Publications by authors named "Farideh Moradi"

9 Publications

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Comparing the Associated Factors on Lifestyle Between Type 2 Diabetic Patients and Healthy People: A Case-Control Study.

Int Q Community Health Educ 2021 Jun 7:272684X211022158. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Clinical Research Development Center, Imam Reza Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Background: the most important way to control diabetes is to follow a preventive lifestyle and if a diabetic individual follows a preventive lifestyle which he or she has accepted. The main objective of the current study is to compare the factors affecting the lifestyle in patients suffering from Type II diabetes and the healthy individuals in Kermanshah City.

Methods: this study is based on a case-control design where using simple random sampling, 110 patients suffering from type II diabetes are selected as the case group and 111 healthy subjects among the companions of other patients are selected as the control group from the Center for Diabetics in Kermanshah City. The average age of the participants is . The questionnaires used for collecting the data included the following: the demographic information questionnaire and the lifestyle questionnaire which covers diet, physical activity, coping with stress, and smoking. Software applications including STSTA14 and SPSS23 were used for performing statistical computations and logistic regression or linear regression tests were used for analyzing the collected data.

Results: in the subscales of diet, physical activity, spiritual growth, and stress management, there was a significant difference between the diabetic and healthy groups in a wat that the average score for these subscales was higher in the healthy individuals. While the average score for "health responsibility" was higher in the diabetic group compared to the healthy subjects, the difference was not significant (). Moreover, there was a significant statistical relationship between the two groups, i.e. the diabetic and healthy groups, and the variables of age, education level, and occupation (P > 0.05).

Conclusion: healthy lifestyle including proper diet and athletic activity is effective in preventing type II diabetes. Accordingly, implementing policies in the urban transportation system such as providing a special lane for bikers in the cities, increasing the tax for harmful foods, considering subsidies for healthy food products, and self-care of individuals can be effective.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0272684X211022158DOI Listing
June 2021

Hospital managers' skills required and onward challenges: A qualitative study.

J Educ Health Promot 2020 28;9:228. Epub 2020 Sep 28.

Life Style Modification Research Center, Imam Reza Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Introduction: The qualification of managers in terms of management skills is one of the most important factors in the continuous success of each organization, and utilizing such skills can have a positive contribution in the effectiveness of the organization while improving the performance of the employees in line with the objectives and goals of the organization. The study's primary objective was to examine the necessary skills of the hospital managers and their capabilities to manage the challenges in providing health care facilities to their patients and employees.

Materials And Methods: This study is a qualitative that deep interviews were performed with 22 managers (senior and middle managers) of educational hospitals of Kermanshah city, and the sample size was 22 individuals. The interviews were analyzed by a MAXQDA software application after transcription.

Results: This study includes 8 themes and 23 subthemes. The strategic skill, the perceptive skill, the human relations skill, work experience, and personal characteristics were among the skills necessary for hospital managers. Some of the challenges facing the hospital managers included rapid changes in the policies, the limitations of financial resources, and lack of proportion between the educational and occupational spheres.

Conclusion: Because of their existential philosophy and differences with other service sectors, managing hospitals poses a particular sensitivity. In this regard, the role of the hospital manager is very important. Therefore, in order to meet the satisfaction of those receiving services, decision-makers and policy-makers must think twice when selecting and appointing hospital managers and evaluate and appraise this group in terms of abilities and skills necessary for managing such an important service section.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jehp.jehp_171_20DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7652088PMC
September 2020

Nurses' Work-Related Quality of Life and Its Influencing Demographic Factors at a Public Hospital in Western Iran: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Int Q Community Health Educ 2020 Nov 17:272684X20972838. Epub 2020 Nov 17.

Health Education and Health Promotion, Health Institute, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Background: The quality of life as a concept beyond physical health stands one of the protuberant indexes, and various health-based studies required distinct measurements, which deemed necessary for their significant implications. The nurses fight at the front and play a leading role in providing services to patients at healthcare centers. They deserve a higher quality of life in catering to physical health services. This present study focuses on examining nurses' work-life quality standards and how demographic variables contribute to the hospital of Imam Reza in Kermanshah of Western Iran.

Methods: This descriptive-analytical study recruited a sample of 271 nurses affiliated with Imam Reza Hospital and Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences by incorporating the stratified random sampling in 2019. This study used a two-part questionnaire to collect data from the targeted respondents. The first part presented the participants' demographic profiles, and the second part showed the nurses' work-related quality of life (WRQoL) on the scale developed by Van Laar et al. The study screened the data and performed analyses through the SPSS version-23. The research study conducted a descriptive analysis to measure mean and standard deviation with inferential statistics, including independent samples t-test and one-way ANOVA (P < 0.05).

