Publications by authors named "Felipe Rodolfo Pereira da Silva"

17 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

What is the association between the IL6-174 G > C (rs1800795) polymorphism and the risk of dengue? Evidence from a meta-analysis.

Infect Genet Evol 2021 Mar 2;91:104778. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Laboratory of Biology of Microorganisms, Universidade Federal do Delta do Parnaíba, Campus Ministro Reis Velloso, Parnaíba, Piauí, Brazil; Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Biomédicas da Universidade Federal do Delta do Parnaíba, Laboratório de Biologia de Microrganismos - BIOMIC, Av. São Sebastião, 2819, Bairro Reis Velloso, CEP 64202-020, Parnaíba - PI, Brasil. Electronic address:

The association of polymorphisms in genes responsible for immunological mediators with dengue allows the identification of certain genetic alterations that increase or decrease the development risk of the disease. A few number of studies that correlate the interleukin 6-174 G > C (IL6-174 G > C) polymorphism (rs1800795) with dengue. However, there is an inconsistency on the polymorphism influence on the disease which motivated this meta-analysis. So, this study aimed to evaluate the rs1800795 polymorphism with protection or susceptibility for development of dengue. A search of the literature was performed for studies published before 05 September 2020 in various databases. Calculations of Odds Ratio (OR) with 95% of Confidence Intervals (CI) and heterogeneity (I) were assessed and publication bias was done by Begg' and Egger's test. The value of P < 0.05 was considered as significant. As results, five case-control studies were identified and included in the results. The analysis showed that the heterozygous genotype has a protective role against dengue without warning signs (DWOS) (OR = 0.57, p = 0.001), as well as the polymorphic C allele (OR = 0.77, p = 0.04). When unifying the data from the included studies, the GG genotype was more prevalent among individuals with dengue with warning signs (DWWS) when compared to the control group (p = 0.0221). GC genotype was more prevalent in the control group than in the DWWS group (p = 0.0119). Therefore, in our study we observed that the GC genotype and the C allele have a protective role against DWOS. Since this polymorphism is associated with low IL-6 expression, thus it is expected that there will be a decreased pro-inflammatory response. However, more studies regarding this thematic are necessary to have a consensus about this polymorphism and dengue.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2021.104778DOI Listing
March 2021

Renal alterations caused by ligature-induced periodontitis persist after ligature removal in rats.

J Periodontal Res 2021 Apr 9;56(2):306-313. Epub 2020 Dec 9.

Laboratory of Histological Analysis and Preparation (LAPHis), Federal University of the Parnaiba Delta (UFDPar), Parnaíba, Brazil.

Background And Objective: Periodontitis may crosstalk with renal diseases, yet that remains unclear. We investigated whether the renal alterations caused by induced periodontitis are reversible after removal of the ligatures in experimental ligature-induced periodontitis.

Material And Methods: Twenty-four female rats were divided into three groups: control (without periodontitis), periodontitis (20 days of ligature-induced periodontitis), and P20-20 (20 days of ligature-induced periodontitis and 20 days after ligature removal). The following periodontal parameters were assessed: gingival bleeding index, probing pocket depth, myeloperoxidase activity, and alveolar bone height. For renal tissues, histopathology, malonaldehyde (MDA) levels, glutathione (GSH) content, and renal weight were evaluated. In the blood, creatinine, uric acid, albumin, total cholesterol, total protein, and glucose levels were assessed. Total protein and creatinine levels in urine were also investigated.

Results: Rat renal tissues did not demonstrate reversal of periodontitis-related changes in the P20-20 group in terms of MDA, GSH, and histopathological evaluations when compared to the periodontitis group. Accordingly, only total cholesterol levels were reversible in the P20-20.

Conclusion: Renal alterations caused by ligature-induced periodontitis persisted even after removal of ligatures in rats.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jre.12822DOI Listing
April 2021

Polymorphisms in the interleukin genes and chronic periodontitis: A field synopsis and revaluation by Bayesian approaches.

Cytokine 2021 Feb 19;138:155361. Epub 2020 Nov 19.

Laboratory of Biology of Microorganisms, Federal University of the Parnaiba Delta (UFDPar), Parnaiba, Piaui, Brazil.

