Publications by authors named "Farzaneh Rostamzadeh"

12 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Fabrication and biocompatibility assessment of polypyrrole/cobalt(II) metal-organic frameworks nanocomposites.

Turk J Chem 2020 1;44(2):472-485. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz Iran.

Nowadays, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have emerged as promising tools for different biological applications and therefore, efforts are ongoing to develop more biocompatible MOFs-based nanocomposites. We aimed to fabricate some new conductive nanocomposites of polypyrrole and cobalt-MOF with different weight percentages (PPy/x%Co-MOF) using the solution mixing method and characterize them through FT-IR (Fourier-transform infrared), PXRD (powder X-ray diffraction), SEM (scanning electron microscope), and TEM (transmission electron microscope) techniques. The biocompatibility of nanocomposites was assessed by haemolytic, cytotoxic, and quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) assays. FT-IR and PXRD results revealed that nanocomposites consisted of pure MOFs and PPy. Moreover, SEM results indicated their spherical morphology along with an average diameter of 190 nm. (3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay showed a concentration, and percentagedependent cytotoxic effect of the nanocomposites on some cell lines including 3T3 fibroblasts, MCF-7, and J774.A1 macrophages. Haematological toxicity of PPy/x%Co-MOF composites was less than 7% in most concentrations. Furthermore, PPy/x%Co-MOF composites did not show any significant effect on the expression of cyclooxygenase-2( COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase( iNOS) genes. In sum, regarding the haemolytic, proinflammatory, and cytotoxic tests, prepared nanocomposite demonstrated the reasonable in vitro biocompatibility which may be considered as a hopeful platform for further investigations including clinical applications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3906/kim-1910-63DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7671231PMC
April 2020

High affinity of host human microRNAs to SARS-CoV-2 genome: An in silico analysis.

Noncoding RNA Res 2020 Dec 21;5(4):222-231. Epub 2020 Nov 21.

Student Research Committee, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by a novel betacoronavirus named severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has attracted top health concerns worldwide within a few months after its appearance. Since viruses are highly dependent on the host small RNAs (microRNAs) for their replication and propagation, in this study, top miRNAs targeting SARS-CoV-2 genome and top miRNAs targeting differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in lungs of patients infected with SARS-CoV-2, were predicted.

Methods: All human mature miRNA sequences were acquired from miRBase database. MiRanda tool was used to predict the potential human miRNA binding sites on the SARS-CoV-2 genome. EdgeR identified differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in response to SARS-CoV-2 infection from GEO147507 data. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) and DEGs annotation analysis were performed using ToppGene and Metascape tools.

Results: 160 miRNAs with a perfect matching in the seed region were identified. Among them, there was 15 miRNAs with more than three binding sites and 12 miRNAs with a free energy binding of -29 kCal/Mol. MiR-29 family had the most binding sites (11 sites) on the SARS-CoV-2 genome. MiR-21 occupied four binding sites and was among the top miRNAs that targeted up-regulated DEGs. In addition to miR-21, miR-16, let-7b, let-7e, and miR-146a were the top miRNAs targeting DEGs.

Conclusion: Collectively, more experimental studies especially miRNA-based studies are needed to explore detailed molecular mechanisms of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Moreover, the role of DEGs including STAT1, CCND1, CXCL-10, and MAPKAPK2 in SARS-CoV-2 should be investigated to identify the similarities and differences between SARS-CoV-2 and other respiratory viruses.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ncrna.2020.11.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7680021PMC
December 2020

Improvement of Cardiac Function in Rats With Myocardial Infarction by Low-Intensity to Moderate-Intensity Endurance Exercise Is Associated With Normalization of Klotho and SIRT1.

