Publications by authors named "Ferdinando Fusco"

109 Publications

Alfuzosin for the medical treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia and lower urinary tract symptoms: a systematic review of the literature and narrative synthesis.

Ther Adv Urol 2021 Jan-Dec;13:1756287221993283. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Division of Urology, Ospedale Sant'Andrea, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Background: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) are a bothersome frequent symptom in adult males. This systematic review analyzed the available evidence on the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic features of alfuzosin, and its clinical efficacy both as monotherapy and in combination with other drugs for the treatment of male LUTS/BPH.

Methods: A systematic review of the last 10 years was performed using the MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane libraries in March 2020. The protocol for this systematic review was registered on PROSPERO (Central Registration Depository: CRD42020136120) and is available in full on the University of York website.

Results: Alfuzosin is a quinazoline derivative and, although a nonspecific α1-blocker, exhibits a selective concentration in the prostate compared with plasma in patients with BPH. Three registration trials assessed the safety and efficacy of alfuzosin. The 10 mg daily formulation has a three-layered matrix containing the active substance between two inactive coats allowing a drug release over 20 h. Alfuzosin showed high tolerability, few vasodilatory effects and a low rate of ejaculation disorders over older alpha-blocking compounds thanks to the high uroselectivity of alfuzosin and its preferential concentration at urinary level. Six randomized clinical trials (RCTs) assessed efficacy and safety of alfuzosin other alpha-blockers ± placebo: three studies comparing with tamsulosin, one with doxazosin, and two with silodosin or tamsulosin. One RCT investigated the clinical outcomes of alfuzosin with finasteride, two with propiverine and two with phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors.

Conclusions: Alfuzosin is an effective drug for the treatment of LUTS/BPH, with a lower rate of sexual disorders compared with other alpha-blockers. Alfuzosin is also safe with low adverse events in case of concomitant antihypertensive therapy and in patients with cardiovascular morbidity. Safety and efficacy of alfuzosin has been reported also in case of combination therapy with antimuscarinic agents and PDE5i.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1756287221993283DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8047826PMC
April 2021

Inhibition of Androgen Signalling Improves the Outcomes of Therapies for Bladder Cancer: Results from a Systematic Review of Preclinical and Clinical Evidence and Meta-Analysis of Clinical Studies.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 Feb 20;11(2). Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Department of Neurosciences, Science of Reproduction and Odontostomatology, University of Naples Federico II, 80131 Naples, Italy.

Bladder cancer (BCa) is an endocrine-related tumour and the activation of androgen signalling pathways may promote bladder tumorigenesis. We summarized the available preclinical and clinical evidence on the implications of the manipulation of androgen signalling pathways on the outcomes of BCa therapies. A systematic review was performed in December 2020. We included papers that met the following criteria: original preclinical and clinical research; evaluating the impact of androgen signalling modulation on the outcomes of BCa therapies. Six preclinical and eight clinical studies were identified. The preclinical evidence demonstrates that the modulation of androgen receptor-related pathways has the potential to interfere with the activity of the Bacillus Calmette Guerin, doxorubicin, cisplatin, gemcitabine, and radiotherapy. The relative risk of BCa recurrence after transurethral resection of the bladder tumour (TURBT) is significantly lower in patients undergoing therapy with 5 alpha reductase inhibitors (5-ARIs) or androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) (Relative risk: 0.50, 95% CI: 0.30-0.82; = 0.006). Subgroup analysis in patients receiving 5-ARIs revealed a relative risk of BCa recurrence of 0.46 (95% CI: 0.22-0.95; = 0.040). A significant negative association between the ratio of T1 BCa patients in treated/control groups and the relative risk of BCa recurrence was observed. Therapy with 5-ARIs may represent a potential strategy aimed at reducing BCa recurrence rate, mainly in patients with low stage disease. Further studies are needed to confirm these preliminary data.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11020351DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7923424PMC
February 2021

Advance Xp® Male Sling can be an Effective and Safe Treatment for Post-Prostatectomy Stress Urinary Incontinence Also in Patients with Prior History of External Beam Radiation Therapy: A Multicentric Experience.

Surg Innov 2021 Feb 18:1553350621995042. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Chirurgia Urologica Robotica Mininvasiva e dei Trapianti Renali, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi, Università di Firenze, Italy.

Post-prostatectomy stress urinary incontinence (PPSUI) is one of the major complaints after radical prostatectomy. Transoburator male sling (TMS) placement is indicated in persistent mild to moderate PPSUI. External beam radiation therapy (EBRT) might be a negative prognostic factor for TMS outcomes. Study objective was to analyze EBRT impact on TMS outcome. We retrospectively investigated patients submitted to TMS for PPSUI, with or without previous EBRT, in two tertiary referral centers since 2010. Objective outcome was measured through ICIQ-SF, 1-hour pad test, and pad per die and subjective improvement through PGI-I. Patients were divided according to EBRT to make in-group and between-group comparisons. Patients were 56, 18 (32.1%) had previous EBRT. Median follow-up was 43.0 months (IQR: 22.3-64.0). TMS was placed at mean 18.8 months (SD 4.6) after EBRT. TMS determined a statistically significant reduction of pads, 1-hour pad test, and ICIQ-SF score (<.05). Improvement diminished during long-term follow-up. At last follow-up, 12 patients (21.4%) used 1 safety pad, while 15 (26.8%) used 0 pads. Median PGI-I was 2 (IQR 2-3). Recorded complications were 9 (16.1%) and none exceeded Clavien-Dindo grade 2. There were no differences in outcomes, failures, and complications between groups. TMS failures were 6 (10.7%), 2 of whom in the EBRT group. Four of them (7.1%) subsequently placed an artificial urinary sphincter (AUS). . Advance XP© placement seems effective and safe in well-selected patients complaining with PPSUI, even after EBRT. Surgical outcomes slightly deteriorate over time. Further studies are needed in these patients to assess TMS efficacy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1553350621995042DOI Listing
February 2021

SARS-CoV-2 infection affects the lower urinary tract and male genital system: A systematic review.

J Med Virol 2021 May 1;93(5):3133-3142. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive Sciences and Odontostomatology, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.

