Publications by authors named "Farid Solaymani-Mohammadi"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The effect of calcitriol and all-trans retinoic acid on T-bet, IFN-γ, GATA3 and IL-4 genes expression in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.

APMIS 2020 Nov 26;128(11):583-592. Epub 2020 Sep 26.

Department of Cellular and Molecular Nutrition, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune-mediated inflammatory disease which affects the central nervous system (CNS). In the present study, the in vivo effects of ATRA, calcitriol, and their combinations on the expression of murine CD4+ T cell cytokines and their specific transcription factors in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE)-induced mice were explored. Thirty-two EAE induced inbred C57BL/6 female mice with an age ranged from 8 to 10 weeks were divided into four categories in a random manner. The first, second, and third groups received ATRA, calcitriol, ATRA+ calcitriol, respectively, and the fourth group received vehicle. The treatment started on the day prior to immunization and through the IP injections every other days for 21 days. The dosages of administration for calcitriol, ATRA, and calcitriol+ ATRA were 100 ng, 250 μg, and 50ng + 125 μg, respectively per mouse. An equal volume of excipient was administered for the vehicle group. T-bet, IFN-γ, GATA-3, and IL-4 genes expression were assessed in the splenocytes of EAE -induced mice. The expression of T-bet and IFN-γ genes in the splenocytes of ATRA, calcitriol and combination- treated mice were significantly reduced compared to vehicle group (p < 0.05). A significant decrease in T-bet expression was observed in the combination-treated group compared to the ATRA-treated group (p < 0.05). The expression of GATA3 and IL-4 genes was significantly increased in the ATRA-, calcitriol-, and combination-treated mice when compared with the control group (p < 0.05). Furthermore, the effect of calcitriol alone and in combination with ATRA was more considerable than that of ATRA alone. The nutraceutical approaches may be promising in the prevention and/or treatment of MS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apm.13073DOI Listing
November 2020

Association between Epstein-Barr virus infection and gastric cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMC Cancer 2020 Jun 1;20(1):493. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Virology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Numerous studies conducted over the past 30 years have pointed to the presence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in gastric cancer samples. This study was aimed to provide a meta-analytic review of the prevalence of EBV in gastric cancer patients, and to clarify the relationship between EBV infection and gastric cancer.

Methods: A literature search was performed electronically using online databases for English language publications until July 1, 2019. The pooled EBV prevalence and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using a random-effects model. To determine the association between EBV and gastric cancer, pooled odds ratio (OR) and its 95% CI were computed for case-control studies. Two separate analyses were performed on data from case-control studies with matched and non-match pairs designs to calculate the pooled estimates of ORs.

Results: The pooled prevalence of EBV in 20,361 gastric cancer patients was 8.77% (95% CI: 7.73-9.92%; I = 83.2%). There were 20 studies with matched pairs design, including tumor and tumor-adjacent normal tissue pairs from 4116 gastric cancer patients. The pooled ORs were 18.56 (95% CI: 15.68-21.97; I = 55.4%) for studies with matched pairs design and 3.31 (95% CI: 0.95-11.54; I = 55.0%) for studies with non-matched pairs design. The proportion of EBV-associated gastric cancer among male cases was significantly higher than among female cases (10.83%, vs. 5.72%) (P < 0.0001). However, the pooled OR estimate for EBV-associated gastric cancer was significantly higher among females (21.47; 95% CI: 15.55-29.63; I = 0%) than in males (14.07; 95% CI: 10.46-18.93; I = 49.0%) (P = 0.06). EBV was more prevalent in the cardia (12.47%) and the body (11.68%) compared to the antrum (6.29%) (P = 0.0002).

Conclusions: EBV infection is associated with more than 18 times increase the risk of gastric cancer. Although the prevalence of EBV was higher in male patients than in female patients with gastric cancer, women are more likely than men to develop EBV-associated gastric cancer. Our findings showed that using tumor-adjacent normal tissues as the control group provides more robust and accurate results regarding the relationship between EBV infection and gastric cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-020-07013-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7268387PMC
June 2020

Metabolic host response and therapeutic approaches to influenza infection.

