Publications by authors named "Fatemeh Shabani"

14 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The Effects of Aromatherapy on Premenstrual Syndrome Symptoms: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2020 21;2020:6667078. Epub 2020 Dec 21.

Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Persian Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran.

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a common disturbance among women of childbearing age. Aromatherapy is a commonly used form of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) to treat PMS. The purpose of this study is to quantify and summarize the effects of aromatherapy on premenstrual syndrome symptoms. . PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane Library databases were searched through relevant search terms until October 2020. The effect sizes were pooled as weighted mean difference (WMD) and 95% confidence interval (CI) using the random effect model. Egger tests and visual inspection of the funnel plot were performed to identify the existence of publication bias. The -squared () test was applied to measure heterogeneity. . Eight studies ( = 8) were included in this analysis. The quantitative synthesis of evidence found that aromatherapy decreases PMS scores (WMD -13.83; 95% CI (-22.04, -5.63),  = 94.5%), total psychological symptoms of PMS (WMD -3.51; 95% CI (-4.84, -2.18),  = 82.6%), anxiety of PMS (WMD-1.78; 95% CI (-3.17, -0.38),  = 94.2%), depression of PMS (WMD-2.0; 95% CI (-3.65, -0.34),  = 93.7%), and fatigue of PMS (WMD - 1.44; 95% CI (-2.44, -0.44),  = 89.7%) compared to the control group. . Aromatherapy is an effective tool for the relief of PMS symptoms. Additional randomized controlled clinical trials with different durations and essential oils should be conducted to confirm our findings.
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December 2020

Effect of Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles on Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in Rats' Kidney, Lung, and Serum.

Iran Biomed J 2020 07 10;24(4):251-6. Epub 2020 Feb 10.

Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.

Background: The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of different concentrations of cerium oxide nanoparticles (CONPs) on the oxidative stress (OS) status in kidney, lung, and serum of rats.

Methods: Male Wistar Rats were treated intraperitoneally with 15, 30, and 60 mg/kg/day of CONPs. The biochemical parameters, including total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total thiol group (TTG), malondialdehyde (MDA), SOD (superoxide dismutase), and catalase (CAT) were assayed in serum, kidney, and lung tissues.

Results: MDA decreased, but TTG and CAT increased in serum by the administration of CONPs at 15 mg/kg. In kidney homogenate obtained from the group treated with CONPs at 15 mg/kg, TAC, TTG, and CAT significantly increased compared to the control group. However, CONPs at 15, 30, and 60 mg/kg significantly decreased MDA level compared to the control group. In lung tissue, CONPs in doses of 15, 30 and 60 mg/kg significantly decreased CAT activity, TTG and TAC compared to the control group, while in kidney tissue, CONPs at the concentrations of 30 and 60 mg/kg significantly increased MDA compared to the control group.

Conclusion: Our findings suggest that CONPs attenuate OS in the kidney and affect the serum levels of OS-related markers but induce OS in the lung tissue in a dose-dependent manner.
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July 2020

Assemblage of encrusting organisms on floating anthropogenic debris along the northern coast of the Persian Gulf.

Environ Pollut 2019 Nov 30;254(Pt A):112979. Epub 2019 Jul 30.

Facultad Ciencias del Mar, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Larrondo 1281, Coquimbo, Chile; Centro de Estudios Avanzados en Zonas Áridas (CEAZA), Coquimbo, Chile; Millennium Nucleus Ecology and Sustainable Management of Oceanic Island (ESMOI), Coquimbo, Chile.

