Publications by authors named "Evren Karaali"

15 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Evaluation of the relationship between stiffness and thickness of the sciatic nerve and clinical outcomes after total hip arthroplasty: A prospective casecontrolled study.

Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2021 Dec;55(6):500-507

Clinic of Orthopaedic and Traumatology, Ortopedia Hospital, Adana, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was to conduct a sonographic assessment of sciatic nerve thickness and stiffness following total hip arthroplasty (THA) and to determine the relationship between sonographic characteristics of the sciatic nerve and clinical outcomes.

Methods: This prospective study included patients undergoing primary cementless THA due to hip osteoarthritis between January 2018 and January 2019 in a tertiary-level hospital. The thickness, strain elastography, strain ratio (SR), and shear wave elastography (SWE) of the sciatic nerve were measured. The clinical outcome measures included leg lengthening (LL), leg length discrepancy (LLD), Oxford Hip Score (OHS), Visual Analog Scale (VAS) at rest, VAS during activity, and the Leeds Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs Evaluation (LANSS) scale. The data of the patient group were assessed preoperatively and at 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively.

Results: The sciatic thickness and SR values of the operated side were significantly lower than those of the non-operated side (P < 0.05 for all). The sciatic SWE was significantly greater on the operated side compared with the non-operated side (P < 0.001 for all). Sciatic nerve thickness and SR were negatively correlated, and sciatic nerve SWE was positively correlated with OHS, VAS at rest, VAS during activity, and LANSS values. Sciatic nerve thickness and SR values were significantly lower, and SWE was significantly higher in the group with a change in LL > 20 mm. Clinical scores decreased during the following period in mild and moderate lengthening group (< 20 mm). In the severe lengthening group (≥ 20 mm), the clinical score increased over time. The VAS activity score was higher in the mild and moderate LL group (< 20 mm) than the VAS rest score (P < 0.001). However, the VAS rest score was significantly higher in the severe LL group (≥ 20 mm) than the VAS activity score (P < 0.001).

Conclusion: The results of this study have shown a significant relationship between thickness and stiffness of the sciatic nerve and LL after THA. The ultrasound parameters were significantly associated with functional outcomes.

Level Of Evidence: Level IV, Therapeutic Study.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/j.aott.2021.20324DOI Listing
December 2021

Epiphysis Salvage Reconstruction and Associated Complications Following Tumor Resections in Skeletally Immature Patients.

Indian J Surg Oncol 2021 Mar 4;12(1):164-171. Epub 2021 Jan 4.

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, İstanbul Baltalimanı Bone Disease Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

The purpose of this study was to discuss the epiphysis salvage reconstruction procedure outcomes and complications in skeletally immature patients. The study included 12 patients with pediatric malignant tumors (osteosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma) located close to the epiphysis, who underwent epiphyseal-preservation surgery with vascularized fibula in the plastic surgery and orthopedics and traumatology clinic between January 2008 and November 2018. The study was designed retrospectively. Neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy was administered to all patients. None of the patients received radiotherapy. Functional evaluation was assessed using the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) scoring system. The patients were followed up for a mean period of 51 (21‑115) months. The mean age of patients was 10.4 (range, 5 to 15) years. Union times in the target region (epiphyseal region) and diaphyseal region were reported separately. Accordingly, the mean total union time in the target region of all patients was 7.9 months (5‑11), and the mean total union time in the diaphyseal region was 6.5 months (5‑9). According to the MSTS grading system, the mean score of the patients was 27.50 (range, 21‑30). The mean operative time was 480 (390‑540) min, the mean intraoperative blood loss was 790 (580‑1100) cc, and the mean length of hospital stay was 6 (4‑17) days. Six patients had shortness, 5 patients had delayed union, 3 patients had angular deformity, and 2 patients had infection. Epiphyseal-preservation surgery may be an alternative to other techniques used for malignant tumors located close to the growth line in skeletally immature patients. Despite the fact that this technique has plenty of complications, many of them can be successfully treated with secondary operations without leaving sequelae.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13193-020-01275-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7960802PMC
March 2021

Ultrasonographic measurement of diaphragm thickness in patients with severe thoracic scoliosis.

J Ultrasound 2021 Mar 7;24(1):75-79. Epub 2021 Feb 7.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Türkmenbaşı Medical Center, Adana, Turkey.

