Publications by authors named "Felipe F Quezada-Diaz"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Malakoplakia mimicking a locally advanced colorectal neoplasm.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jun 4;2021(6):rjab225. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Colorectal Surgery Unit, Surgery Service, Complejo Asistencial Doctor Sótero Del Río, Santiago 8207257, Chile.

Malakoplakia is a rare disease. Clinical presentation is non-specific, making its diagnosis an incidental finding on histopathological analysis. The aim of this case report is to describe a patient diagnosed with colon, renal and soft tissue malacoplakia mimicking a locally advanced colorectal cancer. A 75-year-old man was admitted due to intense abdominal pain. No relevant findings at the physical examination. Computed tomography showed parietal thickening of the descending colon with left kidney, iliopsoas muscle and retroperitoneum involvement. An elevated blood serum creatinine, elevated glycated hemoglobin and urinary infection were detected. Surgery was decided for suspicious symptomatic colonic neoplasm. Left segmental colectomy with left partial nephrectomy and retroperitoneal soft tissue resection was performed. Pathology report was compatible with malakoplakia. Malakoplakia is a rare disease and may affect multiple organs. Because there are no clinical-specific findings, diagnosis is usually made with histopathological study of the surgical specimen.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
June 2021

Comparative analysis of the Memorial Sloan Kettering Bowel Function Instrument and the Low Anterior Resection Syndrome Questionnaire for assessment of bowel dysfunction in rectal cancer patients after low anterior resection.

Colorectal Dis 2021 Feb 10;23(2):451-460. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York City, New York, USA.

Aim: Neoadjuvant therapy and total mesorectal excision (TME) for rectal cancer are associated with bowel dysfunction symptoms known as low anterior resection syndrome (LARS). Our study compared the only two validated instruments-the LARS Questionnaire (LARS-Q) and the Memorial Sloan Kettering Bowel Function Instrument (MSK-BFI)-in rectal cancer patients undergoing sphincter-preserving TME.

Methods: One hundred and ninety patients undergoing sphincter-preserving TME for Stage I-III rectal cancer completed the MSK-BFI and LARS-Q simultaneously at a median time of 12 (range 1-43) months after restoration of bowel continuity. Associations between the MSK-BFI total/subscale scores and the LARS-Q score were investigated using Spearman rank correlation (r ). Discriminant validity for the two questionnaires was assessed, and the questionnaires were compared with the European Quality of Life Instrument.

Results: Major LARS was identified in 62% of patients. The median MSK-BFI scores for no LARS, minor LARS and major LARS were 76.5, 70 and 57, respectively. We found a strong association between MSK-BFI and LARS-Q (r -0.79). The urgency/soilage subscale (r -0.7) and the frequency subscale (r -0.68) of MSK-BFI strongly correlated with LARS-Q. Low correlation was observed between the MSK-BFI diet subscale and LARS-Q (r -0.39). On multivariate analysis, both questionnaires showed worse bowel function in patients with distal tumours. A low to moderate correlation with the European Quality of Life Instrument was observed for both questionnaires.

Conclusions: The MSK-BFI and LARS-Q showed good correlation and similar discriminant validity. As the LARS-Q is easier to complete, it may be considered the preferred tool to screen for bowel dysfunction.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
February 2021

Patient-Reported Bowel Function in Patients With Rectal Cancer Managed by a Watch-and-Wait Strategy After Neoadjuvant Therapy: A Case-Control Study.

Dis Colon Rectum 2020 07;63(7):897-902

Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York.

Background: A watch-and-wait strategy is a nonoperative alternative to sphincter-preserving surgery for patients with locally advanced rectal cancer who achieve a clinical complete response after neoadjuvant therapy. There are limited data about bowel function for patients undergoing this organ-preservation approach.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare bowel function in patients with rectal cancer managed with a watch-and-wait approach with bowel function in patients who underwent sphincter-preserving surgery (total mesorectal excision).

Design: This was a retrospective case-control study using patient-reported outcomes.

Settings: The study was conducted at a comprehensive cancer center.

Patients: Twenty-one patients underwent a watch-and-wait approach and were matched 1:1 with 21 patients from a pool of 190 patients who underwent sphincter-preserving surgery, based on age, sex, and tumor distance from the anal verge.

Main Outcome Measures: Bowel function was measured using the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Bowel Function Instrument.

