Publications by authors named "Fatemeh Emadi"

13 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

CDK12: a potential therapeutic target in cancer.

Drug Discov Today 2020 12 7;25(12):2257-2267. Epub 2020 Oct 7.

Drug Discovery and Development, University of South Australia, UniSA Clinical and Health Sciences, Adelaide, SA, 5000, Australia. Electronic address:

Cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 12 engages in diversified biological functions, from transcription, post-transcriptional modification, cell cycle, and translation to cellular proliferation. Moreover, it regulates the expression of cancer-related genes involved in DNA damage response (DDR) and replication, which are responsible for maintaining genomic stability. CDK12 emerges as an oncogene or tumor suppressor in different cellular contexts, where its dysregulation results in tumorigenesis. Current CDK12 inhibitors are nonselective, which impedes the process of pharmacological target validation and drug development. Herein, we discuss the latest understanding of the biological roles of CDK12 in cancers and provide molecular analyses of CDK12 inhibitors to guide the rational design of selective inhibitors.
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December 2020

The Effect of Myrtus communis Aqueous Extract-Containing Gel on Wound Healing in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats.

Curr Drug Discov Technol 2020 Jul 12. Epub 2020 Jul 12.

Neurophysiology Research Center, Shahed University, Tehran. Iran.

Background: The medicinal plant Myrtus communis L. (Myrtle) has been medicinal properties including antiinflammatory and wound healing in Persian Medicine.

Objective: The objective of this study was to explore the wound healing potential of the local application of a gel containing aqueous extract of the plant berry in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats.

Methods: Seven days after diabetes establishment, full-thickness excision skin wounds were made in normal and diabetic rats and treated groups received topical application of a gel containing 6% aqueous extract of myrtle berries for 3 weeks. The rate of wound healing and the level of epidermal and dermal maturation in the wound tissue were determined.

Results: The results showed that after 3 and 7 days of wound injury, the gel significantly improved wound healing by accelerating epidermal and dermal maturation in diabetic rats with no significant effect in control group. However, the wounds of all groups almost completely healed after 3 weeks.

Conclusion: These results demonstrate that aqueous extract of myrtle possesses a definite wound healing potential in diabetic condition. Our present findings may suggest the use of topical myrtle berries aqueous extract gel 6% to treat and manage intractable diabetic wounds.
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July 2020

A double-blind, randomized pilot study for comparison of Melissa officinalis L. and Lavandula angustifolia Mill. with Fluoxetine for the treatment of depression.

BMC Complement Med Ther 2020 Jul 3;20(1):207. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Medicine, Shahed University, 1471, North Kargar, Engelab Square, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Depression has rapidly progressed worldwide, and the need for an efficient treatment with low side effect has risen. Melissa officinalis L and Lavandula angustifolia Mill have been traditionally used in Asia for the treatment of depression. Many textbooks of traditional Persian medicine refer to these herbs for the treatment of depression while there are no adequate clinical trials to support this claim. The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of M. officinalis and L. angustifolia compared to fluoxetine for the treatment of mild to moderate depression in an 8-week randomized, double-blind clinical trial.

Methods: Forty-five adult outpatients who met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) for major depression, were randomly assigned to 3 groups to daily receive either M. officinalis (2 g) or L. angustifolia (2 g) or fluoxetine (20 mg) and were assessed in weeks 0, 2, 4 and 8 by the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D) including 17 items.

Results: Our study showed that M. officinalis and L. angustifolia effect similar to fluoxetine in mild to moderate depression. (F = 0.131, df = 2,42, p = 0.877).

Conclusion: Due to some restrictions in this study including absence of placebo group, large-scale trials are needed to investigate the anti-depressant effect of these two herbs with more details.

Trial Registration: IRCT2014061718126N1 . Registration date: 2015-06-04-"Retrospectively registered".
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July 2020

Cost-utility analysis of factor VIII diet therapies prepared using blood plasma vs. recombinant technique for patients with hemophilia A.