Purpose: This study aimed to measure diaphragm thickness using ultrasound in adult patients with severe idiopathic scoliosis.

Methods: This prospective case-control study included patients with severe idiopathic scoliosis and a healthy control group. The control and patient groups' demographic features, pulmonary function tests, diaphragm thickness, and thickening fraction measured using ultrasonography were compared.

Results: End-expirium values were similar between the two groups (p = 0.902). However, end of inspirium, change level, and diaphragm thickening fraction were significantly lower in the scoliosis group (p < 0.001 for all). Cobb degree values were inversely correlated with forced expiratory volume in 1 s (%) (r =  - 0.909, p < 0.001), forced vital capacity (%) (r =  - 0.887, p < 0.001), and end-inspirium thickness (r =  - 0.673 and p < 0.001) values. Furthermore, diaphragm thickness at the end of inspirium was positively correlated with forced expiratory volume in 1 s (%) (r = 0.636, p = 0.001) and forced vital capacity (%) (r = 0.646, p = 0.001) values. No significant correlation was found between diaphragm thickening fraction and forced expiratory volume in 1 s or forced vital capacity.

Conclusion: Ultrasound can provide valuable information about diaphragm morphology and quantify diaphragm contraction.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40477-020-00536-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7925784PMC
March 2021

Metaphyseal vs. diaphyseal fixed-stem hemiarthroplasty in treating unstable intertrochanteric fractures in elderly patients.

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2021 01;27(1):104-108

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, University of Health Science, Adana City Training and Research Hospital, Adana-Turkey.

Background: Various surgical techniques have been defined for hip hemiarthroplasty (HA), including metaphyseal vs. diaphyseal and short stem vs. long stem. The present study aims to compare outcomes of metaphyseal fixed short-stem vs. diaphyseal fixed long-stem HA in treating unstable intertrochanteric fractures in elderly patients.

Methods: This study was conducted retrospectively and included 129 patients ≥65 years of age, having unstable intertrochanteric fractures and undergoing HA. Outcome measures were the 2-year Harris hip score and the mobility score of Parker and Palmer; comorbidities as well as mortality rates of the groups were compared.

Results: Mean operation time and median full weight-bearing time were significantly shorter in group B (p<0.05 for both). As for the Harris hip scores, group B showed better outcomes for the third-month evaluation (p=0.006). However, 2-year assessments were similar (p=0.067). In addition, higher Parker and Palmer mobility scores were obtained in group B at the 2-year assessment (p<0.001). The frequencies of prosthetic dislocation, cortical porosis and subsidence were higher in group A (p<0.05 for all).

Conclusion: The findings obtained in this study suggest that diaphyseal fixed long-stem HA seems to be superior to the metaphyseal fixed short-stem HA because the former is related to better functional scores, earlier mobilization, and lower complication rates.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14744/tjtes.2020.09990DOI Listing
January 2021

Factors affecting activities of daily living, physical balance, and prosthesis adjustment in non-traumatic lower limb amputees.

Turk J Phys Med Rehabil 2020 Dec 16;66(4):405-412. Epub 2020 Oct 16.

Department of Orthopeadics and Traumatology, Ardahan State Hospital, Ardahan, Turkey.

Objectives: This study aims to identify the factors affecting the activities of daily living, balance, and prosthesis satisfaction in patients with non-traumatic lower limb amputation (LLA).

Patients And Methods: This cross-sectional study included a total of 195 patients (120 males, 75 females; mean age 65.9±11.6 years; range, 40 to 90 years) who underwent LLA between January 2009 and April 2017. All patients were evaluated in terms of age, sex, amputation etiology, side, level, comorbidity, length of hospital stay, prosthesis adjustment, ambulation level, functional outcome, and complications. Prosthesis adjustment, physical balance ability, and daily living activities were assessed using the Turkish versions of the Trinity Amputation and Prosthesis Experience Scales (TAPES), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), and Nottingham Extended Activities of Daily Living Scale (NEADLS), respectively.

Results: There was no significant difference between male and female patients in terms of prosthesis and amputation adaptation, physical balance, and activities of daily living. The BBS, TAPES, and NEADLS scores were lower in the patients aged over 65 years (p<0.001, p<0.001, and p<0.001, respectively). Prosthesis and amputation adaptation, physical balance, and daily living activities were also worse in this age group. Transfemoral amputees had lower BBS, TAPES, and NEADLS scores than the transtibial amputees (p=0.009, p=0.020, and p=0.004, respectively). Prosthesis and amputation adaptation, physical balance, and daily living activities were worse in the transfemoral amputees.

