Publications by authors named "Erik J Scott"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Surgical versus transcatheter mitral valve replacement in functional mitral valve regurgitation.

Ann Cardiothorac Surg 2021 Jan;10(1):75-84

Department of Cardiac Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

Surgical mitral valve intervention for severe functional, or secondary mitral regurgitation is a viable option for patients deemed to be operative candidates and can be performed via traditional sternotomy or by minimally invasive techniques with similar outcomes. Transcatheter mitral valve replacement is an emerging technology with a potential role in the treatment of functional mitral valve regurgitation. A plethora of devices are currently in development and in various stages of clinical investigation. Operative approach to transcatheter mitral valve replacement varies from a percutaneous transseptal approach to a hybrid percutaneous/surgical apical approach. The Tendyne, Intrepid and Evoque systems show promising results from their early feasibility studies in treatment of patients with mitral regurgitation that were too high risk for surgery. In this review, we describe considerations for surgical and transcatheter mitral valve replacement for functional mitral valve regurgitation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/acs-2020-mv-217DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7867424PMC
January 2021

The Risk and Reward of Speaking Out for Racial Equity in Surgical Training.

J Surg Educ 2021 Sep-Oct;78(5):1387-1392. Epub 2021 Jan 31.

Department of Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

In order to maintain productivity and career advancement, Black and Brown individuals often find themselves downplaying persistent elements of bias and racism experienced in predominantly white fields. These elements are commonly reinforced by institutional and departmental policies that hinder the creation of an equitable and inclusive environment for all. In this manuscript, we outline specific challenges faced by Black and Brown trainees and faculty that are perpetuated by such policies. The challenges are followed by specific recommendations for change as they may apply to faculty, staff and trainees. The outlined recommendations or "action items" may be enacted by any residency program or department based on perceived timeliness and should serve as a foundation for change-one that is intently created through a lens of anti-racism. The risk of speaking up for racial equity is outweighed by the potential rewards of building an environment that is diverse, inclusive and better for everyone.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsurg.2021.01.015DOI Listing
January 2021

Porcine Model of Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm.

J Vis Exp 2019 11 21(153). Epub 2019 Nov 21.

Department of Surgery, University of Florida.

Large animal models to study abdominal aortic aneurysms are sparse. The purpose of this model is to create reproducible, clinically significant infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) in swine. To achieve this, we use a combination of balloon angioplasty, elastase and collagenase, and a lysyl oxidase inhibitor, called β-aminopropionitrile (BAPN), to create clinically significant infrarenal aortic aneurysms, analogous to human disease. Noncastrated male swine are fed BAPN for 7 days prior to surgery to achieve a steady state in the blood. A midline laparotomy is performed and the infrarenal aorta is circumferentially dissected. An initial measurement is recorded prior to aneurysm induction with a combination of balloon angioplasty, elastase (500 units)/collagenase (8000 units) perfusion, and topical elastase application. Swine are fed BAPN daily until terminal procedure on either postoperative day 7, 14, or 28, at which time the aneurysm is measured, and tissue procured. BAPN + surgery pigs are compared to pigs that underwent surgery alone. Swine treated with BAPN and surgery had a mean aortic dilation of 89.9% ± 47.4% at day 7, 105.4% ± 58.1% at day 14, and 113.5% ± 30.2% at day 28. Pigs treated with surgery alone had significantly smaller aneurysms compared to BAPN + surgery animals at day 28 (p < 0.0003). The BAPN + surgery group had macroscopic and immunohistochemical evidence of end stage aneurysmal disease. Clinically significant infrarenal AAA can be induced using balloon angioplasty, elastase/collagenase perfusion and topical application, supplemented with oral BAPN. This model creates large, clinically significant AAA with hallmarks of human disease. This has important implications for the elucidation of AAA pathogenesis and testing of novel therapies and devices for the treatment of AAA. Limitations of the model include variation in BAPN ingested by swine, quality of elastase perfusion, and cost of BAPN.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3791/60169DOI Listing
November 2019
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