Publications by authors named "Fahimeh Abdollahi"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Which Environmental Factor Is Correlated with Long-Term Multiple Sclerosis Incidence Trends: Ultraviolet B Radiation or Geomagnetic Disturbances?

Mult Scler Int 2017 24;2017:4960386. Epub 2017 Oct 24.

Department of Internal Medicine, Sayyad Shirazi Hospital, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.

Background: Insufficient received ultraviolet B radiation (UV) is regarded as the main environmental risk factor (RF) for MS in vitamin D deficiency hypothesis. Nevertheless, geomagnetic disturbance (GMD) has also been proposed as a potential trigger for MS in GMD hypothesis. The aim of this study was to investigate which of these mentioned RF is correlated with long-term ultradecadal MS incidence.

Methods: After a systematic search, long-term incidence reports of the United Kingdom (UK), Denmark, Tayside County, Nordland County, the Orkney, and Shetland Islands were selected for this retrospective time-series study. Possible lead-lag relationships between MS incidence, GMD, and UV were evaluated by cross-correlation analysis.

Results: Significant positive correlations between GMD and MS incidence were seen in Tayside County (at lag of 2 years: = 0.38), Denmark (peak correlation at lag of 2 years: = 0.53), and UK (at lag of 1 year: = 0.50). We found a positive correlation between received UV and MS incidences in the Nordland at lag of 1 year ( = 0.49).

Conclusion: This study found significant positive correlations between alterations in GMD with alterations in long-term MS incidence in three out of six studied locations and supports the GMD hypothesis. The observed significant correlation between MS and UV is positive; hence it is not supportive for UV related vitamin D deficiency hypothesis.
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October 2017

Geomagnetic disturbance: A new field in multiple sclerosis research.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2016 Dec 15;151:142. Epub 2016 Oct 15.

Department of Internal Medicine, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.

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December 2016

Correlation of multiple sclerosis (MS) incidence trends with solar and geomagnetic indices: Time to revise the method of reporting MS epidemiological data.

Iran J Neurol 2014 Apr;13(2):64-9

Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Golestan Hospital, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Background: Recently, we introduced solar related geomagnetic disturbances (GMD) as a potential environmental risk factor for multiple sclerosis (MS). The aim of this study was to test probable correlation between solar activities and GMD with long-term variations of MS incidence.

Methods: After a systematic review, we studied the association betwee n alterations in the solar wind velocity (VSW) and planetary A index (AP, a GMD index) with MS incidence in Tehran and western Greece, during the 23(rd) solar cycle (1996-2008), by an ecological-correlational study.

Results: We found moderate to strong correlations among MS incidence of Tehran with VSW (rS = 0.665, P = 0.013), with 1 year delay, and also with AP (rS = 0.864, P = 0.001) with 2 year delay. There were very strong correlations among MS incidence data of Greece with VSW (r = 0.906, P < 0.001) and with AP (r = 0.844, P = 0.001), both with 1 year lag.

Conclusion: It is the first time that a hypothesis has introduced an environmental factor that may describe MS incidence alterations; however, it should be reminded that correlation does not mean necessarily the existence of a causal relationship. Important message of these findings for researchers is to provide MS incidence reports with higher resolution for consecutive years, based on the time of disease onset and relapses, not just the time of diagnosis. Then, it would be possible to further investigate the validity of GMD hypothesis or any other probable environmental risk factors.
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April 2014

The effect of lithium in post-stroke motor recovery: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial.

Clin Neuropharmacol 2014 May-Jun;37(3):73-8

Departments of *Neurology and †Internal Medicine, Golestan Hospital, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Objective: Evidences from cultured cells and animal models of ischemia suggest that lithium has neuroprotective and neurotrophic effects and may play a desirable role in reducing infarct volume and even improving the brain insults from stroke. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of lithium in early motor recovery of patients after ischemic stroke.

Methods: Eighty patients with first ever stroke, allocated randomly in lithium, 300 mg twice daily, or placebo. Treatment was initiated 48 hours after stroke and continued for 30 days. Modified National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (mNIHSS) and hand subsection of Fugl-Meyer Assessment (hFMA) were used to evaluate impairment on the fifth and 30th day of treatment.

Results: Sixty-six subjects (32 subjects in the lithium group and 34 subjects in the placebo group) completed the study. There were no significant differences in the improvement in mNIHSS (P=0.40) and hFMA (P=0.07) after 30 days. However, a subgroup analysis showed that patients with cortical strokes in the lithium group had significantly better improvement in both mNIHSS and hFMA in comparison to the placebo group (P=0.003). Approximately 44% (n=14) of patients in the lithium group, mainly from the cortical stroke subgroup, regained more than 25% of full function based on hFMA, whereas this rate in the placebo group was 14.7% (n=5; P=0.009).