Periodontitis is a high prevalent disease into the clinical dentistry. Genetic variations in interleukins (IL) genes were associated with chronic periodontitis (CP) and were focus of several meta-analyses. This study aimed to assess the noteworthiness in the meta-analyses by means of a Bayesian approach to determinate possible false report associations. A systematic search was performed for meta-analyses with associations between gene polymorphisms in interleukins and CP. The calculations for the False-Positive Rate Probability (FPRP) and the Bayesian False Discovery Probability (BFDP) were performed to assess the noteworthiness with a statistical power of 1.2 and 1.5 of Odds Ratio at a prior probability of 10 and 10. As results, eight meta-analyses approaching the IL1A/rs1800587, IL1B/rs1143634, IL1RN/rs2234663, IL4/rs2243250, IL6/rs1800795/rs1800796, IL17A/rs2275913 and IL18/rs1946518/rs187238 polymorphisms have been identified. Twenty-two from 270 calculations (8.15%) were noteworthy. Herein, we have identified the IL1A and IL1B polymorphisms as noteworthy biomarkers for CP susceptibility.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cyto.2020.155361DOI Listing
February 2021

Genetic Variation and Autism: A Field Synopsis and Systematic Meta-Analysis.

Brain Sci 2020 Sep 30;10(10). Epub 2020 Sep 30.

Early Psychosis: Interventions and Clinical-detection (EPIC) Lab, Department of Psychosis Studies, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London SE5 8AB, UK.

This study aimed to verify noteworthy findings between genetic risk factors and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by employing the false positive report probability (FPRP) and the Bayesian false-discovery probability (BFDP). PubMed and the Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS) catalog were searched from inception to 1 August, 2019. We included meta-analyses on genetic factors of ASD of any study design. Overall, twenty-seven meta-analyses articles from literature searches, and four manually added articles from the GWAS catalog were re-analyzed. This showed that five of 31 comparisons for meta-analyses of observational studies, 40 out of 203 comparisons for the GWAS meta-analyses, and 18 out of 20 comparisons for the GWAS catalog, respectively, had noteworthy estimations under both Bayesian approaches. In this study, we found noteworthy genetic comparisons highly related to an increased risk of ASD. Multiple genetic comparisons were shown to be associated with ASD risk; however, genuine associations should be carefully verified and understood.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10100692DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7600188PMC
September 2020

Association of single nucleotide polymorphisms in TNF-α (-308G/A and -238G/A) to dengue: Case-control and meta-analysis study.

Cytokine 2020 10 27;134:155183. Epub 2020 Jul 27.

Laboratório de Biologia de Microrganismos, Universidade Federal do Delta do Parnaíba, Parnaíba, Piauí, Brazil. Electronic address:

Dengue is an acute viral disease whose clinical condition is related to the interaction of factors related to the Dengue virus (DENV), environment and the host, with the immunity of the human host contributing a substantial role in the pathogenesis of DENV infection. Studies have demonstrated that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the promoter regions of cytokine genes such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) affect transcription and/or expression; and therefore, may influence the pathogenesis of infectious diseases, such as dengue. Consequently, the objective of this study was to assess through a case-control study whether there was an association between the presence of SNPs -308G/A and -238G/A in the TNF-α gene and 158 patients with dengue and 123 controls. No association was found between the SNPs and the dengue cases in the study population. We then performed a meta-analysis, retrieving data from case-control studies in the literature for the same polymorphisms. For SNP-308G/A, the GG genotype was associated with dengue fever (DF) risk (OR = 1.24, 1.00-1.53; p = 0.05; I = 0%), while the GA genotype (OR = 0.75, 0.60-0.93; p = 0.01; I = 0%) and allele A (OR = 0.75, 0.60-0.93; p = 0.01; I = 0%) were associated with protection. The genotype GG population in the Asian continent (OR = 1.81 [1.06, 3.09], p = 0.03, I = 0%) and American (OR = 1.29 [1.00, 1.65], p = 0.05, I = 0%) was also associated with protection in the comparison between the cases versus the control group. In each comparison, the dominant model AA + GA (p < 0.00001) conferred protection. For SNP-238G/A the GA genotype was associated with risk for dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF; OR = 2.17, 1.28-3.67; p = 0.004; I = 0%)), and the dominant AA + GA model (p < 0.00001) was associated with protection in each comparison. In summary, our results did not associate SNPs in the TNF-α gene to dengue in the Brazilian northeast population. However, combined literature data suggested the effect of the GG and GA genotypes of the SNP-308G/A on risk and protection, respectively, in Asian and American populations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cyto.2020.155183DOI Listing
October 2020

Alpha-terpineol complexed with beta-cyclodextrin reduces damages caused by periodontitis in rats.

