Publications by authors named "Fatemeh Roodbari"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Activation of toll-like receptor signaling in endothelial progenitor cells dictates angiogenic potential: from hypothesis to actual state.

Cell Tissue Res 2021 Jan 18. Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Stem Cell Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Human endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) were isolated from cord blood samples and enriched by magnetic activated cell sorting method based on the CD133 marker. Cells were incubated with different doses of bacterial lipopolysaccharide, ranging from 2, 5, 10, 50, 100, 200, 250, 500, to 1000 µg/ml, for 48 h. The cell survival rate was determined by using MTT assay. To confirm activation of the toll-like receptor signaling pathway, PCR array analysis was performed. Protein levels of ERK1/2, p-ERK1/2, NF-ƙB and TRIF proteins were measured using western blotting. The content of TNF-α and lipoprotein lipase activity were analyzed by immunofluorescence imaging. Flow cytometric analysis of CD31 was performed to assess the maturation rate. Cell migration was studied by the Transwell migration assay. The expression of genes related to exosome biogenesis was measured using real-time PCR analysis. In vivo gel plug angiogenesis assay was done in nude mice. Lipopolysaccharide changed endothelial progenitor cells' survival in a dose-dependent manner with maximum viable cells in groups treated with 2 µg/ml. PCR array analysis showed the activation of toll-like signaling pathways after exposure to LPS (p<0.05). Western blotting analysis indicated an induction of p-ERK1/2 and Erk1/2, NF-kB and TRIF in LPS-treated EPCs compared with the control (p<0.05). Immunofluorescence staining showed an elevation of TNF-α and lipoprotein lipase activity after lipopolysaccharide treatment (p<0.05). Lipopolysaccharide increased EPC migration and expression of exosome biogenesis-related genes (p<0.05). In vivo gel plug analysis revealed enhanced angiogenesis in cells exposed to bacterial lipopolysaccharide. Data highlighted the close relationship between the toll-like receptor signaling pathway and functional activity in EPCs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00441-020-03405-4DOI Listing
January 2021

Toll-like receptor bioactivity in endothelial progenitor cells.

Cell Tissue Res 2020 Feb 21;379(2):223-230. Epub 2019 Nov 21.

Stem Cell Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Cardiovascular disease is the main cause of death globally that can be mitigated by the modulation of angiogenesis. To achieve this goal, the application of endothelial progenitor cells and other stem cell types is useful. Following the onset of cardiovascular disease and pro-inflammatory conditions as seen during bacterial sepsis, endothelial progenitor cells enter systemic circulation in response to multiple cytokines and activation of various intracellular mechanisms. The critical role of Toll-like receptors has been previously identified in the dynamics of various cell types, in particular, immune cells. To our knowledge, there are a few experiments related to the role of Toll-like receptors in endothelial progenitor cell activity. Emerging data point of endothelial progenitor cells and other stem cells having the potential to express Toll-like receptors to control different activities such as multipotentiality and dynamics of growth. In this review article, we aim to collect data related to the role of Toll-like receptors in endothelial progenitor cells bioactivity and angiogenic potential.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00441-019-03119-2DOI Listing
February 2020

Prevalence and genetic diversity of norovirus genogroup II in children less than 5 years of age with acute gastroenteritis in Tehran, Iran.

Med Microbiol Immunol 2018 Aug 4;207(3-4):201-210. Epub 2018 Apr 4.

Virology Department, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.

Viral gastroenteritis is a major public health problem worldwide. In Iran, very limited studies have been performed with regard to the epidemiology of noroviruses. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and molecular epidemiology of GII noroviruses in hospitalized children less than 5 years of age with acute gastroenteritis (AGE). A total of 210 stool specimens were collected from Ali Asghar Children's Hospital and Bahrami Children's Hospital in Tehran, from June 2015 to June 2016. The samples were screened by real-time RT-PCR for genogroup II (GII). Positive samples were genotyped by semi-nested PCR followed by Sanger sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. Norovirus was identified in 36 (17.1%) of 210 specimens. Based on genetic analysis of RdRp and capsid sequences, the strains were clustered into eight RdRp-capsid genotypes: GII.P4-GII.4 Sydney_2012 (41.7%), GII.Pe-GII.4 Sydney_2012 (30.6%), GII.P21-GII.3 (13.9%), GII.P16-GII.4 Sydney_2012 (2.8%), GII.P16-GII.12 (2.8%), GII.P2-GII.4 Sydney_2012 (2.8%), GII.P7-GII.7 (2.8%) and GII.P2-GII.2 (2.8%). We determined several different co-circulating norovirus genotypes in children < 5 years of age with AGE in our hospital in Tehran, Iran. Continued molecular surveillance of noroviruses, including typing of both RdRp and capsid genes, is important for monitoring emerging strains in our continued efforts to reduce the overall burden of norovirus disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00430-018-0541-6DOI Listing
August 2018

Early and late effects of Ibuprofen on mouse sperm parameters, chromatin condensation, and DNA integrity in mice.

Iran J Reprod Med 2015 Nov;13(11):703-10

Department of Biology and Anatomical Sciences, Research and Clinical Center for Infertility, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

Background: There are few studies indicating the detrimental effects of ibuprofen on sperm fertility potential and DNA integrity.

Objective: To determine the effects of Ibuprofen on sperm parameters, chromatin condensation and DNA integrity of mice.