Conclusion: Age and amputation level affect physical balance, prosthesis satisfaction, and daily living activities after non-traumatic LLA. Therefore, orthopedic surgeons and physical therapists should conduct a multidisciplinary evaluation, particularly in patients aged over 65 years and in transfemoral amputees to improve outcomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5606/tftrd.2020.4623DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7756832PMC
December 2020

Increased deep vein thrombosis cases during the COVID-19 quarantine.

Phlebology 2021 Mar 7;36(2):114-118. Epub 2020 Dec 7.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Türkmenbası Medical Center, Adana, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the number of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) cases during the quarantine period for COVID-19 to that of the last year.

Methods: This study was conducted as a single-center and retrospective study. All hospital admissions during April 2020 and May 2020 were screened from the hospital records, and DVT cases were recorded. Likewise, all hospital admissions during April 2019 and May 2019 were screened, and DVT cases were noted. DVT cases of both years were compared.

Results: Among 480931 patients admitted to our hospital in April 2019 and May 2019, DVT was detected in 82 patients (0.017%) (47 males, 35 females) with a mean age of 56.99 ± 9.1 years (ranges 39 to 79 years). Besides, among 145101 patients admitted to our hospital in April 2020 and May 2020, DVT was detected in 123 patients (0.084%) (51 males, 72 females) with a mean age of 58.64 ± 8.9 years (ranges 40 to 83 years). Despite the decrease in the total number of patients admitted to the hospital, there was a significant increase in the number of DVT patients. Interestingly, there were only two symptomatic pulmonary-embolism cases in the 2019 period, whereas there were seven symptomatic pulmonary embolisms secondary to DVT in the 2020 period. Unfortunately, one patient died due to pulmonary embolism secondary to DVT in 2020. The previous history of DVT was remarkable in patients admitted during the COVID-19 confinement.

Conclusion: In conclusion, COVID-19 confinement seems to be associated with increased rates of DVT. Strict preventive measures such as exercise training or prophylactic drug use should be considered to prevent immobility-related DVT during the COVID-19 quarantine.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0268355520977294DOI Listing
March 2021

Diaphragm thickness and stiffness in patients with hyperkyphosis due to osteoporotic vertebral fracture: an ultrasonographic and elastographic study.

Pol J Radiol 2020 5;85:e575-e580. Epub 2020 Oct 5.

Turkmenbasi Medical Centre, Adana, Turkey.

Purpose: The objective of this study was to evaluate the thickness and stiffness of the diaphragm, using ultrasound (US) and strain elastography (SE) in patients with hyperkyphosis due to osteoporotic vertebral fracture.

Material And Methods: This prospective and case-control study was conducted between October 2019 and December 2019. Diaphragm thickness, SE, and strain ratio values of patients with hyperkyphosis due to osteoporotic vertebral fracture were compared with those of the control group.

Results: There were 42 patients (14 males, 28 females) with a mean age of 81.10 ± 6.3 years in the kyphosis group and 36 subjects (11 males, 25 females) with a mean age of 81.00 ± 5.5 years in the control group. End-inspirium thickness, change level, and thickening ratio of the diaphragm were significantly higher in the control group ( < 0.001 for all). Strain ratio values were significantly higher in the kyphosis group, and the rate of hardest colour code was significantly higher in the control group. The diaphragm thickness at end-inspirium and thickening ratio values correlated positively with the forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV, %) and forced vital capacity (FVC, %) values. The strain ratio values correlated inversely with the FEV (%) and FVC (%) values. The diaphragm thickness at end-inspirium and thickening ratio values correlated inversely with the Cobb values and number of vertebra fractures. A positive correlation was determined between the strain ratio values and the Cobb values and number of vertebra fractures.

Conclusions: Ultrasonography is a promising imaging tool to evaluate and quantify the diaphragm function and stiffness in relevant patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5114/pjr.2020.99751DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7654313PMC
October 2020

The Role of Stem Modularity in the Failure of Internal Fixation in Geriatric Patients With Distally Fixed Hemiarthroplasty.

Orthopedics 2021 Jan 22;44(1):e119-e124. Epub 2020 Oct 22.

