Publications by authors named "Fazilet Dincbas"

21 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Interobserver agreement between interpretations of acute changes after lung stereotactic body radiotherapy.

Strahlenther Onkol 2021 May 24;197(5):423-428. Epub 2020 Nov 24.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa Ave. Kocamustafapaşa St. No:34/E Fatih, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is an effective treatment modality for inoperable early-stage lung cancer or metastatic lung lesions. Post-SBRT, acute radiological lung changes sometimes mimic tumor progression, so over-investigation may be applied. We aimed to reveal the interobserver agreement among physicians regarding acute radiographic changes on CT of the thorax obtained shortly after SBRT MATERIALS AND METHODS: Radiologic images of 20 lesions treated with SBRT were evaluated for acute lung changes. Two physicians, one senior and one junior, from diagnostic radiology, radiation oncology, nuclear medicine, and chest disease departments reviewed these images. The final interpretations were categorized as stable, regression/consolidation, progressive disease, and SBRT-related changes. The evaluations of the physicians were compared with the experienced reference radiation oncologist. The gold standard was accepted as the reference physician's final score. Unweighted Cohen's kappa (κ) coefficient was used for assessing interobserver agreement between physicians.

Results: The evaluations of the physicians were compared with the reference radiation oncologist. The strongest coherence coefficient was found with the senior radiation oncologist (κ: 0.72). The kappa coefficients between the junior radiation oncologist, junior nuclear medicine physician, and the reference physician were 0.61 and 0.55, respectively. The disciplines with the lowest kappa coefficients were junior chest disease and senior radiologist, and the kappa values were 0.37 and 0.44, respectively.

Conclusion: Disciplines dealing with lung cancer treatment may not be aware of the various radiologic changes after SBRT or inexperienced in interpreting them from recurrence. Therefore, physicians must have detailed radiotherapy information such as planning target volume (PTV), dose/fractionation, etc. In addition, final evaluations should be performed in the multidisciplinary team dealing with the treatment of the patient.
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May 2021

Risk factors of radiation pneumonitis in patients with NSCLC treated with concomitant chemoradiotherapy--Are we underestimating diabetes?--Turkish oncology group (TOG)/Lung cancer study group.

Clin Respir J 2020 Sep 23;14(9):871-879. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Medical Oncology, Medical Park Hospital, Antalya, Turkey.

Introduction: To evaluate the clinical and dosimetric parameters that increase the risk of radiation pneumonitis (RP) in locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with concomitant chemoradiotherapy of nationwide multicentric data analysis.

Methods: All data of 268 patients who underwent definitive chemoradiotherapy were retrospectively collected from eight institutes participating in this study. Patient, tumor and treatment-related factors and dosimetric parameters were analyzed for grade ≥2 RP. The toxicity scoring system of The Radiation Therapy Oncology Group used for grading the severity of pneumonitis. A relationship with the risk of RP with potential predictive factors were evaluated by univariate and multivariate analyses. A recursive partition analysis (RPA) was applied to stratify patients according to the risk of developing RP.

Results: There were 90 (33.6%) patients who had grade ≥2 RP. The median time to pneumonitis after treatment was 4 months (range:1-6 months). In univariate analysis, diabetes mellitus (DM), use of cisplatin/etoposide, total and daily radiotherapy (RT) fraction dose, the planning target volume (PTV) size, mean lung dose, V5, V10 and RT technique were associated with the development of pneumonitis. In multivariate analysis, only DM (P = 0.008) was found to be independent risk factors for RP. According to RPA, the risk of developing RP was highest in patients with DM.

Conclusions: In our study, besides the known dosimetric factors, DM was found to be the most important risk factor causing RP development in multivariate analysis and RPA. The risk is tripled compared to patients without DM.
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September 2020

Erectile dysfunction in prostate cancer patients treated with intensity-modulated radiation therapy.

Indian J Cancer 2020 Jan-Mar;57(1):70-75

Department of Radiation Oncology, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Sexual dysfunction is an important side-effect after radiotherapy (RT) for prostate cancer (PCa). The aim of this study was to compare sexual functions of PCa patients before and after intensity-modulated RT and to analyze their correlation with penile bulb (PB) doses and patient characteristics.

