Publications by authors named "Eynat Finkelshtein"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Integrase-derived peptides together with CD24-targeted lentiviral particles inhibit the growth of CD24 expressing cancer cells.

Oncogene 2021 Jun 6;40(22):3815-3825. Epub 2021 May 6.

Health Promotion Center and Integrated Cancer Prevention Center, Sourasky Medical Center, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

The integration of viral DNA into the host genome is mediated by viral integrase, resulting in the accumulation of double-strand breaks. Integrase-derived peptides (INS and INR) increase the number of integration events, leading to escalated genomic instability that induces apoptosis. CD24 is a surface protein expressed mostly in cancer cells and is very rarely found in normal cells. Here, we propose a novel targeted cancer therapeutic platform based on the lentiviral integrase, stimulated by integrase-derived peptides, that are specifically delivered to cancerous cells via CD24 antigen-antibody targeting. INS and INR were synthesized and humanized and anti-CD24 antibodies were fused to the lentivirus envelope. The activity, permeability, stability, solubility, and toxicity of these components were analyzed. Cell death was measured by fluorescent microscopy and enzymatic assays and potency were tested in vitro and in vivo. Lentivirus particles, containing non-functional DNA led to massive cell death (40-70%). Raltegravir, an antiretroviral drug, inhibited the induction of apoptosis. In vivo, single and repeated administrations of INS/INR were well tolerated without any adverse effects. Tumor development in nude mice was significantly inhibited (by 50%) as compared to the vehicle arm. In summary, a novel and generic therapeutic platform for selective cancer cell eradication with excellent efficacy and safety are presented.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41388-021-01779-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8175240PMC
June 2021

Production of Osteoclasts for Studying Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase Signaling.

Methods Mol Biol 2016 ;1447:283-300

Department of Molecular Genetics, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, 76100, Israel.

Osteoclasts, specialized cells that degrade bone, are key components of the cellular system that regulates and maintains bone homeostasis. Aberrant function of osteoclasts can lead to pathological loss or gain of bone mass, such as in osteopetrosis, osteoporosis, and several types of cancer that metastasize to bone. Phosphorylation of osteoclast proteins on tyrosine residues is critical for formation of osteoclasts and for their proper function and responses to physiological signals. Here we describe preparation and growth of osteoclasts from bone marrow of mice, use of viral vectors to downregulate expression of endogenous proteins and to express exogenous proteins in osteoclasts, and analysis of signaling processes triggered by M-CSF, estrogen, and physical contact with matrix in these cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-3746-2_16DOI Listing
January 2018

Adaptor protein GRB2 promotes Src tyrosine kinase activation and podosomal organization by protein-tyrosine phosphatase ϵ in osteoclasts.

J Biol Chem 2014 Dec 7;289(52):36048-58. Epub 2014 Nov 7.

From the Department of Molecular Genetics, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel,

The non-receptor isoform of protein-tyrosine phosphatase ϵ (cyt-PTPe) supports adhesion of bone-resorbing osteoclasts by activating Src downstream of integrins. Loss of cyt-PTPe reduces Src activity in osteoclasts, reduces resorption of mineralized matrix both in vivo and in cell culture, and induces mild osteopetrosis in young female PTPe KO mice. Activation of Src by cyt-PTPe is dependent upon this phosphatase undergoing phosphorylation at its C-terminal Tyr-638 by partially active Src. To understand how cyt-PTPe activates Src, we screened 73 Src homology 2 (SH2) domains for binding to Tyr(P)-638 of cyt-PTPe. The SH2 domain of GRB2 bound Tyr(P)-638 of cyt-PTPe most prominently, whereas the Src SH2 domain did not bind at all, suggesting that GRB2 may link PTPe with downstream molecules. Further studies indicated that GRB2 is required for activation of Src by cyt-PTPe in osteoclast-like cells (OCLs) in culture. Overexpression of GRB2 in OCLs increased activating phosphorylation of Src at Tyr-416 and of cyt-PTPe at Tyr-638; opposite results were obtained when GRB2 expression was reduced by shRNA or by gene inactivation. Phosphorylation of cyt-PTPe at Tyr-683 and its association with GRB2 are integrin-driven processes in OCLs, and cyt-PTPe undergoes autodephosphorylation at Tyr-683, thus limiting Src activation by integrins. Reduced GRB2 expression also reduced the ability of bone marrow precursors to differentiate into OCLs and reduced the fraction of OCLs in which podosomal adhesion structures assume organization typical of active, resorbing cells. We conclude that GRB2 physically links cyt-PTPe with Src and enables cyt-PTPe to activate Src downstream of activated integrins in OCLs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M114.603548DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4276870PMC
December 2014