The aim of this study was to compare the radiological and clinical outcomes of the same make of modular and monoblock tapered fluted stems in patients with failure of internal fixation following osteoporotic intertrochanteric fracture. This retrospective, comparative study included patients older than 65 years who underwent hemiarthroplasty with a modular or monoblock distally fixed fluted stem and had failed treatment with proximal femoral nailing between 2012 and 2017, with at least a 2-year follow-up period. Radiographic and clinical evaluations of the groups were compared. The modular group comprised 22 males and 18 females with a mean age of 85.05±7.1 years, and the monoblock group comprised 27 males and 17 females with a mean age of 83.27±7.0 years. No significant difference was observed between the groups regarding the preoperative and final-visit Harris Hip Score and Parker and Palmer Mobility Score values (P>.05 for both). More patients showed osseous restoration in the monoblock group, but not to a significant level. The groups were similar regarding mortality rates. Stem length was greater in the modular group, but the proximal femoral part and stem size were similar in the groups (P<.05 for all). Canal filling at levels A, B, and C was negatively correlated (weak) with the proximal femoral bone restoration (P<.001 for all). Canal filling at level B was negatively correlated (weak) with the stress shielding of the femur (P<.05 for all). When comparing the modularity of the stem by minimizing the variations of both prostheses, such as brand and geometric design, there was no significant difference in either clinical or radiological evaluations. [Orthopedics. 2021;44(1):e119-e124.].
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/01477447-20201007-02DOI Listing
January 2021

Distally-fixed non-modular monoblock fluted long-stem hemiarthroplasty versus proximal femoral nailing for elderly patients with an osteoporotic intertrochanteric fracture: a retrospective comparative study.

Hip Int 2022 Jan 6;32(1):124-130. Epub 2020 Oct 6.

Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Türkmenbaşı Medical Centre, Adana, Turkey.

Background: The treatment of Intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly osteoporotic patient is still controversial. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of proximal femoral nailing (PFN) and a distally-fixed non-modular monoblock fluted long-stem hemiarthroplasty (HA) in elderly patients with an osteoporotic intertrochanteric fracture.

Methods: This retrospective study included patients who had undergone surgery for an unstable intertrochanteric fracture. The patients were separated into PFN and HA groups. The demographic features of the 2 groups were compared. All patients were evaluated using the Singh index, ASA score, AO/OTA classification, Harris Hip Score (HHS), and Parker and Palmer mobility score.

Results: The most common complications were nonunion (12.0%) and cut-out of the screw (10.7%) in the PFN group, and dislocation of the prosthesis (6.7%) and wound infection (5.7%) in the HA group. Overall, the 2-year mortality rate was 29.3%. Mortality, particularly within the first 3 months, was 2.4 times higher in the PFN Group than in the HA group (40% vs. 19.75%). Although the HHS was significantly higher in the first year for the HA group, no significant difference was seen between the 2 groups at 24 months.

Conclusions: Although PFN and HA have similar good outcomes at 2 years, HA allows earlier mobilisation and has fewer complications and a lower mortality rate.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1120700020963529DOI Listing
January 2022

Management of thoracolumbar injury classification and severity score of 4 (TLICS=4) thoracolumbar vertebra fractures: Surgery versus conservative treatment.

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2020 Sep;26(5):805-810

Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, İstanbul Gedik University Faculty of Health Sciences, İstanbul-Turkey.

Background: This study aims to compare clinical and radiographic outcomes of surgical treatment and conservative treatment with bracing in neurologically intact patients with score 4 of TLICS thoracolumbar vertebra fractures.

Methods: Patients with traumatic thoracolumbar junction fractures (T11-L2), the score of TLICS 4, and minimum 24-month follow-up were included in this study. Patients were divided into surgery and bracing groups. The groups were compared concerning clinical and demographical features, local kyphotic angles (LKA), vertebra height loss percentage (VHL), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and time to return to work.

Results: There were 74 patients (71 males, 3 females) in the surgery group and 76 patients (58 males, 18 females) in the bracing group. Although the surgery group showed better improvement in VAS scores within six months postoperatively, no significant difference was observed at the 24th-month evaluation (p<0.001 and p=0.270, respectively). ODI, LKA and VHL were significantly lower in the surgery group (p<0.001, p<0.001 and p<0.001, respectively). In addition, return to work was significantly earlier in the surgery group (p<0.001).