J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 2021 Jan;77(1):79-86

Neuroscience Research Center, Institute of Basic and Clinical Physiology Sciences, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Afzalipour Faculty of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Abstract: Exercise training (Ex) has beneficial effects on cardiovascular diseases by increasing Klotho and SIRT1. This study aimed to investigate whether the beneficial impact of Ex on myocardial infarction (MI) is mediated through Klotho and SIRT1. Fifty-six Wistar rats were divided into 4 main groups of Sham, MI, Ex, and MI + Ex. MI was induced by the closure of the left anterior descending. Animals were trained by endurance exercise for 4 weeks. In the end, hemodynamic and heart contractility indices were assessed. The levels of Klotho and SIRT1 in the serum and heart were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blot, respectively. The ADAM17 level in the heart and kidneys was assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The infarct size and fibrosis area were assessed by triphenyltetrazolium chloride and Masson trichrome staining, respectively. Ex recovered the reduction of dp/dt max and dp/dt min and decreased myocardial infarct size and fibrotic area in the MI group. Ex normalized the increase in heart rate, systolic blood pressure, left ventricular systolic pressure, and left ventricular end diastolic pressure in the MI group. Ex also normalized the reduction of the levels of Klotho and SIRT1 in serum and heart in the MI group. The changes of Klotho and SIRT1 in serum were positively correlated. Ex also restored ADAM17 levels in the MI group. Ex improved cardiac function in the MI group and is associated with reduction of the infarct size and normalization of Klotho and SIRT1 levels. Regarding unidirectional changes in Klotho and SIRT1, these proteins may play a role in beneficial effects of Ex on MI recovery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/FJC.0000000000000935DOI Listing
January 2021

Modulation of the Expression of Long Non-Coding RNAs H19, GAS5, and MIAT by Endurance Exercise in the Hearts of Rats with Myocardial Infarction.

Cardiovasc Toxicol 2021 Feb 15;21(2):162-168. Epub 2020 Sep 15.

Department of Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, Bam University of Medical Sciences, Bam, Iran.

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have a critical role in the regulation of cardiovascular function. Dysregulation of lncRNAs is implicated in the progression of cardiovascular diseases including myocardial infarction (MI). Regarding the beneficial effects of exercise (Ex) on the improvement of MI, this study aimed to investigate the effects of post-MI Ex on the expression of MI-associated lncRNAs: H19, myocardial infarction association transcript (MIAT), and growth arrest specific 5 (GAS5). MI was induced by left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery ligation in male Wistar rats. One week later, rats were exercised under a moderate-intensity protocol for 4 weeks. In the end, hemodynamic parameters and cardiac function indices were measured. Assessment of fibrotic areas and apoptosis was performed by Masson's trichrome staining and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Expression of genes was evaluated by real-time PCR. Ex significantly reduced the fibrotic areas (P < 0.05) and apoptosis and increased contractility indices (P < 0.01), and cardiac function (P < 0.05) in MI groups. The reduced expression of H19 (P < 0.01) in MI rats returned to normal levels by Ex. Ex significantly (P < 0.001) reduced the expression of MIAT and increased the expression of GAS5 (P < 0.01), which had changed in the hearts of rats with MI. The present study indicated the beneficial effect of Ex on the improvement of cardiac function and reduction of fibrosis in infarcted heart possibly through regulation of the expression of lncRNAs: H19, GAS5, and MIAT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12012-020-09607-0DOI Listing
February 2021

Prevalence and incidence of pre-hypertension and hypertension (awareness/control) in Iran: findings from Kerman coronary artery diseases risk factors study 2 (KERCADRS).

J Hum Hypertens 2020 Sep 14. Epub 2020 Sep 14.

Institute for Health Policy Studies, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Hypertension (HTN) is an important cause of cardiovascular-related morbidity and mortality. The present study was conducted to investigate the prevalence and incidence rate of pre-HTN, diagnosed and undiagnosed HTN, as well as its control and associated factors in adult population in southeast Iran. In a randomized household survey, 9987 participants aged 15-80 years were recruited into the study. HTN was confirmed through examination or using antihypertensive drug(s). Pre-HTN and HTN were defined as 120-139/80-89 and ≥140/90 mmHg for systolic and diastolic BP, respectively. The prevalence of pre-HTN was 28.5%. The prevalence of HTN was 19.2% (13.9% diagnosed and 5.3% undiagnosed). HTN increased with age (from 4% in 15-24 to 67.8% in 75-80 years). Men had higher pre-HTN (35.6% vs. 23.4%) and undiagnosed HTN (7.5% vs. 3.8%) than women. Of those diagnosed, 46.5% had uncontrolled BP, in which, women had better conditions than men (45.6% vs. 47.4%). Obesity, positive family history of HTN, anxiety, and low physical activity were the most significant predictors of HTN. The prevalence of pre-HTN decreased but there was no change in the prevalence of HTN during the last 5 years. The 5-year incidence rate/100 person-years of pre-HTN and HTN was 6.6 and 3.7, respectively. Although there are some promising signs of reducing pre-HTN and slowing HTN rise, currently, almost one-fifth of the adult population suffers from HTN. Given the poor BP control in patients with diagnosed HTN, especially in men, alarms that more effective interventions and strategies are needed to reduce deleterious consequences of HTN.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41371-020-00392-5DOI Listing
September 2020

Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Oxidative Effects of Myrtenol in the Rats with Allergic Asthma.