Daru 2020 Jun 22;28(1):287-293. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Health Human Resources Research Center, School of Management and Medical Informatics, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Hemophilia is known as one of the most common coagulation disorders whose treatment costs are particularly high in developing countries, and about 90% of them are related to factor VIII (FVIII) and direct medical costs (DMCs). Thus, the present study aimed to analyze cost-utility of two FVIII diet therapies prepared using blood plasma and recombinant technique.

Methods: This study was an economic evaluation fulfilled through a cost-utility approach. To this end, a total number of 120 patients were randomly selected using Krejcie & Morgan's Table and then received blood plasma and recombinant FVIII. The decision tree structure was also utilized to estimate economic and clinical outcomes. Moreover, costs were reviewed from societal perspective. Quality-adjusted life year (QALY) was subsequently determined as the measure of effectiveness (MOE). Besides, one-way (univariate) sensitivity analysis was performed to quantify uncertainty effects of the study parameters. The information was ultimately analyzed using the TreeAge Pro 2011 and the Microsoft Office Excel 2010 software.

Results: The results revealed that the recombinant diet therapy had higher costs and effectiveness compared with blood-plasma-derived FVIII, so that the mean costs of these two diet therapies were equal to 37,624 and 20,349 purchasing power parity (PPP) $ with utility scores of 0.78 and 0.62; respectively. Since the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) for the recombinant medications was over three times of the threshold level, it was considered as overwhelming because of its high cost in spite of its better effectiveness. Moreover, the results of one-way (univariate) sensitivity analysis demonstrated the highest sensitivity to the utility in patients who had been injected with blood-plasma-derived FVIII and had been successfully treated.

Conclusion: The study results revealed that FVIII prepared using blood plasma for hemophilia A patients had higher cost-effectiveness compared with that made using recombinant technique. Graphical abstract.
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June 2020

A Comprehensive Insight Towards Pharmaceutical Aspects of Graphene Nanosheets.

Curr Pharm Biotechnol 2020 ;21(11):1016-1027

Biotechnology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, P.O. Box: 7146864685, Iran.

Graphene Derivatives (GDs) have captured the interest and imagination of pharmaceutical scientists. This review exclusively provides pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics information with a particular focus on biopharmaceuticals. GDs can be used as multipurpose pharmaceutical delivery systems due to their ultra-high surface area, flexibility, and fast mobility of charge carriers. Improved effects, targeted delivery to tissues, controlled release profiles, visualization of biodistribution and clearance, and overcoming drug resistance are examples of the benefits of GDs. This review focuses on the application of GDs for the delivery of biopharmaceuticals. Also, the pharmacokinetic properties and the advantage of using GDs in pharmaceutics will be reviewed to achieve a comprehensive understanding about the GDs in pharmaceutical sciences.
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October 2020

Effect of (Lemon balm) on Sexual Dysfunction in Women: A Double- blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled Study.

Iran J Pharm Res 2018 ;17(Suppl):89-100

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Medical Science, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran.

Hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) is the most prevalent female sexual dysfunction (FSD) and its bio-psychosocial multifactorial etiology justifies its multifaceted treatment. In Persian Medicine (PM), the weakness of the main organs (heart, brain and liver) is one of the important causes of lack of sexual desire; hence, their strengthening is a priority during treatment. is one of the medicinal plants with tonic characteristics for the main organs in PM and was used for treatment in this study. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of in the improvement of HSDD in women. Eighty nine (89) eligible women suffering from decreased sexual desire were randomly assigned to groups. The participants received medication (500 mg of aqueous extract of ) or placebo 2 times a day for 4 weeks. Changes in scores of desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction and pain were evaluated at the end of 4 weeks of treatment using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire in the two groups. Forty three participants completed the study. The increase in desire ( < 0.001), arousal ( < 0.001), lubrication ( < 0.005), orgasm ( < 0.001), satisfaction ( < 0.001), pain ( < 0.002) and FSFI total score ( < 0.001) in the M. officinalis group was significantly more than that of the placebo group. The willingness to continue treatment was significantly higher in the M. officinalis as compared to the placebo group ( < 0.001). M. officinalis may be a safe and effective herbal medicine for the improvement of HSDD in women.
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January 2018

Effect of Benth. on allergic rhinitis symptoms: A randomized double-blind clinical trial.