Results: Patients in the watch-and-wait arm had better bowel function on the overall scale (median total score, 76 vs 55; p < 0.001) and on all of the subscales, with the greatest difference on the urgency/soilage subscale (median score, 20 vs 12; p < 0.001).

Limitations: The study was limited by its retrospective design, small sample size, and temporal variability between surgery and time of questionnaire completion.

Conclusions: A watch-and-wait strategy correlated with overall better bowel function when compared with sphincter-preserving surgery using a comprehensive validated bowel dysfunction tool. See Video Abstract at FUNCIÓN EVACUATORIA INFORMADA POR PACIENTES EN CÁNCER RECTAL MANEJADO CON UNA ESTRATEGIA DE OBSERVAR Y ESPERAR DESPUÉS DE LA TERAPIA NEOADYUVANTE: UN ESTUDIO DE CASOS Y CONTROLES: Observar y esperar es una alternativa no operativa a la cirugía de preservación del esfínter para pacientes con cáncer rectal localmente avanzado que logran una respuesta clínica completa después de la terapia neoadyuvante. Hay datos limitados sobre la función evacuatoria en pacientes sometidos a este abordaje para preservación de órganos.Evaluar la función evacuatoria en pacientes con cáncer rectal manejados con observar y esperar comparado a pacientes sometidos a cirugía de preservación de esfínteres (escisión mesorrectal total).Estudio retrospectivo de casos y controles utilizando resultados reportados por pacientes.Centro especializado oncológico.21 pacientes se sometieron a observar y esperar y se compararon con 21 pacientes de un grupo de 190 pacientes que se sometieron a cirugía de preservación de esfínteres controlando por edad, sexo y la distancia del tumor al borde anal.Función evacuatoria utilizando un instrumento de valoración del Centro de Cáncer Memorial Sloan Kettering.Los pacientes de observar y esperar demostraron mejor función evacuatoria en la escala general (puntuación total media, 76 versus 55; p <0,001) y en todas las subescalas, con la mayor diferencia en la subescala de urgencia / ensuciamiento fecal (puntuación media, 20 versus 12; p <0,001).Diseño retrospectivo, numero de muestra pequeño y variabilidad temporal entre la cirugía y el tiempo de finalización del cuestionario.Observar y esperar se correlacionó con mejor función evacuatoria en general en comparación con la cirugía de preservación del esfínter utilizando una herramienta integral validada para la disfunción evacuatoria. Consulte Video Resumen en (Traducción-Dr. Adrián Ortega).
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
July 2020

Risk of Metachronous Colorectal Neoplasm after a Segmental Colectomy in Lynch Syndrome Patients According to Mismatch Repair Gene Status.

J Am Coll Surg 2020 04 30;230(4):669-675. Epub 2020 Jan 30.

Colorectal Service, Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY. Electronic address:

Background: Because of increased risk of metachronous colorectal cancer (CRC), all patients with Lynch syndrome (LS) are offered a total colectomy. However, because metachronous CRC rate by mismatch repair (MMR) gene is uncertain, and total colectomy negatively impacts quality of life, it remains unclear whether segmental resection is indicated for lower penetrance MMR genes. We evaluated metachronous CRC incidence according to MMR gene in LS patients who underwent a segmental colectomy.

Study Design: Single-center, retrospective cohort study in patients with an earlier colectomy for CRC and an MMR germline mutation in MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, or PMS2 followed prospectively in a hereditary CRC family registry. All patients underwent surveillance colonoscopy. Metachronous CRC was defined as one detected more than 1 year after index resection. Primary end point was cumulative incidence of metachronous CRC overall and by MMR gene.

Results: One hundred and ten patients were included: 35 with MLH1 likely pathogenic/pathogenic (LP/P) variants (32%), 42 MSH2 (38%), 20 MSH6 (18%), and 13 PMS2 (12%). Median follow-up 4.26 years (range 0.53 to 19.92 years). Overall, metachronous CRC developed in 22 patients (20%). At 10-year follow-up, incidence was 12% (95% CI 6% to 23%), with no metachronous CRC detected in patients with a PMS2 or MSH6 LP/P variant.

Conclusions: After index segmental resection, metachronous CRC is less likely to develop in LS patients with MSH6 or PMS2 LP/P variant than in MLH1 or MSH2 carriers. Our data support segmental resection and long-term colonoscopic surveillance rather than total colectomy in carefully selected, well-informed LS patients with MSH6 or PMS2 LP/P variant.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
April 2020