Publications by authors named "Fabienne Volot"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Efficacy and safety of a recombinant Von Willebrand Factor treatment in patients with inherited Von Willebrand Disease requiring surgical procedures.

Haemophilia 2021 Mar 6;27(2):270-276. Epub 2021 Feb 6.

Department of Haemostasis, Versailles Hospital, Versailles, France.

Introduction: Von Willebrand Disease is a common inherited haemorrhagic disorder due to a deficiency of Von Willebrand Factor (VWF). In case of surgical procedures in patients who are not responsive or have contraindications to desmopressin, replacement therapy with VWF concentrates is indicated. Until recently, only plasma-derived VWF concentrates were available. A new recombinant VWF (rVWF) concentrate that contains no Factor VIII (FVIII) but a high amount of high molecular weight VWF multimers has been available in France since 2018.

Aim: Describe real-world experience of using rVWF in surgical procedures.

Methods: Sixty-three surgeries for 55 patients were retrospectively analysed in 7 French haemostasis centres.

Results: During minor surgeries, the median (range) number of infusions was 1 (1-8) with a preoperative loading dose of 35 (19-56) rVWF IU/kg and a total median dose of 37.5 IU (12-288). During major surgeries, the median (range) number of infusions was only 3 (1-14) with a median preoperative loading dose of 36 IU (12-51) rVWF IU/kg, and a total median dose of 108 IU (22-340) rVWF IU/kg. The overall clinical efficacy was qualified as excellent/good in 61 of the procedures (97%), moderate in 1 (1.5%) and poor in 1 (1.5%). There was no accumulation of VWF or FVIII during postoperative monitoring. No thromboembolic events, anti-VWF antibodies or adverse events were reported.

Conclusion: This French 'real-world' experience shows that a few infusions and low doses of rVWF provided effective prevention of bleeding in major and minor surgeries in inherited VWD, with no clinically significant safety concerns.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
March 2021

Gastrointestinal bleeding from angiodysplasia in von Willebrand disease: Improved diagnosis and outcome prediction using videocapsule on top of conventional endoscopy.

J Thromb Haemost 2021 02 29;19(2):380-386. Epub 2020 Nov 29.

Department of Hematology and Transfusion, CHU Lille, Institut d'Hématologie Transfusion, Lille, France.

Background: Despite a high prevalence of angiodysplasia, no specific guidelines are available for the modalities of endoscopic exploration of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding in von Willebrand disease (VWD). Whether VWD patients could benefit from video capsule endoscopy (VCE) looking for angiodysplasia eligible to endoscopic treatment or at high risk of bleeding is unknown.

Objectives: To assess the diagnostic efficacy for angiodysplasia and the prognostic value of VCE on top of conventional endoscopy in VWD patients with GI bleeding.

Patients/methods: A survey was sent to the 30 centers of the French-network on inherited bleeding disorders to identify VWD patients referred for endoscopic exploration of GI bleeding from January 2015 to December 2017. Data obtained included patient characteristics, VWD phenotype/genotype, GI bleeding pattern, results of endoscopic investigations, and medical management applied including endoscopic therapy. We assessed by Kaplan-Meier analysis the recurrence-free survival after the first GI bleeding event according to endoscopic categorization and, in patients with angiodysplasia, to the presence of small-bowel localizations on VCE exploration.

Results: GI bleeding source localization was significantly improved when including VCE exploration (P < .01), even in patients without history of angiodysplasia (P < .05). Patients with angiodysplasia had more GI bleeding recurrences (P < .01). A lower recurrence-free survival was observed in patients with angiodysplasia (log-rank test, P = .02), and especially when lesions were located in the small bowel (log-rank test, P < .01), even after endoscopic treatment with argon plasma coagulation (log-rank test, P < .01).

Conclusion: VCE should be more systematically used in VWD patients with unexplained or recurrent GI bleeding looking for angiodysplasia eligible to endoscopic treatment or at high risk of relapse.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
February 2021

Real Life Population Pharmacokinetics Modelling of Eight Factors VIII in Patients with Severe Haemophilia A: Is It Always Relevant to Switch to an Extended Half-Life?

Pharmaceutics 2020 Apr 21;12(4). Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Department of Medical Pharmacology, University Hospital of Reims, EA3801, SFR Cap-Santé, University of Reims, 51100 Reims, France.

We retrospectively analysed the data files of 171 adults and 87 children/adolescents with severe haemophilia, except for 14 patients (moderate; minor) (1), to develop a global population pharmacokinetic (PK) model for eight factors VIII (FVIII) that could estimate individual PK parameters for targeting the desired level of FVIII activity (FVIII:C); and (2) to compare half-life (HL) in patients switching from a standard half-life (SHL) to an extended half-life (EHL) and evaluate the relevance of the switch. One-stage clotting assay for the measurement of FVIII activity (FVIII:C, IU/mL) was used for population PK modelling. The software, Monolix version 2019R1, was used for non-linear mixed-effects modelling. A linear two-compartment model best described FVIII:C. The estimated PK parameters (between-subject variability) were: 2640 mL (23.2%) for volume of central compartment (V1), 339 mL (46.8%) for volume of peripheral compartment (V2), 135 mL/h for Q (fixed random effect), and 204 mL/h (34.9%) for clearance (Cl). Weight, age, and categorical covariate EHL were found to influence Cl and only weight for V1. This model can be used for all of the FVIII cited in the study. Moreover, we demonstrated, in accordance with previous studies, that Elocta had longer half-life (EHL) than SHL (mean ratio: 1.48) as compared to Advate, Factane, Kogenate, Novoeight, and Refacto.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
April 2020

Determinants of adherence and consequences of the transition from adolescence to adulthood among young people with severe haemophilia (TRANSHEMO): study protocol for a multicentric French national observational cross-sectional study.

