Publications by authors named "Estefania J Valverde"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Persistence of Lymphocystis Disease Virus (LCDV) in Seawater.

Food Environ Virol 2020 06 21;12(2):174-179. Epub 2020 Feb 21.

Departamento de Microbiología, Universidad de Málaga, 29071, Málaga, Spain.

Lymphocystis disease virus (LCDV), the causative agent of lymphocystis disease (LCD), is a waterborne pathogen that uses the external surfaces, including the gills, as portals to gain access to fish host. However, there are no data on LCDV persistence in the aquatic environment. In this study, the persistence of LCDV in natural (raw), treated (autoclaved and filtered) and synthetic seawater held at 22 and 18 °C has been evaluated. The estimated T values for LCDV in seawater ranged from 2.7 to 242 days depending on seawater type and temperature, with the highest value recorded at 22 °C in autoclaved seawater. Microbiota and temperature seem to be the main factors affecting the persistence of LCDV in seawater. The results indicated that LCDV is more stable in treated seawater than most of the fish pathogenic viruses studied so far, supporting the relevance of this medium for the prevalence of LCD in fish farms.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12560-020-09420-6DOI Listing
June 2020

spp., a Susceptible Host and Vector for Lymphocystis Disease Virus.

Viruses 2019 06 1;11(6). Epub 2019 Jun 1.

Departamento de Microbiología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Málaga, 29017 Málaga, Spain.

Different developmental stages of spp. (metanauplii, juveniles and adults) were bath-challenged with two isolates of the Lymphocystis disease virus (LCDV), namely, LCDV SA25 (belonging to the species ) and ATCC VR-342 (an unclassified member of the genus ). Viral quantification and gene expression were analyzed by qPCR at different times post-inoculation (pi). In addition, infectious titres were determined at 8 dpi by integrated cell culture (ICC)-RT-PCR, an assay that detects viral mRNA in inoculated cell cultures. In LCDV-challenged the viral load increased by 2-3 orders of magnitude (depending on developmental stage and viral isolate) during the first 8-12 dpi, with viral titres up to 2.3 × 10 Most Probable Number of Infectious Units (MPNIU)/mg. Viral transcripts were detected in the infected , relative expression values showed a similar temporal evolution in the different experimental groups. Moreover, gilthead seabream () fingerlings were challenged by feeding on LCDV-infected metanauplii. Although no Lymphocystis symptoms were observed in the fish, the number of viral DNA copies was significantly higher at the end of the experimental trial and major capsid protein () gene expression was consistently detected. The results obtained support that LCDV infects spp., establishing an asymptomatic productive infection at least under the experimental conditions tested, and that the infected metanauplii are a vector for LCDV transmission to gilthead seabream.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v11060506DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6630821PMC
June 2019

Target organs for lymphocystis disease virus replication in gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata).

Vet Res 2017 04 11;48(1):21. Epub 2017 Apr 11.

Departamento de Microbiología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Málaga, Campus Universitario Teatinos, Malaga, Spain.

The lymphocystis disease (LCD), the main viral pathology described in cultured gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata), is a self-limiting condition characterized by the appearance of hypertrophied fibroblasts (named lymphocysts) in the connective tissue of fish, primarily in the skin and fins. The causative agent of the disease is the Lymphocystis disease virus (LCDV), a member of the Iridoviridae family. In the present study, LCDV genome and transcripts were detected by real-time PCR in caudal fin, as well as in several internal organs, such as intestine, liver, spleen, kidney and brain, from asymptomatic, diseased and recovered gilthead seabream juveniles. These results indicate that the LCDV has a broad range tissue tropism, and can establish a systemic infection, even in subclinically infected fish. As showed by in situ hybridization, the permissive cells for LCDV infection seem to be fibroblasts, hepatocytes and cells of the mononuclear phagocyte system. Histopathological alterations associated with LCD were observed in all the organs analysed, including necrotic changes in liver and kidney, inflammatory response in the intestine submucosa or brain haemorrhage, although lymphocysts were only detected in the dermis of the caudal fin. Nevertheless, these histological changes were reverted in recovered animals.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13567-017-0428-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5387237PMC
April 2017

Evaluation of an integrated cell culture RT-PCR assay to detect and quantify infectious lymphocystis disease virus.