Iran J Pharm Res 2019 ;18(3):1488-1498

Physiology Research Center, Institute of Basic and Clinical Physiology Sciences, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of Myrtenol, the active ingredient of Myrtle on the oxidant and anti-oxidant indices and cytokines in the allergic asthma. Allergic asthma was induced by ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization and inhalation in four groups of rats; Control, Asthma, Asthma + Dexamethasone and Asthma + Myrtenol. Myrtenol (50mg/kg) or Dexamethasone (2.5mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally for 7 consecutive days after OVA inhalation. At the end, histopathological parameters, and interleukins (Interleukin-10 (IL10), Interferon gamma (IFN-γ) , interleukin-1β (IL-1β), Tumor Necrosis Factor α (TNF-α)), and oxidative stress biomarkers, Malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) in the lung and serum were measured by hematoxylin and eosin staining and ELISA method, respectively. Myrtenol reduced the pathological changes in the lungs and airway endothelium ( < 0.01), ( < 0.5). The level of IL-1β ( < 0.05) and MDA in the serum and lung tissue ( < 0.01), ( < 0.05), and also the level of TNF-α ( < 0.05) in the lung tissue decreased in the Myrtenol group compared to the asthma group. Myrtenol increased the level of IL-10 ( < 0.05) and the activity of GPX in the lung tissue and serum ( < 0.001). Myrtenol may improve asthma by increasing the ratio of antioxidants to oxidants and reducing the ratio of pro-inflammatory to anti-inflammatory interleukins in the lung. Myrtenol is presented as a potent herbal medicine ingredient for the treatment of asthma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.22037/ijpr.2019.1100749DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6934952PMC
January 2019

Effects of Endurance Exercise Training on Cardiac Dysfunction Induced by Waterpipe Tobacco Smoking.

Addict Health 2019 Apr;11(2):100-109

Cardiovascular Research Center, Institute of Basic and Clinical Physiology Sciences AND Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Afzalipour School of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Background: There is an increasing popularity of waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) in youth and even in athletes worldwide. Despite the existence of evidence of the harmful effects of hookah smoke on various systems of the body, especially the cardiovascular system, its simultaneous effect with exercise training has not been well studied. We assessed the effects of WTS exposure with/without swimming exercise on blood pressure (BP), and heart histology and mechanical performance in male Wistar rats.

Methods: The animals were divided into 4 groups of sedentary control (CTL), waterpipe tobacco smoking (S), mild endurance swimming exercise training (Ex), and waterpipe smoking plus exercise (S + Ex). The duration of WTS and exercise was 8 weeks.

Findings: BP and heart rate (HR) did not show a significant difference among the groups. WTS increased the TNF-α level of the heart (P < 0.05 vs. CTL) and cardiac tissue lesions (P < 0.05 vs. CTL), and reduced +dP/dt max, -dp/dt max, and heart contractility indices (P < 0.01, P < 0.01, and P < 0.05, respectively, vs. CTL and Ex groups). It also increased the Tau index (P < 0.05 vs. CTL; P < 0.01 vs. Ex groups) of the left ventricle. However, the combination of exercise and WTS reduced the TNF-α level, improved the heart activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase enzymes, and prevented the negative effects of smoking on heart function and morphology.

Conclusion: Mild exercise prevents WTS-induced left ventricular systolic and diastolic dysfunction partly via improvement of antioxidants and attenuation of pro-inflammatory cytokines.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/ahj.v11i2.234DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6633068PMC
April 2019

The effects of methanolic extract of Glycyrrhiza glabra on the prevention and treatment of bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in rat: experimental study.

Drug Chem Toxicol 2019 May 9:1-7. Epub 2019 May 9.

f Department of Pharmacognosy, Herbal and Traditional Medicines Research Center , Kerman University of Medical Science , Kerman , Iran.

