Publications by authors named "Faizal C Peedikayil"

12 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Evaluation of antifungal activity of six children's toothpaste on isolated from early childhood caries patients.

J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2020 Apr-Jun;38(2):152-157

Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Kannur Dental College, Kannur, Kerala, India.

Background: Early childhood caries (ECC) is an aggressive, destructive form of dental caries that affects the children younger than 6 years of age. Candida is known to increase the adherence of Streptococcus mutans to the oral biofilm and produce acids that cause tooth demineralization.

Aim Of The Study: To evaluate the efficacy of six commercially available children's toothpaste on clinical isolates of Candida albicans obtained from ECC patients.

Materials And Methods: The study population comprised 60 children aged 3-6 years having ECC. Samples were divided into six groups comprising ten children in each group. Samples were collected using sterile cotton swabs, inoculated on Sabouraud dextrose agar, and incubated at 37°C for 24 h. Species identification was done by germ tube test and growth on corn meal agar. After the confirmed growth of C. albicans, the six commercially available children's toothpaste namely Organic Children's Coconut Oil Toothpaste, Aloe Dent Children's Toothpaste, Patanjali Dant Kanti Junior Toothpaste, Colgate Kids Toothpaste, Pediflor Kids Toothpaste, and Crest Pro-Health Stages Kids Toothpaste and distilled water as control group were subjected for antifungal activity of C. albicans. Agar plates were incubated at 37°C for 48 h, and the diameter of the zones of inhibition was measured and recorded. Data were tabulated and statistical analysis was done using Statistical Package for the Social Science (16.0) version.

Results: Pediflor kids toothpaste® showed maximum antifungal activity and Aloe Dent children's toothpaste® showed minimum antifungal activity.

Conclusion: All brands of children's toothpaste show antifungal activity against Candida albicans.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JISPPD.JISPPD_3_20DOI Listing
July 2020

Comparative evaluation of three different toothpastes on remineralization potential of initial enamel lesions: A scanning electron microscopic study.

Indian J Dent Res 2020 Mar-Apr;31(2):217-223

Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Kannur Dental College, Kannur, Kerala, India.

Background: The early enamel lesions are reversible as it is a process involving mineral transactions between the teeth and saliva.

Aim: To evaluate the efficiency of three different tooth pastes on remineralization potential of initial enamel lesions using Vickers Micro hardness Test and Scanning electron microscopy.

Materials And Methods: Artificial carious lesions were prepared in human enamel with demineralizing solution. The treatment agents included were Colgate sensitive plus toothpaste, Regenerate enamel science™ toothpaste, BioRepair toothpaste and control as Deionized water. All the samples were subjected to treatment solutions as per the pH cycling model for 12 days to simulate the daily oral environment's acid challenge. The remineralization parameters-surface hardness and surface roughness of enamel blocks were evaluated with Vickers indenter and Scanning electron microscope respectively. Statistical Analysis: ANOVA test was used to check mean differences between the groups. Post hoc analysis was done using Tukey's post hoc test. SEM images were graded according to Bonetti et al grading criteria.

Results: As per statistical analysis, maximum remineralization of enamel blocks occurred after applying Colgate Sensitive Plus tooth paste followed by BioRepair tooth paste and Regenerate enamel Science™ toothpaste. Least remineralization potential was shown by control group.

Conclusion: Colgate sensitive plus tooth paste with Pro Argin™ formula can be regarded as a potential remineralising agent. It can be concluded as a noninvasive means of managing early enamel carious lesions.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_745_18DOI Listing
May 2020

Antimicrobial efficacy of medium chain fatty acids as root canal irrigants: An in vitro study.

J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2019 Jul-Sep;37(3):258-264

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, PSM College of Dental Science and Research, Thrissur, Kerala, India.

Background: Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans are the microbes that are most resistant to elimination by disinfecting agents and are the causative agents for reinfection of the root canal treated teeth. Medium chain fatty acids (MCFAs), which are the main components of coconut oil, are proven antimicrobial agents. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate their antimicrobial efficacy against E. faecalis and C. albicans.