J Periodontal Res 2020 Dec 25;55(6):877-886. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Medicinal Plants Research Center (NPPM), Federal University of hPiaui, Teresina, Brazil.

Background And Objective: This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of the treatment with alpha-terpineol (αTPN) complexed with beta-cyclodextrin (βCD) on oral, blood, and hepatic parameters in ligature-induced periodontitis.

Material And Methods: Forty female rats were distributed among the following groups: control (vehicle solution), periodontitis (ligature + vehicle solution), 5 mg/kg of αTPN-βCD (ligature), and 25 mg/kg of αTPN-βCD (ligature). Compounds were administered daily via intraperitoneal injection over a 20-day period. Periodontitis was induced with the bilateral insertion of ligatures around the first lower molars of each rat. Oral parameters, as well as blood biomarkers, were measured: histopathological assessment of the hepatic tissue was carried out using light and transmission electron microscopy.

Results: The treatment with αTPN-βCD significantly improved several oral parameters and blood biomarkers in comparison with rats with periodontitis. In addition, the treatment with αTPN-βCD significantly ameliorated the steatosis score and reduced the number of lipid droplets and the amount of foamy cytoplasm in the hepatocytes of rats with periodontitis.

Conclusion: The results obtained suggest that the treatment with αTPN-βCD improves several oral and blood parameters in rats with experimental periodontitis. In addition, hepatic alterations caused by periodontitis were ameliorated in the rats treated with αTPN-βCD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jre.12780DOI Listing
December 2020

Non-significant association between - 330 T/G polymorphism in interleukin-2 gene and chronic periodontitis: findings from a meta-analysis.

BMC Oral Health 2020 02 19;20(1):58. Epub 2020 Feb 19.

Doctorate Post-Graduation Program in Basic and Applied Immunology, Federal University of Amazonas, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil.

Background: Chronic periodontitis (CP) is an immune-inflammatory disease that promotes tissue damage around the teeth. Among the several inflammatory mediators that orchestrate the periodontitis, there is the interleukin (IL)-2. Genetic variations in IL2 gene may be associated with the risk and severity of the disease. Contrary results are available in the literature with inconclusive findings and none meta-analysis to gather these data.

Methods: A literature search was performed for studies published before June 11, 2019 in diverse scientific and educational databases. The data was extracted by two investigators and the statistical evaluation was performed by Review Manager statistical program with heterogeneity (I) and Odds Ratio (OR) with 95% of Confidence Intervals (CI) calculations and a sensitive analysis to assess the accuracy of the obtained results. The publication bias was evaluated by Begg' and Egger's test with Comprehensive meta-analysis software. The value of P < 0.05 was considered as significant.

Results: Five studies were identified in diverse ethnical groups with 1425 participants. The - 330 T/G polymorphism in IL2 gene was not significantly associated with CP in allelic evaluation (P > 0.05) as well as in the genotypic comparisons (P = 0.15). The Begg's test and the linear regression Egger's test did not show any evidence of publication bias risk (P > 0.05) which was corroborated by the absence of obvious asymmetry in Funnel plot graphic.

Conclusions: This meta-analysis showed a non-significant association between - 330 T/G polymorphism in IL2 gene and CP in any allelic evaluation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12903-020-1034-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7031920PMC
February 2020

Evaluation of Biochemical Parameters Present in the Saliva of Patients with Chronic Periodontitis: Results from a Meta-Analysis.

Genet Test Mol Biomarkers 2019 Apr;23(4):255-263

Laboratory of Histological Analysis and Preparation (LAPHIS), Federal University of Piauí, Parnaíba, Brazil.

