Publications by authors named "Farshid Salehi"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

First Experience with Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in Iran, under Difficult Conditions.

J Tehran Heart Cent 2018 Oct;13(4):166-172

Tracheal Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) provides hemodynamic and oxygenation support in critical conditions. The commencement of this modality in Iran coincided with severe economic constraints across Iran. This retrospective study was performed in Masih Daneshvari Medical Center from 2010 to 2015, during which period, sanction-related limitations in the import of equipment prompted us to integrate a Medtronic or Stöckert head pump console into a Maquet ECMO Oxygenator so as to sustain the ECMO program. Comparisons were performed between successful and unsuccessful ECMO procedures and survivors. Factors associated with unsuccessful ECMO were evaluated with a multivariate logistic regression. Thirty-three (68.8%) patients were male and 15 (31.2%) were female. The mean age of the patients was 35±16.6 years. Thirty-seven (77.1%) patients were weaned off ECMO successfully; the rate was higher than that in previous studies. Totally, 35.4% of the study population survived to hospital discharge. The most common cause of death in all the ECMO patients who were successfully weaned was sepsis. The most common cause of death in the patients who underwent unsuccessful ECMO was multisystem organ failure. The mean ECMO support time was 53.37±46.26 hours. The patients who were alive at discharge were significantly younger (25.5±14.5 vs. 40.2±15.5 y; P=0.002) and had a significantly lower ECMO duration (24 [25-75% interquartile: 18.5-36] vs. 48 [25-75% interquartile: 24-72] h; P=0.044) than the non-survivors. An assembly of ECMO components from different companies could be done safely, at least for a short period of time.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6450813PMC
October 2018

Technical Details of Surgical Treatment of a Severely Displaced Sternal Fracture.

Tanaffos 2019 Apr;18(4):365-368

Tracheal Diseases Research Center (TDRC), National Research institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Sternal fracture is an uncommon injury, which is managed conservatively in most patients. In case of failure of non-surgical management or severely displaced fractures, open reduction and internal fixation should be considered. In this case report, we present the technical details of open reduction and internal fixation for a severely displaced sternal fracture in a bicyclist. The sternal fracture was successfully treated, and the patient benefited from the rapid control of symptoms, early mobilization, and good cosmetic outcome.

Conclusion: Open surgical treatment of a sternal fracture, when indicated, can be performed safely, with rapid control of symptoms, low risk of non-union, and good cosmetic outcome.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7309882PMC
April 2019

Obstructive Tracheal Pseudomembrane.

Arch Iran Med 2017 Nov 1;20(11):714-715. Epub 2017 Nov 1.

1 Tracheal Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Obstructive tracheal pseudomembrane is a rare complication of endotracheal intubation, which could cause fatal airway obstruction following extubation. Hereby, we reported a patient who had only undergone a short course of intubation for a laparoscopic cholecystectomy and developed progressive respiratory distress after extubation.
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November 2017

Ultra fast-track extubation in heart transplant surgery patients.

Int J Crit Illn Inj Sci 2015 Apr-Jun;5(2):89-92

Chronic Respiratory Disease Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Heart transplant surgeries using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) typically requires mechanical ventilation in intensive care units (ICU) in post-operation period. Ultra fast-track extubation (UFE) have been described in patients undergoing various cardiac surgeries.

Aim: To determine the possibility of ultra-fast-track extubation instead of late extubation in post heart transplant patients.

Materials And Methods: Patients randomly assigned into two groups; Ultra fast-track extubation (UFE) group was defined by extubation inside operating room right after surgery. Late extubation group was defined by patients who were not extubated in operating room and transferred to post operation cardiac care unit (CCU) to extubate.

Results: The mean cardiopulmonary bypass time was 136.8 ± 25.7 minutes in ultra-fast extubation and 145.3 ± 29.8 minutes in late extubation patients (P > 0.05). Mechanical ventilation duration (days) was 0 days in ultra-fast and 2.31 ± 1.8 days in late extubation. Length of ICU stay was significantly higher in late extubation group (4.2 ± 1.2 days) than the UFE group (1.72 ± 1.5 days) (P = 0.02). In survival analysis there was no significant difference between ultra-fast and late extubation groups (Log-rank test, P = 0.9).

Conclusions: Patients undergoing cardiac transplant could be managed with "ultra-fast-track extubation", without increased morbidity and mortality.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2229-5151.158394DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4477402PMC
July 2015

Ten years' experience in surgical treatment of right middle lobe syndrome.

Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2015 2;21(4):354-8. Epub 2015 Mar 2.

Tracheal Diseases Research Center, National Research institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Purpose: In this study we present the clinical, radiological, pathological, bronchoscopic and surgical results of 40 patients with diagnosis of middle lobe syndrome who were referred to our thoracic surgery unit for surgical intervention in a 10 years period.

Methods: Forty patients with obstructive and non-obstructive causes of middle lobe syndrome referred to our thoracic surgery unit. Clinical data were collected from the patients' records in a ten years period. This study evaluates diagnostic approaches and surgical treatments in right middle lobe syndrome.

Results: We studied 23 females (57.5%) and 17 males (42.5%) with a mean age of 31.7. Clinical findings were cough 95%, sputum 80% and intermittent hemoptysis in 50% of patients. Middle lobe collapse was seen in CT scan of all patients. Bronchiectasis was the most common pathologic finding (55%). Tuberculosis was not rare and was final pathology in 20% of patients. In three patients ruptured hydatid cyst was final finding. Surgery was done without mortality and with only minor complications.

Conclusion: Lobectomy of right middle lobe is a good therapeutic option in these patients. Due to high prevalence of tuberculosis and hydatid cyst in Middle Eastern countries these two must be considered as causes of middle lobe syndrome.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5761/atcs.oa.14-00273DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4904871PMC
June 2016