Results: The study findings specified that nurses' average quality of the work-life was at a moderate level 3.11 ± 0.47. Besides, results indicated that 57.50% of the nurses reported high standards of quality of work-life, 36.50% showed a modest and 5.20% revealed a lower level of work-life quality. The findings indicated that the quality of work-life significantly correlated with respondent'' age, marital status, education, work experience, position, department, shifts, and employment status (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: The findings of this research demonstrated that the nurses' quality of work-life was higher than the average standard. The results provide useful insight for nurses and hospital managers. The policymakers and health managers need to pay more attention to providing a better quality of work-life to the nurses.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0272684X20972838DOI Listing
November 2020

Emotional Intelligence and Quality of Life in Elderly Diabetic Patients.

Int Q Community Health Educ 2020 Oct 21:272684X20965811. Epub 2020 Oct 21.

Clinical Research Development Center, Imam Reza Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Background: Coordination of various physical and mental aspects of individuals, including the ability to control difficult conditions and situations has an effect in the prevention and development of various diseases, such as diabetes, and the improvement of the quality of life. Therefore, the purpose of this study was is to determine the effect of emotional intelligence on the quality of life of elderly diabetic patients.

Methods: This study was conducted in 2018. The statistical population in this cross-sectional study consisted of elderly people referred to the health centers of Kermanshah province in western Iran, who were divided via available sampling into two groups with diabetes and without diabetes. Data gathering tools were a couple of LIPAD Quality of Life and Shrink Emotional Intelligence standard questionnaires. The Data was analysed using software SPSS, 23 th version. Tests were used (T-test, Chi-square, Anova and regression).

Results: Most of them were male (52.72%) and the mean age of the patients was 65.01(±6.08) years old and married. The quality of life score in diabetics and non-diabetics was respectively 51.9 and 50.37 with a standard deviation of 17.73 and 20.54. The mean total score of emotional intelligence in the elderly with diabetes was 99.42 with a standard deviation of 10.37 and non-diabetic subjects were 97.18 with a standard deviation of 18.4.

Conclusion: There was no significant difference between the mean scores of quality of life (0.652) and emotional intelligence (0.421) in diabetic and non-diabetic individuals. But, the emotional intelligence has an effect on the quality of life of the elderly people.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0272684X20965811DOI Listing
October 2020

How the COVID-19 pandemic effected economic, social, political, and cultural factors: A lesson from Iran.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2021 05 2;67(3):298-300. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Health Education and Health Promotion, Health Institute, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764020939984DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8107447PMC
May 2021

Interventions in Reducing Caesarean Section in the World: A Systematic Review.

Malays J Med Sci 2019 Sep 4;26(5):21-37. Epub 2019 Nov 4.

Life Style Modification Research Center, Imam Reza Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Caesarean section without medical indication imposes many problems to families, personnel and medical equipment causing some side effects to pregnant woman and foetus, compared to natural childbirth. The present study aimed to evaluate the interventions in reducing caesarean section in the world. This study was a systematic review using Embase, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Science Direct, Magiran and SID databases and grey literature. All studies conducted during 2000-2018 were reviewed and finally the studies with inclusion and exclusion criteria were selected. A total of 19 studies were selected among 5,559 studies. The interventions conducted for reducing caesarean section included training the specialists and women by using Six Sigma method, changing the guidelines, reviewing the definition of natural childbirth various stages, encouraging the natural childbirth and expanding painless childbirth. All interventions were divided into educational strategy and managerial strategy. The interventions can be implemented to change the behaviour of physicians and attitude of pregnant women in order to reduce caesarean section. In this regard, the authorities are recommended to make more efforts.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21315/mjms2019.26.5.3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6839664PMC
September 2019

Indirect Health Policy by Sports Media: The Positive Effects of the Live Broadcast of the FIFA World Cup in the General Population.

Iran J Public Health 2019 Mar;48(3):564-565

Clinical Research Development Center, Imam Reza Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6570810PMC
March 2019

Rational Drug Prescribing a Way to Reduce Patients Out of Pocket Payment.

Iran J Public Health 2018 Mar;47(3):453-454

Life Style Modification Research Center, Imam Reza Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5971186PMC
March 2018

Effect of executive programs of infection control committees on the prevalence of nosocomial infections in Kermanshah's Hospitals (2010-2011).

Electron Physician 2014 Jan-Mar;6(1):768-70. Epub 2014 Feb 1.

M.Sc. of Health care Management Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Kermanshah, Iran.

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of executive programs of infection control committees on the incidence of nosocomial infections in hospitals affiliated with the Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (Kermanshah, Iran) during 2010 and 2011. The numbers of patients admitted in 2010 and 2011 were 8084 and 7166, respectively, and the average prevalence of nosocomial infections in 2010 and 2011 was 0.8 and 1.9 infections per 100 patients, respectively. In 2010, the mean scores obtained by hospital for regular Infection Control Committee meetings, regular gatherings, registration of program information analysis, and regular follow-up meetings were 19, 31, 30.5, and 41.7 (out of 100), respectively. In 2011, they were 20.2, 36.4, 38.1, and 50, respectively. The results of this study indicated that executive programs of infection control committees had no effect on the incidence of nosocomial infections; therefore, the experts who assess hospitals should pay more attention to the systems that are used to conduct surveillance of nosocomial infection control programs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14661/2014.768-770DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4324287PMC
March 2015