Publications by authors named "Farzaneh Baghal Asghari"

14 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Correction to: Assessment of groundwater quality around municipal solid waste landfill by using Water Quality Index for groundwater resources and multivariate statistical technique: a case study of the landfill site, Qaem Shahr City, Iran.

Environ Geochem Health 2020 Nov 9. Epub 2020 Nov 9.

Department of Food Science, Faculty of Food Engineering, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Rua Monteiro Lobato, 80, Caixa Postal: 6121, Campinas, São Paulo, CEP: 13083-862, Brazil.

In the original publication of the article, the name of the seventh author is incorrectly published as "Fazzel Amiri".
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10653-020-00765-2DOI Listing
November 2020

Assess the annual effective dose and contribute to risk of lung cancer caused by internal radon 222 in 22 regions of Tehran, Iran using geographic information system.

J Environ Health Sci Eng 2020 Jun 24;18(1):211-220. Epub 2020 Feb 24.

4Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Radon gas is one of the most influential sources of indoor exposure. All its physical properties together make it a significant risk factor for lung cancer in the population. The research aims are outlined as (1) to measure the radon concentration in Tehran city and compare results with the international standards (2) to determine spatial distribution of radon gas concentration using Geographical Information System (GIS) software and (3) to estimate the annual effective dose and potential risk of lung cancer by radon-222 in Tehran city. In this study, 800 Alpha Track detectors were installed in houses in 22 regions of Tehran city and retrieved after 3 months. The measurements were repeated for spring and summer and autumn seasons. The annual effective dose and risk of lung cancer were assessed using standard equations. Data were analyzed using SPSS 20. Result showed the minimum and maximum radon concentration were observed in and Ghalee-kobra (0.13 Bq.m) and Charbagh-ponak district (661.11 Bq.m) respectively. There was no observed relationship between radon concentration and houses' model, cracking condition and constructionn materials. Expectedly, the storehouses and basements had significantly higher ( = 0.016) radon concentration than occupied rooms. The min and max of the estimated annual effective dose were 0.65 and 2.03 mSv, respectively. Result showed that around 5% of the sampling sites had higher level of radon than the maximum allowed by EPA. A rough estimation of the expected radon-attributed lung cancer incidences yielded approximately 5958 cases in the total population of Tehran every year. In view of the growing trend in cancer incidences, appropriate measures addressing radon should be undertaken in areas of increased exposure to this noble gas.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40201-020-00454-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7203366PMC
June 2020

Assessment of groundwater quality around municipal solid waste landfill by using Water Quality Index for groundwater resources and multivariate statistical technique: a case study of the landfill site, Qaem Shahr City, Iran.

Environ Geochem Health 2020 May 28;42(5):1305-1319. Epub 2019 Sep 28.

Department of Food Science, Faculty of Food Engineering, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Rua Monteiro Lobato, 80, Caixa Postal: 6121, Campinas, São Paulo, CEP: 13083-862, Brazil.

Groundwater is a precious natural water resource which can be considered as an available and safe source of water for domestic uses. In some cities in northern Iran, groundwater is being polluted due to various human activities. In this regard, the located municipal solid waste landfills close to these areas without the requested controls regarding the landfill leachate and gas emission are among the major sources of environmental pollution, which are deteriorating groundwater quality around landfill sites. In this context, the current study was aimed to assess the quality of collected groundwater samples around a landfill site using the modified Water Quality Index for groundwater resources (WQIG). Also, the water quality map has been prepared by using WQIG in GIS environment. Therefore, thirty-three groundwater samples were collected and analyzed around 11 water wells close to the landfill site. Variety of physicochemical parameters including nitrate (NO), fecal coliform, sodium absorption ratio (SAR), electrical conductivity, biological oxygen demand (BOD), phosphate (PO), total dissolved solids, dissolved oxygen, pH were assessed in groundwater samples based on recommended standard methods by American Public Health Association (APHA). Geostatistics analysis including Kriging, semi-variogram, and variogram methods also was used to evaluate the spatial variations in the variables and to provide the necessary data for further interpolation. According to the results of WQIG, most of the groundwater wells (98.85%) are polluted due to the existing of the landfill site in the investigated area. Generally speaking, based on the WQIG the water samples were defined as not suitable for drinking applications. Also, the high concentrations of nitrate and hardness in the downstream wells (W-W) of the landfill were demonstrated by the results of Kriging assay which can be correlated with the penetration of leachate into these wells. Considering the SAR results, all wells in the studied area are classified as (CS) that means the groundwater of this area is suitable for agricultural approaches. Moreover, the reduction in the water quality from the south to the north and northeast was demonstrated by the results of spatial dispersion. Evaluation of the changes in water quality near landfill sites showed that 2149.56 m of total area had a relatively poor potential for the region's groundwater recharge.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10653-019-00417-0DOI Listing
May 2020

Distribution of fluoride contamination in drinking water resources and health risk assessment using geographic information system, northwest Iran.

Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 2019 Oct 18;107:104408. Epub 2019 Jun 18.

Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Neyshabur University of Medical Sciences, Neyshabur, Iran. Electronic address:

This paper considers exposure to the concentration of fluoride in drinking water resources of Showt city in West Azerbaijan Province in, Iran, and its related potential health risk assessment issues to the resident populations. For this purpose, 88 drinking water samples were analyzed in 2016 by using the spectrophotometric method. Non-carcinogenic health risks due to F exposure through consumption of drinking water were assessed using the US EPA method. In addition, the associated zoning maps of the obtained results were presented using a geographic information system (GIS). The results indicated that fluoride concentration in drinking water ranged from 0.0 to 5.5 mg L of the study area. Based on this research, 36.36% of the samples had a fluoride level higher than the permissible level, 13.63% had less than the permissible limit, and 50% of the samples had a level within the optimum limit of 0.5-1.5 mg L. The Hazard Quotient index (HQ) for children, teenager and adults had health hazards (HQ > 1) in 54.55%, 31.82%, and 22.73% of samples, respectively. Groundwater resources having a risk of more than one were located in the villages of Khilajajam, Kolos, and Shorboulagh. So, in these study areas, there are potential risks of dental and skeletal fluorosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yrtph.2019.104408DOI Listing
October 2019

Spatial Distribution Variation and Probabilistic Risk Assessment of Exposure to Fluoride in Ground Water Supplies: A Case Study in an Endemic Fluorosis Region of Northwest Iran.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 02 15;16(4). Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Medical Sciences, Surgical and Advanced Technologies "G.F. Ingrassia"⁻Hygiene and Public Health, Laboratory of Environmental and Food Hygiene (LIAA), University of Catania, 95123 Catania, Italy.

Prevalence of fluorosis is a worldwide public health issue, especially in the West Azerbaijan province of Iran. The aim of this study was to investigate fluoride concentration in drinking water resources within Maku city, in both the warm and cold seasons, to perform a health risk assessment. Fluoride were measured using UV-visible spectrophotometry. The spatial distribution was calculated by the software ArcGIS and Hazard Quotients (HQs) were calculated according to the US EPA method. The fluoride concentrations ranged between 0.29 to 6.68 and 0.1 to 11.4 mg/L in the cold and warm seasons, respectively. Based on this report, 30.64 and 48.15% of the samples revealed a fluoride level higher than the permissible level in the cold and warm seasons, respectively. Moreover, results showed that the HQ value in the warm season for different age groups was higher than the HQ value in the cold season. In both seasons, the non-carcinogenic risks of fluoride for the four exposed populations varied according to the order: children > teenagers > adults > infants. The HQ values for three age groups (children, teenager and adults) for both seasons were higher than 1 with a high risk of fluorosis. The results of this study, support the requests that government authorities better manage water supplies to improve health quality.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16040564DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6406884PMC
February 2019

Assessment health status of ICU medical equipment levels at Neyshabur hospitals using ICNA and ACC indices.

MethodsX 2018 23;5:1364-1372. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Neyshabur University of Medical Sciences, Neyshabur, Iran.

This study was conducted to evaluate the health status of medical equipment's in Neyshabur hospital's intensive care units (ICU) before and after daily cleaning in order to compare the efficiency of the observational and microbial methods in evaluating hygienic conditions and cleaning of the environmental surfaces at the hospitals in Neyshabur. The study was performed in a ten-week period, twice a week before and after daily cleaning according to the ICNA observational method and the ACC microbial method were performed on the selected sites. (before and after daily cleaning in order to compare ICNA observational method and the ACC microbial method which performed on the selected sites). Result showed in total, 826 ICNA checklists were completed in this research for the 13 studied spots, 27.12% of the spots were contaminated before cleaning procedures, which dropped to 7.75% after cleaning. Data of the samples using the ACC index revealed that 74.82 were contaminated and 7.75% were clean. Bottle suction with 8.2% and Electroshock with 1% were the most and the least contaminated spots, respectively. As the results proved, the microorganism of Staphylococcus epidermises is the most grown organism in the intensive care unit. This study suggests that visual assessment is not enough to ensure quality of the process and it is necessary to document the level of cleanliness by quantitative methods. Also preparing the integrated instructions and guidelines of cleaning and disinfection and its continuous monitoring with standard methods would be effective in reducing the microbial contamination.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mex.2018.10.016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6222287PMC
October 2018

Data on quality indices of groundwater resource for agricultural use in the Jolfa, East Azerbaijan, Iran.

