Publications by authors named "Fabien Fauvel"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Clinical evaluation of the efficacy of materials used for primary reconstruction of orbital floor defects: Meta-analysis.

Head Neck 2021 Feb 4;43(2):679-690. Epub 2020 Nov 4.

Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Nantes University Hospital, Nantes Cedex 1, France.

Background: The aim of this network meta-analysis (NMA) was to compare the clinical results obtained after primary reconstruction of orbital floor fractures (OFF) using different materials.

Methods: PubMed, Cochrane, and Google Scholar databases were screened from 1989 to 2019. For a study to be eligible, it had to evaluate two or more materials and report the following clinical parameters: diplopia and/or enophthalmos and/or other complications.

Results: Nine studies involving 946 patients presenting with an OFF were included. After the surgical procedure, 105 patients (11%) had diplopia, while 43 patients (4.5%) suffered from enophthalmos. The NMA revealed that less postoperative diplopia and enophthalmos were obtained either by using polydioxanone (PDS), or a polymer of l-lactic acid and dl-lactic acid (P[L/DL]LA), or porous polyethylene, or titanium mesh compared with the use of autologous bone grafts.

Conclusion: P(L/DL)LA and PDS seem to be the best options for small and intermediate defects, whereas the association of porous polyethylene and titanium should be preferred for larger defects.
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February 2021

European Maxillofacial Trauma (EURMAT) in children: a multicenter and prospective study.

Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2015 May 24;119(5):499-504. Epub 2014 Dec 24.

Department of Maxillofacial surgery, Stomatology Clinic, Tartu University, Tartu, Estonia.

Objective: The aim of this study is to present and discuss the results of a European multicentre prospective study about pediatric maxillofacial trauma epidemiology during a year.

Study Design: The following data were recorded: gender, age, etiology, site of fracture, date of injury. Of the 3396 patients with maxillofacial fractures admitted within the study period, 114 (3.3%) were children aged 15 years and younger, with a male/female ratio of 2.6:1. Mean age was 10.9 years. Most patients (63%) were aged 11-15 years.

Results: The most frequent cause of injury was fall (36 patients). Sport injuries and assaults were almost limited to the oldest group, whereas falls were more uniformly distributed in the 3 groups. The most frequently observed fracture involved the mandible with 47 fractures. In particular, 18 condylar fractures were recorded, followed by 12 body fractures.

Conclusions: Falls can be acknowledged as the most important cause of facial trauma during the first years of life. The high incidence of sport accidents after 10 years may be a reason to increase the use of mouthguards and other protective equipment. Finally, the mandible (and in particular the condyle) was confirmed as the most frequent fracture site.
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May 2015