Publications by authors named "Fanny Viars"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Improving lipid mapping in Genome Scale Metabolic Networks using ontologies.

Metabolomics 2020 03 25;16(4):44. Epub 2020 Mar 25.

UMR1331, Toxalim (Research Centre in Food Toxicology), Université de Toulouse, INRAE, ENVT, INP-Purpan, UPS, 31300, Toulouse, France.

Introduction: To interpret metabolomic and lipidomic profiles, it is necessary to identify the metabolic reactions that connect the measured molecules. This can be achieved by putting them in the context of genome-scale metabolic network reconstructions. However, mapping experimentally measured molecules onto metabolic networks is challenging due to differences in identifiers and level of annotation between data and metabolic networks, especially for lipids.

Objectives: To help linking lipids from lipidomics datasets with lipids in metabolic networks, we developed a new matching method based on the ChEBI ontology. The implementation is freely available as a python library and in MetExplore webserver.

Methods: Our matching method is more flexible than an exact identifier-based correspondence since it allows establishing a link between molecules even if a different level of precision is provided in the dataset and in the metabolic network. For instance, it can associate a generic class of lipids present in the network with the molecular species detailed in the lipidomics dataset. This mapping is based on the computation of a distance between molecules in ChEBI ontology.

Results: We applied our method to a chemical library (968 lipids) and an experimental dataset (32 modulated lipids) and showed that using ontology-based mapping improves and facilitates the link with genome scale metabolic networks. Beyond network mapping, the results provide ways for improvements in terms of network curation and lipidomics data annotation.

Conclusion: This new method being generic, it can be applied to any metabolomics data and therefore improve our comprehension of metabolic modulations.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11306-020-01663-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7096385PMC
March 2020

Stable Isotope Labeling Highlights Enhanced Fatty Acid and Lipid Metabolism in Human Acute Myeloid Leukemia.

Int J Mol Sci 2018 Oct 25;19(11). Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Université de Toulouse, 31000 Toulouse, France.

: In Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML), a complete response to chemotherapy is usually obtained after conventional chemotherapy but overall patient survival is poor due to highly frequent relapses. As opposed to chronic myeloid leukemia, B lymphoma or multiple myeloma, AML is one of the rare malignant hemopathies the therapy of which has not significantly improved during the past 30 years despite intense research efforts. One promising approach is to determine metabolic dependencies in AML cells. Moreover, two key metabolic enzymes, isocitrate dehydrogenases (IDH1/2), are mutated in more than 15% of AML patient, reinforcing the interest in studying metabolic reprogramming, in particular in this subgroup of patients. : Using a multi-omics approach combining proteomics, lipidomics, and isotopic profiling of [U-C] glucose and [U-C] glutamine cultures with more classical biochemical analyses, we studied the impact of the IDH1 R132H mutation in AML cells on lipid biosynthesis. : Global proteomic and lipidomic approaches showed a dysregulation of lipid metabolism, especially an increase of phosphatidylinositol, sphingolipids (especially few species of ceramide, sphingosine, and sphinganine), free cholesterol and monounsaturated fatty acids in IDH1 mutant cells. Isotopic profiling of fatty acids revealed that higher lipid anabolism in IDH1 mutant cells corroborated with an increase in lipogenesis fluxes. : This integrative approach was efficient to gain insight into metabolism and dynamics of lipid species in leukemic cells. Therefore, we have determined that lipid anabolism is strongly reprogrammed in IDH1 mutant AML cells with a crucial dysregulation of fatty acid metabolism and fluxes, both being mediated by 2-HG (2-Hydroxyglutarate) production.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms19113325DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6274868PMC
October 2018

Septin-based readout of PI(4,5)P2 incorporation into membranes of giant unilamellar vesicles.

Cytoskeleton (Hoboken) 2019 01 6;76(1):92-103. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Laboratoire Physico Chimie Curie, Institut Curie, PSL Research University, Paris, France.

Septins constitute a novel class of cytoskeletal proteins. Budding yeast septins self-assemble into non-polar filaments bound to the inner plasma membrane through specific interactions with l-α-phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PI(4,5)P2). Biomimetic in vitro assays using giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs) are relevant tools to dissect and reveal insights in proteins-lipids interactions, membrane mechanics and curvature sensitivity. GUVs doped with PI(4,5)P2 are challenging to prepare. This report is dedicated to optimize the incorporation of PI(4,5)P2 lipids into GUVs by probing the proteins-PI(4,5)P2 GUVs interactions. We show that the interaction between budding yeast septins and PI(4,5)P2 is more specific than using usual reporters (phospholipase Cδ1). Septins have thus been chosen as reporters to probe the proper incorporation of PI(4,5)P2 into giant vesicles. We have shown that electro-formation on platinum wires is the most appropriate method to achieve an optimal septin-lipid interaction resulting from an optimal PI(4,5)P2 incorporation for which, we have optimized the growth conditions. Finally, we have shown that PI(4,5)P2 GUVs have to be used within a few hours after their preparation. Indeed, over time, PI(4,5)P2 is expelled from the GUV membrane and the PI(4,5)P2 concentration in the bilayer decreases.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cm.21480DOI Listing
January 2019

Profiling of phosphoinositide molecular species in human and mouse platelets identifies new species increasing following stimulation.

Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Biol Lipids 2018 09 12;1863(9):1121-1131. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

INSERM U1048, I2MC, Université Paul Sabatier, 31432 Toulouse, France; CHU de Toulouse, Laboratoire d'Hématologie, 31059 Toulouse Cedex 03, France. Electronic address:

Phosphoinositides are bioactive lipids essential in the regulation of cell signaling as well as cytoskeleton and membrane dynamics. Their metabolism is highly active in blood platelets where they play a critical role during activation, at least through two well identified pathways involving phospholipase C and phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3K). Here, using a sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method recently developed, we monitored for the first time the profiling of phosphatidylinositol (PI), PIP, PIP and PIP molecular species (fatty-acyl profiles) in human and mouse platelets during the course of stimulation by thrombin and collagen-related peptide. Furthermore, using class IA PI3K p110α or p110β deficient mouse platelets and a pharmacological inhibitor, we show the crucial role of p110β and the more subtle role of p110α in the production of PIP molecular species following stimulation. This comprehensive platelet phosphoinositides profiling provides important resources for future studies and reveals new information on phosphoinositides biology, similarities and differences in mouse and human platelets and unexpected dramatic increase in low-abundance molecular species of PIP during stimulation, opening new perspectives in phosphoinositide signaling in platelets.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbalip.2018.06.009DOI Listing
September 2018

Insights into the role of hepatocyte PPARα activity in response to fasting.

Mol Cell Endocrinol 2018 08 31;471:75-88. Epub 2017 Jul 31.

Institut National de La Recherche Agronomique (INRA), UMR1331 ToxAlim, Toulouse, France; Institut National de La Santé et de La Recherche Médicale (INSERM), UMR1048, Institute of Metabolic and Cardiovascular Diseases, Toulouse, France. Electronic address:

The liver plays a central role in the regulation of fatty acid metabolism. Hepatocytes are highly sensitive to nutrients and hormones that drive extensive transcriptional responses. Nuclear hormone receptors are key transcription factors involved in this process. Among these factors, PPARα is a critical regulator of hepatic lipid catabolism during fasting. This study aimed to analyse the wide array of hepatic PPARα-dependent transcriptional responses during fasting. We compared gene expression in male mice with a hepatocyte specific deletion of PPARα and their wild-type littermates in the fed (ad libitum) and 24-h fasted states. Liver samples were acquired, and transcriptome and lipidome analyses were performed. Our data extended and confirmed the critical role of hepatocyte PPARα as a central for regulator of gene expression during starvation. Interestingly, we identified novel PPARα-sensitive genes, including Cxcl-10, Rab30, and Krt23. We also found that liver phospholipid remodelling was a novel fasting-sensitive pathway regulated by PPARα. These results may contribute to investigations on transcriptional control in hepatic physiology and underscore the clinical relevance of drugs that target PPARα in liver pathologies, such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mce.2017.07.035DOI Listing
August 2018

Apelin modulates pathological remodeling of lymphatic endothelium after myocardial infarction.

JCI Insight 2017 Jun 15;2(12). Epub 2017 Jun 15.

I2MC INSERM UMR 1048, Toulouse Cedex, France.

Lymphatic endothelium serves as a barrier to control fluid balance and immune cell trafficking to maintain tissue homeostasis. Long-term alteration of lymphatic vasculature promotes edema and fibrosis, which is an aggravating factor in the onset of cardiovascular diseases such as myocardial infarction. Apelin is a bioactive peptide that plays a central role in angiogenesis and cardiac contractility. Despite an established role of apelin in lymphangiogenesis, little is known about its function in the cardiac lymphatic endothelium. Here, we show that apelin and its receptor APJ were exclusively expressed on newly formed lymphatic vasculature in a pathological model of myocardial infarction. Using an apelin-knockout mouse model, we identified morphological and functional defects in lymphatic vasculature associated with a proinflammatory status. Surprisingly, apelin deficiency increased the expression of lymphangiogenic growth factors VEGF-C and VEGF-D and exacerbated lymphangiogenesis after myocardial infarction. Conversely, the overexpression of apelin in ischemic heart was sufficient to restore a functional lymphatic vasculature and to reduce matrix remodeling and inflammation. In vitro, the expression of apelin prevented the alteration of cellular junctions in lymphatic endothelial cells induced by hypoxia. In addition, we demonstrated that apelin controls the secretion of the lipid mediator sphingosine-1-phosphate in lymphatic endothelial cells by regulating the level of expression of sphingosine kinase 2 and the transporter SPNS2. Taken together, our results show that apelin plays a key role in lymphatic vessel maturation and stability in pathological settings. Thus, apelin may represent a novel candidate to prevent pathological lymphatic remodeling in diseases.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1172/jci.insight.93887DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5470877PMC
June 2017

Regiocontrolled syntheses of FAHFAs and LC-MS/MS differentiation of regioisomers.

Org Biomol Chem 2016 Oct 6;14(38):9012-20. Epub 2016 Sep 6.

Institut des Biomolécules Max Mousseron (IBMM), UMR 5247, CNRS, Université Montpellier, ENSCM, Faculté de Pharmacie, 15 av. Charles Flahault, 34093 Montpellier Cedex 5, France.

An efficient regiospecific total synthesis of several branched fatty acyl hydroxyl-fatty acids (FAHFA) has been achieved from available terminal alkenes and alkynes. The key steps feature a boron trifluoride mediated epoxide ring opening with acetylide carbanions, followed by hydrogenation of the alkyne function. The carboxylic acid of the hydroxylated chains is introduced at the last step of the synthesis to allow the esterification of the branched hydroxyl group by fatty acids beforehand. The chemical syntheses of a "linear" FAHFA and a branched FAHFA analog containing a Z-olefin in the hydroxyl-fatty acid chain are also reported. A LC-MS/MS method has been developed. Several reversed phase columns were compared. Regioisomers were separated.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c6ob01597bDOI Listing
October 2016
-->