Conclusion: The findings obtained in this study suggest that the surgical treatment for TLICS 4 patients with thoracolumbar fractures has better clinical and radiographic outcomes than the bracing. Moreover, returning time to the work of patients is shortened with surgical treatment. The surgical treatment seems to be the first and the appropriate choice in the management of TLICS 4 thoracolumbar vertebral fractures.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14744/tjtes.2020.30524DOI Listing
September 2020

The Relationship Between Primary Knee Osteoarthritis and Aortic Stiffness, Distensibility, and Valve Calcifications: A Case-Control Study.

J Clin Rheumatol 2022 Jan;28(1):e9-e12

Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Türkmenbaşi Medical Center, Adana, Turkey.

Objective: The purpose of our study was to evaluate aortic stiffness and distensibility changes and the presence of aortic and mitral valve calcifications in patients with primary knee osteoarthritis (OA), using 2-dimensional and Doppler transthoracic echocardiography.

Methods: This case-control study included 115 participants with OA and a control group between May 2019 and November 2019. The Kellgren-Lawrence classification was used for the diagnosis and classification of knee OA, based on radiological images. We compared the demographic data, 2-dimensional and Doppler transthoracic echocardiography results, and laboratory findings between the OA patient group and the control group.

Results: There was a significant difference between aortic strain, aortic distensibility, aortic stiffness, and C-reactive protein values between the OA patient group and the control group (p < 0.001 for all). Post hoc analyses revealed that aortic strain and aortic distensibility values were significantly lower, and aortic stiffness values were significantly higher in the grade 4 OA group than those of other groups (p < 0.05 for all). In addition, the C-reactive protein values of the grades 3 and 4 patients were significantly higher than those of other groups (p < 0.05 for all). No significant difference was observed between the groups in terms of aortic and mitral valve calcifications (p > 0.05 for all).

Conclusion: Aortic strain and distensibility values were lower in the advanced grades of primary knee OA, whereas aortic stiffness values and the frequency of valve calcifications were higher.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RHU.0000000000001568DOI Listing
January 2022

Ultrasonographic evaluation of the patellar tendon length and elasticity after open-wedge high tibial osteotomy: A comparison with radiological and clinical parameters.

Knee 2020 Aug 25;27(4):1128-1134. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Turkmenbasi Medical Center, Adana, Turkey.

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the length and elasticity of the patellar tendon after open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO).

Methods: This case-controlled, analytical study included patients who underwent unilateral OWHTO operation and a control group. The length, thickness, strain elastography, and strain ratio of the patellar tendon were measured. The outcome measures were the Insall-Salvati Index (ISI), Blackburne-Peel Index (BPI), Caton Index (CI), the International Knee Documentation Committee Score (IKDC), Oxford Knee Score (OKS) and Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), Ahlbäck classification, and mechanical axis. Elasticity of the patellar tendon obtained by strain elastography were graded as follows; hardest or hard tissue, intermediate tissue, and soft tissue.

Results: The patellar tendon length was significantly shorter and patellar tendon thickness was significantly greater on the operated side compared with the values of the non-operated side and the control group (P<0.001 for all). Intermediate tissue was the most common elasticity grade (77%) for strain elastography on the operated side. Hardest tissue was the most common elasticity grade on the non-operated side of the patients (49.1%) and of the control group (70.0%). Patellar tendon length was correlated positively with IKDC, OKS, and KOOS values and patellar tendon thickness and strain ratio were correlated negatively with IKDC, OKS, and KOOS values.

Conclusion: The patellar tendon seems to be shortened and thickened, with reduced stiffness after OWHTO. The ultrasound parameters are also associated with functional outcomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.knee.2020.05.016DOI Listing
August 2020

Importance of lowest instrumented vertebra on clinical and radiological outcomes in patients with Lenke type 3C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a minimum 4-year follow-up.

J Pediatr Orthop B 2020 Nov;29(6):580-589

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Bakirköy Dr. Sadi Konuk Education and Research Hospital, Bakirköy, Istanbul.