J Res Med Sci 2017 28;22:128. Epub 2017 Nov 28.

Traditional Medicine Clinical Trial Research Center, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is one of the health problems in the world. It is necessary to develop new treatment procedure for control of this disease. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of ( Benth) on AR patients.

Materials And Methods: In this double-blind randomized clinical trial study, 71 patients (37 patients in treatment and 34 in placebo group) participated. In treatment group, syrup (NBS) was used for 4 weeks as three times a day. The efficacy of the drug regarding AR symptoms (rhinorrhea, sneezing, nasal obstruction, itchy nose, and ocular symptoms) were evaluated through a visual analog scale (VAS) by 0-10 before administration and at the end of the whole treatment period. The collected information was entered in the SPSS software (version 18) and was analyzed using the Fisher's exact test, Chi-square test, independent sample -test, and paired sample test.

Results: The improvement of AR symptoms in the group receiving NBS was significantly higher compared to control group (4.73 ± 1.84 vs. 0.38 ± 2.06; < 0.0001). Furthermore, the mean of total VAS before and after the treatment (in case group) was 7.10 ± 1.92 and 2.37 ± 1.76, respectively ( < 0.001).

Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that has significant effects on improving the symptoms of AR. Hence, it can be a good alternative to AR symptoms relief.
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November 2017

Functionalized Graphene Oxide with Chitosan for Protein Nanocarriers to Protect against Enzymatic Cleavage and Retain Collagenase Activity.

Sci Rep 2017 02 10;7:42258. Epub 2017 Feb 10.

Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Proteins have short half-life because of enzymatic cleavage. Here, a new protein nanocarrier made of graphene oxide (GO) + Chitosan (CS) is proposed to successfully prevent proteolysis in protein and simultaneously retain its activity. Bovine serum albumin (BSA) and collagenase were loaded on GO and GO-CS to explore the stability and activity of proteins. SEM, AFM, TEM, DSC, UV-Vis, FT-IR, RBS, Raman, SDS-PAGE and zymography were utilized as characterization techniques. The protecting role of GO and GO-CS against enzymatic cleavage was probed by protease digestion analysis on BSA, where the protease solution was introduced to GO-BSA and GO-CS-BSA at 37 °C for 0.5-1-3-6 hours. Characterizations showed the successful synthesis of few layers of GO and the coverage by CS. According to gelatin zymographic analysis, the loaded collagenase on GO and GO-CS lysed the gelatin and created non-staining bands which confirmed the activity of loaded collagenase. SDS-PAGE analysis revealed no significant change in the intact protein in the GO-BSA and GO-CS-BSA solution after 30-minute and 1-hour exposure to protease; however, free BSA was completely digested after 1 hour. After 6 hours, intact proteins were detected in GO-BSA and GO-CS-BSA solutions, while no intact protein was detected in the free BSA solution.
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February 2017

Herbal Remedies for Functional Dyspepsia and Traditional Iranian Medicine Perspective.

Iran Red Crescent Med J 2015 Nov 7;17(11):e20741. Epub 2015 Nov 7.

Integrative Functional Gastroenterology Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, IR Iran.

Context: Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a functional gastro-intestinal disorder with high prevalence. Among various treatment options, treatment by complementary and alternative medicines especially herbal remedies also practiced. Traditional Iranian medicine (TIM), a valuable resource of valid applied studies of ancient Iranian scholars, recommends numerous medicinal plants to treat dyspepsia symptoms. In this study, through investigation of TIM references, we aimed to identify medicinal plants for treatment of digestion insufficiency.