Aims: Periodontitis results from the presence of periodontopathogenic bacterial activity in the region of the gingival sulcus promoting tissue degradation and alveolar bone resorption. Biochemical analysis of the saliva can be used as a less invasive method for disease prognosis. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between biochemical protein levels in the saliva sample of patients with chronic periodontitis and healthy patients.

Materials And Methods: A literature review was performed using electronic databases (Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, MEDLINE, PubMed, and Web of Science) for studies published before July 2, 2016. The abstracts were evaluated, and the data extraction was performed by two calibrated examiners. The mean difference, and heterogeneity were calculated, and funnel plots were produced.

Results: Twenty case-control studies were selected with 2436 patients with chronic periodontitis and 1787 controls. The meta-analysis showed that increased levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and acid phosphatase (ACP) were all associated with periodontitis (p < 0.05), while blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) levels did not show statistical differences between cases and controls (p > 0.05).

Conclusions: This meta-analysis evidenced that increased levels of AST, ALT, CK, gama glutamil transferase (GGT), LDH, ALP, and ACP are associated in patients with chronic periodontitis, while BUN and OPG level in saliva did not present differences between groups.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/gtmb.2017.0272DOI Listing
April 2019

Sulfated polysaccharides from the marine algae Gracilaria caudata prevent tissue damage caused by ligature-induced periodontitis.

Int J Biol Macromol 2019 Jul 26;132:1-8. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Laboratory of Histological Analysis and Preparation (LAPHis), Federal University of Piauí, Parnaíba, PI, Brazil. Electronic address:

Sulfated polysaccharides (PLS) extracted from the marine algae of the genus Gracilaria showed biological activity in different inflammatory models, except for periodontitis. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment with PLS from Gracilaria caudata in ligature-induced periodontitis. 40 animals distributed into 5 groups were used (the control group (unligated), the ligated untreated group, and the ligated groups treated with 2.5, 5.0 and 10.0 mg/kg of PLS with intraperitoneal injection, respectively). After 20 days of treatment, the animals were killed and the following parameters were evaluated: Gingival Bleeding Index (GBI), Probing Pocket Depth (PPD), Myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, Alveolar Bone Loss (ABL) for periodontal tissues; histopathological examination of gingival and liver tissues (Steatosis score); glutathione and malondialdehyde concentrations in the liver, serum levels of alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase. The data revealed that treatment with 2.5 mg/kg of PLS showed the best anti-inflammatory effects with reduction of GBI, PPD and MPO activity, as well as oxidative stress and steatosis in liver. Our results indicated that the adjunct treatment with PLS from Gracilaria caudata could prevent the periodontal and hepatic tissue alteration caused by periodontitis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2019.03.194DOI Listing
July 2019

Genetic Variants in Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis: A Bayesian Approach and Systematic Review.

J Clin Med 2019 Feb 21;8(2). Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Pediatrics, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 03722, Korea.

A number of genome-wide association studies (GWASs) and meta-analyses of genetic variants have been performed in antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis. We reinterpreted previous studies using false-positive report probability (FPRP) and Bayesian false discovery probability (BFDP). This study searched publications in PubMed and Excerpta Medica Database (EMBASE) up to February 2018. Identification of noteworthy associations were analyzed using FPRP and BFDP, and data (i.e., odds ratio (OR), 95% confidence interval (CI), -value) related to significant associations were separately extracted. Using filtered gene variants, gene ontology (GO) enrichment analysis and protein⁻protein interaction (PPI) networks were performed. Overall, 241 articles were identified, and 7 were selected for analysis. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) discovered by GWASs were shown to be noteworthy, whereas only 27% of significant results from meta-analyses of observational studies were noteworthy. Eighty-five percent of SNPs with borderline -values (5.0 × 10 < < 0.05) in GWASs were found to be noteworthy. No overlapping SNPs were found between PR3-ANCA and MPO-ANCA vasculitis. GO analysis revealed immune-related GO terms, including "antigen processing and presentation of peptide or polysaccharide antigen via major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II", "interferon-gamma-mediated (IFN-γ) signaling pathway". By using FPRP and BFDP, network analysis of noteworthy genetic variants discovered genetic risk factors associated with the IFN-γ pathway as novel mechanisms potentially implicated in the complex pathogenesis of ANCA-associated vasculitis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm8020266DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6406345PMC
February 2019

Comparative analysis of blood parameters of the erythrocyte lineage between patients with chronic periodontitis and healthy patients: Results obtained from a meta-analysis.

