Publications by authors named "Ernestina Santos"

46Publications

Paraneoplastic neurological syndromes with onconeural antibodies: A single center retrospective study.

J Neurol Sci 2020 Nov 21;418:117103. Epub 2020 Aug 21.

Neurology Department, Centro Hospitalar Universitário do Porto - Hospital de Santo António, Porto, Portugal; Unidade Multidisciplinar de Investigação Biomédica/Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar, Universidade do Porto (UMIB/ICBAS, UP), Portugal.

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November 2020

Spontaneous remission lasting 3 decades in myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein disease.

Neurol Clin Pract 2019 Dec;9(6):522-523

Serviço de Neurologia (DG, SD, RF, AMS, ES), Departamento de Neurociências, Hospital de Santo António, Centro Hospitalar Universitário do Porto; and Unidade Multidisciplinar de Investigação Biomédica (UMIB) (AMS, ES), Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar (ICBAS), Universidade do Porto, Portugal.

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December 2019

Intrafamilial heterogeneity in hereditary diffuse leukoencephalopathy with axonal spheroids.

Neurol Clin Pract 2019 Dec;9(6):500-502

Department of Neurology (CL, MP), Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de São João; Department of Neurology (SD, ES), Centro Hospitalar e Universitário do Porto; and Department of Neuroradiology (CR), Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de São João.

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December 2019

Refractory myasthenia gravis: Characteristics of a portuguese cohort.

Muscle Nerve 2019 08 15;60(2):188-191. Epub 2019 May 15.

Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Oxford University Hospitals and University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

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August 2019

Case report of recalcitrant allergic contact eczema successfully treated with teriflunomide.

Dermatol Ther 2019 07 8;32(4):e12947. Epub 2019 May 8.

Department of Dermatology, Centro Hospitalar Universitário do Porto, Portugal.

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July 2019

Signs heralding appearance of thymomas after extended thymectomy for myasthenia gravis.

Neurol Clin Pract 2019 Feb;9(1):48-52

Departments of Neurology (ES, AMS) and Pathology (CL), Clinical Immunology (A. Marinho) Hospital Santo Antonio/ Centro Hospitalar Universitario do Porto; Instituto de Ciencias Biomedicas de Abel Salazar (ES, AMS, GG), University of Porto, Portugal; Institute of Pathology (PS), University Medical Center Göttingen, University of Göttingen, Germany; Neurosciences Group (NW, MIL), Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurology, Institute of Molecular Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, University of Oxford, UK; and Institute of Pathology (A. Marx), University Medical Centre Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany.

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February 2019

Proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines in the CSF of patients with Alzheimer's disease and their correlation with cognitive decline.

Neurobiol Aging 2019 04 7;76:125-132. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

Life and Health Sciences Research Institute (ICVS), School of Medicine, University of Minho, Campus de Gualtar, Braga, Portugal; ICVS/3B's - PT Government Associate Laboratory, Braga, Guimarães, Portugal; Centro Clínico Académico (2CA), Braga, Portugal.

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April 2019

The hospital anxiety and depression scale, in patients with multiple sclerosis.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2018 22;14:3193-3197. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Institute of Public Health of the University of Porto (ISPUP), Porto, Portugal.

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November 2018

MuSK myasthenia gravis and pregnancy.

Neuromuscul Disord 2018 02 28;28(2):150-153. Epub 2017 Nov 28.

Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Oxford University Hospitals, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.

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February 2018

Myasthenia gravis with systemic and neurological polyautoimmunity.

J Neurol Sci 2017 10 9;381:39-40. Epub 2017 Aug 9.

John Radcliffe Hospital, University of Oxford, United Kingdom.

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October 2017

Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in multiple sclerosis patients from the north of Portugal.

J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 2018 06 22;180:137-141. Epub 2017 Sep 22.

Unit for Multidisciplinary Research in Biomedicine (UMIB), Abel Salazar Institute of Biomedical Sciences (ICBAS), University of Porto (UP), Porto, Portugal; Department of Neurology, Centro Hospitalar do Porto-Hospital de Santo António (CHP-HSA), Porto, Portugal; Unidade de Imunologia Clínica (UIC), Centro Hospitalar do Porto-Hospital de Santo António (CHP-HSA), Porto, Portugal.

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June 2018

Neurosarcoidosis according to Zajicek and Scolding criteria: 15 probable and definite cases, their treatment and outcomes.

J Neurol Sci 2017 Aug 27;379:84-88. Epub 2017 May 27.

Neurology Department, Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Porto, Portugal; Unit for Multidisciplinary Research in Biomedicine, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar, University of Porto, Portugal.

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August 2017

The vitamin D receptor gene FokI polymorphism and Multiple Sclerosis in a Northern Portuguese population.

