Publications by authors named "Eva Tedlova"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The Role of CX3CL1 and ADAM17 in Pathogenesis of Diffuse Parenchymal Lung Diseases.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 Jun 11;11(6). Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Institute of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine Comenius University, 811 08 Bratislava, Slovakia.

Fractalkine (CX3CL1) is a unique chemokine that functions as a chemoattractant for effector cytotoxic lymphocytes and macrophages expressing fractalkine receptor CX3CR1. CX3CL1 exists in two forms-a soluble and a membrane-bound form. The soluble CX3CL1 is released from cell membranes by proteolysis by the TNF-α-converting enzyme/disintegrin-like metalloproteinase 17 (TACE/ADAM17) and ADAM10. In this study, we evaluated the diagnostic relevance and potential roles of CX3CL1 and ADAM17 in the pathogenesis of diffuse parenchymal lung diseases (DPLDs) in the human population. The concentration of CX3CL1 and ADAM17 was measured by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids of patients suffering from different DPLDs. The concentration of CX3CL1 was significantly higher in patients suffering from idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and hypersensitivity pneumonitis patients compared to the control group. A significantly higher concentration of CX3CL1 was measured in fibrotic DPLDs compared to non-fibrotic DLPD patients. We found a positive correlation of CX3CL1 levels with the number of CD8+ T cells, and a negative correlation with CD4+ T cells in BALF and diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide. The concentration of ADAM17 was significantly lower in the IPF group compared to the other DPLD groups. We noticed a significantly higher CX3CL1/ADAM17 ratio in the IPF group compared to the other DPLD groups. We suggest that CX3CL1 has a distinctive role in the pathogenesis of DPLDs. The level of CX3CL1 strongly correlates with the severity of lung parenchyma impairment. The results suggest that high values of CX3CL1/ADAM17 could be diagnostic markers for IPF.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11061074DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8230701PMC
June 2021

Postintubation Dysphagia During COVID-19 Outbreak-Contemporary Review.

Dysphagia 2020 08 28;35(4):549-557. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Phoniatrics-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.

The COVID-19 is a global pandemic. Its rapid dissemination and serious course require a novel approach to healthcare practices. Severe disease progression is often associated with the development of the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome and may require some form of respiratory support, including endotracheal intubation, mechanical ventilation, and enteral nutrition through a nasogastric tube. These conditions increase the risk of dysphagia, aspiration, and aspiration pneumonia. The data on the incidence and risks of dysphagia associated with COVID-19 are not yet available. However, it is assumed that these patients are at high risk, because of respiratory symptoms and reduced lung function. These findings may exacerbate swallowing deficits. The aim of this review is to summarize available information on possible mechanisms of postintubation dysphagia in COVID-19 patients. Recommendations regarding the diagnosis and management of postintubation dysphagia in COVID-19 patients are described in this contemporary review.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00455-020-10139-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7255443PMC
August 2020

High mobility group box 1 protein in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and correlation with other inflammatory markers in pulmonary diseases.

Sarcoidosis Vasc Diffuse Lung Dis 2018 28;35(3):268-275. Epub 2018 Apr 28.

Institute of Immunology, Comenius University Faculty of Medicine, Bratislava, Slovakia.

Analysis of new markers in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) provides new insights into the immunopathogenesis and may be helpful in differential diagnosis of lung diseases. High mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) is a non-histone nuclear protein and its release into the extracellular environment may be associated with the inflammatory response. The aim of the study is the analysis of HMGB1 in BALF, correlations with other markers of inflammation and differences in extracellular HMGB1 levels in various lung diagnoses. The concentration of HMGB1 was tested by an Elisa test. We calculated correlations with other inflammatory markers (leukocytes, total protein, albumin, IgG, IgA, IgM, C3 complement component, alpha-2macroglobuline, CD3, CD4, CD8, TREM-1 and TREM-2) and specified HMGB1 level in various diagnoses. A positive correlation was found between the level of HMGB1 and total protein levels (p=0.0001), albumin (p=0.0058), IgA (p=0.011), IgM (0.0439) and TREM-2 (p=0.0188). Conversely, a negative correlation was revealed between HMGB1 and TREM-1 (p=0.0009). HMGB1 level varied in different diagnoses: the highest level was detected in QuantiFERON TB-positive subjects (median: 30.2) and hypersensitivity pneumonitis (median: 33.2), followed by pulmonary sarcoidosis (median: 16.8) and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (median: 8.8). HMGB1 correlates with other inflammatory markers tested in BALF. Its level varies in different lung diagnoses. .
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http://dx.doi.org/10.36141/svdld.v35i3.5726DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7170153PMC
April 2018

TREM-2 Receptor Expression Increases with 25(OH)D Vitamin Serum Levels in Patients with Pulmonary Sarcoidosis.

Mediators Inflamm 2015 16;2015:181986. Epub 2015 Jun 16.

1st Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University, 85107 Bratislava, Slovakia.