Conclusion: The observed discrete difference between the lithium group and the placebo group in the cortical stroke subgroup may suggest an enhanced motor recovery after stroke by using an early treatment with a low dose of lithium carbonate. However, a larger trial with more patients with cortical stroke is needed to investigate this effect better.
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December 2014

Geomagnetic disturbances may be environmental risk factor for multiple sclerosis: an ecological study of 111 locations in 24 countries.

BMC Neurol 2012 Sep 24;12:100. Epub 2012 Sep 24.

Neurology Department, Golestan Hospital, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Background: We noticed that a hypothesis based on the effect of geomagnetic disturbances (GMD) has the ability to explain special features of multiple sclerosis (MS). Areas around geomagnetic 60 degree latitude (GM60L) experience the greatest amount of GMD. The easiest way to evaluate our hypothesis was to test the association of MS prevalence (MSP) with angular distance to geomagnetic 60 degree latitude (AMAG60) and compare it with the known association of MS with geographical latitude (GL). We did the same with angular distance to geographic 60 degree latitude (AGRAPH60) as a control.

Methods: English written papers with MSP keywords, done in Europe (EUR), North America (NA) or Australasia (AUS) were retrieved from the PubMed. Geomagnetic coordinates were determined for each location and AMAG60 was calculated as absolute value of numerical difference between its geomagnetic latitude from GM60L. By an ecological study with using meta-regression analyses, the relationship of MSP with GL, AMAG60 and AGRAPH60 were evaluated separately. MSP data were weighted by square root of number of prevalent cases. Models were compared by their adjusted R square (AR2) and standard error of estimate (SEE).

Results: 111 MSP data were entered in the study. In each continent, AMAG60 had the best correlation with MSP, the largest AR2 (0.47, 0.42 and 0.84 for EUR, NA and AUS, respectively) and the least SEE. Merging both hemispheres data, AMAG60 explained 56% of MSP variations with the least SEE (R = 0.75, AR2 = 0.56, SEE = 57), while GL explained 17% (R = 0.41, AR2 = 0.17, SEE = 78.5) and AGRAPH60 explained 12% of that variations with the highest SEE (R = 0.35, AR2 = 0.12, SEE = 80.5).

Conclusions: Our results confirmed that AMAG60 is the best describer of MSP variations and has the strongest association with MSP distribution. They clarified that the well-known latitudinal gradient of MSP may be actually a gradient related to GM60L. Moreover, the location of GM60L can elucidate why MSP has parabolic and linear gradient in the north and south hemisphere, respectively. This preliminary evaluation supported that GMD can be the mysterious environmental risk factor for MS. We believe that this hypothesis deserves to be considered for further validation studies.
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September 2012

Zonisamide versus topiramate in migraine prophylaxis: a double-blind randomized clinical trial.

Clin Neuropharmacol 2011 Jul-Aug;34(4):174-7

Department of Neurology, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Background: Topiramate is an antiepileptic drug that has been approved for migraine prophylaxis. Despite appropriate efficacy for migraine prophylaxis, some patients cannot tolerate its adverse effects. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of zonisamide, another antiepileptic drug, with topiramate in decreasing the frequency and severity of migraine attacks to determine whether it could be used as an alternative for noncompliant patients to topiramate.

Methods: Eighty patients, recruited from referred migraineurs to our neurology clinic, who met the diagnosis and inclusion criteria were allocated randomly to group A (50-mg/d zonisamide, gradually titrated up to 200 mg/d) and group B (25-mg/d topiramate, gradually titrated up to 100 mg/d). Each patient was followed for 12 weeks and was assessed at entrance, in the fourth week and twelfth week for frequency of attacks, headache severity, need for acute medication, migraine disability assessment score, and adverse effects. A P < 0.05 was considered as the level of significant difference in all tests.

Results: Both drugs caused a significant decrease in frequency, severity, need for acute medication in migraine attacks, and migraine disability assessment score (P < 0.05). Except headache severity that was reduced significantly better by zonisamide (P < 0.008), there were no significant difference between the 2 groups in other items. Except for 2 cases of intolerable paresthesia, both drugs were tolerated well during the study.

Conclusion: Our results indicated that zonisamide is as effective as topiramate in migraine prophylaxis and can be considered as an alternative treatment when topiramate is not tolerated well.
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December 2011