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic lung disease characterized by dyspnea and progressive loss of lung function. In this study, the preventive and therapeutic effects of methanolic extract of Glycyrrhiza glabra on pulmonary fibrosis were investigated. Pulmonary fibrosis was induced by administration of bleomycin (BLM) into the left lung of rats. Methyl-prednisolone (M-pred, 4 mg/kg) and methanolic extract of G. glabra (500 mg/kg) were injected intraperitoneally from the 1st to 14th days in the preventive group and from the 14th to 28th days in the therapeutic group once every day. Pulmonary inflammatory and fibrotic indices were evaluated by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and Masson's trichrome, respectively. The level of hydroxyproline as an index of pulmonary fibrosis and malondialdehyde (MDA) as an oxidative stress biomarker and catalase were measured by the related ELISA Kits. Pulmonary inflammatory and fibrotic indices in the G. glabra and M-pred groups significantly reduced compared with BLM group. G. glabra decreased the level of hydroxyproline in pulmonary tissue similar to M-pred. MDA reduced in G. glabra and M-pred groups compared with BLM group. The activity of catalase increased in the G. glabra preventive group. According to the results, G. glabra prevented and treated pulmonary fibrosis and inflammation in rats. Therefore, G. glabra may be suggested for the prevention and treatment of pulmonary fibrosis and inflammation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01480545.2019.1606232DOI Listing
May 2019

Prevalence of Multiple Coronary Artery Disease Risk Factors in Kerman: A Population-Based Study in Southeast Iran.

Iran J Med Sci 2018 Mar;43(2):140-149

Physiology Research Center, Institute of Basic and Clinical Physiology Sciences and Department of Physiology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Background: The risk of disease with 1 risk factor is increased by the presence of additional risk factors. The goal of this study was to assess the prevalence of multiple coronary artery disease (CAD) risk factors among adults in Kerman, Iran, to identify the population groups most at risk.

Methods: The present study included 5900 adults aged between 15 and 75 years in 2011 in Kerman, Iran. They were selected by 1-stage cluster sampling. Blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, lipids, and 6 CAD risk factors were assessed in the study population. Standardized prevalence rates were compared between the genders and age groups using the χ test. A P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. All the analyses were performed using Stata, version 14.1.

Results: Overall 93.1%, 57.8%, and 26.2% of the patients had at least 1, 2, and 3 risk factors, respectively. The most frequent combinations of risk factors were dyslipidemia plus low physical activity (37.9%), metabolic syndrome (27.7%), dyslipidemia plus abdominal obesity (14.1%), dyslipidemia plus hypertension (HTN) (10%), dyslipidemia plus smoking (8.6%), and HTN plus abdominal obesity (6.3%). The rate of diabetes mellitus plus HTN plus dyslipidemia was 2.8%. Both prevalence and multiplicity of the risk factors increased by age, and they were mostly higher in the women.

Conclusion: Almost 60% of the patients had at least 2 CAD risk factors and only 7% were risk-factor-free. Given that the population is ageing, community health authorities should seek to lessen the burden of these risk factors, almost all of which are preventable.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5936845PMC
March 2018

Heterodimerization of apelin and opioid receptors and cardiac inotropic and lusitropic effects of apelin in 2K1C hypertension: Role of pERK1/2 and PKC.

Life Sci 2017 Dec 4;191:24-33. Epub 2017 Oct 4.

Pathology and Stem Cell Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Aims: Kappa Opioid receptors (KORs) change the impact of apelin on the phosphorylated ERK1/2 (pERK1/2). However, the role of interaction between KOR and apelin receptors (APJ) on the cardiac contractility effects of apelin and in regulation of pERK1/2 and PKC in the heart of renovascular hypertensive (2K1C) rats is unknown.

Main Methods: Hemodynamic factors, the heterodimerization of KOR and APJ, the expression of KOR mRNA and protein and pERK1/2 in the left ventricle of 2K1C rats were measured following APJ, KOR, PKC and Gi path inhibition by F13A, nor-BNI, chelerythrine and PTX respectively.

Key Findings: Apelin in 40 and 60μg/kg doses increased cardiac contractility, and reduced mean arterial pressure. The cardiac impacts in both doses were reduced by F13A, nor-BNI and chelerytrine and blocked by PTX. Hypertension increased the expression of KORs and heterodimerization of APJ and KOR, and reduced pERK1/2 in the left ventricle. Apelin, in both doses reduced (normalized) heterodimerization and recovered the reduction in pERK1/2. The recovery of ERK1/2 phosphorylation was accompanied by reduction of KOR and APJ heterodimerization.