PubMed, Scopus, and ISI Web of Knowledge databases were searched to identify studies published up to December 2020 on the involvement of urinary and male genital systems in COVID-19. Sixteen studies involving a total of 575 patients (538 males and 37 females) were included in this systematic review. The COVID-19 phase was available for 479 patients: 426 in the acute and 53 in the recovery phase. De novo lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) were observed in 43 patients and deterioration of pre-existing LUTS in 7. Bladder hemorrhage was observed in three patients and acute urinary retention in one. Regarding the male genital system, scrotal discomfort was observed in 8 patients, swelling in 14, pain in 16, and erythema in 1; low flow priapism was observed in 2 patients. Ultrasound examination identified acute orchitis in 10 patients, acute epididymitis in 7, and acute epididymo-orchitis in 16. A case-control study reported that patients with moderate COVID-19 show a significant reduction in sperm concertation, the total number of sperms per ejaculate, progressive motility, and complete motility. In contrast to what is known from the first studies on the subject, this review also includes subsequent studies that give evidence of the involvement of the lower urinary tract and male genital system in COVID-19.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmv.26883DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8013185PMC
May 2021

Treatment of acute diverticulitis with open abdomen technique.

Ann Ital Chir 2020 ;91:705-708

Aim: The aim of this study is to highlight our experience about the use of open Abdomen's technique as strategy for the management of complicated colon diverticulitis with a delayed anastomosis or colostomy.

Materials And Methods: Thirty patients, with III and IV Hinchey stage, have been undertaken to a surgical procedure with Open Abdomen technique and application of Ab-thera device. A second surgical look was made after 48-72 hours in order to evaluate the possibility to do an anastomosis or colostomy.

Results: No deaths in patients with anastomosis were reported, but one case of leakage at the 8th day and one case of micro pulmonary embolism had been displayed. Elderly patients were discharged between the 15TH /18th day. One patient affected by lymphoma was sent in haematology department for other treatment.

Discussion: Today trend is to treat the diverticular disease with colic and paracolic abscess by a medical therapy and percutaneous drainage under CT scan or ultrasound view. With III and IV of Hinchey scale we perform the resection with anastomosis or colostomy. The open abdomen technique allows the surgeons to make the decision of colostomy or anastomosis in the second surgical look at 48-72 hours after the first treatment with irrigation and aspiration during AB-Thera.

Conclusion: The Open Abdomen technique is a valid therapeutic alternative approach for patients with acute diverticulitis disease in III and IV Hinchey grade. This therapeutic approach gives important advantages in patients with delayed colostomy.

Key Words: Diverticulitis, Damage Control Surgery, Open Abdomen.
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January 2020

Beyond Antimuscarinics: A Review of Pharmacological and Interventional Options for Overactive Bladder Management in Men.

Eur Urol 2021 Apr 2;79(4):492-504. Epub 2021 Jan 2.

Department of Urology, Clinic Favoriten and Sigmund Freud Private University, Vienna, Austria.

Context: The role of overactive bladder (OAB) treatment in women beyond antimuscarinics has been evaluated extensively. Beta-3 agonists, botulinum toxin-A (BTX-A), and nerve stimulation are indicated in these patients. However, data on male patients in this clinical scenario are scarce.

Objective: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the evidence on treatment options beyond antimuscarinics in men with OAB.

Evidence Acquisition: A search of PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Cochrane Central Database of Systematic Reviews databases was performed for relevant articles published between January 2000 and October 2020, using the following Medical Subject Headings: "male/man," "LUTS," "overactive bladder," "storage symptoms," "urgency," "nocturia," "incontinence," "beta-3 agonist," "PDE-5 inhibitors," "botulinum toxin," "sacral nerve stimulation/neurostimulation," "percutaneous/transcutaneous tibial nerve stimulation," "PTENS," and "combination therapy." Evidence acquisition was performed according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. PROSPERO registration number is CRD42020201223.

Evidence Synthesis: Overall, 24 studies were retrieved. In male OAB, mirabegron (MIRA) is the most intensively investigated pharmacological option. A pooled analysis of five randomized clinical trials (RCTs), including 1187 patients, concluded that MIRA 50 mg was associated with a greater reduction in frequency versus placebo (-0.37, 95% confidence interval [CI]: -0.74, -0.01, p <  0.05). A pooled analysis of three RCTs, including 1317 male patients, has also shown that the addition of MIRA 50 mg in men receiving the α-blocker tamsulosin improved the mean number of micturitions per day (-0.27, 95% CI: -0.46 to -0.09, p <  0.05), urgency episodes (-0.50, 95% CI: -0.77 to -0.22, p <  0.05), total OAB symptom score (-0.66, 95% CI: -1.00 to -0.38, p <  0.05), and mean volume voided (+10.76 ml, 95% CI: 4.87-16.64, p <  0.05). MIRA treatment is well tolerated in men. Other pharmacological treatment options, such as phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors, should be considered investigational. BTX-A seems to be effective as third-line treatment in male OAB patients. A higher rate of intermittent self-catheterization (5-42%) is observed in male than in female patients. Data on nerve stimulation are scarce.

Conclusions: MIRA has the most robust data in terms of safety and efficacy in this patient population. Preliminary data in men suggest that BTX-A is indicated as an interventional treatment. Evidence for PDE-5 inhibitors and nerve stimulation is too limited to provide recommendations. Future studies in this population should aim to better define the best treatment sequence and to identify predictors for treatment response and failure, to determine a therapeutic approach tailored to patients' characteristics.

Patient Summary: Overactive bladder is highly prevalent in men. Mirabegron 50 mg is the treatment option supported by the highest level of evidence when antimuscarinics failed. Botulinum toxin A injections seems to be an effective treatment as interventional option. Roles of nerve stimulation and phosphodiesterase inhibitors in male OAB patients are still to be defined.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eururo.2020.12.032DOI Listing
April 2021

Focus on Silodosin: Pros and Cons of Uroselectivity.

Res Rep Urol 2020 23;12:669-672. Epub 2020 Dec 23.

Department of Urology, Luigi Vanvitelli University of Naples, Naples, Italy.