J Virol Methods 2016 12 15;238:62-65. Epub 2016 Oct 15.

Universidad de Málaga, Departamento de Microbiología, 29071 Málaga, Spain. Electronic address:

The lymphocystis disease virus (LCDV), a member of the Iridoviridae family, infects a wide range of fish species including gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.), the most important species cultured in the Mediterranean. LCDV is difficult to propagate in cell culture and does not produce clear and consistent cytopathic effects (CPE), especially in samples collected from subclinically infected fish. An integrated cell culture reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (ICC-RT-PCR) assay, followed by dot-blot hybridization of the RT-PCR products, was developed to improve the detection of infectious LCDV. The sensitivity of the ICC-RT-PCR assay, which can be performed in 7 d, was at least 100-fold higher than viral diagnosis obtained by CPE development. The developed assay thus allows the determination of infectious titres in samples with low viral loads, including those from asymptomatic carrier fish, in which no CPE was recorded after a 14-d incubation period. The ICC-RT-PCR assay enables rapid, specific and sensitive detection and quantification of infectious LCDV, and may be a valuable tool in the study of aspects of LCDV infection including transmission or epizootiology.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jviromet.2016.09.016DOI Listing
December 2016

Rapid and Sensitive Detection of Lymphocystis Disease Virus Genotype VII by Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification.

Food Environ Virol 2017 03 5;9(1):114-122. Epub 2016 Oct 5.

Departamento de Microbiología, Universidad de Málaga, 29071, Málaga, Spain.

Lymphocystis disease virus (LCDV) infections have been described in gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.) and Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis, Kaup), two of the most important marine fish species in the Mediterranean aquaculture. In this study, a rapid, specific, and sensitive detection method for LCDV genotype VII based on loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) was developed. The LAMP assay, performed using an apparatus with real-time amplification monitoring, was able to specifically detect LCDV genotype VII from clinically positive samples in less than 12 min. In addition, the assay allowed the detection of LCDV in all asymptomatic carrier fish analysed, identified by qPCR, showing an analytical sensitivity of ten copies of viral DNA per reaction. The LCDV LAMP assay has proven to be a promising diagnostic method that can be used easily in fish farms to detect the presence and spread of this iridovirus.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12560-016-9265-1DOI Listing
March 2017

Application of a new real-time polymerase chain reaction assay for surveillance studies of lymphocystis disease virus in farmed gilthead seabream.

BMC Vet Res 2016 Apr 6;12:71. Epub 2016 Apr 6.

Departamento de Microbiología, Universidad de Málaga, 29071, Málaga, Spain.

Background: Lymphocystis disease (LCD) is the main viral infection reported to affect cultured gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) in Europe. The existence of subclinical Lymphocystis disease virus (LCDV) infection in this fish species has been recognised by using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based methods. Nevertheless, these methods do not provide quantitative results that can be useful in epidemiological and pathological studies. Moreover, carrier fish have been involved in viral transmission, therefore the use of specific and sensitive diagnostic methods to detect LCDV will be relevant for LCD prevention.

Results: We have developed a real-time PCR (qPCR) assay to detect and quantify LCDV. The assay was evaluated for viral diagnosis in surveillance studies in gilthead seabream farms, and also to identify viral reservoirs in a hatchery. The prevalence of LCDV infection in the asymptomatic gilthead seabream populations tested varied from 30 to 100 %, including data from one farm without previous records of LCD. Estimated viral load in caudal fin of subclinically infected fish was two to five orders of magnitude lower than in diseased fish. The qPCR assay allowed the detection of carrier fish in broodstock from a farm with a history of clinical LCD in juvenile fish. In addition, the quantitative detection of LCDV was achieved in all samples collected in the hatchery, including fertilized eggs, larvae and fingerlings, and also rotifer cultures and artemia metanauplii and cysts used for larval rearing.

Conclusions: The qPCR assay developed in this study has proved to be a rapid, sensitive, and reliable method for LCDV diagnosis, which could be valuable to identify LCDV reservoirs or to study viral replication in gilthead seabream.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-016-0696-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4822239PMC
April 2016