Significance: 2K1C hypertension increased the expression of KORs and heterodimerization of APJ and KORs. The heterodimerization was associated by reduction of ERK phosphorylation and altered the cardiac inotropic and lusitropic effects of apelin. These changes may participate in pathophysiology of cardiac dysfunction in renovascular hypertension that is associated with subnormal level of serum apelin. Apelin- induced recovery of ERK1/2 phosphorylation and KOR-APJ dimerization may nominate apelin as a therapeutic goal in treatment of this kind of hypertension.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2017.09.044DOI Listing
December 2017

Opioid receptors mediate inotropic and depressor effects of apelin in rats with 2K1C-induced chronic renovascular hypertension.

Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 2018 02 28;45(2):187-197. Epub 2017 Nov 28.

Physiology Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology and Department of Physiology and pharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Apelin receptors (APJ) cross-talk with other G-protein-coupled receptors. However, the role of APJ interaction with opioid receptors (OPR) on the cardiovascular effects of apelin in hypertension is not clear. Renovascular hypertension was induced by placing a Plexiglas clip on the left kidney of rats. After 16 weeks, F13A (an APJ antagonist), naloxone (a general OPR inhibitor), and nor-binaltorphimine dihydrochloride (nor-BNI; a selective inhibitor of KOR) were given prior to injections of apelin at doses of 40 and 60 μg/kg. The arterial systolic/diastolic blood pressure and left ventricular contractility responses were then evaluated. The arterial systolic/diastolic blood pressure in sham and 2K1C rats was 110/71 mm Hg and 171/124 mm Hg, respectively. The hypotensive effects of apelin at both doses were inhibited by F13A and naloxone. Nor-BNI completely inhibited the effects of apelin 40 on arterial pressure, and decreased the effects of 60 μg/kg. KOR inhibition also prevented the compensation for the decrease in the left ventricle +dp/dt max and -dp/dt max caused by apelin 60. The simultaneous inhibition of OPR and APJ reduced arterial pressure and increased cardiac contractility. Findings showed that the OPR, particularly KOR, mediate the inotropic, lusitropic, and depressor effects of apelin. The interaction of the OPR and APJ augments the inotropic and vasodepressor effects of apelin. This interaction may have potential clinical applications in cardiac failure since opioids are currently used in the treatment of myocardial infarction and stroke, and apelin has been introduced as a potential therapeutic agent in cardiovascular complications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1440-1681.12860DOI Listing
February 2018

The differential effects of low and high doses of apelin through opioid receptors on the blood pressure of rats with renovascular hypertension.

Hypertens Res 2017 Aug 9;40(8):732-737. Epub 2017 Mar 9.

Physiology Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

The apelin/APJ system has an important role in the regulation of vascular tone and blood pressure. Opioid receptors (OPRs) are also important cardiovascular regulators and exert many of their effects by modulating the function of other G-protein-coupled receptors. The aim of this study was to analyze the interaction of apelin and the opioid system with respect to vascular responses to apelin in rats with renovascular hypertension (two-kidney, one clip (2K1C)). Homodynamic studies were carried out in 2K1C rats. Naloxone (a nonselective OPR inhibitor) or nor-binaltorphimine dihydrochloride (norBNI, a kappa OPR inhibitor) and signaling pathway inhibitors PTX (a Gi path inhibitor) and chelerythrine (a protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor) were administered before apelin at 20 and 40 μg kg. Apelin at 20 and 40 μg kg decreased the systolic blood pressure by 15% and 20%, respectively (P<0.05). The pressure drop caused by apelin 20 was inhibited by naloxone, norBNI and PTX, but it was not affected by chelerythrine. The pressure drop caused by apelin 40 was augmented by naloxone and chelerythrine, and it was not affected by norBNI or PTX. The lowering effect of apelin 20 on blood pressure is exerted through OPRs and stimulation of Gi and PKC pathways. However, apelin 40 functions independently of OPRs, Gi and PKC. This dose-dependent differential effect of apelin may have potential clinical applications as opioids are currently used, and apelin has been introduced as a potential therapeutic agent in cardiovascular complications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/hr.2017.28DOI Listing
August 2017