Publications by authors named "Erik Hervieux"

11 Publications

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Analysis of enteric nervous system and intestinal epithelial barrier to predict complications in Hirschsprung's disease.

Sci Rep 2020 12 10;10(1):21725. Epub 2020 Dec 10.

University of Nantes, INSERM, TENS, The Enteric Nervous System in Gut and Brain Diseases, IMAD, Nantes, France.

In Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR), postoperative course remains unpredictable. Our aim was to define predictive factors of the main postoperative complications: obstructive symptoms (OS) and Hirschsprung-associated enterocolitis (HAEC). In this prospective multicentre cohort study, samples of resected bowel were collected at time of surgery in 18 neonates with short-segment HSCR in tertiary care hospitals. OS and HAEC were noted during postoperative follow-up. We assessed the enteric nervous system and the intestinal epithelial barrier (IEB) in ganglionic segments by combining immunohistochemical, proteomic and transcriptomic approaches, with functional ex vivo analysis of motility and para/transcellular permeability. Ten HSCR patients presented postoperative complications (median follow-up 23.5 months): 6 OS, 4 HAEC (2 with OS), 2 diarrhoea (without OS/HAEC). Immunohistochemical analysis showed a significant 41% and 60% decrease in median number of nNOS-IR myenteric neurons per ganglion in HSCR with OS as compared to HSCR with HAEC/diarrhoea (without OS) and HSCR without complications (p = 0.0095; p = 0.002, respectively). Paracellular and transcellular permeability was significantly increased in HSCR with HAEC as compared to HSCR with OS/diarrhoea without HAEC (p = 0.016; p = 0.009) and HSCR without complications (p = 0.029; p = 0.017). This pilot study supports the hypothesis that modulating neuronal phenotype and enhancing IEB permeability may treat or prevent postoperative complications in HSCR.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-78340-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7729910PMC
December 2020

[Newborn peritonitis].

Authors:
Erik Hervieux

Rev Prat 2020 05;70(5):e183

Service de chirurgie viscérale pédiatrique et néonatale, hôpital Trousseau, AP-HP, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France.

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May 2020

[Acute peritonitis in children].

Authors:
Erik Hervieux

Rev Prat 2020 05;70(5):e177-e182

Service de chirurgie viscérale pédiatrique et néonatale, hôpital Trousseau, AP-HP, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France.

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May 2020

Preoperative 3D reconstruction images for paediatric tumours: Advantages and drawbacks.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2021 01 22;68(1):e28670. Epub 2020 Aug 22.

Department of Visceral and Neonatal Paediatric Surgery, Sorbonne Université - APHP.6, Hôpital Armand Trousseau, Paris, France.

Rationale: Three-dimensional reconstruction (3DR) of preoperative images may improve the presurgical assessment of tumours prior to removal. We aimed to analyse the advantages and discrepancies of preoperative 3DR in paediatric tumours.

Methods: We conducted a prospective observational study from 2016 to 2019, including patients with thoraco-abdominal tumours having predictable surgical risks on preoperative images (encasement of vessels posing vascular risks, ie, neuroblastic and soft tissue tumours or parenchyma preservation of the invaded organ, ie, liver and kidney). A comparison of 2D/3DR and surgical findings was performed.

Results: Twenty-four patients, with a median age at surgery of 68.2 months (13 days-203 months), were operated on for neuroblastoma (n = 7), renal tumour (n = 7), hepatic tumour (n = 4) and others (n = 6; bone sarcoma of the iliac branch, abdominal lymph nodes of a recurrent testicular germ cell tumour, pseudoinflammatory tumour of the omentum, thoracic lipoblastoma, desmoplastic tumour, solid and pseudopapillar tumour of the pancreas). Reconstruction was of poor quality in two patients with renal tumours because computed tomography (CT) had no excretory phase. Discrepancies between 3DR and surgical findings occurred in two patients, one because of poor assessment of caliceal infiltration by renal nodules and the other because of inadequate reconstruction of renal vein thrombosis. For all the other tumours, 3DR improved the visualisation and precise location of vessels during surgery.

Conclusion: High-quality preoperative images are mandatory to provide the best 3DR. In the majority of cases, 3DR is of significant help during surgery to better identify vascular structures within tumours and preserve parenchyma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pbc.28670DOI Listing
January 2021

Mobile Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: 5-Year Experience of a French Pediatric and Neonatal Center.

Pediatr Crit Care Med 2020 09;21(9):e723-e730

Pediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Armand Trousseau Hospital, APHP Sorbonne University, Paris, France.

Objectives: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is an established therapy for refractory cardiac and/or pulmonary failure that is not available in all centers. When infants and children require extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, they are sometimes placed on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support in peripheral centers where extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is not available and then transferred on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation to specialized centers. The objective of this study is to first describe one of the largest cohorts of infants and children transported by a mobile unit while on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

Design: We undertook a single-center retrospective study that included patients transported while on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation between November 1, 2014, and May 31, 2019.

