Publications by authors named "Falko Dahm"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Incidence of lateral femoral cutaneous nerve lesions after direct anterior approach primary total hip arthroplasty - a literature review.

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2021 May 4:102956. Epub 2021 May 4.

II. Orthopedic Department, Orthopedic Hospital Speising, Speisinger Str. 109, 1130 Vienna, Austria; Michael Ogon Laboratory for Orthopedic Research, Orthopedic Hospital Speising, Speisinger Str. 109, 1130 Vienna, Austria.

Introduction: Lesions of the lateral cutaneous femoral nerve are a reported complication of the direct anterior approach (DAA) for total hip arthroplasty (THA). Little is known about the incidence rates of this lesion. The goal of this study was to answer the following questions: (1) Is the true incidence rate of LFCN lesions after DAA THA known? (2) What are the reasons for the wide range of reported incidence rates in the literature? (3) Are surgeons increasingly aware of the significance of LFCN lesions?

Methods: A US Medical Library of Medicine database search was performed for DAA THA. In total, 1261 search results were screened for reported LFCN lesions.

Results: Forty-five studies were included reporting LFCN lesions rates of 0-83%. Subgroup analysis for studies with (group A, 6 studies, n=1113 cases) and without (group B, 39 studies n=16,741) primary focus on the LFCN lesions was performed. Incidence in group A ranged from 14.8-81% (mean 31%) and 0-83% (mean 3.8%) in group B. The difference between the groups was significant (p=0.005). No uniform and time sensitive definition of postoperative LFCN lesions was found in the literature. An analysis of the publication year and the discovered incidence rate showed an increase of incidence rates [r=0.521 (p<0.001, two-tailed)] over time.

Conclusion: Despite the absence of a uniform definition: LFCN lesions after DAA THA are a frequent and, in the past, often underestimated complication.

Level Of Evidence: IV; systematic review of level II to level IV studies.
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May 2021

The influence of sex and trauma impact on the rupture site of the ulnar collateral ligament of the thumb.

PLoS One 2017 24;12(7):e0181754. Epub 2017 Jul 24.

Medical University of Vienna, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Vienna, Austria.

Purpose And Hypothesis: Although sex- and gender-specific analyses have been gaining more attention during the last years they have rarely been performed in orthopaedic literature. The primary purpose of this study was to investigate whether for injuries of the UCL the specific location of the rupture is influenced by sex. A secondary study question addressed the sex-independent effect of trauma intensity on the rupture site of the UCL.

Methods: This study is a retrospective analysis of all patients with either a proximal or distal bony avulsion or with a mid-substance tear or ligament avulsion of the UCL treated surgically between 1992 and 2015 at two level-I trauma centres. Trauma mechanisms leading to the UCL injury were classified into the following categories: (1) blunt trauma (i.e., strains), (2) low-velocity injuries (e.g., fall from standing height, assaults), and (3) high-velocity injuries (e.g., sports injuries, motor vehicle accidents). After reviewing the surgical records, patients were divided into three groups, depending upon the ligament rupture site: (1) mid-substance tears, (2) proximal ligament or bony avulsions and (3) distal ligament or bony avulsions. Dependencies between the specific rupture site and the explanatory variables (sex, age, and trauma intensity) were evaluated using χ2 test and logistic regression analysis.

Results: In total, 1582 patients (1094 males, 488 females) met the inclusion criteria. Mean age was 41 years (range: 9-90 years). Taking into account the effects of sex on trauma intensity (p<0.001) and of trauma intensity on rupture site (p<0.001), mid-substance tears occurred more frequently in women, whereas men were more prone to distal ligament or bony avulsions (p<0.001). In other words, sex and rupture site correlated due to the effects of sex on trauma intensity and of trauma intensity on rupture site, but taking into account those effects there still was a significant effect of sex on rupture site.

Conclusions: The results of this study demonstrate that with regression analysis both sex and trauma intensity allow to predict rupture site in UCL injuries.
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September 2017