Medical management of lower urinary tract symptoms related to benign prostatic obstruction engages healthcare professionals worldwide. Currently, alpha-1 adrenergic antagonists are strongly recommended as first-line therapy for patients with moderate to severe symptoms because of their safety, efficacy and good tolerability. These agents are highly heterogeneous in terms of pharmacological selectivity for the adrenergic receptor subtypes with silodosin being the agent characterized by the highest α/α affinity ratio. This property has been proposed to confer to silodosin advantages in terms of bladder outlet obstruction improvement and lower incidence of cardiovascular side effects at the cost of a higher incidence of ejaculatory dysfunction. These aspects should be carefully taken in consideration when personalizing medical therapy for lower urinary tract symptoms related to benign prostatic obstruction.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/RRU.S287129DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7767706PMC
December 2020

Attitudes and perceptions towards multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging of the prostate: A national survey among Italian urologists.

Arch Ital Urol Androl 2020 Dec 17;92(4). Epub 2020 Dec 17.

Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive Sciences and Odontostomatology, University of Naples "Federico II", Naples.

Objective: We aimed to assess the attitudes and perceptions towards multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) of the prostate among Italian urologists.

Material And Methods: A national, web-based survey was performed. A questionnaire composed of 18 multiple choice questions was e-mailed to 941 currently active urologists, members of the Italian Society of Urology. Preserving anonymity, respondents' demographics were collected (e.g. geographic region, type of workplace, prostate procedures performed) as well as data concerning their attitudes and perceptions towards mpMRI (e.g. indications deemed appropriate, degree of confidence in mpMRI results). Data were expressed as raw numbers and percentages of survey answers.

Results: In total, 98 responses were received (participation rate = 10.4%). Respondents mostly worked in urban areas (96%) and primarily in hospital settings (89%), while 48% of them worked in southern Italy. 97% of respondents considered mpMRI useful to detect Prostate Cancer (PCa) in patients with prior negative biopsy, 64% in biopsy-naïve patients and 60% for PCa pre-operatory staging. About half (42%) of the participants declared that mpMRI results frequently lead them to change PCa management strategy. Standardization of mpMRI acquisition and reporting was partially unsatisfactory. Reported waiting time for mpMRI scans was longer than 4 weeks for 51% of respondents. The major limitation of this survey includes the small number of participants.

Conclusions: Prostate mpMRI is used by Italian urologists mainly for detection and for pre-operative staging of PCa. Further improvements in terms of mpMRI availability and report standardization are required.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/aiua.2020.4.291DOI Listing
December 2020

Outcomes of Renal Stone Surgery Performed Either as Predonation or Ex Vivo Bench Procedure in Renal Grafts from Living Donors: A Systematic Review.

Biomed Res Int 2020 27;2020:6625882. Epub 2020 Nov 27.

Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, 80131 Naples, Italy.

Aims: We aimed to summarize available evidence about intraoperative and postoperative donors' and recipients' outcomes following stone surgery in renal grafts from living donors performed either before donation or as ex vivo bench surgery at the time of living-donor nephrectomy.

Methods: A systematic review of PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, and Scopus databases was performed in September 2020. We included full papers that met the following criteria: original research, English language, human studies, and describing the results of stone surgery in renal grafts from living donors performed either before transplantation or as ex vivo bench surgery.

Results: We identified 11 studies involving 106 patients aged between 22 and 72 years. Predonation and bench stone surgery was performed in 9 (8.5%) and 96 (90.6%) patients, respectively. Predonation stone surgery involved extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, retrograde intrarenal surgery, and percutaneous nephrolithotomy in 8, 1, and 1 patient, respectively. The overall success rate of predonation stone surgery was 78%, and the complication rate was 0%. Bench stone surgery involved ureteroscopy, pyelolithotomy, or a combination of both in 79 (82.3%), 10 (10.4%), and 7 (7.3%) cases, respectively, with an overall success rate of 95.8% and an overall complication rate of 9.37%.

Conclusions: Predonation and bench stone surgery in grafts from living donors represents efficacious and safe procedures. Further studies on wider series with a longer follow-up are required.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/6625882DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7723480PMC
November 2020

Suppression of spermatogenesis by exogenous testosterone.

Curr Pharm Des 2020 Dec 6. Epub 2020 Dec 6.

Department of Neurosciences, Sciences of Reproduction, and Odontostomatology, University of Naples Federico II, Naples. Italy.

Sperm production starts from puberty in the seminiferous tubules providing for testosterone production by the Leydig cells taking place in the interstice of the testicles. Normal spermatogenesis depends on specific signalling from the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. GnRH, FSH and LH are the main hormones involved in the production and maturation of spermatozoa. Exogenous administration of androgens influences the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis with negative feedback that may lead to partial or complete cessation of spermatogenesis by decreasing FSH and LH. Despite the fact that many trials have confirmed that exogenous testosterone affects male fertility status, evidence regarding the long-term effects of treatment is conflicting. Regarding this aspect, many studies have confirmed a return to baseline sperm concentration after testosterone treatment discontinuation, however none of them can specify how long recovery will take nor whether the sperm count is sufficient for fertility.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1381612826666201207104340DOI Listing
December 2020

Clinical and Pathological Characteristics of Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Patients Needing a Second-Line Therapy: A Systematic Review.

Cancers (Basel) 2020 Dec 4;12(12). Epub 2020 Dec 4.

Department of Neurosciences, Science of Reproduction and Odontostomatology, University of Naples Federico II, 80131 Naples, Italy.

A high percentage of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) require a second-line option. We aimed to summarize available evidences about the clinicopathological profile of mRCC patients who receive a second-line therapy. A systematic review was performed in August 2020. We included papers that met the following criteria: original research; English language; human studies; enrolling mRCC patients entering a second-line therapy. Twenty-nine studies enrolling 7650 patients (73.5% male, mean age: 55 to 70 years) were included. Clear cell histology was reported in 74.4% to 100% of cases. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors, immunotherapy, bevacizumab, mTOR inhibitors, and chemotherapy were adopted as first line option in 68.5%, 29.2%, 2.9%, 0.6%, and 0.2% of patients, respectively. Discontinuation of first-line therapy was due to progression and toxicity in 18.4% to 100% and in 17% to 48.8% of patients, respectively. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score was 0 or 1 in most cases. Most prevalent prognostic categories according to the International Metastatic RCC Database Consortium and Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Centre score were intermediate and good. About 77.8% of patients harboured ≥2 metastatic sites. In conclusion, patients who enter a second-line therapy are heterogeneous in terms of a clinical-pathological profile. Tailoring of second-line treatment strategies is strongly advocated.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cancers12123634DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7761871PMC
December 2020

The waiting time for prostate cancer treatment in Italy: analysis from the Pros-IT CNR study.