Arch Oral Biol 2019 Jan 28;97:144-149. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

Post-Graduate Program in Biomedical Sciences, Federal University of Piaui, Parnaiba, Piaui, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective Quantitatively evaluate blood parameters of the erythrocyte lineage in patients with chronic periodontitis and healthy controls by means of a meta-analysis. Material and methods A review of literature was performed in the scientific databases for studies published before September 2016. The abstracts were evaluated and the extraction of data performed by two examiners. The parameters assessed were: hemoglobin levels, number of circulating red blood cells, hematocrit, mean corpuscular hemoglobin and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration in patients with chronic periodontitis and healthy controls. The calculations were obtained through the statistical software Review Manager version 5.3, with calculation of Mean Difference, heterogeneity (I²) and funnel plot with P < 0.05. Results Nine case/control studies composed the results with 342 patients with chronic periodontitis and 359 healthy controls. There was a significant decrease in hemoglobin levels (MD = -1.60, 95% CI: -2.72, -0.48, P = 0.005) and number of circulating red blood cells (MD = -0.51, 95% CI: -0.78, -0.24, P = 0.0002), hematocrit (MD = -4.41, IC 95%: -7.13, -1.68, P = 0.002), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MD = -0.80; IC 95%: -1.38, -0,22, P = 0.007) and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MD = -0.93, IC 95%: -1.63, -0.23, P = 0.009) in patients with chronic periodontitis when compared to healthy controls. No publication bias was found through the funnel plot asymmetry. Conclusion There is an associated of the reduction of hematological parameters (such as levels of hemoglobin and circulating red blood cells, hematocrit, mean corpuscular hemoglobin and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration) to patients with chronic periodontitis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archoralbio.2018.10.024DOI Listing
January 2019

Periodontitis causes abnormalities in the liver of rats.

J Periodontol 2019 03 7;90(3):295-305. Epub 2018 Oct 7.

Medicinal Plants Research Center (NPPM), Federal University of Piauí, Teresina, PI, Brazil.

Background: Periodontitis not only causes injury to the periodontium, but also damages other tissues such as: articulate, renal, cardiac, and hepatic. The objective of this study was to investigate periodontitis induced alterations in liver function and structure using an experimental model.

Methods: Twenty female rats (Rattus norvegicus) were allocated into two groups: control and periodontitis. Gingival bleeding index and oxidative stress parameters and specific circulating biomarkers were measured. Immunohistochemistry was carried out using alkaline phosphatase (AlkP) staining of the liver. Hepatic tissues, cytokines, and lipid contents were measured. Histopathologic evaluation of the liver was carried out using light and electron microscopy.

Results: Liver histopathologic and immunohistochemistry assessment showed increase in steatosis score, and presence of binucleate hepatocytes and positive cells for AlkP in periodontitis versus control group. Ultrastructural evaluation showed significant increase in size and number of lipid droplets (LD), distance between the cisterns of rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER), mitochondria size, foamy cytoplasm, and glycogen accumulation in the liver of the periodontitis group compared with the control group. In addition, plasma levels of AlkP, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), triglycerides, and total cholesterol were also changed.

Conclusion: Experimental periodontitis caused immunohistochemistry, histopathologic, ultrastructural, oxidative, and biochemical changes in the liver of rats.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/JPER.18-0226DOI Listing
March 2019

Association between the rs1143634 polymorphism in interleukin-1B and chronic periodontitis: Results from a meta-analysis composed by 54 case/control studies.

Gene 2018 Aug 18;668:97-106. Epub 2018 May 18.

