Publications by authors named "Farangis Sadeghi"

4 Publications

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A cross-sectional multicenter linkage study of hospital admissions and mortality due to methanol poisoning in Iranian adults during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Sci Rep 2022 06 13;12(1):9741. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

A methanol poisoning outbreak occurred in Iran during the initial months of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. We aimed to evaluate the epidemiology of the outbreak in terms of hospitalizations and deaths. A cross-sectional linkage study was conducted based on the hospitalization data collected from thirteen referral toxicology centers throughout Iran as well as mortality data obtained from the Iranian Legal Medicine Organization (LMO). Patient data were extracted for all cases aged > 19 years with toxic alcohol poisoning during the study period from February until June 2020. A total of 795 patients were hospitalized due to methanol poisoning, of whom 84 died. Median [interquartile ratio; IQR] age was 32 [26, 40] years (range 19-91 years). Patients had generally ingested alcohol for recreational motives (653, 82.1%) while 3.1% (n = 25) had consumed alcohol-based hand sanitizers to prevent or cure COVID-19 infection. Age was significantly lower in survivors than in non-survivors (P < 0.001) and in patients without sequelae vs. with sequelae (P = 0.026). Twenty non-survivors presented with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score > 8, six of whom were completely alert on presentation to the emergency departments. The time from alcohol ingestion to hospital admission was not significantly different between provinces. In East Azerbaijan province, where hemodialysis was started within on average 60 min of admission, the rate of sequelae was 11.4% (compared to 19.6% average of other provinces)-equivalent to a reduction of the odds of sequelae by 2.1 times [95% CI 1.2, 3.7; p = 0.009]. Older patients were more prone to fatal outcome and sequelae, including visual disturbances. Early arrival at the hospital can facilitate timely diagnosis and treatment and may reduce long-term morbidity from methanol poisoning. Our data thus suggest the importance of raising public awareness of the risks and early symptoms of methanol intoxication.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-14007-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9189800PMC
June 2022

Organ Procurement From Poisoned Patients: A 14-Year Survey in 2 Academic Centers.

Exp Clin Transplant 2022 05 20;20(5):520-525. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

From the School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objectives: Organ transplant from poisoned donors is an issue that has received much attention, especially over the past decade. Unfortunately, there are still opponents to this issue who emphasize that toxins and drugs affect the body's organs and do not consider organs from poisoned donors appropriate for transplantation.

Materials And Methods: Cases of brain death due to poisoning were collected from 2 academic centers in Tehran, Iran during a period from 2006 to 2020. Donor information and recipient condition at 1 month and 12 months after transplant and the subsequent transplant success rates were investigated.

Results: From 102 poisoned donors, most were 30 to 40 years old (33.4%) and most were men (55.9%). The most common causes of poisoning among donors were opioids (28.4%). Six candidate donors had been referred with cardiorespiratory arrest; these patients had organs that were in suitable condition, and transplant was successful. Acute kidney injury was seen in 30 donors, with emergency dialysis performed in 23 cases. For 51% of donors, cardiopulmonary resuscitation was performed. The most donated organs were the liver (81.4%), left kidney (81.4%), and right kidney (80.4%). Survival rate of recipients at 1 month and 12 months was 92.5% and 91.4%, respectively. Graft rejection rate at 1 month and 12 months after transplant was 0.7% and 2.21%, respectively.

Conclusions: Organ donation from poisoning-related brain deaths is one of the best sources of organ supply for people in need. If the organ is in optimal condition before transplant, there are no exclusions for use of the graft.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.6002/ect.2021.0259DOI Listing
May 2022

Occupational Burnout and Its Related Factors Among Iranian Nurses: A Cross-Sectional Study in Shahroud, Northeast of Iran.

Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2019 Sep 25;7(17):2902-2907. Epub 2019 Aug 25.

Clinical Research Development Unit, Imam Hossein Hospital, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran.

Background: Good physical and mental health of employees is one of the major characteristics of a healthy organisation.

Aim: Due to the importance of occupational burnout and its potentially negative consequences, the aim of this study was to assess occupational burnout and its related factors among Iranian nurses.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 205 nurses who were working in two educational hospitals affiliated with Shahroud University of Medical Sciences were included. Forty-two of the nurses were male, and 163 were female (mean age: 31 years). Maslach Occupational Burnout Inventory, demographic and job characteristics questionnaires were completed for each nurse. Questionnaires were then collected, and data were analysed statistically by SPSS, version 22.

Results: In the assessment of occupational burnout, the highest level was observed in emotional exhaustion and then in personal performance. There was a significant difference between the frequency of nurses' emotional exhaustion domain in terms of gender (P < 0.05), so that, women suffered more from emotional exhaustion. There was a significant difference between the frequencies of nurses' performance in terms of marital status (P < 0.05) so that married people had more personal performance disorder.

Conclusion: The results of this study showed that nurses suffered from low occupational burnout. Female gender, sleeping disorders, awakening at night and employment in stressful wards such as the emergency ward was associated with a higher level of occupational burnout in nurses.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2019.744DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6901852PMC
September 2019

A 62-year-old Man with Acute Dizziness, Nausea and Vomiting.

Adv J Emerg Med 2019 19;3(4):e48. Epub 2019 Jul 19.

Student Research Committee, School of Medicine, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.22114/ajem.v0i0.193DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6789062PMC
July 2019
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