Minerva Urol Nefrol 2020 Nov 17. Epub 2020 Nov 17.

National Research Council (CNR), Neuroscience Institute, Aging Branch, Padua, Italy.

Background: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most common neoplasm in male patients. To date, there's no certain indication about the maximum waiting time (WT) acceptable for treatment beginning and the impact on oncological and functional outcomes has not been well established.

Methods: Data from the National Research Council PCa monitoring multicenter project in Italy (Pros-IT CNR) were prospectively collected and analyzed. WT was defined as the time from the bioptical diagnosis of PCa to the first treatment received. Patients were divided in two groups, using a time frame of 90 days. Quality of life was measured through the Italian version of the University of California Los Angeles-Prostate Cancer Index (UCLA-PCI) and of the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12). The occurrence of upgrading, upstaging, presence of lymph node metastasis and positive surgical margins at the final histopathological diagnosis, and PSA at 12 months follow-up were evaluated.

Results: The overall median WT was 93 days. The logistic multivariable model confirmed that age, being resident in Southern regions of Italy and T staging at diagnosis were significantly associated with a WT >90 days. At 6 months from diagnosis the mean SF-12 score for the emotionalpsychological component was significantly lower in WT ≥ 90 days group (p=0.0428). Among patients treated with surgical approach, no significant differences in oncological outcomes were found in the two groups.

Conclusions: In our study age, clinical T stage and provenance from Southern regions of Italy are associated with a WT > 90 days. WT might have no impact on functional and oncological outcome.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0393-2249.20.03925-9DOI Listing
November 2020

Recent advances in percutaneous lithotripsy techniques.

Curr Opin Urol 2021 Jan;31(1):24-28

Urology Unit, Department of Woman, Child and General and Specialized Surgery, University of Campania 'Luigi Vanvitelli'.

Purpose Of Review: To describe and critically discuss the most recent evidence regarding the percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) techniques.

Recent Findings: Three-dimensional printing and virtual reality are promising tools to improve surgeon experience and operative performance. Totally ultrasound-guided PCNL is feasible and can reduce the radiological risk. Growing evidence highlights the safety and advantages of the use of miniaturized instrumentations, although some related limitations place the mini PCNL (mPCNL) in direct challenge with the retrograde intrarenal surgery. LithoClast Trilogy and ClearPetra system can improve the stone clearance. Thulium laser is a new source of energy with growing expectations and promising in-vitro results.

Summary: Significant advances have recently been recorded in PCNL techniques. Thulium fiber laser, LithoClast Trilogy, new suction devices, and the development of novel technologies for teaching and planning procedures may overcome mPCNL drawbacks. Further studies are needed to confirm the promising preliminary results available on the topic.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MOU.0000000000000829DOI Listing
January 2021

Tamsulosin plus a new complementary and alternative medicine in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia: Results from a retrospective comparative study.

Arch Ital Urol Androl 2020 Oct 1;92(3). Epub 2020 Oct 1.

Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive Sciences and Odontostomatology, University of Naples Federico II. Naples.

Background: We aimed to compare the efficacy of tamsulosin 0.4 mg once a day alone and the combination therapy involving tamsulosin 0.4 mg once a day plus the complementary and alternative medicine consisting of vitamins (C and D), herbal products (Cucurbita maxima, Capsicum annum, Polygonum capsicatum) and amino acid L-Glutamine bid in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms related to benign prostatic hyperplasia (LUTS/BPH).

Methods: We performed a retrospective matched paired comparison. The clinical records of LUTS/BPH patients who underwent medical therapy with tamsulosin 0.4 mg/day plus the complementary and alternative medicine consisting of vitamins (C and D), herbal products (Cucurbita maxima, Capsicum annum, Polygonum capsicatum) and amino acid L-Glutamine bid between January 2019 to September 2019 were reviewed (Group 1). These patients were compared in a 1:1 fashion with LUTS/BPH patients who underwent therapy with tamsulosin 0.4 mg/day alone (Group 2). Total, storage, voiding and Quality of Life (QoL) international prostate symptom (IPSS) score, as well as overactive bladder (OAB)-v8 score and treatment- related adverse events recorded at 40 days follow-up in both groups were compared.

Results: At 40 days follow-up mean total, storage, voiding and QoL IPSS sub-scores as well as OAB-v8 score significantly improved in both groups. Intergroup comparison showed statistically significant lower mean total IPSS score (11.6 vs 12.4, p = 0.04) mean storage IPSS sub-score (6.5 vs 7.5, p = 0.01), and mean OAB v8 score (16.7 vs 18.8, p = 0.03) in patients in the Group 1.

Conclusions: The combination of tamsulosin 0.4 mg/die plus the complementary and alternative medicine consisting of vitamins (C and D), herbal products (Cucurbita maxima, Capsicum annum, Polygonum capsicatum) and amino acid LGlutamine bid provides statistically significant advantages in terms of storage LUTS improvements in patients with LUTS/BPH compared to tamsulosin 0.4 mg/day alone. These findings are preliminary and further prospective studies on a greater number of patients are needed to confirm it.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/aiua.2020.3.173DOI Listing
October 2020

A case of incidentally discovered solitary fibrous tumor of the kidney: A case study.

Mol Clin Oncol 2020 Oct 10;13(4):39. Epub 2020 Aug 10.

Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive Sciences and Odontostomatology, University of Naples Federico II, I-80123 Naples, Italy.

Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare neoplasm of mesenchymal origin. The kidney represents an unusual location for SFT and the diagnosis and treatment of renal SFT remains challenging. The present study reports the case of a right kidney SFT incidentally discovered in a 52-year old woman. Radiological findings from computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging were not specific but highly suspect for a malignant neoplasm. The definitive diagnosis relied on histological examination and immunohistochemical staining for CD34 and signal transducer and activator of transcription
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/mco.2020.2109DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7439114PMC
October 2020

How radical prostatectomy procedures have changed over the last 10 years in Italy: a comparative analysis based on more than 1500 patients participating in the MIRROR-SIU/LUNA and the Pros-IT CNR study.