The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the most appropriate distal fusion level in terms of clinical results and radiological changes in Lenke 3C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Between June 2010 and May 2014, a total of 90 consecutive patients who underwent surgery for Lenke 3C AIS were divided into three groups as L2, L3, and L4 according to the fusion levels and compared in terms of functional and radiological outcomes. Patients were evaluated with Scoliosis Research Society 22 (SRS 22) and the Oswestry disability index (ODI) at the final follow-up. Preoperative standard posteroanterior and lateral whole-spine radiographs and lateral bending radiographs were used to evaluate the curves. All patients were also assessed with lumbar MRI at the final follow-up, and classified for each patient in terms of disc degeneration (DD) and facet joint degeneration (FJD). There was a statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of ODI category (P = 0.001). The rate of minimal disability in the L3 group, moderate disability in the L2 group, and severe disability in the L4 group were higher. Statistically significant differences were observed between the groups in terms of pain, body image, mental health, and total score distribution from the SRS-22 domains (P < 0.05). No significant difference was observed between the groups in terms of DD and FJD in MRI (P = 0.263). Although the preoperative functional scores could not be evaluated due to the retrospective nature of the study, it was observed that the only significant difference between the groups was the SRS-22 score. The best SRS-22 score was obtained in patients in whom fusion was stopped at L3.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/BPB.0000000000000696DOI Listing
November 2020

Volar locking plate versus K-wire-supported external fixation in the treatment of AO/ASIF type C distal radius fractures: A comparison of functional and radiological outcomes.

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2018 May;24(3):255-262

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Bakırköy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul-Turkey.

Background: The aim of this study was to compare the functional and radiological outcomes of K-wire-supported bridging external fixation (KW-EF) and volar locking plate (VLP) in the treatment of comminuted intra-articular distal radius fractures.

Methods: Patients treated for complex intra-articular distal radius fractures between February 2010 and April 2013 were retrospectively investigated. A total of 114 patients (42 females and 72 males) with a mean age of 44.9±15.4 (range: 18-86) years were evaluated. Wrist ranges of motion were measured using a universal goniometer, and hand grip strength was determined using hand dynamometers. The results were evaluated with Gartland-Werley score. QuickDASH questionnaire was administered in subjective functional assessment. Radiological evaluations were performed, with wrist radiographs obtained on the 3rd month and 2nd year.

Results: Wrist flexion, extension, pronation, and supination were all significantly better in the VLP group than in the KW-EF group at last control (p=0.001). Gartland-Werley, QuickDASH, and Visual Analog Scale were significantly better in the VLP than group than in the KW-EF group (p=0.003, p=0.003, and p=0.001, respectively). At the last follow-up, loss of grip strength compared with that on the uninjured side was 4% in the VLP group and 7% in the KW-EF group.

Conclusion: VLP is a safe method with low complication rates. It is superior to KW-EF as it facilitates early return to daily activities and shows better functional and radiological outcomes in the 2nd year of treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5505/tjtes.2017.35837DOI Listing
May 2018

Bicolumnar 90-90 plating of AO 13C type fractures.

Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc 2017 03 22;51(2):128-132. Epub 2017 Mar 22.

Bakırkoy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate functional results and complication rate of patients who underwent medial-dorsolateral plating for intra-articular distal humeral fracture (Müller AO type 13C).

Methods: Twenty-four patients (14 men, 10 women; mean age: 47 years) with AO type 13C distal humerus fracture were included in the study. Mean follow-up time was 28 months. Nine patients were in 13C1 subgroup, according to AO classification system, 11 patients were categorized as 13C2, and 4 patients were 13C3. Final follow-up assessment of outcomes included Broberg and Morrey radiological criteria; Mayo Elbow Performance Score, disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) Outcome Measure, score based on Jupiter criteria; and range of motion (ROM) values.

Results: The mean carrying angle of operated elbows was 11.37° (range: 0-20°). According to Broberg and Morrey radiological criteria, 14 patients, had radiologically normal elbow, 4 patients had mild change, 3 patients had moderate change, and 3 patients had severe radiological change. Mean DASH score was 21.91 (range: 0-50), and mean Mayo rating was 83.37 (range: 55-100). Jupiter criteria evaluation revealed excellent results in 10 cases, good in 12, and fair results in 2. One patient with fair result had open fracture, and the other had previous hemiparesis in the same extremity. There was no instance of nonunion observed at follow-up.

Conclusion: Osteosynthesis with medial-dorsolateral plating is a safe and effective method for the treatment of intra-articular fractures of distal humerus.

Level Of Evidence: Level IV, Therapeutic study.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aott.2016.09.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6197599PMC
March 2017
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