TREM-1 and TREM-2 molecules are members of the TREM transmembrane glycoproteins. In our previous study we identified increased expressions of TREM-1 and TREM-2 receptors in pulmonary sarcoidosis (PS). Only a few studies concerning the association between vitamin D and TREM receptor expression can be found. The aim of our current study was to determine the association between the levels of an inactive form of 25(OH)D vitamin and TREM-1 and TREM-2 receptor expressions. We have detected low levels of 25(OH)D vitamin in 79% of PS patients. Only 21% of patients had normal serum level of 25(OH)D vitamin with values clustered within the low-normal range. The most striking findings were the increased TREM-2 expressions on myeloid cells surfaces in BALF of PS patients with normal 25(OH)D vitamin serum levels compared with those with its decreased levels. The total number of TREM-2 positive cells was 5.7 times higher and the percentage of TREM-2 positive cells was also significantly increased in BALF of PS patients with normal compared to PS patients with low 25(OH)D vitamin serum levels. A significant correlation between total TREM-2 expression and vitamin D levels has been detected too. However, we have not detected similar differences in TREM-1expression and 25(OH)D vitamin serum levels.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/181986DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4488005PMC
June 2016

Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia of larynx: case report and literature review of all head and neck cases.

Otolaryngol Pol 2014 Jul-Aug;68(4):200-3. Epub 2014 Apr 5.

Department of Otolaryngology, University Hospital Ostrava, Czech Republic.

Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (IPEH) is a benign lesion of a vascular origin that is caused by excessive proliferation of endothelial cells in blood vessels or vascular malformations. It is a rare entity that can present in any region of the body, but with particular predilection to the head and neck region and the extremities. We also present the results of the English literature search, which to our knowledge are all the published cases of IPEH in the head and neck region (No=213). IPEH has not been reported to arise from the glottic region previously. We present a first case of IPEH arising from the vocal fold of a 48-year-old male. Histological differential diagnosis of IPEH includes several entities, most importantly angiosarcoma. Presentation and histology are discussed. The main treatment option is a complete surgical resection. Prognosis of IPEH is excellent, with the exception of some intracranial cases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.otpol.2014.03.002DOI Listing
August 2016

Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 and 2 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in pulmonary sarcoidosis.

Respirology 2013 Apr;18(3):455-62

Institute of Immunology, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia.

Background And Objective: Pulmonary sarcoidosis (PS) is characterized by the formation of granulomas in the lungs and has been associated with infection by microorganisms. Triggering receptor expressed on the surface of myeloid cells (TREM)-1 is overexpressed in response to infection while TREM-2 is involved in granuloma formation. We hypothesized that these receptors are overexpressed in PS and might be useful for diagnostic testing.

Methods: Cell surface TREM-1 and TREM-2 expression in cells obtained at bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was measured in individuals with sarcoidosis (n = 26) and compared with that seen in individuals with other interstitial lung diseases (ILD) (n = 27).

Results: TREM-1 and TREM-2 expression was significantly increased in sarcoidosis compared with other ILD: total number of TREM-1, P = 0.0039 (23.81 vs 13.50 cells/μl), TREM-2, P < 0.0001 (32.81 vs 7.76 cells/μl); percentage of TREM-1: P = 0.0002 (41.30% vs 15.70%), TREM-2: P < 0.0001 (34% vs 9.60%); and mean fluorescence of TREM-1: P = 0.0005 (5.43 vs 1.96), TREM-2: P = 0.0011 (6.85 vs 2.77). Increase in both of these receptors seems to be typical for PS. In discriminating sarcoidosis from other ILD, the specificity (96%) and sensitivity (72%) of the combination of TREM-1 and TREM-2 was high.

Conclusions: Increased TREM-1 and TREM-2 cell surface expression is observed in sarcoidosis. Evaluation of BAL cell expression of both of these receptors may serve as a diagnostic marker for sarcoidosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/resp.12028DOI Listing
April 2013

Inflammatory marker sTREM-1 reflects the clinical stage and respiratory tract obstruction in allergic asthma bronchiale patients and correlates with number of neutrophils.

Mediators Inflamm 2012 5;2012:628754. Epub 2012 Jul 5.

Institute of Immunology, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia.

The knowledge that asthma is an inflammatory disorder has prompted us to investigate the plasma levels of a new inflammatory marker sTREM-1 that is released from the surfaces of activated neutrophils and monocytes. The plasma levels of sTREM-1 were analysed by a sandwich ELISA test in the cohort of 76 patients with allergic asthma bronchiale and 39 healthy controls. Our results revealed more than 3.5 times higher levels of sTREM-1 in AB patients (92.3 pg/mL ± 125.6) compared with healthy subjects (25.7 pg/mL ± 9.2; P = 0.0001). Higher levels of sTREM-1 were found also in patients with exacerbated AB (170.5 pg/mL ± 78.2) compared with nonexacerbated AB patients (59.1 ± 78.2; P < 0.0001), patients with respiratory tract obstruction (176.4 pg/mL ± 177.8), than those without obstruction (51.99 pg/mL ± 64.0; P < 0.0001) and patients with anti-IgE therapy (P < 0.0001). Levels of sTREM-1 correlated with number of leucocytes (P = 0.002), and absolute number of neutrophils (P = 0.001). Elevated plasma levels of sTREM-1 reflect the severity, state of exacerbation, presence of respiratory tract obstruction in AB patients and together with increased number of neutrophils point to the role of neutrophils in inflammation accompanying AB.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/628754DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3399449PMC
November 2012
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