Methodology: Ninety extracted single-rooted mandibular premolar teeth were decoronated, biomechanically prepared, autoclaved, and divided into three groups (n = 30): Group A (inoculated with E. faecalis), Group B (inoculated with C. albicans), and Group C (control group). Each group was again subdivided into three groups (n = 10) and irrigated with lauric acid (LA), decanoic acid (DA), and octanoic acid, respectively, for 5 min. Paper point samples were taken from canal walls and transferred into Brain Heart Infusion broth and potato dextrose broth and placed in an incubator at 37°C. The appearance of tubidity was checked at 24, 48, 72, and 96 h using direct contact test. The data were then statistically analyzed using the analysis of variance and Tukey honestly significant difference post hoc tests.

Results: Among the three MCFAs, LA showed the maximum inhibitory against E. faecalis at 24 h and the inhibitory activity decreased considerably at 48, 72, and 96 h. DA was the most effective against C. albicans with a maximum inhibition at 48 h. DA also showed significant substantivity at 72 and 96 h.

Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, it can be concluded that MCFAs show promising antimicrobial efficacy against E. faecalis and C. albicans.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JISPPD.JISPPD_63_19DOI Listing
November 2019

Comparison of species isolated from children with and without early childhood caries: A descriptive cross-sectional study.

J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2017 Oct-Dec;35(4):296-300

Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Kannur Dental College, Kannur, Kerala, India.

Background: Early childhood caries (ECC) is characterized by the presence of one or more decayed, missing (due to caries), or filled teeth surfaces in any primary tooth, in a child below 6 years of age. Although ECC is primarily associated with high levels of maternal Streptococcus mutans, there has been an increased interest in finding the relationship between oral fungal flora and dental caries.

Objective: The aim of the study is to identify and characterize the Candida species and to compare the candidal isolates in children with ECC and without ECC.

Materials And Methods: The study was conducted on children below 6 years of age, who were categorized into ECC and non-ECC groups of fifty children each. Samples were collected using sterile cotton swabs and were inoculated on Sabouraud's Dextrose Agar and incubated at 37°C for 24 h. Candidal colonies were isolated, species identified and virulence factors tested for both ECC and non-ECC groups.

Results: The candidal carriage among the ECC children was found to be 84%, which was significantly higher than the non-ECC group of 24%. Candida albicans and non-albicans Candida (NAC) were isolated in both ECC and non-ECC groups. Phospholipase production was significantly high in ECC group whereas hemolysin production and germ tube formation showed no significant difference between the two groups.

Conclusion: A significant correlation was found between the presence of Candida and ECC. NAC also plays an important role in the development of ECC. The virulence factors such as phospholipase may be responsible for the pathogenicity of Candida in the development of ECC.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JISPPD.JISPPD_160_17DOI Listing
June 2018

Awareness of Dental Trauma Management among School Teachers of Kannur, Kerala, India.

J Clin Diagn Res 2017 Feb 1;11(2):ZC08-ZC12. Epub 2017 Feb 1.

Senior Lecturer, Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Kannur Dental College , Anjarakandy, Kannur, Kerala, India .

Introduction: Dental trauma can overtake dental caries and periodontal disease as the most significant threat to dental health among young people. The prognosis of traumatized teeth depends on prompt and appropriate treatment. The role of school teachers in the prevention of traumatic dental injuries is a topic that has received a great deal of attention in recent years. However, studies conducted in different regions of the world have demonstrated that teachers and other lay people's knowledge about traumatic dental injuries is inadequate and their behavior does not contribute to reduce the sequelae.

Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the knowledge of school teachers about dental trauma and its management in Kannur district.

Materials And Methods: The survey was conducted under the Department of Paedodontics and Preventive Dentistry; Kannur Dental College among 303 school teachers randomly selected from 16 schools. Four schools were selected from 16 schools using stratified cluster sampling technique. A cross sectional study design was used. A stratified cluster sampling method was done to select the study subjects. The nature and purpose of the study was first explained to the teachers in local language. Following this the printed questionnaire was distributed to school teachers. The questionnaire was prepared based on the needs of the study after referring similar questionnaires used in studies conducted in different parts of the world.

Results: A statistically significant association was found between the teacher's knowledge regarding trauma and their teaching experience. Out of the total school teachers who participated in the study, 90.1% responded correctly that the teeth most frequently affected by traumatic accidents are the upper front teeth. Nearly 23.4% responded correctly regarding management of traumatic tooth fracture. Almost 46.5% had correct knowledge regarding the reimplantation of avulsed permanent teeth. Only 14.2% responded correctly to the proper storage medium for avulsed teeth.