Evidence Acquisition: In this qualitative study, dyspepsia symptoms including fullness, early satiety, bloating, nausea, and belching were checked under reliable sources of traditional medicine. Then medicinal plants recommended for the treatment of the symptoms were extracted from the books. Likewise, for investigating the pharmacological properties of medicinal plants used for the relieving of dyspepsia symptoms, electronic databases such as PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar and some Iranian databases like SID and IranMedex were employed.

Results: The study yielded 105 plants from 37 families which could treat various dyspepsia symptoms; fifty-seven plants, mainly from Apiaceae, Lamiaceae, Amaryllidaceae and Zingiberaceae had digestive effects. In this research, based on the information in TIM reference texts, we obtained 58 plants effective for bloating, 40 for nausea, 37 for appetite loss and 7 for belching. In human clinical trials conducted on medicinal plants effective for FD symptoms, 7 single plants were used.

Conclusions: Finding the medicinal plants effective on digestion insufficiency based on TIM could suggest a better strategy for the relieving of dyspepsia symptoms. Traditional Iranian medicine prescribes medicinal plants based on each patient's personal characteristics and practices multiple target therapies.
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November 2015

Comparing the Healing Effects of Arnebia euchroma Ointment With Petrolatum on the Ulcers Caused by Fractional CO2 Laser: A Single-Blinded Clinical Trial.

Iran Red Crescent Med J 2014 Oct 5;16(10):e16239. Epub 2014 Oct 5.

Traditional Medicine Clinical Trial Research Center, Shahed University, Tehran, IR Iran.

Background: Arnebia euchroma ointment (AEO) has been used in Iranian traditional medicine for burn wound healing.

Objectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate wound healing efficacy of AEO in burn wounds after fractional Co2 laser.

Patients And Methods: This split-face, single-blinded, single-center clinical study was performed in Shohada-e-Tajrish Hospital, Tehran, Iran. A total of 26 subjects with facial acne scar, who were to receive fractional CO2 laser resurfacing were recruited. After laser procedure, AEO was applied to one side of the face and petrolatum on the other side for wound healing. Digital photographs were taken from acne scar area before resurfacing and on each of the assessment sessions. Three researchers, who were unaware of the applied medications, assessed these digital photographs for erythema, edema, epithelial confluence, crusting/scabbing, and general wound appearance. Subject's irritations such as dryness and itching were evaluated on the second, fifth, and seventh days.

Results: Our study indicated higher epithelial confluence and general wound appearance scores (P = 0.045 for both) and less erythema and edema on fifth day in petrolatum (P = 0.009 and P = 0.034, respectively). The results showed less crusting and erythema (P = 0.016 and P = 0.035, respectively) and higher general wound appearance scores in petrolatum on the second day (P = 0.035 and P = 0.001, respectively). Dryness was the most common subjective complaint in both groups; however, it was more severe in AEO, especially on the second day (P = 0.023).

Conclusions: Despite the healing effects of AEO in burn wounds, petrolatum was more effective than AEO in post-laser wound.
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October 2014

Effect of Arnebia euchroma ointment on post-laser wound healing in rats.

J Cosmet Laser Ther 2015 Feb 27;17(1):41-5. Epub 2014 Oct 27.

Traditional Medicine Clinical Trial Research Center, Shahed University , Tehran , Iran.

Introduction: Arnebia euchroma ointment has been used in Iranian Traditional Medicine for burn wound healing. The aim of this study is to evaluate wound healing efficacy of A. euchroma ointment on wounds induced after fractional CO2 laser in rats.