Laboratory of Histological Analysis and Preparation (LAPHIS), Federal University of Piaui, Parnaiba, Piaui, Brazil; Post Graduation Program in Biomedical Sciences, Federal University of Piaui, Parnaiba, Piaui, Brazil; Post Graduation Program in Dentistry, Federal University of Piaui, Teresina, Piaui, Brazil. Electronic address:

Several factors are involved in the periodontitis with host response through cytokines and as well as with influence of polymorphisms in cytokine genes, however the results remained contradictory. This study aimed at evaluating the rs1143634 polymorphism in interleukin-1B gene, a cytokine gene, and the risk of chronic periodontitis with conducting a meta-analysis focusing in ethnicity. A review in literature was performed in several databases to studies published before June 2017. Data extraction was performed by two calibrated investigators and the calculations of the meta-analysis were obtained through Review Manager version 5.2 statistical software with Odds Ratio (OR) calculation and Funnel plot (P < 0.05) to heterogeneity and the Comprehensive Meta-analysis version 3.3.070 to assessment publication bias by Egger's and Begg's tests. In overall, 54 case/control studies composed the meta-analysis. T allele was significantly associated with patients case (OR = 1.35, 95% CI: 1.24, 1.48, P < 0.00001) in the overall analysis. The stratified evaluation showed the rs1143634 polymorphism had significant association with disease in Caucasian, Asian and mixed population was excepted in African ethnicity (P > 0.05). No publication bias was found in allelic evaluation. This meta-analysis in 9376 participants with 54 case/control studies revealed the rs1143634 polymorphism was associated with elevated risk of chronic periodontitis in overall analysis as well as Caucasian and Asian ethnicities and Mixed population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2018.05.067DOI Listing
August 2018

Epiisopiloturine, an imidazole alkaloid, reverses inflammation and lipid peroxidation parameters in the Crohn disease model induced by trinitrobenzenosulfonic acid in Wistar rats.

Biomed Pharmacother 2018 Jun 22;102:278-285. Epub 2018 Mar 22.

LAFFEX-Laboratory of Experimental Physiopharmacology, Biotechnology and Biodiversity Center Research (BIOTEC), Federal University of Piauí, Parnaíba, 64202-020, PI, Brazil. Electronic address:

Epiisopiloturine (EPI) is an important imidazole alkaloid because of its pharmacological properties. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of epiisopiloturine on inflammatory parameters of the colonic mucosa in a rat model of Crohn's disease (CD). For this, we induced colitis using trinitrobenzenosulfonic acid and determined myeloperoxidase (MPO), interleukin 1 β (IL-1β), glutathione (GSH), and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in the intestinal mucosa. The location and expression of the inflammatory markers in the colon were investigated by immunohistochemistry for NO synthase induced (iNOS), interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β), and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and western blotting (iNOS and COX-2), respectively. Compared with TNBS alone, epiisopiloturine at 1 mg/kg reduced the macroscopic and microscopic scores, wet weight of the colon, and neutrophilic infiltration and expression of the pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-1β. Epiisopiloturine at 1 mg/kg maintained or restored GSH levels and simultaneously decreased MDA levels. Animals treated with epiisopiloturine exhibited reduced immunostaining for IL-1β, iNOS, and COX-2 and reduced cell count per field. Epiisopiloturine reduced the expression of COX-2 and iNOS in the colon. Based on these findings, we conclude that epiisopiloturine at 1 mg/kg may be an important pharmacological tool against intestinal inflammatory diseases due to its inhibitory action on key enzymes and products involved in inflammation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2018.03.090DOI Listing
June 2018

Polymorphisms in interleukins 17A and 17F genes and periodontitis: results from a meta-analysis.

Mol Biol Rep 2017 Dec 13;44(6):443-453. Epub 2017 Oct 13.

Laboratory of Histological Analysis and Preparation (LAPHIS), Federal University of Piaui, Parnaiba, PI, Brazil.