Materials And Methods: Forty-two patients who underwent RT ± hormone therapy for PCa between 2010 and 2013 were analyzed. Sexual functions assessed by patient-reported questionnaire and physician reported scale before and 3 years after treatment. The effect of patients' age, prostate volume, testosterone levels, comorbidity, smoking status, tumor stage, RT technique, hormone therapy, and PB doses to sexual functions were investigated.

Results: After 3 years of RT, 64.3% of all patients had a lower erectile score; and 75% of patients who were previously potent (n = 24) had become impotent after treatment. However sexual desire still remained in 75.8% of patients who had desire before treatment (n = 33). Statistical analysis showed that two parameters were correlated with postradiotherapy impotency outcome; PB mean radiation dose (P = 0.033) and testosterone levels (P = 0.032).

Conclusions: RT, despite modern techniques, affects the sexual function of PCa patients in varying degrees. Reducing radiation doses to penile structures may play a role in preventing erectile dysfunction.
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October 2020

Radiotherapy in the treatment of extracranial hemangiopericytoma/solitary fibrous tumor: Study from the Rare Cancer Network.

Radiother Oncol 2020 03 2;144:114-120. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

Dept. Of Radiation Oncology, Centre A. Lacassagne, Nice, France; Dept. of Radiation Oncology, Centre F. Baclesse, Caen, France.

Background And Purpose: The role of radiotherapy (RT) in the treatment of hemangiopericytoma/solitary fibrous tumor (HPC/SFT) is still under debate. We aimed at investigating whether radiotherapy can improve the results in patients operated for extracranial HPC/SFT.

Materials And Methods: Data from patients with HPC/SFT, treated from 1982 to 2012, were retrospectively reviewed within the Rare Cancer Network framework. Actuarial local control (LC), disease-free survival (DFS), metastasis-free survival (MFS) and overall survival (OS) were calculated with Kaplan-Meyer method. Patient and tumor parameters were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis.

Results: Of 114 HPC/SFT, 58 (50.9%) occurred in the extremities/superficial trunk and 56 (49.1%) in intra-thoracic/retroperitoneum. Seventy-eight patients (68.4%) underwent surgery only (Sx), and 36 (31.6%) Sx and RT (Sx + RT). Median RT dose was 60 Gy (range 45-68.4 Gy) in 1.6-2.2 Gy fractions. In the extremities/superficial trunk group of patients, actuarial 5-year LC rates were 50.4% after Sx and 91.6% after Sx + RT (p < 0.0001) for LC, and 50.4% after Sx and 83.1% after Sx + RT (p = 0.008) for DFS. In the intra-thoracic/retroperitoneum group of patients, actuarial 5-year rates were 89.3% after Sx and 77.8% after Sx + RT (p = 0.99) for LC, and 73.8% after Sx and 77.8% after Sx + RT (p = 0.93) for DFS. At multivariate analysis, the addition of RT resulted in better LC and DFS in the whole series. The advantage was confirmed for LC in the group of patients affected by extremity/superficial trunk tumors.

Conclusion: Addition of RT to Sx could improve the prognosis, in terms of LC and DFS, essentially in patients with extremities/superficial trunk tumor locations.
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March 2020


Acta Ortop Bras 2019 Jul-Aug;27(4):207-211

Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Medical School, Radiation Oncology Department, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: To assess the prognostic factors and results of limb sparing surgery and postoperative radiotherapy (PORT) in patients with non-metastatic soft tissue sarcomas (STS) of the extremities.

Methods: Between 1980-2007, 114 extremity-located STS treated with PORT were analyzed retrospectively. Tumors were mostly localized in the lower extremities (71,9%). The median radiotherapy (RT) dose was 60.9 Gy. Chemotherapy was administered to 37.7% of the patients. Tumor sizes were between 3-26 cm (median 7 cm). The three most frequent histological types included undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (26.3%), liposarcoma (25.4%), and synovial sarcoma (13.2%). The median follow-up for all patients was 60 months, and 81 months for survivors.