Data Brief 2018 Aug 19;19:1482-1489. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Students Research Committee, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the groundwater quality Indices of Groundwater resource for Agricultural Use in jolfa city (Iran) during one decade (2003-2013). Data showed in the first and end year of the study period, the Mean±SD of Sodium Adsorption Ratio (SAR) and Sodium Percentage (Na%) indices 5455.77±3878.02, 3638.69±3565.19 and 51.49±15.65, 41.58±17.69, respectively. The data indicate that the, in terms of sodium percentage and sodium adsorption ratio, the water quality in this area is not suitable for irrigation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2018.06.017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6141864PMC
August 2018

Carcinogenic and Non-carcinogenic Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in Groundwater Wells in Neyshabur Plain, Iran.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2019 Jul 17;190(1):251-261. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Department of Environmental Health, Neyshabur University of Medical Sciences, Neyshabur, Iran.

The present work reports the As, Cr, Cu, Pb, Zn, and Fe concentrations of drinking water samples in Neyshabur Plain, Iran. This study aimed also to ascertain the potential consumers' health risk of heavy metal intake. Heavy metal concentrations were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry. The highest and lowest average values in the analyzed water samples were observed for Fe (9.78 ± 5.61 μg/L) and As (1.30 ± 2.99 μg/L), respectively. These values were well below the limits recommended by the World Health Organization and the Iranian national standard. Heavy metal pollution index and heavy metal evaluation index were used to evaluate drinking water quality. The risk index was calculated by chronic daily intake and hazard quotient according to the United States Environmental Protection Agency approach. Heavy metal pollution index in all the samples was less than 100, indicating that it is a low-level heavy metal. The total risk of all heavy metals in the urban environment varied from 40.164 × 10 to 174.8 × 10. In this research, the maximum average of risk belonged to lead and copper with the respective values of 60.10 × 10and 33.99 × 10 from the selected wells. However, considering the toxic effect of some elements, including Pb and As, in the chronic exposure of consumers, we suggest a continuous evaluation and monitoring of drinking water resources.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12011-018-1516-6DOI Listing
July 2019

Data on assessment of groundwater quality with application of ArcGIS in Zanjan, Iran.

Data Brief 2018 Jun 17;18:375-379. Epub 2018 Mar 17.

Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

The aim of this study was to Monitoring of physical and chemical characteristics of ground water including Ca, Mg, EC, pH, TDS, TH, , Na, K, Cl, SAR, %Na and in Zanjan city, Iran. For assessing the physic-chemical parameters from 15 wells, water samples 4 times at different times were collected and examined. Data were analyzed using R and Arc GIS software. According to the calculated correlation coefficients, the highest correlation Coefficient belonged to TDS-EC while and Cl showed low and weak correlations. However, Na, Mg, K, Ca exhibited good positive correlations with EC and TDS. The results show that the water in the study area at the time of the study was based on the WHO standards and appropriate for drinking.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2018.03.059DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5996309PMC
June 2018

Groundwater quality assessment for drinking and agriculture purposes in Abhar city, Iran.

Data Brief 2018 Aug 23;19:1033-1039. Epub 2018 May 23.

Students Research Committee, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.

The main objective of this study is to assess the quality of groundwater for drinking consume and agriculture purposes in abhar city. The analytical results shows higher concentration of electrical conductivity (100%), total hardness (66.7%), total dissolved solids (40%), magnesium (23%), Sulfate (13.3%) which indicates signs of deterioration as per WHO and Iranian standards for drinking consume. Agricultural index, in terms of the hardness index, 73.3% of the samples in hard water category and 73.3% in sodium content were classified as good. Therefore, the main problem in the agricultural sector was the total hardness Water was estimated. For the RSC index, all 100% of the samples were desirable. In the physicochemical parameters of drinking water, 100% of the samples were undesirable in terms of electrical conductivity and 100% of the samples were desirable for sodium and chlorine parameters. Therefore, the main water problem in Abhar is related to electrical conductivity and water total hardness.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2018.05.096DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5997924PMC
August 2018

Data on microbiological quality assessment of rural drinking water supplies in Tiran County, Isfahan province, Iran.

