Publications by authors named "Fengbin Zhao"

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Characterization of the structural and dynamic changes of cell wall obtained by ultrasound-water and ultrasound-alkali treatments.

Ultrason Sonochem 2021 Sep 18;77:105672. Epub 2021 Jul 18.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Wood Science and Engineering, College of Material Science and Technology, Beijing Forestry University, No. 35 Tsinghua East Road Haidian District, Beijing, PR China. Electronic address:

It is well-known that ultrasound has been studied for its cavitation, mechanical and thermal effects. As a pretreatment technology, ultrasonic alkali treatment has attracted much attention in the field of biomass biochemical transformation. In this study, the structural and dynamic changes of wood cell walls during ultrasound-water, alkali, and ultrasound-alkali treatments were investigated by stereoscopic microscopy, confocal Raman microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. The results indicated that the ultrasound-water, alkali, and ultrasound-alkali treatments had the effect of removing extractives from conduits. The uniform self-shrinking samples with shrinkage conduits were obtained by the alkali and ultrasound-alkali treatments. All of the treatments affected the relative content, structure and distribution of the chemical components in the wood cell walls. Compared with water-immersion samples, the relative content of hemicellulose of the treated samples reduced from 32.31% to 7.02% for ultrasound-8% NaOH treated samples. For the signal intensity of lignin, ultrasound-water treated and ultrasound-alkali treated samples displayed a more significant reductions than the alkali treated samples in the cell wall region. The crystal zone and amorphous zone of cellulose coexisted before and after the treatment, for all of the treated samples, and particularly for the ultrasound-assisted treated samples, the crystallinity increased from 38.15% for water-immersion samples to 57.42% for ultrasound-8% NaOH treated samples.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2021.105672DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8339218PMC
September 2021
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