Results: The 5- and 10-year local control (LC) rates were 77% and 70.4%, respectively; actuarial survival rates for 5 and 10 years were 71.8% and 69.1%, respectively. Increasing the dose above 60 Gy for all patients and the patients with positive margins demonstrated a clear benefit on 5-year LC (p=0.03 and p=0.04, respectively). Based on multivariate analysis, the addition of chemotherapy and RT dose were independent prognostic factors for LC. A recurrent presentation significantly affects the disease-free survival.

Conclusions: PORT for STS of the extremities provides good long-term disease control with acceptable toxicity in a multidisciplinary approach. .
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August 2019

Treatment outcomes of prostate cancer patients with Gleason score 8-10 treated with definitive radiotherapy : TROD 09-001 multi-institutional study.

Strahlenther Onkol 2019 Oct 29;195(10):882-893. Epub 2019 May 29.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Hacettepe University, Faculty of Medicine, 06100, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: To validate the clinical outcomes and prognostic factors in prostate cancer (PCa) patients with Gleason score (GS) 8-10 disease treated with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) + androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in the modern era.

Methods: Institutional databases of biopsy proven 641 patients with GS 8-10 PCa treated between 2000 and 2015 were collected from 11 institutions. In this multi-institutional Turkish Radiation Oncology Group study, a standard database sheet was sent to each institution for patient enrollment. The inclusion criteria were, T1-T3N0M0 disease according to AJCC (American Joint Committee on Cancer) 2010 Staging System, no prior diagnosis of malignancy, at least 70 Gy total irradiation dose to prostate ± seminal vesicles delivered with either three-dimensional conformal RT or intensity-modulated RT and patients receiving ADT.

Results: The median follow-up time was 5.9 years (range 0.4-18.2 years); 5‑year overall survival (OS), biochemical relapse-free survival (BRFS) and distant metastases-free survival (DMFS) rates were 88%, 78%, and 79%, respectively. Higher RT doses (≥78 Gy) and longer ADT duration (≥2 years) were significant predictors for improved DMFS, whereas advanced stage was a negative prognosticator for DMFS in patients with GS 9-10.

Conclusions: Our results validated the fact that oncologic outcomes after radical EBRT significantly differ in men with GS 8 versus those with GS 9-10 prostate cancer. We found that EBRT dose was important predictive factor regardless of ADT period. Patients receiving 'non-optimal treatment' (RT doses <78 Gy and ADT period <2 years) had the worst treatment outcomes.
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October 2019

The Role of Radiotherapy in the Treatment of Primary or Recurrent Desmoid Tumors and Long-Term Results.

Balkan Med J 2016 May 1;33(3):316-21. Epub 2016 May 1.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Istanbul University Cerrahpasa School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Desmoid tumors are uncommon and benign mesenchymal neoplasms. The optimal treatment of patients with desmoid tumors is still controversial. Surgery is the primary treatment for locally invasive or recurrent desmoid tumors. Also, radiotherapy is a treatment option for patients at high risk for local failure such as those with positive margins or recurrent and unresectable tumors.

Aims: To report our institutional experience and long-term results of patients with desmoid tumors who received radiotherapy.

Study Design: Retrospective cross-sectional study.

Methods: Between 1980 and 2009, 20 patients who received radiotherapy (RT) in our institution were analyzed. The majority of patients (80%) were referred with a recurrent tumor after previous surgery. Thirteen patients underwent marginal resection, 4 had wide local excision and 3 patients had only biopsy. Resection margin was positive in 15 (75%) patients. All patients received radiation therapy. The median prescribed dose was 60 Gy. Five patients received less than 54 Gy.

Results: The median follow-up time was 77.5 months (28-283 months). Nine patients developed local recurrence after RT. Seven local failures (78%) were in field. Time to local recurrence ranged from 3-165 months (median 33 months). The 2-5 year local control (LC) rates were 80% and 69%, respectively. On univariate analysis, the 5 year local control rate was significantly better in the patients treated with ≥54 Gy than in patients who received <54 Gy (p=0.023). The most common acute side effect was grade 1-2 skin toxicity. As a late side effect of radiotherapy, soft tissue fibrosis was detected in 10 patients and lymphangitis was seen in 1 patient. One patient developed radiation-induced sarcoma.