Patients: All patients transported by our mobile extracorporeal membrane oxygenation unit during the study period were included. Computerized data collection was approved by the French Data Protection Authority (Commission nationale de l'informatique et des libertés n° 2121127V0).

Main Results: Over the study period, our extracorporeal membrane oxygenation mobile team transported 80 patients on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation among which 20 were newborns (25%) and 60 were children of 1 month to 17 years old (75%); 57 patients were on venoarterial-extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (71%) and 23 on venovenous-extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (29%). The average duration of transport was 8.4 hours with a median of 8 hours; the average distance travelled was 189 ± 140 km. Transport was by air and then ground for 50% of the patients and by ground for 42%. We observed a significant decrease in the Vasoactive-Inotropic Score (125 vs 99; p = 0.005) and PaCO2 levels (67 vs 49 mm Hg; p = 0.0005) after arrival in our unit. Survival rate 6 months after PICU discharge was 46% (37). There was a statistically significant relationship between initial lactate level and mortality (p = 0.02). We observed minor adverse events in 39% of the transports and had no mortality during transport.

Conclusions: We describe one of the largest cohorts of infants and children transported by a mobile unit while on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Our findings confirm that it is safe to start extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in a referring center and to transport patients using an extracorporeal membrane oxygenation mobile team. The only risk factor associated with higher mortality was an initially elevated lactate level.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PCC.0000000000002421DOI Listing
September 2020

Successful extracorporeal membrane oxygenation transport of a 4-month-old brain-dead infant for organ donation: A case report.

Pediatr Transplant 2019 11 22;23(7):e13515. Epub 2019 Aug 22.

Neonatal and Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Hôpital Trousseau, AP-HP, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France.

A 4-month-old infant was declared brain-dead 2 days after being initiated on venoarterial ECMO for a refractory septic shock. All brain death diagnostic criteria were fulfilled according to French law, and parental consent was given for organ donation. The hospital where ECMO was initiated had no authorization for organ procurement, and the donor was then transferred to the local referral center for child organ recovery with our mobile ECMO team to maintain organ perfusion. The kidneys were recovered and successfully transplanted to a child who is now well and alive. Although the transport elements of this case report are of limited relevance to an international audience as no other country, to our knowledge, has this particular organization, it does show excellent collaboration between teams to realize the goal of organ donation for this family. This is the first case describing a successful inter-hospital transport for organ procurement of a brain-dead infant on ECMO. Brain-dead pediatric patients undergoing ECMO can be considered as potential organ donors to expand the donor pool.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/petr.13515DOI Listing
November 2019

Tracheal and bronchial tumors.

J Thorac Dis 2016 Dec;8(12):3781-3786

Pediatric Surgery Unit, Istituto Giannina Gaslini, Genoa, Italy.

Although primary tracheobronchial tumors are extremely rare in children, recurrent respiratory symptoms resistant to conventional therapy require further investigations to exclude possible malignant obstructive causes. As the matter of fact, early diagnosis may allow minimally invasive surgeries, improving the standard of living and the globally survival rate. The aim of this article is to provide an overview of diagnosis and management of tracheobronchial tumors in the early age, since only few reports are reported in the worldwide literature.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2016.12.67DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5227203PMC
December 2016

Comparative results of gastric banding in adolescents and young adults.

J Pediatr Surg 2016 Jul 28;51(7):1122-5. Epub 2016 Feb 28.

AP-HP, Hôpital Necker-Enfants malades, Service de Chirurgie Pédiatrique Viscérale, Paris, France; Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Background/purpose: Obesity has become a major public health priority. Because of disappointing results obtained with dietary and medical programs, bariatric surgery has been offered to adolescents, although this practice remains controversial. Our aim was to evaluate laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) in adolescents at 2-year follow-up.

Material And Methods: This prospective study, from 2008 to 2013, compared results between adolescent patients and young adult controls. The LAGB technique and the follow-up program were similar. Weight loss and comorbid disease were analyzed.

Results: Thirty-six adolescents (mean age at surgery=16.7±1.3years) were operated on and compared to 53 young adults (mean age at surgery=21.7±1.9years). The mean weight and BMI at surgery were 124.4±20.7 and 43.9±5.5kg/m(2), respectively. Among the adolescents, none were diabetic or hypertensive. The mean glycated hemoglobin was 5.6±1.2%. In four cases (11%) dyslipidemia was observed. There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of initial preoperative weight or BMI. The absolute BMI values at 6, 12 and 24months after surgery were comparable between adolescents and young adults: 38.7 vs 39.8, 36.0 vs 37.6 and 33.5 vs 36.1kg/m(2), respectively. The excess weight loss was higher in adolescents at 12 and 24months: 48.6 vs 37.6% (p=0.03); and 62.3 vs 45.5% (p=0.02). During this period, insulin resistance and dyslipidemia decreased similarly in both groups.