Polymorphisms in inflammatory genes such as interleukins 17A and 17F are associated with the risk of development of periodontitis, although the results remain contradictory. Hence, the aim of this study was perform a meta-analysis focusing on two polymorphisms (rs2275913 and rs763780) in interleukins 17A and 17F genes, respectively, in both chronic (CP) and aggressive periodontitis (AgP). A review in literature was performed in several databases for studies published before 25, September 2016. The meta-analysis was obtained through the review manager statistical software (version 5.2) with odds ratio (OR) calculation and funnel plot (P < 0.05) for heterogeneity, as well as the comprehensive meta-analysis software (version 3.3.070) for the assessment of publication bias. Seven articles with 1540 participants composed the results in which the mutant allele in the rs2275913 polymorphism did not present significant association with the risk of CP or AgP (OR 1.56, 95% CI 0.77, 3.15, P = 0.21; OR 1.12, 95% CI 0.05, 23.44, P = 0.94, respectively) nor was the mutant allele in rs763780 associated with the risk of CP (OR 1.19, 95% CI 0.80, 1.76, P = 0.39) or AgP (OR 1.07, 95% CI 0.63, 1.84, P = 0.79). No bias of publication was observed by Egger's and Begg's tests in any allelic evaluation. This meta-analysis showed a non-significant association between the polymorphisms rs2275913 and rs763780 in interleukins 17A and 17F genes and chronic and aggressive periodontitis in the allelic evaluation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11033-017-4128-xDOI Listing
December 2017

Genetic Factors and the Risk of Periodontitis Development: Findings from a Systematic Review Composed of 13 Studies of Meta-Analysis with 71,531 Participants.

Int J Dent 2017 26;2017:1914073. Epub 2017 Apr 26.

Laboratory of Analysis and Histological Processing (LAPHIS), Federal University of Piaui, Parnaiba, PI, Brazil.

. This work aimed to synthesize the results of recent meta-analysis focusing on polymorphism in inflammatory mediators and its relation with the risk of periodontitis development. . A systematic search was conducted using databases for publications prior to October 2016. Three examiners extracted data from articles with a clear association between polymorphisms in the inflammatory mediator gene and the development of periodontitis through meta-analysis using the fixed or randomized statistical models to calculate the Odds Ratio with values of < 0.05 considered significant. . A total of 13 meta-analysis articles with 25 polymorphisms in seven interleukins (IL-1A, IL-1B, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and IL-18), three cellular receptors (Fc receptors: FCGR2A, FCGR3A, and FCGR3B), and five inflammatory mediators (COX-2, MMP-2, MMP-3, MMP-8, and MMP-9), with a total of 71,531 participants, approaching different classifications of the disease. . The study demonstrated that polymorphisms in the IL-1A, IL-1B, IL-6, IL-10, MMP-3 (chronic form), and MMP-9 (chronic form) polymorphisms were significantly associated with the risk of developing periodontitis, whereas other polymorphisms in the IL-4, IL-8, IL-18, Fc, COX-2, MMP-2, MMP-3 (aggressive), MMP-8, and MMP-9 (aggressive) polymorphisms had no significant association with risk of developing periodontitis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/1914073DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5424192PMC
April 2017

Decrease of Pericytes is Associated With Liver Disease Caused by Ligature-Induced Periodontitis in Rats.

J Periodontol 2017 02 26;88(2):e49-e57. Epub 2016 Sep 26.

Department of Biomedicine, Laboratory of Biology and Biochemistry Plants, Federal University of Piaui.

Background: Damage caused by periodontitis not only affects periodontal tissues, but also increases the severity of various illnesses such as rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, and liver diseases. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between induced periodontitis and damage caused through its systemic effects on the liver.

Methods: Twenty rats were divided into two groups: control and periodontitis. The following parameters were evaluated: gingival bleeding index (GBI), probing depth (PD), myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, alveolar bone loss (ABL) for periodontal tissues; histopathologic examination of gingival and liver tissues; immunohistochemistry to cells positive for neural/glial antigen 2 (NG2) expressed in hepatic pericytes, glutathione (GSH), and malondialdehyde (MDA) concentrations in liver; and serum levels of alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase.

Results: GBI, PD, MPO, ABL, and histopathologic examinations demonstrated the development of periodontitis. There was a significant increase in microvesicular steatosis accompanied by a marked reduction in NG2+ pericytes in the periodontitis group compared with the control group. The periodontitis group had significantly lower GSH and higher MDA concentration in the liver compared with the control group.

Conclusions: The present study results link the systemic effects of induced periodontitis with changes in hepatic tissues such as microvesicular steatosis, likely caused by an increase in oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation. The findings from the present study implicate an association between a decrease of pericytes and liver disease caused by ligature-induced periodontitis in rats.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1902/jop.2016.160392DOI Listing
February 2017