Conclusion: According to our results, radiotherapy is especially effective in recurrent disease and provides a high local control rate in the patients received more than 54 Gy.
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May 2016

Long-term treatment results in soft tissue sarcomas of the thoracic wall treated with pre-or-postoperative radiotherapy--a single institution experience.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2014 ;15(22):9949-53

Department of Radiation Oncology, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Turkey E-mail :

Objective: To evaluate the long term results among patients with soft tissue sarcoma of the thoracic wall.

Materials And Methods: Twenty-six patients who were treated with pre-or postoperative radiotherapy between December 1980-December 2007, with a diagnosis of soft tissue sarcoma of the thoracic wall were retrospectively evaluated.

Results: The median age was 44 years (14-85 years) and 15 of them were male. A total of 50% of patients were grade 3. The most common histologic type of tumor was undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (26.9%). Tumor size varied between 2-25 cm (median 6.5 cm). Seventeen of the cases had marginal and 9 had wide local resection. Four cases received preoperative radiotherapy and 22 postoperative radiotherapy. Six of the patients with large and high grade tumors received chemotherapy. Median follow-up time was 82 months (9-309 months). Local recurrence and metastasis was detected in 34.6% and 42.3% of patients, respectively. Five- year local control (LC), disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), and disease-specific survival (DSS) were 62%, 38%, 69%, and 76% respectively. On univariate analysis, the patients with positive surgical margins had a markedly lower 5-year LC rate than patients with negative surgical margin, but the difference was not significant (43% vs 78%, p=0.1). Five-year DFS (66% vs 17%) and DSS (92% vs 60%) rates were significantly worse for the patients who had high grade tumors (p=0.01, p=0.008 respectively).

Conclusions: Tumor grade and surgical margin are essential parameters for determining the prognosis of thoracic wall soft tissue sarcoma both in our series and the literature.
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August 2015

Does rectum and bladder dose vary during the course of image-guided radiotherapy in the postprostatectomy setting?

Tumori 2014 Sep-Oct;100(5):529-35

Aims And Background: To assess the variations in actual doses delivered to the rectum and bladder in the course of postprostatectomy radiotherapy using kilovoltage-cone-beam computed tomography datasets acquired during image-guided radiotherapy.

Methods And Study Design: Twenty consecutive patients treated with intensity-modulated or intensity-modulated arc therapy to the prostate bed were retrospectively evaluated. Both the planning tomography and kilovoltage-cone-beam computed tomography were acquired with an empty rectum and a half-full bladder. Target localization was performed on the basis of soft tissue matching using cone-beam computed tomography scans before each treatment fraction. A total of 16 cone-beam computed tomography scans per patient (acquired at the first 5 fractions and twice weekly thereafter) were used for the assessments. The bladder and rectum were re-contoured offline on each cone-beam computed tomography scan by a single physician, and the delivered doses were recalculated. The variations in certain dose-volume parameters for the rectum and bladder (BD2cc, RD 2cc, V40%, V50%, V60%, V65%) were analyzed using the paired t test.

Results: Most of the dose volume variations for rectum and bladder were significantly higher than predicted (P <0.05) for the 320 kilovoltage-cone-beam computed tomography sets, except for the doses received by 2 cc of the bladder and V50 and V60 of the rectum. The dose-volume parameters of the bladder did not meet our criteria of V65 ≤25% and V40 ≤50% in 10% and 20% of the patients, respectively. None of the dose-volume histograms showed rectal V65 ≥17%; however, the rectal V40 ≤35% dose constraint was not met in 11 patients. For all patients, the ANOVA test revealed no significant difference between the variations.