World J Urol 2020 Aug 1. Epub 2020 Aug 1.

Radiation Oncology Unit, University of Brescia and Spedali Civili Hospital, Brescia, Italy.

Purpose: Therapeutic strategies for prostate cancer (PCa) have been evolving dramatically worldwide. The current article reports on the evolution of surgical management strategies for PCa in Italy.

Methods: The data from two independent Italian multicenter projects, the MIRROR-SIU/LUNA (started in 2007, holding data of 890 patients) and the Pros-IT-CNR project (started in 2014, with data of 692 patients), were compared. Differences in patients' characteristics were evaluated. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to identify characteristics associated with robot-assisted (RA) procedure, nerve sparing (NS) approach, and lymph node dissection (LND).

Results: The two cohorts did not differ in terms of age and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels at biopsy. Patients enrolled in the Pros-IT-CNR project more frequently were submitted to RA (58.8% vs 27.6%, p < 0.001) and NS prostatectomy (58.4% vs. 52.9%, p = 0.04), but received LND less frequently (47.7% vs. 76.7%, p < 0.001), as compared to the MIRROR-SIU/LUNA patients. At multivariate logistic models, Lower Gleason Scores (GS) and PSA levels were significantly associated with RA prostatectomy in both cohorts. As for the MIRROR-SIU/LUNA data, clinical T-stage was a predictor for NS (OR = 0.07 for T3, T4) and LND (OR = 2.41 for T2) procedures. As for Pros-IT CNR data, GS ≥ (4 + 3) and positive cancer cores ≥ 50% were decisive factors both for NS (OR 0.29 and 0.30) and LND (OR 7.53 and 2.31) strategies.

Conclusions: PCa management has changed over the last decade in Italian centers: RA and NS procedures without LND have become the methods of choice to treat newly medium-high risk diagnosed PCa.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00345-020-03350-5DOI Listing
August 2020

Perceptions, Expectations, Preferences, and Attitudes Toward Premature Ejaculation, Its Diagnosis and Topical Treatment with Fortacin™ Spray: Results from an Expert Panel Discussion.

Res Rep Urol 2020 2;12:211-216. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive Sciences and Odontostomatology, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.

Introduction: Premature ejaculation (PE) represents the most prevalent male sexual issue. Before beginning treatment, it is essential to discuss the patient's expectations thoroughly.

Methods: Herein, we report the results of an expert panel discussion about perceptions, expectations, preferences, and attitudes towards PE, its diagnosis and treatment. The panel took place in October 2019 and involved 30 Italian urologists experienced in the management of male sexual dysfunction. It aimed at investigating physicians' points of view about selected aspects of PE management which emerged during the counselling of PE patients over the previous two years. Treatment-related questions were mainly focused on topical treatment with Fortacin™.

Results: Overall, 83.3% of those interviewed declared that most of their patients perceive PE as a bother rather than a disease. The percentage of urologists interviewed perceived that improved subjective control over ejaculation and prolonged intravaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT) as the main benefit expected by the majority of their patients was 56.5% and 10%, respectively. Eighty percent of urologists reported on-demand regimen as the dosage modality preferred by the majority of their patients and half of them reported the topical route to be the way of administration preferred in most cases. Moreover, 73.3% of urologists reported that adherence to treatment was higher in patients undergoing topical treatment. Finally, 80% of urologists perceived Fortacin to be efficacious in patients with acquired PE and 70% of them perceived its efficacy to be independent from IELT.

Discussion: Most patients perceive PE as a bother rather than a disease and mainly advocate an improved control over ejaculation. Fortacin is perceived as efficacious in patients with acquired PE, and independent from IELT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/RRU.S250301DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7337443PMC
July 2020

Short- and Long-Term Evaluation of Renal Function after Radical Cystectomy and Cutaneous Ureterostomy in High-Risk Patients.

J Clin Med 2020 Jul 11;9(7). Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Urologic Section, Department of Neurosciences, Sciences of Reproduction, and Odontostomatology, University of Naples Federico II, 80131 Naples, Italy.

Deterioration of renal function has been reported after radical cystectomy (RC) with urinary diversion. We investigated renal function changes in elderly bladder cancer (BCa) patients who underwent RC with cutaneous ureterostomy (CU) urinary diversion. We performed a retrospective, observational study. BCa patients aged ≥75 with an American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class greater than II were included. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was the main outcome measure. GFR values were recorded preoperatively, at discharge, at 6-month follow-up, and yearly up to 60 months. A total of 70 patients with a median age of 78.0 years were identified. Median preoperative GFR was 74.3 mL/min/1.73 m and declined significantly to 54.6 mL/min/1.73 m after 6 months ( < 0.001). A gradual GFR decline was observed thereafter, reaching a median value of 46.2 after 60 months. Preoperative GFR and acute kidney injury were significant predictors of fast deterioration of GFR and of 25% deterioration of GFR after 12 months. Elderly BCa patients with high comorbidity rates undergoing RC with CU should be carefully informed about the risk of GFR deterioration and the need for adequate monitoring.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm9072191DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7408808PMC
July 2020

The urothelium, the urinary microbioma and men LUTS: a systematic review.

Minerva Urol Nefrol 2020 Dec 16;72(6):712-722. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Department of Urology, Sant'Andrea Hospital, Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.

Introduction: The pathophysiology and management of male patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) is still a matter of debate. In the past few years, the urothelium and the urinary microbiota represented important areas of research to improve the understanding and management of these patients. Aim of the present review was to summarize the available data on the urothelium and the microbiota related to male LUTS.

Evidence Acquisition: A National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) PubMed search for relevant articles published between January 2000 and December 2019 was performed using the medical subjects heading "urothelium," "microbioma," "microbiota," "urobioma," "urobiota," "benign prostatic hyperplasia," "benign prostatic enlargement," "lower urinary tract symptoms," "lower urinary tract dysfunction," "men," "male," "overactive bladder," "receptors." Exclusion criteria included: animal studies and studies on muscarinic and adrenergic pathways.