Global concern about floating marine debris and its fundamental role in shaping coastal biodiversity is growing, yet there is very little knowledge about debris-associated rafting communities in many areas of the world's oceans. In the present study, we examined the encrusting assemblage on different types of stranded debris (wood, plastic, glass, and metal cans) along the Iranian coast of the Persian Gulf. In total, 21 taxa were identified on 132 items. The average frequency of occurrence (±SE) across all sites and stranded debris showed that the barnacle Amphibalanus amphitrite (68.9 ± 1.1%), the oyster Saccostrea cucullata (40.9 ± 0.7%), the polychaete Spirobranchus kraussii (27.3 ± 0.5%), green algae (22 ± 0.5%) and the coral Paracyathus stokesii (14.4 ± 0.7%) occurred most frequently. Relative substratum coverage was highest for A. amphitrite (44.3 ± 2.7%), followed by green algae (14.4 ± 1.5%), Spirobranchus kraussii (9.3 ± 1.3%), Saccostrea cucullata (7.6 ± 1.3%) and the barnacle Microeuraphia permitini (5.8 ± 0.9%). Despite the significant difference in coverage of rafting species on plastic items among different sites, there was no clear and consistent trend of species richness and coverage from the eastern (Strait of Hormuz) to the western part of the Persian Gulf. Some rafting species (bryozoans and likely barnacles) were found to be non-indigenous species in the area. As floating marine debris can transport non-indigenous species and increase the risk of bio-invasions to this already naturally- and anthropogenically-stressed water body, comprehensive monitoring efforts should be made to elucidate the vectors and arrival of new invasive species to the region.
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November 2019

Calprotectin (S100A8/S100A9): a key protein between inflammation and cancer.

Inflamm Res 2018 Oct 6;67(10):801-812. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.

Background: Calprotectin (S100A8/S100A9), a heterodimeric EF-hand Ca binding protein, are abundant in cytosol of neutrophils and are involved in inflammatory processes and several cancerous pathogens.

Objective: The purpose of the present systematic review is to evaluate the pro- and anti-tumorigenic functions of calprotectin and its relation to inflammation.

Materials And Methods: We conducted a review of studies published in the Medline (1966-2018), Scopus (2004-2018), (2008-2018) and Google Scholar (2004-2018) databases, combined with studies found in the reference lists of the included studies.

Results: Elevated levels of S100A8/S100A9 were detected in inflammation, neoplastic tumor cells and various human cancers. Recent data have explained that many cancers arise from sites of infection, chronic irritation, and inflammation. The inflammatory microenvironment which largely includes calprotectin, has an essential role on high producing of inflammatory factors and then on neoplastic process and metastasis.

Conclusion: Scientists have shown different outcomes in inflammation, malignancy and apoptosis whether the source of the aforementioned protein is extracellular or intracellular. These findings are offering new insights that anti-inflammatory therapeutic agents and anti-tumorigenic functions of calprotectin can lead to control cancer development.
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October 2018

Radiation Protection Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice (KAP) in Interventional Radiology.

Oman Med J 2018 Mar;33(2):141-147

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran.

Objectives: Due to increasing cardiac disease and its mortality rate, the frequency of cardiac imaging has grown and, as a result, interventional cardiologists potentially receive high radiation doses in cardiac examinations. This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) level of radiation protection (RP) among interventional radiology staff in Iranian health care centers across the country.

Methods: We used a validated questionnaire survey consisting of 30 multiple-choice questions to perform a cross-sectional study. Participants were healthcare personnel working professionally with radiation at different levels (i.e., secretary, radiology technologists, nurse, and physician). The questionnaire was divided into three sections to assess KAP regarding RP.

Results: Significant differences exist in RP KAP mean scores based on educational age < 0.050). There was no significant difference in RP KAP mean scores when looking at sex, practice age, and hospital type > 0.050). We found a significant difference between RP KAP mean scores and different regions < 0.050).

Conclusions: Educational and practice age, sex, type of hospital, and geographical region affect he KAP of interventional radiology staff regarding RP. Since many of the subjective radiation harms for both medical team and patients, this can be easily controlled and prevented; a checkup for personnel of interventional radiology departments, considering samples from different parts of the country with different levels of education, continuous training, and practical courses may help map the status of KAP. The results of this study may also help authorized health physics officers design strategic plans to enhance the quality of such services in radiation departments.
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March 2018

Factors that Influence The Occurrence of Multiple Pregnancies after Intracytoplasmic Injection Cycles with Two or Three Fresh Embryo Transfers.

Int J Fertil Steril 2017 Oct 27;11(3):191-196. Epub 2017 Aug 27.

Health Management and Economics Research Center, Department of Statistics and Mathematics, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Multiple pregnancies are an important complication of assisted reproductive technology (ART). The present study aims to indentify the risk factors for multiple pregnancies independent of the number of transferred embryos.