Conclusion: Actual doses delivered during treatment were found to be higher than predicted, but the majority of calculated bladder and rectal doses remained in the limits of our plan acceptance criteria. Interfraction variability of the rectum and bladder is a major concern in the postprostatectomy radiotherapy setting, even when patients are instructed about rectal and bladder preparation before the radiotherapy course. Image guidance with cone-beam computed tomography at each treatment fraction may offer a viable tool to account for interfraction variations of the rectum and bladder throughout the treatment course.
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December 2014

Non-metastatic Ewing's sarcoma family of tumors of bone in adolescents and adults: prognostic factors and clinical outcome-single institution results.

Tumori 2014 Jul-Aug;100(4):452-8

Aims And Background: There is limited data regarding outcomes of Ewing's sarcoma family of tumors in adolescents and adults compared with the same tumors in childhood. The aim of the study was to analyze prognostic factors and treatment results in a cohort of adolescents and adults with non-metastatic skeletal Ewing's sarcoma family of tumors.

Methods And Study Design: From 1992-2008, 90 adolescents and adults with Ewing's sarcoma family of tumors of the bone were referred to our institution. Sixty-five (72%) non-metastatic patients with analyzable data and treated in our institution were retrospectively evaluated. All patients were treated with alternated chemotherapy regimens administered every 3 weeks. The local treatment modality was selected according to tumor and patient characteristics.

Results: The median age was 21 years (range, 13-50). Most patients (74%) were >17 years of age. Forty-six percent of the tumors were located in the extremities. Local therapy was surgery in 45 patients and radiotherapy alone in 19 patients. Twenty-one patients received preoperative and 13 patients postoperative radiotherapy. Median follow-up was 43 months (range, 7-167). The 5-year event-free and overall survival rates for all patients were 44% and 49%, respectively. On univariate survival analysis, event-free and overall survival were worse for patients >17 years of age, tumor size >8 cm in diameter, an axial location, positive surgical margins, and poor histopathological response (<90% necrosis). Age, tumor site and tumor size on event-free and overall survival remained significant on multivariate analysis.

Conclusions: We identified age, tumor size, and tumor site as independent prognostic factors, in accord with the Western literature. These patients require novel treatment modalities.
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December 2014

Neoadjuvant treatment with preoperative radiotherapy for extremity soft tissue sarcomas: long-term results from a single institution in Turkey.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2014 ;15(4):1775-81

Department of Radiation Oncology, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey E-mail :

Background: To assess the long term clinical outcome of preoperative radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy followed by limb sparing surgery in patients with non-metastatic soft tissue sarcomas (STS) of the extremities.

Materials And Methods: Sixty patients with locally advanced STS were retrospectively analyzed. The median tumor diameter was 12 cm. All patients were treated with preoperative radiotherapy delivered with two different fractionation schedules (35Gy/10fr or 46-50Gy/23-25fr). Neoadjuvant chemotherapy was added to 44 patients with large and/or high grade tumors. Surgery was performed 2-6 weeks after radiotherapy. Chemotherapy was completed up to 6 courses after surgery in patients who had good responses.

Results: Median follow-up time was 67 months (8-268 months). All of the patients had limb sparing surgery. The 5-year local control (LC), disease free (DFS) and overall survival (OSS) rates for all of the patients were 81%, 48.1% and 68.3% respectively. 5-year LC, DFS and cause specific survival (CSS) were 81.7%, 47%, 69.8%, and 80%, 60%, 60% in the chemoradiotherapy and radiotherapy groups, respectively. On univariate analysis, patients who were treated with hypofractionation experienced significantly superior LC, DFS and CSS rates with similar rates of late toxicity when compared with patients who were treated with conventional fractionation and statistical significance was retained on multivariate analysis.

Conclusions: Treatment results are consistent with the literature. As neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy provides effective LC and CSS with acceptable morbidity, it should be preferred for patients with large and borderline resectable STS.
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November 2014

Impact of adjuvant chemoradiotherapy for rectal cancer on the long-term quality of life and late side effects: a multicentric clinical evaluation by the Turkish Oncology Group.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2012 ;13(11):5741-6

Department of Radiation Oncology, Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Aim: Although preoperative chemoradiatherapy (CRT) has proven its benefits in terms of decreased toxicity, there is still a considerable amount of cases that do not receive postoperative CRT. Oncologists at different geographic locations still need to know the long-term effects of this treatment in order to manage patients successfully. The current paper reports on long-term quality of life (QOL) and late side effects after adjuvant CRT in rectal cancer patients from 5 centers in Anatolia.