BMJ Open 2018 07 25;8(7):e022409. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

Haemophilia Treatment Centre, Hospital Edouard Herriot, University Hospital of Lyon, Lyon, France.

Introduction: Severe haemophilia is a rare disease characterised by spontaneous bleeding from early childhood, which may lead to various complications, especially in joints. It is nowadays possible to avoid these complications thanks to substitutive therapies for which the issue of adherence is major. The transition from adolescence to adulthood in young people with severe haemophilia is a critical period as it is associated with a high risk of lack of adherence to healthcare, which might have serious consequences on daily activities and on quality of life.

Methods And Analysis: We present the protocol for a cross-sectional, observational, multicentric study to assess the differences between adolescents and young adults with severe haemophilia in France through the transition process, especially on adherence to healthcare. This study is based on a mixed methods design, with two complementary and consecutive phases, comparing data from a group of adolescents (aged 14-17 years) with those from a group of young adults (aged 20-29 years). The quantitative phase focuses on the determinants (medical, organisational, sociodemographic and social and psychosocial and behavioural factors) of adherence to healthcare (considered as a marker of the success of transition). The qualitative phase explores participants' views in more depth to explain and refine the results from the quantitative phase. Eligible patients are contacted by the various Haemophilia Treatment Centres participating in the French national registry FranceCoag.

Ethics And Dissemination: The study was approved by the French Ethics Committee and by the French National Agency for Medicines and Health Products Safety (number: 2016-A01034-47). Study findings will be disseminated to the scientific and medical community in peer-reviewed journals and presented at scientific meetings. Results will be popularised to be communicated via the French association for people with haemophilia to participants and to the general public.

Trial Registration Number: NCT02866526; Pre-results.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
July 2018

A national French noninterventional study to assess the long-term safety and efficacy of reformulated nonacog alfa.

Transfusion 2017 04 24;57(4):1066-1071. Epub 2017 Mar 24.

Pfizer France SAS, Paris, France.

Background: Nonacog alfa, the recombinant Factor IX (F IX) used for the treatment of hemophilia B, was approved in Europe in 1998. A reformulated version was approved for European use in 2007.

Study Design And Methods: This postmarketing study, as recommended by the risk management plan, was conducted to confirm the safety of reformulated nonacog alfa in a usual care setting in France. This open-label, noninterventional, prospective, longitudinal postmarketing study comprised 19 French hemophilia centers. Patients with hemophilia B receiving reformulated nonacog alfa for prophylaxis or on-demand treatment were followed up on usual care schedule.

Results: A total of 58 subjects were enrolled, of whom 29 (50%) were less than 18 years of age. Hemophilia was severe (baseline F IX activity < 1%) in 47 (81%) patients. All subjects except one were already treated with reformulated nonacog alfa before enrollment. One subject was receiving reformulated nonacog alfa as immune tolerance induction at time of enrollment. At enrollment, treatment regimen was mainly prophylactic in subjects less than 18 years and on-demand in subjects 18 years or older. Median duration of follow-up in the survey was 3.3 (2.3-3.8) years. The median annualized bleeding rate was 3.9 (1.5-5.2) for prophylaxis regimen and 12.2 (3.9-22.1) for on-demand regimen. One subject, a previously untreated patient, developed F IX inhibitors during follow-up. No allergic reaction, no blood cell agglutination, no lack of efficacy or recovery, and no thrombotic events were reported.

Conclusion: Reformulated nonacog alfa was shown to be safe in a usual care setting.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
April 2017

Performance of two new automated assays for measuring von Willebrand activity: HemosIL AcuStar and Innovance.

Thromb Haemost 2014 Oct 7;112(4):825-30. Epub 2014 Aug 7.

Dr. Marc Trossaërt, Centre Régional de Traitement de l'Hémophilie, 1 Place Alexis RICORDEAU, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, 44093 Nantes Cedex 1, France, Tel.: +33 2 40 08 74 68, Fax: +33 2 40 08 42 59, E-mail:

The ristocetin cofactor activity assay (VWF:RCo) is the reference method for assessing von Willebrand factor (VWF) activity but remains difficult to perform, and the coefficient of variation of the method is high (about 20-30%). This study evaluated and compared the performance for measuring the VWF activity of two newly commercialised assays [VWF:Ac Innovance (VWF:Ac) and VWF:RCo Acustar (VWF:RCo Acu)] with the reference VWF:RCo aggregation in 123 pathological plasma samples. The correlation and concordance between both new tests (VWF:RCo-Acu and VWF:Ac) and the reference VWF:RCo were good. The results of the VWF activity to VWF antigen ratio were also comparable whatever the method for the classification of VWF deficiency in all patients. Our results showed that both new tests could replace the "gold standard" VWF:RCo in aggregometry with several benefits: they are fully automated, easier and faster to perform, better adapted to emergency situations if necessary.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
October 2014