Materials And Methods: This retrospective study reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles in Royan Institute between October 2011 and January 2012. We entered 12 factors that affected the number of gestational sacs into the poisson regression (PR) model. Factors were obtained from two study populations-cycles with double embryo transfer (DET) and cycles that transferred three embryos (TET). We sought to determine the factors that influenced the number of gestational sacs. These factors were entered into multivariable logistic regression (MLR) to identify risk factors for multiple pregnancies.

Results: A total of 1000 patients referred to Royan Institute for ART during the study period. We included 606 eligible patients in this study. PR analysis demonstrated that the quality of transferred embryos and woman's age had a significant effect on the number of observed sacs in patients who underwent ICSI with DET. There was no significant predictive variable for multiple pregnancies according to MLR analysis. Our findings demonstrated that both regression models (PR and MLR) had the same outputs. A significant relation existed between age and fertilization rate with multiple pregnancies in patients who underwent ICSI with TET.

Conclusion: Single embryo transfer (SET) should be considered with the remaining embryos cryopreserved to prevent multiple pregnancies in women younger than 35 years of age who undergo ICSI cycles with high fertilization rates and good or excellent quality embryos. However, further prospective studies are necessary to evaluate whether SET in women with these risk factors can significantly decrease multiple pregnancies and improve cycle outcomes.
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October 2017

Relationship between CD14-159C/T gene polymorphism and acute brucellosis risk.

Asian Pac J Trop Med 2016 Mar 12;9(3):247-51. Epub 2016 Jan 12.

School of Medicine, Jiroft University of Medical Sciences, Jiroft, Kerman, Iran.

Objective: To investigate the association between the cluster of differentiation 14 (CD14)-159C/T (rs2569190) gene polymorphism and susceptibility to acute brucellosis in an Iranian population.

Methods: The study included 153 Iranian patients with active brucellosis and 128 healthy individuals as the control group. Genotyping of the CD14 variant was performed using an amplification refractory mutation system-polymerase chain reaction method.

Results: The prevalence of CD14-159 TT and CT genotypes were associated with increased risk of brucellosis [odds ratio (OR) = 1.993, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) = 1.07-3.71, P = 0.03 for CT; OR = 3.869, 95% CI = 1.91-7.84, P = 0.01 for TT genotype. Additionally, the minor allele (T) was significantly more frequently present in brucellosis patients than in controls (61% vs. 45%, respectively), and was a risk factor for brucellosis (OR = 3.058, 95% CI = 1.507-6.315, P = 0.01).

Conclusions: The findings provided suggestive evidence of association of the CD14-159C/T gene polymorphism with susceptibility to acute brucellosis in the Iranian population.
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March 2016

A comparative study about the influences of climatic factors on fertility rate among the healthy and infertile women in the North of Iran.

Pak J Biol Sci 2014 Jul;17(7):905-9

Fertility rate is an important health issue in the world which has been influenced by different factors and attracts the researchers' attention. In this study influences of climate factors on fertility rate were investigated. In this analytical correlational study, relationship between climate factors and fertility rate among the healthy and infertile women who referred to Imam educational hospital in Sari, North of Iran, during 2006-2012 was investigated. Results indicated that climatic factors such as: Temperature (r = -0.324, p = 0.005), air pressure (r = 0.2495, p = 0.031) and rainfall (r = 0.415, sig < 0.001) had relationship with healthy women' fertility rate, although, this relationship was not found in infertile women. Also, fecundity peak of infertile women similar to the fecundity peak of healthy women was during autumn. Considering influences of climate factors on fertility rate could be helpful for developing child birth strategies.
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July 2014

Comparison of the effects of mediterranean temperate and cold mountain climates on human fertility.

Mater Sociomed 2014 Apr 11;26(2):119-21. Epub 2014 Apr 11.

Department of Geography and Tourism Planning, Sari Branch , Islamic Azad University, Iran.

Background: Owing to the emergence of some challenges in the demographic structure of many countries and possible decrease in young human workforce in the future decades, the reduction in the fertility rate has become a major public concern. This study aimed to investigate the effects of climatic factors on fertility.

Aim: In this correlational study conducted during 2005-2009, the relationship between climatic factors (monthly average temperature, air pressure, rainfall, and humidity) and monthly fertility in women living in areas with two different climates was investigated.

Methods: THE STUDY REGIONS INCLUDED TWO CITIES OF IRAN: Behshahr and Hamedan having temperate Mediterranean climate and cold mountain climate, respectively. The means and standard deviations of the investigated variables were computed and reported. Furthermore, Pearson correlation coefficients and linear regression were also employed.