Cell Mol Biol Lett 2020 5;25:15. Epub 2020 Mar 5.

4Department of Virology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Based on available metabolomic studies, influenza infection affects a variety of cellular metabolic pathways to ensure an optimal environment for its replication and production of viral particles. Following infection, glucose uptake and aerobic glycolysis increase in infected cells continually, which results in higher glucose consumption. The pentose phosphate shunt, as another glucose-consuming pathway, is enhanced by influenza infection to help produce more nucleotides, especially ATP. Regarding lipid species, following infection, levels of triglycerides, phospholipids, and several lipid derivatives undergo perturbations, some of which are associated with inflammatory responses. Also, mitochondrial fatty acid β-oxidation decreases significantly simultaneously with an increase in biosynthesis of fatty acids and membrane lipids. Moreover, essential amino acids are demonstrated to decline in infected tissues due to the production of large amounts of viral and cellular proteins. Immune responses against influenza infection, on the other hand, could significantly affect metabolic pathways. Mainly, interferon (IFN) production following viral infection affects cell function via alteration in amino acid synthesis, membrane composition, and lipid metabolism. Understanding metabolic alterations required for influenza virus replication has revealed novel therapeutic methods based on targeted inhibition of these cellular metabolic pathways.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s11658-020-00211-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7059726PMC
November 2020

Correction to: Oncolytic paramyxoviruses-induced autophagy; a prudent weapon for cancer therapy.

J Biomed Sci 2019 Jul 17;26(1):54. Epub 2019 Jul 17.

Department of Virology, Pasteur Institute of Iran, P.O.Box: 1316943551, Tehran, Iran.

After publication of this article [1], it was brought to our attention that there are some errors in the section of 'Authors' contributions'.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12929-019-0548-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6636066PMC
July 2019

Oncolytic paramyxoviruses-induced autophagy; a prudent weapon for cancer therapy.

J Biomed Sci 2019 Jun 19;26(1):48. Epub 2019 Jun 19.

Department of Virology, Pasteur Institute of Iran, P.O.Box: 1316943551, Tehran, Iran.

Oncolytic virotherapy has currently emerged as a promising approach upon which scientists have been able to induce tumor-specific cell death in a broad spectrum of malignancies. Paramyxoviruses represent intrinsic oncolytic capability, which makes them excellent candidates to be widely used in oncolytic virotherapy. The mechanisms through which these viruses destroy the cancerous cells involve triggering the autophagic machinery and apoptosis in target cells. Interestingly, oncolytic paramyxoviruses have been found to induce autophagy and lead to tumor cells death rather than their survival. Indeed, the induction of autophagy has been revealed to enhance the immunogenicity of tumor cells via the release of damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) and the activation of autophagy-related immunogenic cell death (ICD). Subsequent cross-presentation of tumor-associated antigens (TAA) through the MHC-I complex to CD8+ T cells results in the productive priming of the tumor-specific immune response. In this review, we first briefly discuss autophagy and explain the process of viral xenophagy. Finally, we focus on the interactions between virus and autophagy proteins, elaborating on the global preclinical studies on oncolytic paramyxoviruses.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12929-019-0542-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6585078PMC
June 2019

Influenza vaccine: Where are we and where do we go?

Rev Med Virol 2019 01 8;29(1):e2014. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Virology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

The alarming rise of morbidity and mortality caused by influenza pandemics and epidemics has drawn attention worldwide since the last few decades. This life-threatening problem necessitates the development of a safe and effective vaccine to protect against incoming pandemics. The currently available flu vaccines rely on inactivated viral particles, M2e-based vaccine, live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) and virus like particle (VLP). While inactivated vaccines can only induce systemic humoral responses, LAIV and VLP vaccines stimulate both humoral and cellular immune responses. Yet, these vaccines have limited protection against newly emerging viral strains. These strains, however, can be targeted by universal vaccines consisting of conserved viral proteins such as M2e and capable of inducing cross-reactive immune response. The lack of viral genome in VLP and M2e-based vaccines addresses safety concern associated with existing attenuated vaccines. With the emergence of new recombinant viral strains each year, additional effort towards developing improved universal vaccine is warranted. Besides various types of vaccines, microRNA and exosome-based vaccines have been emerged as new types of influenza vaccines which are associated with new and effective properties. Hence, development of a new generation of vaccines could contribute to better treatment of influenza.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/rmv.2014DOI Listing
January 2019

