Publications by authors named "F G Mileo"

6 Publications

Management of factor XI deficiency in oncological liver and colorectal surgery by therapeutic plasma exchange: A case report.

Transfus Apher Sci 2021 May 31:103176. Epub 2021 May 31.

Transfusion Medicine Deparment, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Introduction: Factor XI (FXI) deficiency is a rare congenital hemostatic disorder associated with increased bleeding tendency in trauma, surgery or when other hemostatic defects are present. Perioperative hemostatic management of a patient with a severe FXI deficiency undergoing major oncological liver and colorectal surgery with therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) with fresh frozen plasma (FFP) is reported.

Case Description: A 54-year-old male with severe FXI deficiency was scheduled for resection of synchronous rectal cancer and multiple liver metastases. Baseline prothrombin time (PT) was 97 %, activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) 89 s(s) and FXI levels <1 IU/dL. The rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM™) presented a prolonged INTEM clotting time (CT) = 443 s (RV 100-240 s) and a clot formation time (CFT) = 110 s (RV 30-100 s). TPE with FFP was carried out achieving FXI levels up to 46 IU/dL and an aPTT of 33 s, normalizing thromboelastometry parameters to an INTEM CT = 152 s and a CFT = 86 s before the procedure. After surgery, the patient received daily FFP to maintain FXI levels above 30 IU/dL until discharge on the eighth day. A total of 30 FFP units were transfused during hospital stay. No significant bleeding events neither transfusion related complications were observed during the perioperative period.

Conclusion: Given the lack of correlation between FXI levels and bleeding risk, a multidisciplinary approach based on daily FXI levels monitoring, close clinical assessment and factor supplementation is mandatory. In conclusion, TPE with FFP is an efficacious alternative strategy to correct severe FXI deficiency in patients undergoing major surgery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transci.2021.103176DOI Listing
May 2021

Physicians' perceptions regarding acute bleeding management: an international mixed qualitative quantitative study.

BMC Anesthesiol 2021 02 10;21(1):43. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Institute of Anesthesiology, University of Zurich and University Hospital Zurich, Raemistrasse 100, 8091, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Acute bleeding is an omnipresent challenge for all physicians. Uncontrolled hemorrhage is the most common preventable cause of death after trauma worldwide. In different surgical disciplines, hemorrhage represents an independent risk factor for increased postoperative morbimortality, directly affecting patients' outcomes. This study asked anesthesiologists about their personal perceived challenges when treating bleeding patients.

Methods: This investigator-initiated, prospective, international, dual-center, mixed qualitative and quantitative study interrogated anesthesiologists about what they found easy and what difficult in treating acutely bleeding patients. Following the template approach for qualitative research, we identified major and minor topics through free inductive coding and word count. In a second step, we derived ten statements from the participants' answers. Using a field survey, we then asked the participants to rate their level of agreement with the derived statements. We analyzed the answers using one sample Wilcoxon test and the Mann-Whitney test.

Results: We included a total of 84 physicians in the qualitative interrogations and a different group of 42 anesthesiologists in the quantitative part. We identified 11 major topics and 19 associated subtopics. The main topics and the degree of agreement (here as agree or strongly agree) were as follows: "Complexity of the topic" (52.4% agreed to find the topic complex), "Cognitive aids" (92.9% agreed to find them helpful), "Time management" (64.3% agreed to feeling time pressure), "Human factors" (95.2% agreed that human factors are essential), "Resources" (95.2% agreed that resources are essential), "Experience" and "Low frequency of cases" (57.1% agreed to lack practice), "Diagnostic methods" (31.0% agreed that the interpretation of test results is difficult), "Anticoagulation" (85.7% agreed to it being difficult), "Treatment" (81.0% agreed to knowing the first therapeutic steps), and "Nothing".

Conclusions: Anesthesiologists in two large tertiary care facilities in different parts of the world found coagulation management, especially in anticoagulated patients, complex. We identified the delayed diagnostic test results and their interpretation as challenges. Resources, treatment protocols and human factors such as team communication were perceived to facilitate management. Future studies should explore the challenges in smaller hospitals and other parts of the world and test new technologies addressing the identified difficulties.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12871-021-01269-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7874660PMC
February 2021

Intraoperative Hemostatic Management of a Cardiohepatic Transplant With Rotational Thromboelastometry: A Case Report.

A A Pract 2020 Dec;14(14):e01358

From the Department of Anesthesia, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Cardiohepatic transplantation represents a double hemostatic challenge. Given the absence of specific guidelines and current evidence, we designed a 5-step approach based on rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM). A 60-year-old male patient with cirrhosis and myocarditis underwent a 9-hour transplantation. Bleeding occurred after weaning from extracorporeal circulation. Evidence of reduced clot strength triggered fibrinogen and platelet replacement therapy. During liver transplant, only hemoglobin optimization was necessary. In conclusion, hemostatic management protocols for cardiohepatic transplants should consider the specific coagulopathy mechanisms underlying each surgical phase. Because whole blood testing is essential for their diagnosis, we recommend using ROTEM for optimal coagulation management.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1213/XAA.0000000000001358DOI Listing
December 2020

The Haemostasis Traffic Light, a user-centred coagulation management tool for acute bleeding situations: a simulation-based randomised dual-centre trial.

Anaesthesia 2021 07 19;76(7):902-910. Epub 2020 Nov 19.

Institute of Anaesthesiology, University of Zurich and University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland.

The Haemostasis Traffic Light is a cognitive aid with a user-centred design to enhance and simplify situation awareness and decision-making during peri-operative bleeding. Its structure helps to prioritise therapeutic interventions according to the pathophysiology and the severity of the bleeding. This investigator-initiated, randomised, prospective, international, dual-centre study aimed to validate the Haemostasis Traffic Light by adapting it to the local coagulation protocols of two university hospitals. Between 9 January and 12 May 2020, we recruited 84 participants at the University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland, and the Italian Hospital of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Each centre included 21 resident and 21 staff anaesthetists. Participants were randomly allocated to either the text-based algorithm or the Haemostasis Traffic Light. All participants managed six bleeding scenarios using the same algorithm. In simulated bleeding scenarios, the design of the Haemostasis Traffic Light algorithm enabled more correctly solved cases, OR (95%CI) 7.23 (3.82-13.68), p < 0.001, and faster therapeutic decisions, HR (95%CI) 1.97 (1.18-3.29, p = 0.010). In addition, the tool improved therapeutic confidence, OR (95%CI) 4.31 (1.67-11.11, p = 0.003), and reduced perceived work-load coefficient (95%CI) -6.1 (-10.98 to -1.22), p = 0.020). This study provides empirical evidence for the importance of user-centred design in the development of haemostatic management protocols.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/anae.15314DOI Listing
July 2021

The haemostasis traffic light: a pragmatic tool for bleeding management.

Anaesthesia 2019 12;74(12):1623-1624

Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/anae.14874DOI Listing
December 2019
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