Protein tyrosine phosphatases ε and α perform nonredundant roles in osteoclasts.

Mol Biol Cell 2014 Jun 2;25(11):1808-18. Epub 2014 Apr 2.

Department of Molecular Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel

Female mice lacking protein tyrosine phosphatase ε (PTP ε) are mildly osteopetrotic. Osteoclasts from these mice resorb bone matrix poorly, and the structure, stability, and cellular organization of their podosomal adhesion structures are abnormal. Here we compare the role of PTP ε with that of the closely related PTP α in osteoclasts. We show that bone mass and bone production and resorption, as well as production, structure, function, and podosome organization of osteoclasts, are unchanged in mice lacking PTP α. The varying effects of either PTP on podosome organization in osteoclasts are caused by their distinct N-termini. Osteoclasts express the receptor-type PTP α (RPTPa), which is absent from podosomes, and the nonreceptor form of PTP ε (cyt-PTPe), which is present in these structures. The presence of the unique 12 N-terminal residues of cyt-PTPe is essential for podosome regulation; attaching this sequence to the catalytic domains of PTP α enables them to function in osteoclasts. Serine 2 within this sequence regulates cyt-PTPe activity and its effects on podosomes. We conclude that PTPs α and ε play distinct roles in osteoclasts and that the N-terminus of cyt-PTPe, in particular serine 2, is critical for its function in these cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1091/mbc.E14-03-0788DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4038506PMC
June 2014

Protein tyrosine phosphatase epsilon regulates integrin-mediated podosome stability in osteoclasts by activating Src.

Mol Biol Cell 2009 Oct 19;20(20):4324-34. Epub 2009 Aug 19.

Department of Molecular Genetics, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel.

The nonreceptor isoform of tyrosine phosphatase epsilon (cyt-PTPe) supports osteoclast adhesion and activity in vivo, leading to increased bone mass in female mice lacking PTPe (EKO mice). The structure and organization of the podosomal adhesion structures of EKO osteoclasts are abnormal; the molecular mechanism behind this is unknown. We show here that EKO podosomes are disorganized, unusually stable, and reorganize poorly in response to physical contact. Phosphorylation and activities of Src, Pyk2, and Rac are decreased and Rho activity is increased in EKO osteoclasts, suggesting that integrin signaling is defective in these cells. Integrin activation regulates cyt-PTPe by inducing Src-dependent phosphorylation of cyt-PTPe at Y638. This phosphorylation event is crucial because wild-type-but not Y638F-cyt-PTPe binds and further activates Src and restores normal stability to podosomes in EKO osteoclasts. Increasing Src activity or inhibiting Rho or its downstream effector Rho kinase in EKO osteoclasts rescues their podosomal stability phenotype, indicating that cyt-PTPe affects podosome stability by functioning upstream of these molecules. We conclude that cyt-PTPe participates in a feedback loop that ensures proper Src activation downstream of integrins, thus linking integrin signaling with Src activation and accurate organization and stability of podosomes in osteoclasts.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1091/mbc.e08-11-1158DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2762143PMC
October 2009
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