ii) 38 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma not associated with chagasic megaesophagus (ESCC); and iii) 28 patients with chagasic megaesophagus without esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (CM). hotspot mutations in exons 9 and 20 were evaluated by PCR followed by direct sequencing technique.

Results: mutations were identified in 21.7% (5 out of 23) of CM/ESCC cases, in 10.5% (4 out of 38) of ESCC and in only 3.6% (1 case out of 28) of CM cases. In the CM/ESCC group, mutations were significantly associated with lower survival (mean 5 months), when compared to wild-type patients (mean 2.0 years). No other significant associations were observed between mutations and patients' clinical features or mutation profile.

Conclusion: This is the first report on the presence of mutations in esophageal cancer associated with chagasic megaesophagus. The detection of mutations in benign chagasic megaesophagus lesions suggests their putative role in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma development and opens new opportunities for targeted-therapies for these diseases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13027-018-0216-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311070PMC
December 2018

The relationship between esophageal cancer, chagasic megaesophagus and HPV: myths, tales or reality?

Histol Histopathol 2018 Nov 24;33(11):1135-1149. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

Molecular Oncology Research Center, Barretos Cancer Hospital, Barretos, São Paulo, Brazil.

A supposed role for persistent high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) etiology has been suggested by a number of studies. Concomitantly, megaesophagus induced by the Trypanosoma cruzi cell-cycle activity also shows a potential association with ESCC. This review discusses esophageal cancer and the potential association between chagasic megaesophagus and HPV as risk factors for ESCC development.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14670/HH-11-993DOI Listing
November 2018
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