Conclusion: Provided there is careful selection of patients and a supportive multidisciplinary team, satisfying results can be obtained after LAGB in adolescents, comparable to those obtained in young adults at 2-year follow-up.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2016.02.043DOI Listing
July 2016

Bile Diversion in Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Modulates Sodium-Dependent Glucose Intestinal Uptake.

Cell Metab 2016 Mar 25;23(3):547-53. Epub 2016 Feb 25.

University Lille, Inserm, CHU Lille, U1190 Translational research for diabetes, 59000 Lille, France; European Genomic Institute for Diabetes, EGID, 59000 Lille, France. Electronic address:

Gastro-intestinal exclusion by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) improves glucose metabolism, independent of weight loss. Although changes in intestinal bile trafficking have been shown to play a role, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. We performed RYGB in minipigs and showed that the intestinal uptake of ingested glucose is blunted in the bile-deprived alimentary limb (AL). Glucose uptake in the AL was restored by the addition of bile, and this effect was abolished when active glucose intestinal transport was blocked with phlorizin. Sodium-glucose cotransporter 1 remained expressed in the AL, while intraluminal sodium content was markedly decreased. Adding sodium to the AL had the same effect as bile on glucose uptake. It also increased postprandial blood glucose response in conscious minipigs following RYGB. The decrease in intestinal uptake of glucose after RYGB was confirmed in humans. Our results demonstrate that bile diversion affects postprandial glucose metabolism by modulating sodium-glucose intestinal cotransport.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cmet.2016.01.018DOI Listing
March 2016

Primordial Influence of Post-operative Compliance on Weight Loss After Adolescent Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding.

Obes Surg 2016 Jan;26(1):98-104

AP-HP, Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades, Service de Chirurgie Pédiatrique Viscérale, 149 rue de Sevres, 75015, Paris, France.

Background: Accumulating evidence suggests that the benefits seen in adult bariatric surgery can be reproduced in adolescents. In contrast with North America, bariatric surgery in adolescents is still not well accepted in Europe and indications and protocols have still to be formulated.

Methods: This prospective study tested the gastric banding procedure in 49 patients operated in a single French institution since 2008. The mean age at surgery was 16.2 ± 0.9 years with a weight of 118.8 ± 22.3 kg and body mass index of 42.5 ± 5.9 kg/m(2).

Results: At 6, 12 and 24 months after surgery, weight was 103.7 ± 20.8 kg, 98.7 ± 21 kg and 93.6 ± 19.3 kg, respectively (p < 0.001), corresponding to excess weight loss (EWL) of 31.6 ± 17.2 %, 41.8 ± 21.4 % and 59.1 ± 24.9 % (p < 0.001), respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that the number of consultations per year was the only variable significantly associated to weight loss. Metabolic disorders were corrected, with a decreased prevalence of insulin resistance from 100 to 17 % and normalisation of homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) at 24 months (2.09 ± 0.95). Band-related complications were five slippages, one psychological intolerance and two ports repositioning. Six patients (12 %) had the device explanted. The death of a patient was an exceptionally severe adverse event.

Conclusion: Given frequent follow-up support by a multidisciplinary team, laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) surgery in adolescent results in sustained weight loss. However, even exceptional, potentially serious complications are possible and long-term follow-up is needed to evaluate the risk/benefit ratio at 5 or 10 years after LAGB surgery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11695-015-1725-4DOI Listing
January 2016

Characteristics and prognosis of patients requiring valve surgery during active infective endocarditis.

J Heart Valve Dis 2011 Mar;20(2):223-8

Pôle de Chirurgie Cardiovasculaire, CHRU de Lille and Hôpital Cardiologique, CHRU de Lille, France.

Background And Aim Of The Study: The study aim was to describe the characteristics and operative mortality of patients requiring valve surgery during active infective endocarditis (IE).

Methods: This retrospective analysis involved 141 surgically treated patients with active IE. All cardiac operations were performed by the same surgical team between January 1998 and July 2009. All patients had definite (n = 128) or possible (n = 13) endocarditis according to modified Duke criteria. The IE was considered active if surgery was required before completion of a standard course of antimicrobial therapy. Operative mortality included any death occurring within the same hospital admission as surgery.

Results: Among the patients (108 males, 33 females; mean age 56.3 +/- 14.9 years), native valve endocarditis was present in 122 cases (87%). Multiple valve involvement was observed in 27 patients. The infected valves were the aortic (n = 81), mitral (n = 70), tricuspid (n = 15), or pulmonary (n = 2). The most common pathogens were staphylococci (n = 49), streptococci (n = 46) and enterococci (n = 27). The operative mortality was 16%. In univariate analysis, factors linked to operative mortality were age, prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) and inadequate antimicrobial therapy. In multivariate analysis, only PVE was an independent adverse predictor (adjusted Odds Ratio = 4.16; 95% confidence intervals 1.14-12.2; p = 0.01).

Conclusion: Surgery for active IE is associated with a high mortality rate. The prognosis is impaired in patients with PVE, but might be improved by adequate antimicrobial therapy.
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March 2011