Enhancement of monoclonal antibody production after single and combination treatment of the hybridoma cells with all-trans retinoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid: An in vitro and in vivo study.

Int Immunopharmacol 2018 Jun 24;59:295-300. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

Department of Immunology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Murine hybridoma cells can produce monoclonal antibody (MAb) and the production of these antibodies in culture and peritoneum can be affected by different factors, including stimulants, inhibitors and supplements. Among these factors, the impact of micronutrients on the production of MAbs by mouse hybridoma cells has not fully been explored. In this study the murine hybridoma cells, M3C5, were cultured and treated with different concentrations of ATRA and DHA, alone, in combinations, and at different time of exposure. Then, changes in the production of MAb in culture medium were evaluated using ELISA. The hybridoma cells after single and combined treatment with ATRA, DHA and vehicles were IP injected to Balb/c mice and the changes in production of MAb in ascites were determined by ELISA. The results showed that single and combined treatment of ATRA and DHA elevated the production of MAb by hybridoma cells in both in vivo and in vitro. The production of MAb following in vitro single treatment with 1 μM of ATRA and 10 μM of DHA for 2 days was significantly increased. The in vitro effects of ATRA on increase of MAb production was obtained more than DHA. The MAb productions in combined treatment with 0.5 μΜ of ATRA plus 5 μΜ of DHA were significantly increased in in vivo and in vitro. However, the effect of DHA was obtained more significant in in vivo conditions. The results of this study showed for the first time that in vitro and in vivo treatments of ATRA and DHA could increase the production of MAb in mouse M3C5 hybridoma cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2018.03.008DOI Listing
June 2018

The effect of 1, 25(OH)2 D3 (calcitriol) alone and in combination with all-trans retinoic acid on ROR-γt, IL-17, TGF-β, and FOXP3 gene expression in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.

Nutr Neurosci 2018 Apr 20;21(3):210-218. Epub 2016 Dec 20.

a Department of Cellular and Molecular Nutrition , School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , Iran.

Objectives: It has been shown that calcitriol and all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) have modulatory effects on the immune system. The present study investigates the synergistic effects of combination treatment of calcitriol and ATRA in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of multiple sclerosis (MS).

Methods: The mice were allocated to four preventive groups, each consisting of eight animals, ATRA (250 μg/mouse), calcitriol (100 ng/mouse), combination of ATRA and calcitriol (125  μg/mouse and 50 ng/mouse) and vehicle groups. EAE was induced by MOG35-55 peptide in female C57BL/6 mice. Treatments were initiated at day 1 before immunization and continued every other day throughout the study until the day 21 post-immunization. Splenocytes were isolated from EAE-induced mice and the expression of retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor gamma t (ROR-γt), Interleukin-17 (IL-17), transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β), and forkhead box P3 (FOXP3) genes was measured using real-time polymerase chain reaction.

Results: The expression of FOXP3 and TGF-β genes in the splenocytes of combination-treated and calcitriol alone-treated mice was significantly increased compared to vehicle group (P < 0.05). The expression of ROR-γt and IL-17 genes in the splenocytes of ATRA, calcitriol and combination- treated mice was significantly reduced compared to those of vehicle- treated mice (P < 0.05). The relative expression level of ROR-γt was significantly (P < 0.05) lower in the combination group than in the mice treated by ATRA or calcitriol alone.

Discussion: This study demonstrated that treatment with combination of calcitriol and ATRA can be considered as a new strategy for MS prevention and treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1028415X.2016.1263039DOI Listing
April 2018