Results: The findings indicated that monthly fertility in women living in temperate Mediterranean climate was related to temperature (r = -0.340, p = 0.008), air pressure (r = -0.502, p = 0.002), and rainfall (r = 0.319, p = 0.013), whereas this relationship was not found in women living in cold mountain climate. Furthermore, fecundity peak was observed during autumn in both the climates.

Conclusions: Considering the influences of climatic factors on fertility, it would be better if physicians pay attention to other aspects of human fertility than the clinical conditions during client evaluation.
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April 2014

The Effects of ISM1 Medium on Embryo Quality and Outcomes of IVF/ICSI Cycles.

Int J Fertil Steril 2013 Jul 31;7(2):108-15. Epub 2013 Jul 31.

Codra Centre for Assisted Reproduction, Podgorica, Montenegro.

Background: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of ISM1 culture medium on embryo development, quality and outcomes of in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) cycles. This study compares culture medium commonly used in the laboratory setting for oocyte recovery and embryo development with a medium from MediCult. We have assessed the effects of these media on embryo development and newborn characteristics.

Materials And Methods: In this prospective randomized study, fertilized oocytes from patients were randomly assigned to culture in ISM1 (MediCult, cycles: n=293) or routine lab culture medium (G-1TM v5; Vitrolife, cycles: n=290) according to the daily media schedule for oocyte retrieval. IVF or ICSI and embryo transfer were performed with either MediCult media or routine lab media. Embryo quality on days 2/3, cleavage, pregnancy and implantation rates, baby take home rate (BTHR), in addition to the weight and length of newborns were compared between groups.

Results: There were similar cleavage rates for ISM1 (86%) vs. G-1TM v5 (88%). We observed a significantly higher percentage of excellent embryos in ISM1 (42.7%) compared to G-1TM v5 (39%, p<0.05). Babies born after culture in ISM1 had both higher birth weight (3.03 kg) and length (48.8 cm) compared to G-1TM v5 babies that had a birth weight of 2.66 kg and a length of 46.0 cm (p<0.001 for both).

Conclusion: This study suggests that ISM1 is a more effective culture medium in generating higher quality embryos, which may be reflected in the characteristics of babies at birth.
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July 2013

The influence of amifostine administration prior to cyclophosphamide on in vitro maturation of mouse oocytes.

J Assist Reprod Genet 2013 Jul 5;30(7):939-44. Epub 2013 Jul 5.

Department of Genetics at Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, No 12, Hafez, Banihashem St. Resalat Ave, Tehran 19295-4644, Iran.

Purpose: The protective effect of amifostine against cyclophosphamide (CP) was evaluated on mouse oocytes.

Materials And Methods: Female mice were divided into four groups as follows: group1: cyclophosphamide (CP) (75 mg/kg, i.p) injection, group2: amifostine (250 mg/kg, i.p) injection, group3: amifostine (250 mg/kg, i.p) administered prior to CP (75 mg/kg, i.p) injection, Control group with injection of saline. About 21 days after injection, in vitro maturation (IVM) of oocytes was recorded. Furthermore the percentage of aneuploid oocytes was determined.

Results: In the CP group IVM rate was significantly decreased and aneploidy rate was significantly increased when compared to other groups (p < 0.05). With the administration of Amifostine prior to CP injection IVM rate was increased and aneploidy rate was decreased.

Discussion: Depletion in IVM rate with administration of CP is due its adverse effects on oocyte quality. Amifostine administration prior to CP injection appears to modulate deleterious effects of CP on oocytes.
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July 2013

An animal model study for repair of tracheal defects with autologous stem cells and differentiated chondrocytes from adipose-derived stem cells.

J Pediatr Surg 2012 Nov;47(11):1997-2003

Department of Anatomical Sciences and Molecular Biology Medical School, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Stenosis of trachea with mucosal and cartilage lesions is a challenging problem in tracheal surgery. Owing to ease of harvest and abundance, adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are attractive and increasingly used in tissue engineering. The aim of this study was to evaluate the repair of trachea with autologous stem cells and differentiated chondrocytes from adipose-derived stem cells in an animal model.

