Publications by authors named "Fatemeh Yassari"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

No clinical benefit of high dose corticosteroid administration in patients with COVID-19: A preliminary report of a randomized clinical trial.

Eur J Pharmacol 2021 Apr 16;897:173947. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical effects of dexamethasone administration in patients with mild to moderate acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) due to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The study included 50 patients who were randomly assigned to the dexamethasone group or control group. Dexamethasone was administered at a dose of 20 mg/day from day 1-5 and then at 10 mg/day from day 6-10. The need for invasive mechanical ventilation, death rate, duration of clinical improvement, length of hospital stay, and radiological changes in the computed tomography scan were assessed. The results revealed that 92% and 96% of patients in the dexamethasone and control groups, respectively, required noninvasive ventilation (P = 0.500). Among them, 52% and 44% of patients in the dexamethasone and control groups, respectively, required invasive mechanical ventilation (P = 0.389). At the end of the study, 64% of patients in the dexamethasone group and 60% of patients in the control group died (P = 0.500); the remaining patients were discharged from the hospital during the 28-day follow-up period. The median length of hospital stay was 11 days in the dexamethasone group and 6 days in the control group (P = 0.036) and the median length of hospital stay was 7 days in the dexamethasone group and 3 days in the control group (P < 0.001). No significant differences were observed in the other outcomes. This study showed that corticosteroid administration had no clinical benefit in patients with COVID-19-induced mild to moderate ARDS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2021.173947DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7885705PMC
April 2021

Can L-Carnitine Supplementation Improve Cardiopulmonary Function? A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial in Hemodialysis Patients.

Iran J Kidney Dis 2020 Dec;14(6):494-499

Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Shahid Beheshti Medical University, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: L-Carnitine is a cardioprotective agent which balances metabolism by promoting mitochondrial β-oxidation and facilitating transportation of long chain fatty acids into the mitochondrial matrix. It has been shown that L-Carnitine level in plasma and tissue is lower in hemodialysis patients and they may lose the benefits of this substance. The aim of this trial was to evaluate the effects of L-Carnitine supplementation on cardiorespiratory Function in hemodialysis patients through ergospirometry.

Methods: The current study was conducted on 46 chronic hemodialysis patients. The patients were divided into two groups. In both groups ergospirometry parameters (VE Max, VO2-Max and VCO2 Max, AT, VE/VCO2 Slope) were recorded for a 3-month period of time. During this period, one group received L-Carnitine at doses of 2 g/d orally and the other group received only placebo. After three months, all of the mentioned parameters reevaluated and statistical analysis was done.

Results: Only CRP value was different between two group and in placebo group increased significantly after 3 months (P < .05). No significant difference was detected in Cardio-respiratory factors. In terms of ergospirometry, PET-CO2 was the only parameter which was significantly increased in the treatment group but decreased in placebo group (P < .05).

Conclusion: Significant differences between our groups showed that L-Carnitine could help hemodialysis patients with cardiopulmonary problems to suffer lower rate of inflammation and poor life quality as shown at least in comparison of the two factors including CRP and PETCO2 at rest.
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December 2020

Clinical Manifestations of Patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in a Referral Center in Iran.

Tanaffos 2020 Nov;19(2):122-128

Clinical Tuberculosis and Epidemiology Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Following the recent epidemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Wuhan, China, a novel betacoronavirus was isolated from two patients in Iran on February 19, 2020. In this study, we aimed to determine the clinical manifestations and outcomes of the first confirmed cases of COVID-19 infection (n=127).

Materials And Methods: This prospective study was conducted on all COVID-19-suspected cases, admitted to Masih Daneshvari Hospital (a designated hospital for COVID-19), Tehran, Iran, since February 19, 2020. All patients were tested for COVID-19, using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay. Data of confirmed cases, including demographic characteristics, clinical features, and outcomes, were collected and compared between three groups of patients, requiring different types of admission (requiring ICU admission, admission to the general ward, and transfer to ICU).

Results: Of 412 suspected cases, with the mean age of 54.1 years (SD=13.4), 127 (31%) were positive for COVID-19. Following the patients' first visit to the clinic, 115 cases were admitted to the general ward, while ten patients required ICU admission. Due to clinical deterioration in the condition of 25 patients (out of 115 patients), ICU admission was essential. Based on the results, the baseline characteristics of the groups were similar. Patients requiring ICU admission were more likely to have multiorgan involvement (liver involvement, P<0.001; renal involvement, P<0.001; and cardiac involvement, P=0.02), low O saturation (P<0.001), and lymphopenia (P=0.05). During hospital admission, 21 (16.5%) patients died, while the rest (83.5%) were discharged and followed-up until March 26, 2020. Also, the survival rate of patients, who received immunoglobulin, was higher than other patients (60.87% vs. 39.13%).

Conclusion: The mortality rate of COVID-19 patients was considerable in our study. Based on the present results, this infection can cause multiorgan damage. Therefore, intensive monitoring of these patients needs to be considered.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7680520PMC
November 2020

Renal Disorders in Pulmonary Sarcoidosis Patients.

Iran J Kidney Dis 2019 Jan;13(1):21-26

Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: The frequency of kidney disorders varies in pulmonary sarcoidosis patients. Since the prevalence of kidney disorders among Iranian sarcoidosis patients is uncertain, this study aimed to evaluate kidney disorders and associated manifestations in Iranian pulmonary sarcoidosis patients.

Materials And Methods: One hundred patients with confirmed granuloma as pulmonary sarcoidosis were studied for renal disorders. Size of urinary tract and the presence of renal stones were checked via clinical examination and urinary organ ultrasonography. Patients' 24-hour urine sample was examined for pH, calcium, protein (over 250 mg) and creatinine (over 1.4 mg).

Results: Thirty-three percent of the patients expressed renal disorders simultaneously.Uric acid in pulmonary sarcoidosis patients could be correlated with the probability of developing renal stone. In addition, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D levels above 30 ng/mL and uric acid levels above 7 mg/dL in urine were directly correlated with renal disorders in sarcoidosis patients.

Conclusions: Urinalysis is an easy and reliable method for assessing renal disorders in sarcoidosis patients. The current study proposes inclusion of urinalysis in routine checkups of sarcoidosis individuals.
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January 2019

Nephroquiz 4: a 43-year-old woman with kidney allograft dysfunction due to BK virus nephropathy.

Iran J Kidney Dis 2010 Apr;4(2):164-7

Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Shahid Labbafinejad Medical Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

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April 2010