Evidence Synthesis: The urothelium has been recently evaluated in humans to evaluate new possible markers and pathways. New possible targets for the treatment of male LUTS include the neural growth factor, the cannabinoid, the vanilloid and the ATP pathways. However, studies in humans are still needed to elucidate the exact role of these pathways in the management of male patients with LUTS. The available evidence on the urinary microbioma in male is poor. Standing to the available, urinary microbioma is evident in healthy urine in males. Moreover, the urinary microbioma varies depending on the method of collection, sexually transmitted disease status, inflammation and urinary symptoms. A possible role of probiotics in the management of LUTS in women has been proposed and may have a role in male patients as well.

Conclusions: The urothelium and the urinary microbiota are still poorly studied in men with LUTS. Most of the evidence and the hypothesis on the relationship between urothelium/urinary microbiota and LUTS comes from animal/in-vitro evidence while clinical trials are lacking. These pathways seem interesting even in LUTS pathogenesis in men but their possible role as a new therapeutic target is still an open debate.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0393-2249.20.03762-5DOI Listing
December 2020

Endovascular therapy for erectile dysfunction: a state of the art review.

Minerva Cardioangiol 2020 Jun 2. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Division of Cardiology, Clinica San Gaudenzio, Novara, Italy.

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is defined as the inability to attain or maintain penile erection sufficient for successful sexual intercourse. ED carries a notable influence on quality of life, with significant implications for family and social relationships. Because atherosclerosis of penile arteries represents one of the most frequent causes of ED, patients presenting with it should always be investigated for potential coexistent coronary or peripheral disease. Up to 75% of patients with ED have a stenosis of the iliac-pudendal-penile arteries, supplying perfusion of the male genital organ. Recently the potential treatment of this pathological condition by percutaneous approaches has emerged with good angiographic results and with a significant improvement in symptoms and quality of life. This review will focus on the normal anatomy and physiology of erection, the pathophysiology of ED, the relation between ED and cardiovascular diseases and, lastly, on new treatment modalities aimed at restoration of normal erectile function.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0026-4725.20.05136-1DOI Listing
June 2020

Hexaminolevulinate blue light cystoscopy (Hal) assisted transurethral resection of the bladder tumour vs white light transurethral resection of the bladder tumour in non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) : a retrospective analysis.

Arch Ital Urol Androl 2020 Apr 6;92(1):17-20. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Madonna del Buon Consiglio, "Fatebenefratelli" Hospital, Naples.

Background: Bladder cancer is the eleventh most commonly diagnosed cancer worldwide. The recurrence rate of this cancer can be very high, up to 45%. Photodynamic diagnosis (PDD) is more sensitive than standard procedures for the detection of malignant tumours. The aim of the study was to evaluate oncological outcomes in white light TURB (WL-TURB) and hexaminolevuninate blue light TURB (Hal-TURB).

Patients And Methods: This was a retrospective longitudinal single-center study. In the period between January 2016 and October 2016 WL-TURB was the only therapeutic option available. From November 2016 until April 2017 all TURBs were fluorescence-guided (Hal-TURB). Kaplan-Meier curves have been used to estimate recurrence free survival rates.

Results: One hundred and eleven patients underwent Hal- TURB and 137 underwent WL-TURB. Recurrence rate after 12 months was 19.8% (22 out of 111 patients) and 37.2% (51 out of 137 patients) in HAL-group and WL-group respectively (p < 0.01). The recurrence-free period was longer in HAL-group rather than WL-group (8.9 months vs 7.3 months, p < 0.05). Moreover, the recurrence rate during the first 6 months was 3.7% in patients who underwent HAL-TURB and 16% in those who received WL-TURB (p < 0.01).

Conclusion: The results of the study show that recurrence-free survival was longer in patients undergoing HAL-TURB compared to the patients who received standard WL-TURB.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/aiua.2020.1.17DOI Listing
April 2020

Does Physical Activity Regulate Prostate Carcinogenesis and Prostate Cancer Outcomes? A Narrative Review.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 02 24;17(4). Epub 2020 Feb 24.

Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive Sciences and Odontostomatology, University of Naples "Federico II", 80131 Naples, Italy.

: Prostate cancer (PCa) represents a common disease in men aged >65 years. The role of physical activity (PA) in patients at risk or diagnosed with PCa represents an evolving issue. We aimed to summarize available evidences about the impact of PA on the pathophysiology and clinical outcomes of PCa. : We performed a narrative review. Evidences about the role of PA in elderly patients in terms of PCa biology, epidemiology, oncological and functional outcomes, as well as in terms of impact on the outcomes of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) were summarized. : Potential pathophysiological pathways hypothesized to explain the benefits of PA in terms of prostate carcinogenesis include circulating levels of Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), oxidative stress, systemic inflammation, sex hormones, and myokines. Clinically, emerging evidences support the hypothesis that PA is associated with decreased PCa risk, improved PCa-related survival, improved functional outcomes, and reduced ADT-related adverse events.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17041441DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7068391PMC
February 2020

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy reduces mortality in patients with Fournier's Gangrene. Results from a multi-institutional observational study.

Minerva Urol Nefrol 2020 Apr 19;72(2):223-228. Epub 2020 Feb 19.

Department of Neurosciences, Sciences of Reproduction, and Odontostomatology, Federico II University, Naples, Italy -

Background: Evidence about the clinical benefits of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) in patients with Fournier's Gangrene (FG) is controversial and inconclusive. We aimed to compare the mortality related to FG between patients undergoing surgical debridement and/or standard antibiotic therapy alone or in combination with HBOT.

Methods: We performed a retrospective multi-institutional observational case-control study. All patients admitted with diagnosis of FG from June 2009 to June 2019 were included into the study. Patients received surgical debridement and/or standard antibiotic therapy alone or in combination with HBOT. Factors associated with FG related mortality were assessed with uni-and multivariate analyses. The main outcome measure was FG related mortality.

Results: A total of 161 patients with diagnosis of FG were identified. Mean FG Severity Index was 8.6±4.5. All patients had broad-spectrum parenteral antibiotic therapy. An aggressive debridement was performed in 139 (86.3%) patients. A total of 72 patients (44.7%) underwent HBOT. Mortality due to FG was observed in 32 (36.0%) of patients who do not underwent HBOT and in 14 (19.4%) of patients who underwent HBOT (P=0.01). At the multivariate analysis, surgical debridement and HBOT were independent predictors of lower mortality while higher FG Severity Index was independent predictor of higher mortality.

