Publications by authors named "Fateme Eghbalian"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Psoriasis and Topical Iranian Traditional Medicine.

Iran J Med Sci 2016 May;41(3 Suppl):S54

Faculty of Iranian Traditional Medicine, The School of Iranian Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory skin, nails, and joints disease related to the immune system by periods of exacerbations and remissions. It is characterized by thick end, erythematous, and scaling lesions, which affects about 2 to 4 percent of the general population. The disease occurs equally in both sexes and the most common form of the disease is psoriasis vulgaris. The etiology is unknown but genetic and environmental factors, immune system disorders, and gastrointestinal dysfunction appear to be responsible. The aim of this study is to compare psoriasis and Ghooba clinical manifestations and introduce medical treatment of this disease based on authentic books of traditional medicine.

Methods: This study is a qualitative literature review based on reliable sources of traditional medicine, such as Canon of Medicine, Makhzan-ul-Adwiah, Qrabadyne kabir, Zakhireh-ye Khwarazm shahi, Tib-e-Akbari and Exir-e-Azam.

Results: Probably, in traditional medicine, the most similar disease to psoriasis is Ghooba. That is scaly lesion concomitant with itching and articular pain in most cases. The causes of disease are poor performance of the liver and spleen and stomach, as well as excessive consumption of foods such as beef and veal, eggplant and fish. Several local treatments such as wheat germ oil, flaxseed oil, black seed oil, and violet oil were recommended.

Conclusion: Psoriasis is a chronic, debilitating physical, mental, and sexual disease for which genetic, environmental and immunological factors are recommended for its etiology. This problem could be treated by the oral and topical medications symptomatically; however, major side effects are associated with recent treatments. Change in lifestyle, prevention issues, as well as herbal therapy are recommended for the treatment of psoriasis in traditional medicine.
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May 2016

Frequency, Causes, and Findings of Brain CT Scans of Neonatal Seizure at Besat Hospital, Hamadan, Iran.

Iran J Child Neurol 2015 ;9(1):56-63

Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Besat Hospital. Hamadan, Iran.

Objective: Neonatal seizures are the most common neurological symptoms and often signal an underlying serious neurologic condition. This study determines the frequency of neonatal seizure, predisposing factors, and brain computed tomography (CT) scan findings.

Materials & Methods: In a descriptive cross-sectional study, we evaluated all neonates with seizures who had been hospitalized in Besat hospital from 2007-2012. All data were gathered with questionnaires and used to compare with statistical tests by SPSS (ver 16).

Results: 141 (4.08%) neonates (M:F; 1:2.2) were diagnosed with neonatal seizures. From the total number of 3,452 neonatal hospitalization, 78% of neonates with seizures were less than 10 days old and 60.3% of infants were born from natural vaginal delivery. As the most common cause, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in this study was associated with 31.3% (n=44) of neonatal seizures and with the highest mortality rate (n=6). Among admitted neonates with seizures, the overall mortality rate was 12.8% (18 cases). A total of 33.3% of patients (47 cases) had abnormal CT scan reports and 24.8% (35 cases) of patients were not evaluated with a CT scan. Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (47%) and local ischemic changes (25.5%) were the most common findings in the CT scans of neonates with seizures.

Conclusion: There was a significant correlation between neonatal seizures and delivery circumstances (p-value < 0.05). Therefore, with improvement of obstetric and delivery circumstances, early detection of predisposing factors and other rare conditions, and rapid effective treatment of these contributing factors, the rate of neonatal seizure in this period can be reduced.
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March 2015