Publications by authors named "Fahad F Mansouri"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Prevalence of Bacterial Meningitis Among Febrile Infants Aged 29-60 Days With Positive Urinalysis Results: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 May 3;4(5):e214544. Epub 2021 May 3.

Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, British Columbia Children's Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Importance: Fever in the first months of life remains one of the most common pediatric problems. Urinary tract infections are the most frequent serious bacterial infections in this population. All published guidelines and quality initiatives for febrile young infants recommend lumbar puncture (LP) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) testing on the basis of a positive urinalysis result to exclude bacterial meningitis as a cause. For well infants older than 28 days with an abnormal urinalysis result, LP remains controversial.

Objective: To assess the prevalence of bacterial meningitis among febrile infants 29 to 60 days of age with a positive urinalysis result to evaluate whether LP is routinely required.

Data Sources: MEDLINE and Embase were searched for articles published from January 1, 2000, to July 25, 2018, with deliberate limitation to recent studies. Before analysis, the search was repeated (October 6, 2019) to ensure that new studies were included.

Study Selection: Studies that reported on healthy, full-term, well-appearing febrile infants 29 to 60 days of age for whom patient-level data could be ascertained for urinalysis results and meningitis status were included.

Data Extraction And Synthesis: Data were extracted in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines and used the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale to assess bias. Pooled prevalences and odds ratios (ORs) were estimated using random-effect models.

Main Outcomes And Measures: The primary outcome was the prevalence of culture-proven bacterial meningitis among infants with positive urinalysis results. The secondary outcome was the prevalence of bacterial meningitis, defined by CSF testing or suggestive history at clinical follow-up.

Results: The parent search yielded 3227 records; 48 studies were included (17 distinct data sets of 25 374 infants). The prevalence of culture-proven meningitis was 0.44% (95% CI, 0.25%-0.78%) among 2703 infants with positive urinalysis results compared with 0.50% (95% CI, 0.33%-0.76%) among 10 032 infants with negative urinalysis results (OR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.39-1.38). The prevalence of bacterial meningitis was 0.25% (95% CI, 0.14%-0.45%) among 4737 infants with meningitis status ascertained by CSF testing or clinical follow-up and 0.28% (95% CI, 0.21%-0.36%) among 20 637 infants with positive and negative urinalysis results (OR, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.48-1.68).

Conclusions And Relevance: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, the prevalence of bacterial meningitis in well-appearing febrile infants 29 to 60 days of age with positive urinalysis results ranged from 0.25% to 0.44% and was not higher than that in infants with negative urinalysis results. These results suggest that for these infants, the decision to use LP should not be guided by urinalysis results alone.
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May 2021

Glial fibrillary acidic protein as a biomarker for brain injury in neonatal CHD.

Cardiol Young 2016 Oct 20;26(7):1282-9. Epub 2016 Jan 20.

2Department of Pediatrics,Division of Pediatric Cardiology,Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine,Baltimore,Maryland,United States of America.

Neonates with critical CHD have evidence, by imaging, of preoperative brain injury, although the timing is unknown. We used circulating postnatal serum glial fibrillary acidic protein as a measure of acute perinatal brain injury in neonates with CHD. Glial fibrillary acidic protein was measured on admission and daily for the first 4 days of life in case and control groups; we included two control groups in this study - non-brain-injured newborns and brain-injured newborns. Comparisons were performed using the Kruskal-Wallis test with Dunn's multiple comparisons, Student's t-test, and χ2 test of independence where appropriate. In aggregate, there were no significant differences in overall glial fibrillary acidic protein levels between CHD patients (n=56) and negative controls (n=23) at any time point. By day 4 of life, 7/56 (12.5%) CHD versus 0/23 (0%) normal controls had detectable glial fibrillary acidic protein levels. Although not statistically significant, the 5/10 (50%) left heart obstruction group versus 1/17 (6%) conoventricular, 0/13 (0%) right heart, and 1/6 (17%) septal defect patients trended towards elevated levels of glial fibrillary acidic protein at day 4 of life. Overall, glial fibrillary acidic protein reflected no evidence for significant peripartum brain injury in neonates with CHD, but there was a trend for elevation by postnatal day 4 in neonates with left heart obstruction. This pilot study suggests that methods such as monitoring glial fibrillary acidic protein levels may provide new tools to optimise preoperative care and neuroprotection in high-risk neonates with specific types of CHD.
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October 2016