Publications by authors named "F Fend"

425 Publications

Breast carcinomas of low malignant potential.

Virchows Arch 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Mammography Screening Reference Centres Muenster and Berlin, Department of Surgical Pathology, Dietrich Bonhoeffer Medical Centre, Neubrandenburg, Germany.

Some breast carcinomas have a very low likelihood of metastasis to regional lymph nodes and distant sites and may be considered carcinomas of low malignant potential. In this article, we review the clinical, pathologic, immunophenotypic, and molecular features of selected breast carcinomas of low malignant potential including low-grade adenosquamous carcinoma, fibromatosis-like metaplastic carcinoma, encapsulated papillary carcinoma, solid papillary carcinoma, and tall cell carcinoma with reversed polarity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00428-021-03163-wDOI Listing
July 2021

[Organoids for the advancement of intraoperative diagnostic procedures].

Urologe A 2021 Jul 13. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Klinik für Urologie, Universitätsklinikum Tübingen, Hoppe-Seyler-Str. 3, 72076, Tübingen, Deutschland.

In the context of cancer surgery, there is always a trade-off between oncological safety and preservation of function. This is especially true in pelvic surgery due to the close relationship to the pelvic floor muscles, blood supply and nerves. Currently, risk models, preoperative imaging, the surgeon's assessment, and the intraoperative frozen section serve as the basis for decision-making. New imaging techniques and standardization in frozen section have significantly improved this in recent years. However, limitations remain due to time delays as well as more difficult correct anatomical assignment in the follow-up. Alternative intraoperative techniques may overcome this limitation in the future. Patient-derived organoids have emerged as an important new research vehicle in recent years. They are based on tumor stem cells that, under special culture conditions, form three-dimensional replicas of the original tissue. This makes them ideally suited for testing individual system therapies but also as a validation technique for new intraoperative diagnostic procedures. The Research Training Group 2543/I, which is funded by the German Research Foundation, is researching the potential of new diagnostic methods in an interdisciplinary team regarding validation in addition to intraoperative frozen sections.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00120-021-01595-5DOI Listing
July 2021

Next-Generation Sequencing-Based Clonality Assessment of Ig Gene Rearrangements: A Multicenter Validation Study by EuroClonality-NGS.

J Mol Diagn 2021 Jun 26. Epub 2021 Jun 26.

Department of Pathology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

Ig gene (IG) clonality analysis has an important role in the distinction of benign and malignant B-cell lymphoid proliferations and is mostly performed with the conventional EuroClonality/BIOMED-2 multiplex PCR protocol and GeneScan fragment size analysis. Recently, the EuroClonality-NGS Working Group developed a method for next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based IG clonality analysis. Herein, we report the results of an international multicenter biological validation of this novel method compared with the gold standard EuroClonality/BIOMED-2 protocol, based on 209 specimens of reactive and neoplastic lymphoproliferations. NGS-based IG clonality analysis showed a high interlaboratory concordance (99%) and high concordance with conventional clonality analysis (98%) for the molecular conclusion. Detailed analysis of the individual IGH and IGK targets showed that NGS-based clonality analysis was more often able to detect a clonal rearrangement or yield an interpretable result. NGS-based and conventional clonality analysis detected a clone in 96% and 95% of B-cell neoplasms, respectively, and all but one of the reactive cases were scored polyclonal. We conclude that NGS-based IG clonality analysis performs comparable to conventional clonality analysis. We provide critical parameters for interpretation and discuss a first step toward a quantitative scoring approach for NGS clonality results. Considering the advantages of NGS-based clonality analysis, including its high sensitivity and possibilities for accurate clonal comparison, this supports implementation in diagnostic practice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmoldx.2021.06.005DOI Listing
June 2021

Antibody-mediated procoagulant platelets in SARS-CoV-2- vaccination associated immune thrombotic thrombocytopenia.

Haematologica 2021 May 20. Epub 2021 May 20.

Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Tuebingen.

The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. To prevent severe infection, mass COVID-19 vaccination campaigns with several vaccine types are currently underway. We report pathological and immunological findings in 8 patients who developed vaccine-induced immune thrombotic thrombocytopenia (VITT) after administration of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine ChAdOx1 nCoV-19. We analyzed patient material using enzyme immune assays, flow cytometry and heparin-induced platelet aggregation assay and performed autopsies on two fatal cases. Eight patients (5 female, 3 male) with a median age of 41.5 years (range, 24 to 53) were referred to us with suspected thrombotic complications 6 to 20 days after ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccination. All patients had thrombocytopenia at admission. Patients had a median platelet count of 46.5 x109/L (range, 8 to 92). Three had a fatal outcome and 5 were successfully treated. Autopsies showed arterial and venous thromboses in various organs and the occlusion of glomerular capillaries by hyaline thrombi. Sera from VITT patients contain high titer antibodies against platelet factor 4 (PF4) (OD 2.59±0.64). PF4 antibodies in VITT patients induced significant increase in procoagulant markers (P-selectin and phosphatidylserine externalization) compared to healthy volunteers and healthy vaccinated volunteers. The generation of procoagulant platelets was PF4 and heparin dependent. We demonstrate the contribution of antibody-mediated platelet activation in the pathogenesis of VITT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3324/haematol.2021.279000DOI Listing
May 2021