J Neuroimmunol 2017 08 11;309:34-37. Epub 2017 May 11.

Unit for Multidisciplinary Research in Biomedicine (UMIB), Abel Salazar Institute of Biomedical Sciences (ICBAS), University of Porto (UP), Porto, Portugal; Department of Neurology, Centro Hospitalar do Porto-Hospital de Santo António (CHP-HSA), Porto, Portugal; Unidade de Imunologia Clínica (UIC), Centro Hospitalar do Porto-Hospital de Santo António (CHP-HSA), Porto, Portugal.

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August 2017

HLA and age of onset in myasthenia gravis.

Neuromuscul Disord 2017 Jul 5;27(7):650-654. Epub 2017 Apr 5.

Unit for Multidisciplinary Research in Biomedicine (UMIB), Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar-Universidade do Porto (ICBAS-UP), Porto, Portugal; Immunogenetics Laboratory, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar-Universidade do Porto (ICBAS-UP), Porto, Portugal.

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July 2017

Inflammatory myopathy associated with myasthenia gravis with and without thymic pathology: Report of four cases and literature review.

Autoimmun Rev 2017 Jun 13;16(6):644-649. Epub 2017 Apr 13.

Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Oxford University Hospitals and University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

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June 2017

Concurrent autoimmune hepatitis in multiple sclerosis.

Mult Scler 2018 03 1;24(3):350-353. Epub 2017 Feb 1.

Servico de Neurologia, Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Hospital de Santo António, Porto, Portugal/Unidade Multidisciplinar de Investigação Biomédica, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal.

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March 2018

Dyschromatopsia in Multiple Sclerosis Patients: A Marker of Subclinical Involvement?: Response.

J Neuroophthalmol 2017 03;37(1):108-109

Neurology Department, Centro Hospitalar de Vila Nova de Gaia/Espinho, Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal Neurology Department, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal Neurology Department, Hospital Fernando Fonseca, Lisboa, Portugal Neurology Department, Hospital Garcia de Orta, Almada, Portugal Neurology Department, Hospital de Braga, Braga, Portugal Neurology Department, Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Porto, Portugal Ophthalmology Department, Centro Hospitalar de Vila Nova de Gaia/Espinho, Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal Ophthalmology Department, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal Ophthalmology Department, Hospital Fernando Fonseca, Lisboa, Portugal Ophthalmology Department, Hospital Garcia de Orta, Almada, Portugal Ophthalmology Department, Hospital de Braga, Braga, Portugal Ophthalmology Department, Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Porto, Portugal Neurology Department, Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Porto, Portugal Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas de Abel Salazar da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal.

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March 2017

Dyschromatopsia in Multiple Sclerosis Patients: A Marker of Subclinical Involvement?

J Neuroophthalmol 2016 09;36(3):275-9

Neurology Department (HF), Centro Hospitalar de Vila Nova de Gaia/Espinho, Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal; Neurology Department (JP), Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal; Neurology Department (SC), Hospital Fernando Fonseca, Lisboa, Portugal; Neurology Department (PP), Hospital Garcia de Orta, Almada, Portugal; Neurology Department (AFS), Hospital de Braga, Braga, Portugal; Neurology Department (AR), Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Porto, Portugal; Ophthalmology Department (DM), Centro Hospitalar de Vila Nova de Gaia/Espinho, Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal; Ophthalmology Department (PF), Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal; Ophthalmology Department (CP), Hospital Fernando Fonseca, Lisboa, Portugal; Ophthalmology Department (JNC), Hospital Garcia de Orta, Almada, Portugal; Ophthalmology Department (CA), Hospital de Braga, Braga, Portugal; Ophthalmology Department (MA), Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Porto, Portugal; Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas de Abel Salazar da Universidade do Porto (ES), Porto, Portugal.

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September 2016

Recurrent cerebrospinal fluid escape in an HIV-1-infected patient receiving antiretroviral therapy.

AIDS 2016 Apr;30(7):1143-4

aDepartment of Neurology bDepartment of Neuroradiology, Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Porto, Portugal cNeuroimmunology Unit, Neuroscience and Trauma Centre, Blizard Institute, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University London, London, UK dClinical Immunology Unit, Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Porto, Portugal.

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April 2016

Myasthenia gravis in pregnancy: Experience of a portuguese center.

Muscle Nerve 2016 10 14;54(4):715-20. Epub 2016 Jul 14.

Obstetrics Department, Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Largo Prof. Abel Salazar, 4099-001, Oporto, Portugal.

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October 2016

Hypnic Headache and Basilar Artery Dolichoectasia.

