Publications by authors named "Fahimeh Hadi"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Magneto-plasmonic nanoparticle mediated thermo-radiotherapy significantly affects the nonlinear optical properties of treated cancer cells.

Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2020 Jun 21;30:101785. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Medical Physics Department, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS), Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

In order to determine the level of cell damage in cancerous cells, current cytogenetic tests have limitations such as time consumption and high cost. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the ability of nonlinear refractive (NLR) index as a predictor of breast cell damage caused by magneto-plasmonic nanoparticle based thermo-radiotherapy treatments. MCF-7 breast cancer cells were subjected individually to the treatment of radiation, radio-frequency (RF) hyperthermia, and radiation + RF hyperthermia. These treatments were repeated in the presence of magneto-plasmonic nanoparticle (Au@IONP). The MTT and nonlinear optical assays were used to evaluate the damage induced by different treatment modalities. The results of MTT were correlated with Z-scan, as the magnitude of nonlinear refraction increased with higher intensity of induced cell damages. In this regard, the lowest cell viability (38 %,) and highest magnitude of NLR index (+28.12) were obtained from combination of radiation (at 4 Gy dose) and hyperthermia treatment in the presence of nanoparticles. The proposed optical index (NLR) indicated high capability and can be used as an auxiliary tool to monitor induced cell damage during different treatment strategies. This technique is fast, noninvasive, does not impose cost, and finally does not waste materials.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pdpdt.2020.101785DOI Listing
June 2020

Combinatorial effects of radiofrequency hyperthermia and radiotherapy in the presence of magneto-plasmonic nanoparticles on MCF-7 breast cancer cells.

J Cell Physiol 2019 11 14;234(11):20028-20035. Epub 2019 Apr 14.

Radiation Biology Research Center, Iran University of Medical Science (IUMS), Tehran, Iran.

Here, the effects of combinatorial cancer therapy including radiotherapy (RT) and radiofrequency (RF) hyperthermia in the presence of gold-coated iron oxide nanoparticles (Au@IONPs), as a thermo-radio-sensitizer, are reported. The level of cell death and the ratio of Bax/Bcl2 genes, involved in the pathway of apoptosis, were measured to evaluate the synergistic effect of Au@IONPs-mediated RF hyperthermia and RT. MCF-7 human breast adenocarcinoma cells were treated with different concentrations of Au@IONPs. After incubation with NPs, the cells were exposed to RF waves (13.56 MHz; 100 W; 15 min). At the same time, thermometry was performed with an infrared (IR) camera. Then, the cells were exposed to 6 MV X-ray at various doses of 2 and 4 Gy. MTT (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-y1]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay was performed to evaluate cell viability and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to determine the expression ratio of Bax/Bcl2. Cellular uptake of nanoparticles was confirmed qualitatively and quantitatively. The results obtained from MTT assay and qRT-PCR studies showed that NPs and RF hyperthermia had no significant effect when applied separately, while their combination had synergistic effects on cell viability percentage and the level of apoptosis induction. A synergistic effect was also observed when the cancer cells were treated with a combination of NPs, RF hyperthermia, and RT. On the basis of the obtained results, it may be concluded that the use of magneto-plasmonic NPs in the process of hyperthermia and RT of cancer holds a great promise to develop a new combinatorial cancer therapy strategy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcp.28599DOI Listing
November 2019