Conclusions: HBOT and surgical debridement are independent predictors of reduced FG related mortality.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0393-2249.20.03696-6DOI Listing
April 2020

Clinical Efficacy of Silodosin in Patients with Severe Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms Related to Benign Prostatic Obstruction: A Pooled Analysis of Phase 3 and 4 Trials.

Eur Urol Focus 2021 Mar 10;7(2):440-443. Epub 2020 Feb 10.

Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive Sciences and Odontostomatology, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy. Electronic address:

We performed a post hoc analysis of data from phase 3 and 4 studies to evaluate the efficacy of silodosin 8mg in patients with severe lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) related to benign prostatic obstruction (BPO). The presence of two or more of the following criteria was adopted to define severity: total International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) 20-35, quality of life (QoL) score 5-6, maximum urinary flow <5ml/s or postvoid residual volume ≥100ml, and prostate volume ≥50ml. Mean improvements in total (8.1 vs 4.7), storage (3.1 vs 2.0), voiding (5.0 vs 2.7), and QoL (1.3 vs 0.7) IPSS scores were significantly greater for patients receiving silodosin compared to placebo (all p< 0.0001). Mean improvements in total, storage, voiding, and QoL IPSS scores were similar for the severe and not severe LUTS cohorts. In conclusion, silodosin significantly improves symptoms and QoL in all LUTS/BPO patients, including those with severe symptoms. PATIENT SUMMARY: Silodosin improves symptoms and quality of life for patients with severe lower urinary tract symptoms related to benign prostatic obstruction.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.euf.2020.01.014DOI Listing
March 2021

Detrusor overactivity and underactivity: implication for lower urinary tract symptoms related to benign prostate hyperplasia diagnosis and treatment.

Minerva Urol Nephrol 2021 Feb 30;73(1):59-71. Epub 2020 Jan 30.

Unit of Urology, Department of Neurosciences, Sciences of Reproduction, and Odontostomatology, Federico II University, Naples, Italy -

Introduction: Detrusor underactivity (DUA) and detrusor overactivity (DO) have potential impact on the outcomes of surgery for lower urinary tract symptoms related to benign prostate hyperplasia (LUTS/BPH).

Evidence Acquisition: We performed a literature search including studies on humans enrolling patients with preoperative urodynamic evidence of DO and/or DUA undergoing LUTS/BPH surgery. Factors that may influence the outcomes of surgery in these patients were evaluated.

Evidence Synthesis: In patients with DUA mean bladder contractility index improved from +4 to +44.6, mean total International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) improved from -3 to -19.5 points, mean maximum urinary flow (Qmax) improved from +1.4 to +11.7 mL/s, and mean postvoid residual volume (PVR) improved from -16.5 to -736 mL. Older age, lack of obstruction, concomitant DO, lower detrusor contractility and use of transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) or photovaporization (PV) instead of Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) were associated with worse outcomes. In patients with DO, the percentage of DO resolution ranged from 57.1% to 83.3%. Mean total IPSS, Qmax, and PVR variations ranged from +0.9 to -15.7 points, from -0.2 mL/s to +14 mL/s, and from -19.6 to -202.5 mL, respectively. Older age, lack of obstruction, terminal DO, low maximum cystometric capacity, early and high amplitude DO, and use of transurethral prostate incision instead of TURP or open adenomectomy were associated with worse outcomes.

Conclusions: In patients with DUA or DO, surgery for LUTS/BPH provides overall good results. However, a number of factors can affect these outcomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0393-2249.20.03678-4DOI Listing
February 2021

Second cycle of intralesional Collagenase Clostridium histolyticum for Peyronie's disease using the modified shortened protocol: Results from a retrospective analysis.

Andrologia 2020 Apr 31;52(3):e13527. Epub 2020 Jan 31.

Urology Unit, Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive Sciences, and Odontostomatology, University of Naples "Federico II", Naples, Italy.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the second cycle of Collagenase Clostridium histolyticum injections using the modified shortened protocol. We performed a retrospective analysis on patients who had already undergone the first cycle of injections using the modified shortened protocol and requested more injections to improve the remaining curvature. The International Index of Erectile Function, the Peyronie's Disease Questionnaire and the Global Assessment of Peyronie's Disease questionnaire were self-administered to all patients. All the parameters were recorded at baseline, after the first cycle and after the second cycle of injections. All adverse events were recorded. Seventeen patients completed two cycles of injections. All patients had a reduction of the initial curvature after the first cycle, with a mean improvement of 17.4° (27.4%). After the second cycle, the reduction of the curvature was 7.9° (17.1%), and 29.4% of patients had no further improvement. No severe side effect was recorded. The results of the present study confirm the effectiveness and safety of the modified shortened protocol of Collagenase C. histolyticum injections for Peyronie's disease. However, the second cycle of three injections may be less effective, and patients may not be completely satisfied.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/and.13527DOI Listing
April 2020

Sperm recovery and ICSI outcomes in men with non-obstructive azoospermia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Hum Reprod Update 2019 11;25(6):733-757

Department of Urology, Ioannina University School of Medicine, Ioannina, Greece.

Background: Factor affecting sperm retrieval rate (SRR) or pregnancy rates (PR) after testicular sperm extraction (TESE) in patients with non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) have not been systematically evaluated. In addition, although micro-TESE (mTESE) has been advocated as the gold standard for sperm retrieval in men with NOA, its superiority over conventional TESE (cTESE) remains conflicting.

Objective And Rationale: The objective was to perform a meta-analysis of the currently available studies comparing the techniques of sperm retrieval and to identify clinical and biochemical factors predicting SRR in men with NOA. In addition, PRs and live birth rates (LBRs), as derived from subjects with NOA post-ICSI, were also analysed as secondary outcomes.

Search Methods: An extensive Medline, Embase and Cochrane search was performed. All trials reporting SRR derived from cTESE or mTESE in patients with NOA and their specific determinants were included. Data derived from genetic causes of NOA or testicular sperm aspiration were excluded.