Data Brief 2018 Jun 6;18:1122-1126. Epub 2018 Apr 6.

Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

A lack of access to safe drinking water can lead to adverse health effects such as infection, disease, and undesirable aesthetic problems. The current study focused on the investigation of groundwater quality in Tiran's villages (Isfahan province, Iran). To determine essential microbiological quality, water samples were collected from 46 randomly-selected water wells during a one-year period. The parameters of pH and chlorine were measured on-site. Turbidity was measured at 420 nm using a DR5000 spectrophotometer. Microbiological tests including general thermoforms, , and thermophiles were carried out according to the National Iranian Standard Method 3759. Data showed that 1.8% of the villages under study had contaminated water resources. The turbidity values for 94.5% of the resources were within recommended limits (<5NTU). In 20.6% of the samples, the residual free chlorine was in the range of 0 to 0.2 mg/L, 8.79% of samples had values greater than the recommended limits, and18.5% had no free residual chlorine.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2018.04.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5996740PMC
June 2018

Data on fluoride concentration levels in cold and warm season in rural area of Shout (West Azerbaijan, Iran).

Data Brief 2017 Dec 10;15:528-531. Epub 2017 Oct 10.

Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

The aim of this study was to determine the concentration of fluoride in drinking water, the distribution system, in 22 villages in Shout (A city in West Azerbaijan province). Sampling of springs and underground water was carried out in two warm and cold seasons. Fluoride concentration were determined through spectrophotometer with a model, DR/5000.The fluoride concentration were compared with Iranian standards and WHO guidelines for drinking water.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2017.10.012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5651490PMC
December 2017

Surveillance of Legionella species in hospital water systems: the significance of detection method for environmental surveillance data.

J Water Health 2013 Dec;11(4):713-9

Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Monitoring of hospital water systems to prevent and control nosocomial legionellosis is important from a public health perspective. This study was conducted to survey the prevalence of Legionella contamination of hospital waters. A total of 44 water samples from the hot-water system of 11 hospitals were tested for Legionella by a culture method and a nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay with Legionella-specific primers to identify the more sensitive method. Some physicochemical parameters and heterotrophic plate counts of water samples for possible association with Legionella contamination were also determined. The contamination rate of hospitals in our study varied between 64% (eight of 11)-100% based on culture method and nested PCR, respectively. Of the 44 water samples examined, 23% were positive for Legionella spp. by the culture method, while the nested PCR assay using the primers LEG448-JRP revealed 66% of the water samples being positive. Given the importance of monitoring hospital water systems for the presence of Legionella spp., the present PCR assay proved highly applicable for practical and sensitive surveillance of Legionella in such water systems. In addition, rapid monitoring of Legionella contamination could eliminate the potential exposure of high-risk patients through effective control measures.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/wh.2013.064DOI Listing
December 2013

Rapid monitoring of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in hospital water systems: a key priority in prevention of nosocomial infection.

FEMS Microbiol Lett 2013 Jun 11;343(1):77-81. Epub 2013 Apr 11.

Khoy Faculty of Nursing and Health, Urmie University of Medical Sciences, Urimie, Iran.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa has emerged as a major pathogen in nosocomial infections. Biofilm formation allows the microorganism to persist in hospital water systems for extended periods, which have been associated with nosocomial infections. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of P. aeruginosa colonization of hospital tap waters by nested PCR assay. A total of 44 water samples were collected from 11 hospitals and analyzed for the presence of Pseudomonas spp. and P. aeruginosa by specific primer sets of 16S rRNA gene. Some physicochemical parameters and heterotrophic plate count (HPC) of samples for possible association with P. aeruginosa contamination were also determined. The nested PCR revealed 32% of the water samples being positive for P. aeruginosa. From the 11 hospitals surveyed, 82% (9 of 11) of the hospitals water systems were positive for P. aeruginosa. No correlation was seen between the presence of P. aeruginosa and HPC as well as physicochemical parameters. Identification of contaminated sources could be a key priority in waterborne nosocomial infections. PCR assay was used in the study provides simple, rapid, and reliable identification of P. aeruginosa in hospital water systems, which could eliminate the infections of P. aeruginosa through implementation of immediate control measures.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1574-6968.12132DOI Listing
June 2013