Methods: Rectal cancer patients treated with postoperative CRT with minimum 1-year follow-up and were in complete remission, were evaluated according to RTOG and LENT-SOMA scales. They were also asked to complete Turkish version of EORTCQLQ-C30 questionnaire and the CR-38 module. Each center participated with the required clinical data.

Results: Two hundred and thirty patients with median age of 55 years participated and completed the study. Median follow-up time was 5 years. All patients received RT concomitant with chemotherapy. Common parameters that both increased functional health scales and yielded better symptom scores were long term interval after treatment and sphincter-saving surgery. In addition, surgery type and follow-up time were determined to be predictors of QOL scores and late toxicity grade.

Conclusion: Postoperative CRT was found to have a great impact on the long term QOL and side effects in rectal cancer survivors. The factors that adversely affect these are abdominoperineal resection and shorter interval. The findings may encourage life-long follow-up and cooperation with patients, which should be mentioned during the initial counseling.
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July 2013

Radiotherapy for marginally resected, unresectable or recurrent giant cell tumor of the bone: a rare cancer network study.

Rare Tumors 2011 Oct 16;3(4):e48. Epub 2011 Dec 16.

Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

The role of radiotherapy for local control of marginally resected, unresectable, and recurrent giant cell tumors of bone (GCToB) has not been well defined. The number of patients affected by this rare disease is low. We present a series of 58 patients with biopsy proven GCToB who were treated with radiation therapy. A retrospective review of the role of radiotherapy in the treatment of GCToB was conducted in participating institutions of the Rare Cancer Network. Eligibility criteria consisted of the use of radiotherapy for marginally resected, unresectable, and recurrent GCToB. Fifty-eight patients with biopsy proven GCToB were analyzed from 9 participating North American and European institutions. Forty-five patients had a primary tumor and 13 patients had a recurrent tumor. Median radiation dose was 50 Gy in a median of 25 fractions. Indication for radiation therapy was marginal resection in 33 patients, unresectable tumor in 13 patients, recurrence in 9 patients and palliation in 2 patients. Median tumor size was 7.0 cm. A significant proportion of the tumors involved critical structures. Median follow-up was 8.0 years. Five year local control was 85% . Of the 7 local failures, 3 were treated successfully with salvage surgery. All patients who received palliation achieved symptom relief. Five year overall survival was 94%. None of the patients experienced grade 3 or higher acute toxicity. This study reports a large published experience in the treatment of GCToB with radiotherapy. Radiotherapy can provide excellent local control for incompletely resected, unresectable or recurrent GCToB with acceptable morbidity.
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October 2011

Adult langerhans cell histiocytosis of bones : a rare cancer network study.

Acta Orthop Belg 2010 Oct;76(5):663-8

Rare Cancer Network (RCN).

Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH) is an uncommon benign bone tumour typically seen in children. LCH of bones in adults has been reported as solitary cases. The aim of the current study is to analyze different treatment approaches and the role of radiotherapy (RT) in adult LCH. Thirty patients from five Rare Network Cancer centers were included in this retrospective study. Median age was 30 years. The localization of tumours was skull bones in 12 (40%), lower extremity in 6 (20%), thoracic bones in 4 (133%), spine in 3 (10%), pelvis in 2 (6.7%) and multiple sites in 3 (10%) patients. Primary treatment was surgery in 1 (33%), surgery+ radiotherapy (RT) in 15 (50%), RT in 12 (40%), RT + CHT in 1 (33%) and corticosteroids in 1 (33%) patient. Median follow-up was 58 months. Complete remission was obtained in 21 (70%), partial remission in 4 (133%); 2 lesions were stable (6.7%) and progression was noted in 2 (6.7%) of the patients. Nine patients (30%) had recurrent disease. Recurrence rates were significantly lower in patients who were treated with surgery and RT (p < 0.003). Surgery plays a major role in the treatment of adult LCH of bones ; radiotherapy should be considered in the adjuvant setting and palliation.
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October 2010

The role of amifostine on late normal tissue damage induced by pelvic radiotherapy with concomitant gemcitabine: an in vivo study.

