Publications by authors named "Esther Sieiro"

2 Publications

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Generating New FANCA-Deficient HNSCC Cell Lines by Genomic Editing Recapitulates the Cellular Phenotypes of Fanconi Anemia.

Genes (Basel) 2021 Apr 9;12(4). Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Biomedical Research Institute I+12, University Hospital 12 de Octubre, 28041 Madrid, Spain.

Fanconi anemia (FA) patients have an exacerbated risk of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Treatment is challenging as FA patients display enhanced toxicity to standard treatments, including radio/chemotherapy. Therefore, better therapies as well as new disease models are urgently needed. We have used CRISPR/Cas9 editing tools in order to interrupt the human gene by the generation of insertions/deletions (indels) in exon 4 in two cancer cell lines from sporadic HNSCC having no mutation in FA-genes: CAL27 and CAL33 cells. Our approach allowed efficient editing, subsequent purification of single-cell clones, and Sanger sequencing validation at the edited locus. Clones having frameshift indels in homozygosis did not express FANCA protein and were selected for further analysis. When compared with parental CAL27 and CAL33, -mutant cell clones displayed a FA-phenotype as they (i) are highly sensitive to DNA interstrand crosslink (ICL) agents such as mitomycin C (MMC) or cisplatin, (ii) do not monoubiquitinate FANCD2 upon MMC treatment and therefore (iii) do not form FANCD2 nuclear foci, and (iv) they display increased chromosome fragility and G2 arrest after diepoxybutane (DEB) treatment. These -mutant clones display similar growth rates as their parental cells. Interestingly, mutant cells acquire phenotypes associated with more aggressive disease, such as increased migration in wound healing assays. Therefore, CAL27 and CAL33 cells with mutations are phenocopies of FA-HNSCC cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/genes12040548DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8069753PMC
April 2021

Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 5 Dysfunction Contributes to Depressive-like Behaviors in Huntington's Disease by Altering the DARPP-32 Phosphorylation Status in the Nucleus Accumbens.

Biol Psychiatry 2019 08 13;86(3):196-207. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Biomedical Science, Facultat de Medicina, Institut de Neurociències, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Barcelona, Spain; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red sobre Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: Depression is the most common psychiatric condition in Huntington's disease (HD), with rates more than twice those found in the general population. At the present time, there is no established molecular evidence to use as a basis for depression treatment in HD. Indeed, in some patients, classic antidepressant drugs exacerbate chorea or anxiety. Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) has been involved in processes associated with anxiety and depression. This study evaluated the involvement of Cdk5 in the development and prevalence of depressive-like behaviors in HD and aimed to validate Cdk5 as a target for depression treatment.

Methods: We evaluated the impact of pharmacological inhibition of Cdk5 in depressive-like and anxiety-like behaviors in Hdh knock-in mutant mice by using a battery of behavioral tests. Biochemical and morphological studies were performed to define the molecular mechanisms acting downstream of Cdk5 activation. A double huntingtin/DARPP-32 (dopamine- and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein 32) knock-in mutant mouse was generated to analyze the role of DARPP-32 in HD depression.

Results: We found that Hdh mutant mice exhibited depressive-like, but not anxiety-like, behaviors starting at 2 months of age. Cdk5 inhibition by roscovitine infusion prevented depressive-like behavior and reduced DARPP-32 phosphorylation at Thr75 in the nucleus accumbens. Hdh mice heterozygous for DARPP-32 Thr75Ala point mutation were resistant to depressive-like behaviors. We identified β-adducin phosphorylation as a Cdk5 downstream mechanism potentially mediating structural spine plasticity changes in the nucleus accumbens and depressive-like behavior.

Conclusions: These results point to Cdk5 in the nucleus accumbens as a critical contributor to depressive-like behaviors in HD mice by altering DARPP-32/β-adducin signaling and disrupting the dendritic spine cytoskeleton.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2019.03.001DOI Listing
August 2019