Materials And Methods: In this experimental study, 36 adult male mice with average weight 37 gr were divided into three groups, including control (group I, n=12), normal dosage of ibuprofen (group II, n=12) and high dosage (group III, n=12). Ibuprofen with different doses was dissolved in daily water of animals. After 35, 70 and 105 days, the cauda epididymis of mice were cut and incubated in Ham's F10 media. Sperm samples were analyzed for parameters (motility, morphology and count), DNA integrity (SCD test) and chromatin condensation (chromomycin A3 and Aniline blue staining).

Results: After 35 days, in addition to above mentioned sperm parameters, all of the treated mice showed statistically significant increase in spermatozoa with immature chromatin (P<0.05). However, after 70 days, the rate of sperm DNA fragmentation assessed by SCD was increased in group II (66.5±0.7) and the percentage of immature spermatozoa (AB(+) and CMA3(+)) was higher in group III (77.5±0.7 and 49.5±6.3 respectively) than other groups. After 105 days, the AB(+) spermatozoa were increased in both normal dose and high dose groups.

Conclusion: Ibuprofen may cause a significant reduction in sperm parameters and sperm chromatin/DNA integrity in mice. It should be noted that these deleterious effects are dose-dependent and can be seen in early and late stage of drug treatments.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4695685PMC
November 2015

Association of functional polymorphism at the miR-502-binding site in the 3' untranslated region of the SETD8 gene with risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia, a preliminary report.

Tumour Biol 2014 Oct 23;35(10):10375-9. Epub 2014 Jul 23.

Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran,

MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a class of non-coding RNAs, bind to the 3' untranslated regions (UTRs) of mRNAs, where they interfere with translation of genes and are implicated in the pathogenesis of diverse diseases. In the present study, we evaluate the impact of rs16917496 polymorphism within the miR-502 miRNA seed region at the 3'UTR of SEDT8 on childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). This case-control study was done on 75 ALL and 115 healthy children. Genotyping of rs16917496 C/T polymorphism was performed using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). The results showed that CT as well as CT + TT decreased the risk of ALL in comparison with CC genotype (odds ratio (OR) = 0.29, 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CI) = 0.11-0.78, P = 0.014 and OR = 0.31, 95 % CI = 0.12-0.82, P = 0.016, respectively). Our results demonstrated that SETD8 rs16917496 C/T polymorphism was associated with decreased risk of developing pediatric ALL in Zahedan, southeast Iran. Larger studies with different ethnicities are desired to validate our findings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13277-014-2359-1DOI Listing
October 2014

Immune responses against a new HIV-1 p24-gp41/pCAGGS-IL-12 DNA vaccine in Balb/c mice.

Iran J Immunol 2012 Jun;9(2):86-97

Biotechnology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran, e-mail:

Background: Development of an effective vaccine is highly needed in order to restrict the AIDS pandemic. DNA vaccines initiate both arms of immunity without the potential of causing disease. HIV-1 p24 and gp41 (gag and env) proteins play important roles in viral pathogenesis and are effective candidates for immune induction and vaccine design.

Objective: In this study, new DNA vaccine candidates constructed from HIV-1 fused p24-gp41 or gp41 alone were evaluated in Balb/c mice for induction of cellular and humoral immune responses.

Methods: Recombinant plasmids, pcDNA3.1/Hygro expression vector containing immunogenic sequences of fused p24-gp41 or gp41alone were produced. Dendrosome used as a system for carrying vectors in laboratory animals, and an IL-12 containing vector (pCAGGS-IL-12) was co-immunized with the p24-gp41 vector as a genetic adjuvant. Induction of effective immune responses against the designed vectors as DNA vaccine candidates in Balb/c mice was evaluated. Levels of total antibodies, IgG isotypes (IgG2a and IgG1); IFN-γ and IL-4 were measured by ELISA. MTT assay was used to evaluate lymphoproliferation.

Results: The results confirmed that the immunogenic epitopes of both p24 and gp41 genes are highly effective inducers of immune responses, and administration of fused p24-gp41 alone or along with IL-12 resulted in further enhancement of immune responses. Group 4 that received fused fragments (p24-gp41) along with an IL-12 expressing vector demonstrated a significantly higher Stimulation Index (SI) and IFN-γ production (p<0.0001) with a significant increase in IgG2a/IgG1 ratio, indicating the stimulation of CMI towards Th1. Although gp41 containing vector (group 6) also showed significant increases in both proliferation and IFN-γ production, the responses were persistently lower than that of p24-gp41 containing vectors. Total antibody production was highest in group 6 as expected.

Conclusion: Dendrosome proved to be an efficient carrier of recombinant plasmids constructed in this study. Further studies are necessary to evaluate these constructs as HIV vaccine candidates.
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http://dx.doi.org/IJIv9i2A2DOI Listing
June 2012

Dichlorido[2,4-dimethyl-N-(pyridin-2-yl-methyl-idene)aniline-κN,N']dimethyl-tin(IV).

Acta Crystallogr Sect E Struct Rep Online 2011 Apr 26;67(Pt 4):m489-90. Epub 2011 Mar 26.

The asymmetric unit of the title compound, [Sn(CH(3))(2)Cl(2)(C(14)H(14)N(2))], contains two crystallographically independent mol-ecules. In each mol-ecule, the Sn(IV) atom is six-coordinated in a distorted octa-hedral geometry by one bidentate 2,4-di-methyl-N-(pyridin-2-yl-methyl-idene)aniline ligand, two methyl groups and two Cl atoms. In the crystal, inter-molecular C-H⋯Cl hydrogen bonds link the mol-ecules. There are π-π contacts between the pyridine rings of the ligands [centroid-centroid distance = 3.761 (4) Å].
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1107/S1600536811010439DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3099817PMC
April 2011