Neurologist 2015 Dec;20(6):106-7

*Neurology Department, Serviço de Neurologia, Hospital Santo António, Centro Hospitalar do Porto †Neurology Department, Hospital São João, Porto, Portugal.

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December 2015

The Protective Role of HLA-DRB1(∗)13 in Autoimmune Diseases.

J Immunol Res 2015 29;2015:948723. Epub 2015 Oct 29.

Immunogenetics Laboratory, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar-Universidade do Porto (ICBAS-UP), Rua de Jorge Viterbo Ferreira No. 228, 4050-313 Porto, Portugal ; Unit for Multidisciplinary Research in Biomedicine (UMIB), Abel Salazar Institute of Biomedical Sciences (ICBAS), University of Porto (UP), Rua de Jorge Viterbo Ferreira No. 228, 4050-313 Porto, Portugal.

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August 2016

Congenital myasthenic syndrome due to mutation in CHRNE gene with clinical worsening and thymic hyperplasia attributed to association with autoimmune-myasthenia gravis.

Neuromuscul Disord 2015 Dec 6;25(12):928-31. Epub 2015 Aug 6.

Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Oxford University Hospitals, University of Oxford, UK. Electronic address:

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December 2015

Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome and prostatic adenocarcinoma.

Neurol Sci 2015 Nov 5;36(11):2145-6. Epub 2015 Jul 5.

Neurology Department, Hospital de Santo António, Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Largo Professor Abel Salazar, 4099-001, Porto, Portugal.

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November 2015

Neuromyelitis optica in Portugal (NEMIPORT) - A multicentre study.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2015 Jul 11;134:79-84. Epub 2015 Apr 11.

Centro Hospitalar de São João, Department of Neurology, Alameda Prof. Hernâni Monteiro, 4200-319 Porto, Portugal; Faculty of Health Sciences, University Fernando Pessoa, Porto, Portugal. Electronic address:

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July 2015

The role of infections in Behçet disease and neuro-Behçet syndrome.

Autoimmun Rev 2015 Jul 11;14(7):609-15. Epub 2015 Mar 11.

Blizard Institute, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University London, 4 Newark Street, London E1 2AT, UK. Electronic address:

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July 2015

Frequent involvement of central nervous system in primary Sjögren syndrome.

Rheumatol Int 2015 Feb 24;35(2):289-94. Epub 2014 Jul 24.

Neurology Department, Hospital Santo António, Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Largo Prof. Abel Salazar, 4099-001, Porto, Portugal,

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February 2015

The role of KIR2DS1 in multiple sclerosis--KIR in Portuguese MS patients.

J Neuroimmunol 2014 Apr 28;269(1-2):52-5. Epub 2014 Jan 28.

UMIB - Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar (ICBAS-UPorto), Porto Portugal.

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April 2014

Late onset vanishing white matter disease presenting with learning difficulties.

J Neurol Sci 2012 Mar 5;314(1-2):169-70. Epub 2011 Nov 5.

Neurology Department, Centro Hospitalar do Porto, Porto, Portugal.

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March 2012

Olfactory dysfunction in multiple sclerosis: association with secondary progression.

Mult Scler 2012 May 21;18(5):616-21. Epub 2011 Oct 21.

Neurology Department, Centro Hospitalar do Porto - Hospital de S António, Porto, Portugal.

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May 2012

Gliomatosis cerebri diagnostic challenge: two case reports.

Neurologist 2011 Sep;17(5):269-72

Department of Neurology, Hospital Santo António, Porto, Portugal.

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September 2011

Graves' disease presenting as pseudotumor cerebri: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2011 Feb 15;5:68. Epub 2011 Feb 15.

Serviço de Neurologia, Hospital Santo António, Largo Professor Abel Salazar, 4099-001 Porto, Portugal.

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February 2011

Myasthenia gravis and pregnancy: anaesthetic management--a series of cases.

Eur J Anaesthesiol 2010 Nov;27(11):985-90

Serviço de Anestesiologia, Hospital Santo António, Porto, Portugal.

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November 2010

Neurolymphomatosis mimicking neurosarcoidosis: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2010 Jan 12;4. Epub 2010 Jan 12.

Neurology Department, Hospital Geral Santo, António Porto, Portugal.

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January 2010

Treatment of refractory neurosarcoidosis with Infliximab.

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2010 Mar 31;81(3):241-6. Epub 2008 Oct 31.

Neurology Department, Hospital Geral Santo António, Porto, Portugal.

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March 2010

Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome presenting with haemorrhage.

J Neurol Sci 2009 Jan 2;276(1-2):189-92. Epub 2008 Oct 2.

University of Bristol Institute of Clinical Neurosciences, Department of Neurology, Frenchay Hospital, Bristol, UK.

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January 2009