Publications by authors named "Fatemeh Jahanjoo Aminabad"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Conversion of extrinsic into intrinsic motivation and computer based testing (CBT).

BMC Med Educ 2018 Jun 19;18(1):143. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Basic Sciences, Paramedical School, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Golgasht Ave, Tabriz, 5166615739, Iran.

Background: Because computers are used in many aspects of today's life, it seems necessary to include them in teaching and assessment processes.

Method: The aims of this cross-sectional study were to construct a multidimensional valid scale, to identify the factors that influenced the nature of student motivation on Computer Based Testing (CBT), to recognize how students self-regulated their activities around CBT, and to describe the efficiency of autonomous versus controlled situations on motivation. The study was carried out among 246 Iranian Paramedical Students of Tabriz Medical Sciences University, Tabriz, Iran; 2013-2014. The researchers prepared a questionnaire, based on the Self-Determination Theory (SDT), containing 26 items with a five-point Likert scale. It was prepared according to a previous valid questionnaire and by sharing opinions with some students and five professors. The factor analysis was done to perform instructional and exploratory factor analysis.

Results: The Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin(KMO) measure was performed and variables were correlated highly enough to provide a reasonable basis for factor analysis. The selected 4 factors determined a 60.28% of the variance; autonomy 26.37%, stimulation 14.11%, relatedness10.71%, and competency 9.10%.

Conclusion: A questionnaire was prepared and validated, based on SDT variables. The results indicated that autonomous extrinsic motivation correlated positively with intrinsic motivation and CBT. There was a general positive attitude towards computer-based testing among students. As students became intrinsically motivated through the promotion of autonomous regulation, CBT was recommended as a proper test mode.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
June 2018

HIV, HCV, HBV, HSV, and syphilis prevalence among female sex workers in Tehran, Iran, by using respondent-driven sampling.

AIDS Care 2016 13;28(4):487-90. Epub 2015 Nov 13.

a Iranian Research Center for HIV/AIDS, Iranian Institute for Reduction of High-Risk Behaviors , Tehran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , Iran.

To find out the prevalence of HIV, HCV, HBV, HSV, and syphilis infections among female sex workers (FSWs) in Tehran, a cross-sectional study by using respondent-driven sampling (RDS) method was conducted. From December 2012 to April 2013 FSWs in Tehran were recruited. Inclusion criteria consisted of trading sex during the 12 months prior to this study and selling sex for at least 6 months in participants' lifetime. Among 161 consenting participants, 5% were infected with HIV. Moreover, 8.1% of FSWs were HCV positive, 37.9% were of HSV type1/type2, 1.2% of participants were infected with HBV, and none of the participants were infected with syphilis. HIV-positive participants were significantly more likely to be co-infected with HSV type1/type2, be younger, have more sexual partners and especially more clients during seven days prior to this study and report more history of having at least one of sexually transmitted infections symptoms in 12 months prior the study. In the multiple logistic regression analysis, being infected with HSV and also being under 25 years of age were found to be independently associated with HIV infection. Compared with the prevalence of HIV among general population of Tehran, relatively high prevalence of HIV and other viral infections among FSWs should be considered. All in all, it is critical to commence effective counter-measures for this high-risk group if the aim is to prevent spreading of these viruses to general population.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
September 2016

Addressing predictors of HIV related risk behaviors: demographic and psychosocial profile of Iranian patients.

J Infect Public Health 2014 Nov-Dec;7(6):472-80. Epub 2014 Aug 30.

Iranian Research Center for HIV/AIDS (IRCHA), Iranian Institute for Reduction of High-Risk Behaviors, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Imam Hospital, Keshavarz Blvd, PO Box: 1419733141, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: For effective implementation of HIV-related behavioral interventions, better understanding the demographic characteristics of infected patients in relation with high-risk behavior profiles, physical and mental health are essential.

Methods: In a cross-sectional descriptive study, 400 HIV infected patients from December 2011 through January 2013 were evaluated regarding their demographic features, and four selected subscales (high-risk behaviors, self-efficacy, well-being, and social participation). A validated questionnaire of 62 items was used for assessment.

Results: Almost 33% of all participants were women, 28% were younger than 30 years old, and 43% were never married; 50% had no permanent jobs. Women, widowed participants, patients <30 years, and those with higher educational levels had higher mean HIV risk behavior scores. In simple and multiple linear regression models, women >50 years and <30 years had the highest scores (β=2.714, p<0.0001; β=2.00, p<0.001). Furthermore, male and illiterate patients had higher social participation scores while female and divorced participants had higher well-being and self-efficacy scores.

Conclusion: We propose that demographic features play a critical role in increasing engagement in HIV-related high-risk behaviors; these characteristics also affect patients' social participation, well-being and self-efficacy. High-risk behaviors and social participation scores among women of different age groups and the youth highlight the need for future age and gender-specific educational and behavioral interventions among them.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
July 2015