Conclusion: It was concluded from the study that among the school teachers surveyed there was significantly very low knowledge of emergency management of dental trauma.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2017/19308.9252DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5376819PMC
February 2017

Comparison of antibacterial efficacy of coconut oil and chlorhexidine on : An study.

J Int Soc Prev Community Dent 2016 Sep-Oct;6(5):447-452. Epub 2016 Oct 24.

Department of Microbiology, Kannur Medical College, Anjarakandy, Kannur, Kerala, India.

Aims: is the most common organism causing dental caries. Various chemotherapeutic agents are available that help in treating the bacteria, with each having their own merits and demerits. Recent research has shown that coconut oil has anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial action. Therefore, the present was conducted to determine the antibacterial efficacy of coconut oil and to compare it with chlorhexidine.

Materials And Methods: A total of fifty female children aged 8-12 years were included in the study. Twenty five children were randomly distributed to each group, i.e., the study group (coconut oil) and the control group (chlorhexidine). The participants were asked to routinely perform oil swishing with coconut oil and chlorhexidine and rinse every day in the morning after brushing for 2-3 minutes. in saliva and plaque were determined using a chairside method, i.e., the Dentocult SM Strip Mutans test. Patients were instructed to continue oil swishing for 30 days. . counts in plaque and saliva on day 1, day 15, and day 30 were recorded and the results were compared using Wilcoxon matched pairs signed ranks test.

Results: The results showed that there is a statistically significant decrease in . count from coconut oil as well as chlorhexidine group from baseline to 30 days. The study also showed that in comparison of coconut oil and chlorhexidine there is no statistically significant change regarding the antibacterial efficacy.

Conclusion: Coconut oil is as effective as chlorhexidine in the reduction of .
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2231-0762.192934DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5109859PMC
October 2016

A Cross-sectional Study of the Prevalence of Dental Caries among 12- to 15-year-old Overweight Schoolchildren.

J Contemp Dent Pract 2016 Sep 1;17(9):750-754. Epub 2016 Sep 1.

Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, AIKharj, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: Overweight and obesity are growing health-related problems worldwide, and it is currently the most prevalent nutritional disorder among children and adolescents. The objective of this study was to assess the association between overweight and dental caries among 12- to 15-year-old schoolchildren in Mangaluru district, Karnataka, India.

Materials And Methods: Data were obtained from 2000 school-going children aged 12 to 15 years. The children were categorized as overweight and normal-weight group by assessing the body mass index (BMI). Body mass index was categorized using the classification system given by the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) and obtained in units of kg/m. The dental caries was assessed by detection and was performed according to decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index.

Results: Of the 2000 children examined, the mean BMI recorded was 26.87 ± 2.26 for the overweight children and 20.82 ± 1.48 for the normal-weight children. Even though the DMFT (3.90 ± 2.95) in the overweight children was slightly higher than the control group (3.36 ± 2.73), it was not statistically significant.

Conclusion: Within the confines of the present study, it can be concluded that there is no significant association between overweight and dental caries among the schoolchildren of Mangaluru district in Karnataka. Longitudinal studies are necessary to substantiate the possible relationships between dental caries and overweight in children. Knowledge of these relationships could lead to preventive health measures designed to reduce the prevalence of both obesity and dental caries.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5005/jp-journals-10024-1924DOI Listing
September 2016

Comparison of Antimicrobial Activity of Chlorhexidine, Coconut Oil, Probiotics, and Ketoconazole on Candida albicans Isolated in Children with Early Childhood Caries: An In Vitro Study.

Scientifica (Cairo) 2016 14;2016:7061587. Epub 2016 Mar 14.

Department of Pedodontics, Kannur Dental College, Kerala 670612, India.

Background. Early childhood caries (ECC) is associated with early colonisation and high levels of cariogenic microorganisms. With C. albicans being one of those, there is a need to determine the effectiveness of various chemotherapeutic agents against it. The study is aimed at isolating Candida species in children with ECC and at studying the antifungal effect of coconut oil, probiotics, Lactobacillus, and 0.2% chlorhexidine on C. albicans in comparison with ketoconazole. Materials and Methods. Samples were collected using sterile cotton swabs, swabbed on the tooth surfaces from children with ECC of 3 to 6 yrs and streaked on Sabouraud dextrose agar (HI Media) plates and incubated in a 5% CO2 enriched atmosphere at 37°C for 24 hours. Candida was isolated and its susceptibility to probiotics, chlorhexidine, ketoconazole, and coconut oil was determined using Disc Diffusion method. Results. The mean zone of inhibition for chlorhexidine was 21.8 mm, whereas for coconut oil it was 16.8 mm, for probiotics it was 13.5 mm, and for ketoconazole it was 22.3 mm. The difference between the groups was not statistically significant (Chi-square value 7.42, P value 0.06). Conclusion. Chlorhexidine and coconut oil have shown significant antifungal activity which is comparable with ketoconazole.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7061587DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4808662PMC
April 2016

Effect of coconut oil in plaque related gingivitis - A preliminary report.

