Publications by authors named "Farshid Alyari"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Aspirin Resistance in Different Doses by Bleeding Time and Urinary 11-dehydro-thromboxane B2.

Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 2016 Jan-Mar;60(1):30-7

The aim of the present study was the evaluation bleeding time (BT) in comparison to Urinary 11-dehydro thromboxane B2 (TXB2) regarding different ASA frequent dosages used in Borujerd city. This is a double blind randomized clinical trial on 370 subjects aged 35 years and older, referred to clinical offices in Borujerd. All ischemic heart disease’s patients were randomly assigned to 4 ASA dose groups (80 mg, 81 mg, 100 mg and 325 mg) and one group-matched control group without any IHD. BT was measured by Ivy method; TXB2 was measured in a urine sample, both at least 5 days after ASA consumption. Probale AR was indicated if TXB2 was normal or higher than normal higher limit values, or BT was normal or lower than normal higher values. (IRCT201202026958N3) Probale AR was present in 37.6% and 64% resistance by BT and TXB2, respectively. All 4 treated groups had higher TXB2 levels than the control group/normal values (p>0.05). Also, urinary TXB2 level correlated positively with BT. Given the simplicity and low costs of its performance it might be of some potential use in developing countries. However, due to IVY method limitations it cannot be perceived as a tool to assess such specific aspects of platlat function or aspirin resistance.
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July 2018

Metabolic syndrome and inflammatory biomarkers in adults: a population-based survey in Western region of iran.

Int Cardiovasc Res J 2014 Dec 1;8(4):156-60. Epub 2014 Dec 1.

Imam Khomeini Hospital, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, IR Iran.

Background: There is evidence that inflammation may be involved in pathogenesis of MetS. Inflammatory biomarkers are moving to the forefront as the potent predictors of MetS.

Objectives: The present study aimed to evaluate the association between MetS and some inflammatory biomarkers.

Patients And Methods: This community-based cross-sectional study was conducted on 800 subjects aged above 35 years selected through random sampling in Borujerd (west of Iran) from 2011 to 2013. MetS was defined based on ATP III criteria and the subjects were divided into two groups (MetS and non-MetS groups). Waist circumference and Body Mass Index (BMI) were calculated. In addition, blood samples were taken and C-Reactive Protein (CRP), lipid profile, Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS), and Bleeding Time (BT) were measured. Then, the correlations between MetS and the above-mentioned variables were estimated. After all, the data were entered into the SPSS statistical software (v. 17) and analyzed using T-test, chi-square, median test, and spearman's rank correlation.

Results: In this study, 344 subjects (43%) met the ATP III criteria. The results showed a significant difference between MetS and non-MetS groups regarding BMI, white blood cell, total cholesterol, LDL, platelet, and high-sensitivity CPR (hs-CRP) (P < 0.0001, P = 0.040, P < 0.0001, P < 0.0001, and P = 0.045, respectively). Besides, waist circumference, Triglyceride (TG), FBS, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure were significantly higher, while HDL was significantly lower in the MetS group (P < 0.0001).

Conclusions: The incidence rate of MetS in our survey was higher compared to the previous reports. In addition, this incidence rate was higher in females in comparison to males. The results also showed a significant correlation between inflammatory biomarkers and MetS and that the higher levels of hs-CRP were associated with higher rate of MetS.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4302503PMC
December 2014

Normal range of bleeding time in urban and rural areas of Borujerd, west of Iran.

ARYA Atheroscler 2014 Jul;10(4):199-202

Pathologist, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran.

Background: Bleeding time (BT) is the oldest and simplest test for assessing the platelets (Plts) function. BT can affect by several factors such as race and diet, which has a wide reference range. The aim of this project is to determine the normal range of BT in Borujerd, Iran. Determining the normal range of BT can help us to modify the definition of bleeding disorder and aspirin resistance.

Methods: This was cross-sectional study carried out in 2011-2012. Subjects with a history of coagulation disorders or a positive family history of coagulation disorders, consumption of anti-Plts, anti-histamines, and phenothiazine in the previous month and subject with Plt less than 150,000 were excluded. The samples were 505 volunteers who were referred from 16 urban and 9 rural clusters to research center. BT of the samples was determined according to Ivy simplate method considering national standard protocol in the selected persons. Normal range was calculated as mean ± 2 standard deviation.

Results: Of 505 volunteers, 50.4% were female. The range of BT was 2.8-2.95 min with mean of 2.79 ± 0.78 min. Range and mean of BT in women was 2.83-3.06 min and 2.88 ± 0.87 min, and range and mean of BT in men was 2.7-2.9 min and 2.69 ± 0.67 min; this difference was significant (P = 0.012). BT in urban and rural participants was 2.78 ± 0.79 and 2.77 ± 0.73 min. There was no significant difference between BT in urban and rural participants.

Conclusion: The normal range of BT in Boroujerd was in the lower limit of the normal universal range. In this study, BT was significantly different in both genders, but its correlation with age, blood group, and place of residency was not significant.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4173314PMC
July 2014

Evaluation of fibrinolytic medical therapy for patients with acute myocardial infarction.

ARYA Atheroscler 2012 ;8(1):46-9

Assistant Professor, Department of Cardiology, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran.

Background: Fibrinolytic therapy is the standard therapeutic method for patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). This study endeavored to assess the delay in arrival to the emergency department and door to needle time for thrombolytic therapy.

Methods: This study was conducted on 80 patients with AMI whom referred to our clinic from January 2009 to January 2010. We measured time of arrival, needle time and door to needle time for all patients. Moreover, the relations of these times to some variables such as age, gender and the referred shift of emergency department personnel were calculated.

Results: A total of 80 patients, 62 (77.5%) male and 18 (22.5%) female were evaluated for thrombolytic therapy. The arrival time of overnight shifts was 14.59 ± 1.23 minutes shorter than other shifts. The median door to needle time was 46.56 minutes and the mean time of the onset of chest pain to arrival at the emergency department was 19.44 minutes. Seventy-two patients (90%) received fibrinolytic therapy within the first 30 minutes of arrival. The needle time was significantly longer in the night shift (P < 0.05) (between 8 to 14 minutes), while the time of receiving Streptokinase therapy in the other shifts was not meaningfully different. Finally there was a statistically significant difference between the referred shifts and needle time (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: Despite our good results for door to needle time, to improve and attain the gold standard's limits in administering fibrinolytic therapy, improvement of policies like training the personnel to shorten this time is recommend.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3448456PMC
October 2012