Publications by authors named "Evelyn Dier"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Middle Meningeal Artery Embolization of a Pediatric Patient With Progressive Chronic Subdural Hematoma.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Neurosurgery, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, USA.

Background And Importance: Evidence suggests middle meningeal artery (MMA) embolization benefits adult patients with chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) at high risk for recurrence or hemorrhagic complications. Yet, there has not been any report discussing MMA embolization in the pediatric population. Thus, we present a case of an infant with CSDH successfully managed with MMA embolization without surgical management.

Clinical Presentation: A 5-mo-old girl with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy underwent surgical implantation of a left ventricular assist device for a bridge to heart transplantation. This was complicated by left ventricular thrombus causing stroke. She was placed on dual antiplatelet antithrombotic therapy on top of bivalirudin infusion. She sustained a left middle cerebral artery infarction, but did not have neurological deficits. Subsequent computed tomography scans of the head showed a progressively enlarging asymptomatic CSDH, and the heart transplant was repeatedly postponed. The decision was made to proceed with MMA embolization at the age of 7 mo. Bilateral modified MMA embolization, using warmed, low-concentration n-butyl-cyanoacrylate (n-BCA) from distal microcatheter positioning, allowed the embolic material to close the distal MMA and subdural membranous vasculature. The patient underwent successful heart transplant and the CSDH improved significantly. She remained neurologically asymptomatic and had normal neurological development after the MMA embolization.

Conclusion: MMA embolization may represent a safe and effective minimally invasive option for pediatric CSDH, especially for patients at high risk for surgery or hematoma recurrence.
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May 2021

Bleomycin sclerotherapy for eyelid venous malformations as an alternative to surgery or laser therapy.

J Neurointerv Surg 2019 Jan 19;11(1):57-61. Epub 2018 Apr 19.

Department of Neurosurgery, Cerebrovascular Center, Mount Sinai Health System, New York City, New York, USA.

Purpose: To evaluate the clinical outcome of patients with venous malformation (VM) involving the eyelid treated with bleomycin sclerotherapy.

Methods: A retrospective review was performed of 18 consecutive patients with VM involving the eyelid who underwent bleomycin sclerotherapy. Patients' clinical presentation, details of sclerotherapy, and post-sclerotherapy resolution of the lesion as well as any procedure-related complications were evaluated.

Results: Twelve women and six men of mean age 34.3±20.4 years underwent sclerotherapy with bleomycin. Chief complaints were cosmetic disfigurations with or without hemifacial deformity (n=2), pain in engorgement area (n=2), pain and swelling from venous thrombosis (n=2), swelling or engorgement obstructing their eyesight (n=2), or eyelid dysfunction (n=1). The lesions were only in the eyelid in three patients; otherwise they were extended out of the eyelid either superiorly (n=3), laterally (n=8), inferiorly (n=8), and/or posteriorly to the orbit (n=8) to various extents. Conjunctival involvement was present in 13 patients. 14 patients had received prior treatments including surgery, laser therapy, or non-bleomycin sclerotherapy. With an average three sessions of bleomycin sclerotherapy (average total dose 34.5 mg), more than 80% shrinkage was observed in seven patients (38.9%), 50-80% shrinkage in eight patients (44.4%), and 30-50% shrinkage in two patients (11.1%). One patient had recurrence, which was successfully treated again with bleomycin. No procedure-related complications were noted.

Conclusions: The use of bleomycin appears to be a simple, safe, and effective treatment for venous malformations involving the eyelid, avoiding more elaborate and challenging surgical or laser interventions, and is even effective in full thickness lesions.
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January 2019