Niger Med J 2015 Mar-Apr;56(2):143-7

Department of Periodontics, Kannur Dental College, Kannur, Kerala, India.

Background: Oil pulling or oil swishing therapy is a traditional procedure in which the practitioners rinse or swish oil in their mouth. It is supposed to cure oral and systemic diseases but the evidence is minimal. Oil pulling with sesame oil and sunflower oil was found to reduce plaque related gingivitis. Coconut oil is an easily available edible oil. It is unique because it contains predominantly medium chain fatty acids of which 45-50 percent is lauric acid. Lauric acid has proven anti inflammatory and antimicrobial effects. No studies have been done on the benefits of oil pulling using coconut oil to date. So a pilot study was planned to assess the effect of coconut oil pulling on plaque induced gingivitis.

Materials And Methods: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of coconut oil pulling/oil swishing on plaque formation and plaque induced gingivitis. A prospective interventional study was carried out. 60 age matched adolescent boys and girls in the age-group of 16-18 years with plaque induced gingivitis were included in the study and oil pulling was included in their oral hygiene routine. The study period was 30 days. Plaque and gingival indices of the subjects were assessed at baseline days 1,7,15 and 30. The data was analyzed using paired t test.

Results: A statistically significant decrease in the plaque and gingival indices was noticed from day 7 and the scores continued to decrease during the period of study.

Conclusion: Oil pulling using coconut oil could be an effective adjuvant procedure in decreasing plaque formation and plaque induced gingivitis.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0300-1652.153406DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4382606PMC
April 2015

Endodontic Treatment of a Mandibular Second Premolar with Type IV Wiene's Root Canal: A Case Report.

Case Rep Dent 2014 3;2014:731467. Epub 2014 Mar 3.

Department of Pedodontics, Kannur Dental College, Anjarakandy, Kannur, Kerala 670612, India.

This case report describes an endodontic treatment of a mandibular second premolar with type IV root canal. A 26-year-old male patient reported pain in right mandibular second premolar. Clinical examination showed a large carious lesion with pulp exposure. Radiographs showed minimal periapical changes and slight widening of periodontal ligament space. Mandibular second premolars usually have one canal. The mandibular second premolar may present large number of anatomic variations. The clinician should be aware of the configuration of the pulp system. This case presents the diagnosis and clinical management of a mandibular second premolar with two distinct canals in the apical third of root (Type IV Wiene's canal configuration), drawing particular attention to tactile examination of all the canal walls and obturating it with calamus 3D obturation system.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/731467DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3970044PMC
April 2014

Trismus pseudocamptodactyly syndrome: a sporadic cause of trismus.

Case Rep Dent 2013 12;2013:187571. Epub 2013 Sep 12.

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Kannur Dental College, Anjarakkandy, Kannur, Kerala 670612, India.

Trismus pseudocamptodactyly syndrome is a very rare autosomal dominant inherited disorder characterized by the inability to completely open the mouth (trismus) and the presence of abnormally short tendon units causing the fingers to curve (camptodactyly). Early diagnosis and management of this condition is important to prevent facial deformities in the patient. Reporting such a case is important as case reports are one of the sources of data for calculating the prevalence of rare diseases. Here, we report a case of trismus pseudocamptodactyly syndrome in an eight-year-old boy with a brief review of the literature.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/187571DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3787647PMC
October 2013

An update on local anesthesia for pediatric dental patients.

Anesth Essays Res 2013 Jan-Apr;7(1):4-9

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Kannur Dental College, Kannur, Kerala State, India.

Pain control is an important part of dentistry, particularly in the management of children. Behavior guidance, and dose and technique of administration of the local anesthetic are important considerations in the successful treatment of a pediatric patient. The purpose of the present review is to discuss the relevant data on topics involved, and on the current methods available in the administration of local anesthesia used for pediatric dental patients.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0259-1162.113977DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4173488PMC
April 2015