Outcomes: Out of 1236 studies, 117 studies met the inclusion criteria for this study, enrolling 21 404 patients with a mean age (± SD) of 35.0 ± 2.7 years. cTESE and mTESE were used in 56 and 43 studies, respectively. In addition, 10 studies used a mixed approach and 8 studies compared cTESE with mTESE approach. Overall, a SRR per TESE procedure of 47[45;49]% (mean percentage [95% CI]) was found. No differences were observed when mTESE was compared to cTESE (46[43;49]% for cTESE versus 46[42;49]% for mTESE). Meta-regression analysis demonstrated that SRR per cycle was independent of age and hormonal parameters at enrolment. However, the SRR increased as a function of testis volume. In particular, by applying ROC curve analysis, a mean testis volume higher than 12.5 ml predicted SRR >60% with an accuracy of 86.2% ± 0.01. In addition, SRR decreased as a function of the number of Klinefelter's syndrome cases included (S = -0.02[-0.04;-0.01]; P < 0.01. I = 0.12[-0.05;0.29]; P = 0.16). Information on fertility outcomes after ICSI was available in 42 studies. Overall, a total of 1096 biochemical pregnancies were reported (cumulative PR = 29[25;32]% per ICSI cycle). A similar rate was observed when LBR was analysed (569 live births with a cumulative LBR = 24[20;28]% per ICSI cycle). No influence of male and female age, mean testis volume or hormonal parameters on both PR and LBR per ICSI cycle was observed. Finally, a higher PR per ICSI cycle was observed when the use of fresh sperm was compared to cryopreserved sperm (PR = 35[30;40]%, versus 20[13;29]% respectively): however, this result was not confirmed when cumulative LBR per ICSI cycle was analysed (LBR = 30[20;41]% for fresh versus 20[12;31]% for cryopreserved sperm).

Wider Implications: This analysis shows that cTESE/mTESE in subjects with NOA results in SRRs of up to 50%, with no differences when cTESE was compared to mTESE. Retrieved sperms resulted in a LBR of up to 28% ICSI cycle. Although no difference between techniques was found, to conclusively clarify if one technique is superior to the other, there is a need for a sufficiently powered and well-designed randomized controlled trial to compare mTESE to cTESE in men with NOA.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/humupd/dmz028DOI Listing
November 2019

Bipolar endoscopic enucleation versus bipolar transurethral resection of the prostate: an ESUT systematic review and cumulative analysis.

World J Urol 2020 May 25;38(5):1177-1186. Epub 2019 Jul 25.

Urology Unit, Luigi Vanvitelli University, Naples, Italy.

Purpose: To perform a cumulative analysis of the current evidence on the surgical and functional outcomes of bipolar endoscopic enucleation of the prostate (b-EEP) versus bipolar transurethral resection of the prostate (b-TURP).

Methods: A systematic review of the literature was performed on PubMed, Ovid, and Scopus according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Statement (PRISMA Statement). The meta-analysis was conducted using the Review Manager 5.3 software. Parameters of interest were surgical and functional outcomes. Weighted mean difference, and odds ratio with 95% confidence interval were calculated for continuous and binary variables, respectively. Pooled estimates were calculated using the random-effect model.

Results: Fourteen comparative studies were included. No statistically significant difference in terms of overall baseline characteristics was found. b-EEP had higher amount of resected tissue (p < 0.0001), shorter catheter time (p = 0.006), lower Hb drop (p = 0.03), and shorter length of stay (p < 0.0001). Equally, overall post-operative complications were lower (p = 0.01) as well as short (p = 0.04), and long-term complication rate (p = 0.04). There was higher re-intervention rate in the b-TURP group (p = 0.02) whereas b-EEP group had smaller residual prostate volume (p = 0.03), and lower post-operative PSA values (p < 0.00001). At long term, b-EEP presented lower IPSS (p = 0.04), higher Q (p = 0.002), and lower PVR (p < 0.00001).

Conclusions: b-EEP is an effective and safe surgical treatment for BPO. This procedure might offer several advantages over standard b-TURP, including the resection of a larger amount of tissue within the same operative time, shorter hospitalization, lower risk of complications, and lower re-intervention rate. This was submitted to PROSPERO registry: CRD42019126748.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00345-019-02890-9DOI Listing
May 2020

Impact of Overactive Bladder-Wet Syndrome on Female Sexual Function: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Sex Med Rev 2019 10 17;7(4):565-574. Epub 2019 Jul 17.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Insubria, Varese, Italy.

Introduction: Overactive bladder (OAB) is subtyped into OAB-wet and OAB-dry, based on the presence or absence, respectively, of urgency incontinence. Although women with OAB frequently have a higher risk for sexual dysfunction, a systematic review on the impact of OAB-wet on female sexuality is lacking. This may be evaluated by measuring the effect of the bladder condition on sexuality per se, or by the effect of OAB treatment on female sexual dysfunction.

Aim: To assess the role of OAB-wet on female sexual function.

Methods: A systematic review of the literature was performed according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement recommendations. Research on PubMed, EMBASE, and SCOPUS was performed and concluded on October 15, 2018. A systematic computerized search was conducted on published literature from January 1, 2000-2018. Meta-analysis was performed with a meta-analysis program.

Main Outcomes Measures: The following search terms were used: ((("female sexual function") OR ("female sexual dysfunction") OR ("female sexuality") OR ("dyspareunia")) AND (("overactive bladder") OR ("coital incontinence") OR ("detrusor instability") OR ("detrusor overactivity") OR ("urge urinary incontinence") OR (onabotulinumtoxinA) OR ("botulinum") OR ("sacral neuromodulation") OR (SNM) OR (PTNS) OR ("stoller afferent neuro-stimulation") OR ("SANS") OR ("antimuscarinic drugs") OR ("anticholinergic") OR ("peripheral neuromodulation") OR (beta-agonist))).

Results: 1,033 references were reviewed for inclusion and exclusion criteria. Final analysis identified 12 articles for systematic review. OAB-wet was reported as the most affecting factor on sexuality. OAB treatments showed improvement of both the OAB-wet and the sexual function. Results of the meta-analysis suggested that OAB therapies improving OAB-wet significantly reduced female sexual dysfunction (odds ratio 0.19; 95% CI 0.26-0.45).

Conclusion: OAB-wet represents a risk for sexual dysfunction; however, data available show low-quality evidence of the impact of OAB-wet on sexual dysfunction. Balzarro M, Rubilotta E, Mancini V, et al. Impact of Overactive Bladder-Wet Syndrome on Female Sexual Function: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Sex Med Rev 2019;7:565-574.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sxmr.2019.05.002DOI Listing
October 2019