Med Oncol 2009 Dec 30;26(4):402-8. Epub 2008 Nov 30.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Fatih, 34303 Istanbul, Turkey.

In this in vivo study, we aimed to assess the radioprotective effect of amifostine on late normal tissue damage induced by gemcitabine concomitant with pelvic radiotherapy by histopathological and quantitative methods. Fifty-six male Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into seven experimental groups as follows: (I) gemcitabine, (II) radiation + gemcitabine, (III) radiation + gemcitabine + amifostine, (IV) radiation + amifostine, (V) sham radiation, (VI) amifostine, (VII) radiation. Irradiation was given to pelvic region with a dose of 25 Gy in 5 fractions. Amifostine was given for 30 min; gemcitabine was administered 24 h before the first fraction of radiotherapy. All animals were killed at the end of 4th month. Pathological examination was performed and the tissue collagen content was measured in bladder and rectal tissues. Fifty-one animals that were alive at the end of the follow-up period were analyzed. Thirty-five animals (68.6%) revealed grades I-III late effect in histopathological examination. We observed grade III colitis in 1 animal (radiation + gemcitabine) and bladder fibrosis in 4 animals (radiation and radiation + gemcitabine groups). There was no significant difference between any groups for bladder cystitis and fibrosis by Kruskal-Wallis method. Colitis was seen significantly lower in the radiation + gemcitabine + amifostine group (P = 0.0005). The collagen contents in the bladder and rectum of radiation and radiation + gemcitabine groups were markedly increased as compared to the sham group. This effect was reversed in the groups which received amifostine in addition to radiation and radiation + gemcitabine groups, but this difference was not significant. This study demonstrated that amifostine may have a beneficial effect in limiting rectal colitis from the radiosensitizing effect of gemcitabine.
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December 2009

MMP-2, TIMP-2 and CD44v6 expression in non-small-cell lung carcinomas.

Ann Acad Med Singap 2008 Jan;37(1):32-9

Uludag University Medical Faculty, Forensic Medicine Department, Bursa, Turkey.

Introduction: Factors that emerge as crucial participants in tumour invasion and metastases are matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP) inhibitors and cellular adhesion molecules (CD44 and similar molecules). They play important roles in tumour invasion and metastasis in non-small-cell lung carcinomas (NSCLCs).

Materials And Methods: The study was performed using the data of 33 patients. MMP-2 from the metalloproteinase family, TIMP-2 from the metalloproteinase inhibitor family and the adhesion molecule CD44v6 expression were investigated immunohistochemically to search their role in the metastasis and the clinical outcome of the patients with NSCLCs.

Results: Twenty-three tumours (70%) were squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), 9 (27%) were adenocarcinoma (AC), and 1 (3%) was large cell carcinoma (LCC). MMP-2 and TIMP-2 were expressed in high rates in NSCLC but CD44v6 expression was about 50%. Lymphatic invasion was less frequent in TIMP-2- positive patients and this difference was statistically significant (P = 0.005). There was a statistically significant difference between SCCs and ACs with respect to CD44v6 tumoral expression (P = 0.004). Also, there was a negative correlation between lymphatic invasion and the extent of CD44v6; lymphatic invasion was significantly less in CD44v6-positive cases (P = 0.013).

Conclusion: We found that TIMP-2 and CD44v6 can decrease the lymphatic invasion in NSCLCs. Also there was observed histiotype-related pattern of CD44v6 variant expression in SCCs.
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January 2008

Small cell carcinoma of the bladder: a case report and review of the literature.

Int Urol Nephrol 2006 ;38(1):15-9

Department of Urology, Cerrahpasa School of Medicine, University of Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey.