Material And Methods: In this study, after anesthetizing two bilateral burn wounds were induced on dorsal skin of the rat using fractional ablative CO2 laser. After applying laser, A. euchroma ointment, petrolatum, and silver sulfadiazine cream were used topically on wounds twice daily for 10 days. Digital photographs were captured from the wound surfaces every day. At the end of the study, two blinded dermatologists observed the photograph of 3rd, 5th, 7th, and 9th days after laser injury and assessed erythema, crusting/scabbing, epithelial confluence, and general wound appearance to determine the efficacy of wound healing. These wound-healing parameters were assessed using the 5-point scales.

Results: This study showed significantly less erythema and crusting (P = 0.024 and P = 0.004, respectively) on 9th day and higher epithelial confluence and general wound appearance scores on 7th (P = 0.037 and p = 0.016, respectively) and 9th days (P = 0.008 and P = 0.016, respectively) in A. euchroma ointment compared with other groups.

Conclusion: This study showed A. euchroma ointment has good healing effects on post-laser wounds in rats.
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February 2015

Pomegranate juice (punica granatum): a new storage medium for avulsed teeth.

J Dent (Tehran) 2014 Mar 31;11(2):225-32. Epub 2014 Mar 31.

Proffesor, Department of Toxicology & Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: There is evidence indicating that pomegranate juice contains many of the essential properties necessary to retain cell viability and cell proliferation. These properties indicate that pomegranate juice is a suitable storage medium for avulsed teeth. However, this idea has not yet been tested. In this study, the capacity of pomegranate juice (PJ) as a storage medium for retaining avulsed teeth was evaluated.

Materials And Methods: PDL fibroblasts were obtained from healthy human premolars and cultured in Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Medium (DMEM). Cultured cells were subjected to different concentrations of pomegranate juice (PJ), 1% Hank's balanced salt solution (HBSS) and tap water for 1, 3, 6 and 24 hours. PDL cell viability was assessed by the neutral red uptake assay.

Results: The results indicated that 7.5% PJ was the most effective solution for maintaining PDL cell viability amongst all the experimental solution's and time intervals (P<0.05). The results also showed that 1% PJ was as effective as HBSS for maintaining PDL cell viability. The amount of cell viability increased with increasing concentration of PJ at all time intervals (P<0.001). This effect is suggestive of the proliferative potential of PJ solution.

Conclusion: In conclusion, PJ can be recommended as a suitable transport medium for avulsed teeth.
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March 2014

Sedative effects of Iranian Artemisia annua in mice: possible benzodiazepine receptors involvement.

Pharm Biol 2011 Aug 10;49(8):784-8. Epub 2011 May 10.

Department of Pharmacognosy and Medicinal Plants Research Center, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Context: Artemisia annua L. (Asteraceae), commonly known as sweet wormwood or Qinghao, is an annual herb/shrub native of Asia. The plant grows broadly in Caspian Sea shores in North of Iran. In China, the aerial parts of this plant are source of artemisinin, which is an antimalarial compound.

Objective: This study aimed to establish the scientific basis of reported ethnomedicinal use of A. annua as sedative agent.

Material And Methods: The plants were gathered from Gilan Province in Iran. Plant aerial parts were extracted with methanol and concentrated in vacuum. Methanol extract was partitioned into chloroform, petroleum ether, and ethyl acetate. Each fraction was administered intraperitoneally (i.p.) in male mice with different concentrations (50, 100, and 200 mg/kg), and for evaluation of sedative activity, immobility time was determined. In effort to clarify the mechanism of action, flumazenil (3 mg/kg, i.p.) as a benzodiazepine (BZD) receptor antagonist was injected 15 min before chloroform fraction (200 mg/kg, i.p.).

Results: Compared with control group (saline-treated mice), the chloroform fraction significantly increased immobility time in a dose-dependent manner. Flumazenil decreased immobility time induced by chloroform fraction significantly.

Discussion And Conclusion: The results of the present study suggest that A. annua growing in Iran has sedative effects, which are probably mediated via BZD receptors pathways.
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August 2011