Publications by authors named "Ewa Nożyńska"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Thyroid nodules with indeterminate cytopathology: a constant challenge in everyday practice. The effectiveness of clinical decisions using diagnostic tools available in Poland.

Pol Arch Intern Med 2021 Oct 11. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

Introduction: A crucial issue in the management of thyroid nodules is to estimate, as accurately as possible, the malignancy risk in thyroid lesions. The key tool for risk stratification is fine needle aspiration biopsy. Unfortunately, approximately 20 % of biopsy results are indeterminate. The malignancy risk assigned to these categories does not allow unequivocal further management.

Objectives: We aimed to assess the malignancy risk in indeterminate thyroid nodules in the Polish population, and to analyze the effectiveness of clinical decisions after an indeterminate cytological diagnosis in Polish clinical practice.

Patients And Methods: The retrospective analysis included 222 indeterminate thyroid nodules in 222 patients. The ultrasound features were assessed from scans preceding a thyroid biopsy. Cytology results were classified according to the Bethesda system. The nature of the thyroid nodule was determined on the basis of a histopathological analysis or follow up.

Results: The analyzed cohort included 82 lesions in Bethesda category III, 75 in Bethesda category IV and 65 in Bethesda category V. The malignancy risk, estimated on the basis of histological verification and surveillance was 6.7% for Bethesda III, 11.3% for Bethesda IV and 70.3%for Bethesda V category. An ultrasound pattern was not effective enough for refining the malignancy risk after obtaining an indeterminate cytopathology result. In the case of surgery, postoperative hypoparathyroidism was significantly more frequent following more extensive surgical procedures.

Conclusions: Majority of Polish patients with thyroid nodules assigned to cytological categories Bethesda III and IV is overtreated using diagnostic tools currently available in Poland.
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October 2021

The association of tumor lymphocyte infiltration with clinicopathological factors and survival in breast cancer.

Pol J Pathol 2017;68(1):26-32

Recent studies have confirmed the role of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in carcinogenesis and cancer progression. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the level of tumor lymphocyte infiltration and well-known clinicopathological factors in breast cancer patients. We also evaluated the influence of TILs on overall survival. Paraffin sections were retrospectively evaluated in 76 cases in early stage breast cancer patients who underwent surgery followed by systemic treatment. Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes were classified as absent (grade 0), mild (grade 1), moderate (grade 2), or severe (grade 3). Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes were found in 87% of patients (severe grade in 8% of them). Higher grade (grades 2-3) TILs were present more frequently in younger patients (under 65 years) than older women (47% vs. 24%; p = 0.099). Higher grades of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (grades 2-3) appear to be associated with clinicopathological factors such as negative steroid receptor status (p = 0.001), HER2 overexpression (p = 0.016) and higher histological grade (G3) (p = 0.095). Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes were not a significant prognostic factor for overall survival in our group. Only HER2 overexpression significantly increases the risk of death (HR = 4.3, p = 0.020). In the subgroup of patients who had tumors with HER2 overexpression there was non-significantly worse OS independently of TIL grade (p = 0.086).
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July 2017