Methods And Material: Six canine ADSCs were isolated and proliferated in monolayer culture and CD44; CD90 markers were investigated by flow cytometry. ADSCs were seeded in alginate beads and were differentiated into chondrocytes by TGF-β3. Cartilage-specific markers with reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction were demonstrated in differentiated cells. These differentiated cells and stem cells in alginate scaffold were separately transferred to a defect created in canine's trachea. After 8 weeks, the healing and cartilage formation in the trachea was evaluated by histological methods.

Results: We identified formed cartilage pieces and chondrocytes with lacuna and extracellular matrix in defects implanted with differentiated cells, but in other groups, staining of the sections did not show the presence of cartilage in the engineered tracheal wall.

Conclusion: We showed that cartilage- engineered from differentiated adipose-derived stem cells in alginate biodegradable scaffold could repair tracheal cartilage defects.
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November 2012

A comparison between subpleural patient-controlled analgesia by bupivacaine and intermittent analgesia in post-operative thoracotomy: A double-blind randomized clinical trial.

J Res Med Sci 2011 Sep;16(9):1210-6

General Thoracic Surgeon, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: The efficacy of subpleural analgesia to reduce postoperative pain intensity in patients after lateral thoracotomy is controversial. In this study, we demonstrated the efficacy of two types of subpleural analgesia.

Methods: This prospective, controlled, randomized, double-blind trial was performed in Department of Thoracic Surgery of Alzahra Hospital associated with Isfahan University of Medical Sciences from June 2009 until August 2010. After posterolateral thoracotomy and admission to the ICU, patients were randomly assigned into two groups of subpleural patient-controlled analgesia (SPCA) (0.02 cc/kg/h of 0.5% bupivacaine) and subpleural intermittent analgesia (SIA) (0.1cc/kg/6h of 0.5% bupivacaine). The data regarding age, sex, visual analog scale (VAS) (at 8, 16 and 24 hours after initiation of analgesia), morphine consumption, systemic adverse effects, length of ICU and hospital stay, complications, public health service (PHS) criteria, and cost was recorded. Data was analyzed by Mann-Whitney U-test, repeated measured test, chi-square test and the Fisher's exact test. A p < 0.05 was considered significant.

Results: The study population consisted of 90 patients. There were no significant differences in sex, age, weight, intraoperative analgesics, duration of one-lung ventilation, and adverse effects between the SPCA and SIA groups. Although pain scores were significantly reduced at 16 hours after the first subpleural instillation of bupivacaine 0.5% with patient-controlled analgesia, comparison between mean pain scores in the two groups at 8 and 24 hours after the first subpleural instillation of bupivacaine 0.5% revealed no significant difference. In addition, no significant difference was found in VAS scores at the three evaluated times (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: Optimal use of SPCA bupivacaine for postoperative pain treatment is more effective in pain reduction than SIA bupivacaine. The consumption rate of opioid and bupivacaine was also decreased in SPCA group.
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September 2011

An investigation on the effect of Health Belief Model-based education on refusal skills in high risk situations among female students.

Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res 2012 Mar;17(3):229-33

Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Various studies show an association between lack of social skills in adolescents and the future incidence of behavioral disorders. If girls, as future mothers, lack adequate health, awareness, self confidence and social skills, they may act as a source of many social problems. Therefore, the present study has tried to educate this group on one of the most essential social skills, refusal skill in high risk situation.

Materials And Methods: This is a field quasi experimental study conducted on 145 female students in middle schools in Arak, Iran in 2010-2011. The schools were randomly selected. The subjects were selected through systematic random sampling from the schools' log book. The data were collected by questionnaires containing personal and familial characteristics, three health belief model structures, and behavioral intention in high risk situations. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistical tests (frequency distribution, mean, SD) and inferential tests of repetitive variance analysis and T-test through SPSS.

Findings: In the present study, repetitive variance analysis showed that education by use of a health belief model had a positive effect on refusal skills in high risk situations as well as perceived barriers (p = 0.007), self-efficacy (p = 0.015), behavioral intention (p = 0.048) after educational intervention in the study group, but not on perceived benefits (p = 0.180).

Conclusions: The results showed that education significantly increased refusal skills in high risk situations in the study group through the health belief model. With regard to the results, it is essential to equip the students with preventive behaviors to guarantee their physical, emotional and social health.
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March 2012