Primary pure small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the bladder is a rare condition. It is an aggressive tumor with an average five-year survival rate of less than 10% as cited by multiple case reports. We report a 48 year-old male patient with primary small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the bladder who was treated with TUR-T, adjuvant carboplatin-based chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The patient is free of disease at the end of 30 months with a normally functioning bladder.
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August 2006

Outcomes and patterns of failure in solitary plasmacytoma: a multicenter Rare Cancer Network study of 258 patients.

Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2006 Jan 17;64(1):210-7. Epub 2005 Oct 17.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Purpose: To assess the outcomes and patterns of failure in solitary plasmacytoma (SP).

Methods And Materials: The data from 258 patients with bone (n = 206) or extramedullary (n = 52) SP without evidence of multiple myeloma (MM) were collected. A histopathologic diagnosis was obtained for all patients. Most (n = 214) of the patients received radiotherapy (RT) alone; 34 received chemotherapy and RT, and 8 surgery alone. The median radiation dose was 40 Gy. The median follow-up was 56 months (range 7-245).

Results: The median time to MM development was 21 months (range 2-135), with a 5-year probability of 45%. The 5-year overall survival, disease-free survival, and local control rate was 74%, 50%, and 86%, respectively. On multivariate analyses, the favorable factors were younger age and tumor size <4 cm for survival; younger age, extramedullary localization, and RT for disease-free survival; and small tumor and RT for local control. Bone localization was the only predictor of MM development. No dose-response relationship was found for doses >30 Gy, even for larger tumors.

Conclusion: Progression to MM remains the main problem. Patients with extramedullary SP had the best outcomes, especially when treated with moderate-dose RT. Chemotherapy and/or novel therapies should be investigated for bone or bulky extramedullary SP.
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January 2006

Unusual cause of dysphagia: inflammatory pseudotumor of the lung.

South Med J 2005 Jun;98(6):665-8

Department of Radiology, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) is a rare disease that usually occurs in the lung. Patients with IPT are usually asymptomatic, with a solitary pulmonary nodule or mass detected on routine chest roentgenogram. IPT can behave as a malignant tumor both clinically and radiologically. Cough, fever, dyspnea, and hemoptysis are the usual presenting symptoms. This report describes the case of a 37-year-old man with a 4-month course of dysphagia secondary to lower esophageal invasion by the posterior mediastinal extension of a lung IPT.
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June 2005

The role of preoperative radiotherapy in nonmetastatic high-grade osteosarcoma of the extremities for limb-sparing surgery.

Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2005 Jul;62(3):820-8

Department of Radiation Oncology, Cerrahpasa Medical School, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: To assess the role of preoperative radiotherapy in patients with nonmetastatic high-grade osteosarcoma of the extremities for limb-sparing surgery and to compare the response of neoadjuvant therapies, local control, and survival with the literature results.

Methods And Materials: Forty-six patients with osteosarcoma of the limbs who were treated within a limb salvage protocol including preoperative radiotherapy and chemotherapy between 1987 and 2002, were retrospectively analyzed. Median age was 17 years (range, 14-66 years). Treatment was started with neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Cisplatin, epidoxorubicin, ifosfamide, and methotrexate were used in different combinations. Preoperative radiotherapy was applied, usually between the second and third cycle of chemotherapy. Radiotherapy was given (35 Gy in 10 fractions) to 44 patients. Two patients were treated with 46 Gy at 2 Gy/day. Definitive surgery was administered after the third course of chemotherapy. Chemotherapy was complete 6 courses postsurgery.

Results: Median follow-up time was 44 months (range, 2-154 months). Forty-four patients had limb-sparing surgery, whereas 2 had amputation. Tumor necrosis rate was >/=90% in 87% of the patients (Huvos Grade 3-4). Two patients had local failures, and 26 patients (56.5%) had distant metastases. The 5-year local control and overall survival rates were 97.5% and 48.4%, respectively. On univariate analysis, age
Conclusion: Preoperative radiotherapy helps to increase the chance of extremity-sparing surgery with good local control and necrosis rate when combined with chemotherapy.
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July 2005