Publications by authors named "Erica Dumais"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Landscape of transcription in human cells.

Nature 2012 Sep;489(7414):101-8

Centre for Genomic Regulation and UPF, Doctor Aiguader 88, Barcelona 08003, Catalonia, Spain.

Eukaryotic cells make many types of primary and processed RNAs that are found either in specific subcellular compartments or throughout the cells. A complete catalogue of these RNAs is not yet available and their characteristic subcellular localizations are also poorly understood. Because RNA represents the direct output of the genetic information encoded by genomes and a significant proportion of a cell's regulatory capabilities are focused on its synthesis, processing, transport, modification and translation, the generation of such a catalogue is crucial for understanding genome function. Here we report evidence that three-quarters of the human genome is capable of being transcribed, as well as observations about the range and levels of expression, localization, processing fates, regulatory regions and modifications of almost all currently annotated and thousands of previously unannotated RNAs. These observations, taken together, prompt a redefinition of the concept of a gene.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature11233DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3684276PMC
September 2012

Evidence for transcript networks composed of chimeric RNAs in human cells.

PLoS One 2012 4;7(1):e28213. Epub 2012 Jan 4.

Bioinformatics and Genomics, Centre for Genomic Regulation and Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

The classic organization of a gene structure has followed the Jacob and Monod bacterial gene model proposed more than 50 years ago. Since then, empirical determinations of the complexity of the transcriptomes found in yeast to human has blurred the definition and physical boundaries of genes. Using multiple analysis approaches we have characterized individual gene boundaries mapping on human chromosomes 21 and 22. Analyses of the locations of the 5' and 3' transcriptional termini of 492 protein coding genes revealed that for 85% of these genes the boundaries extend beyond the current annotated termini, most often connecting with exons of transcripts from other well annotated genes. The biological and evolutionary importance of these chimeric transcripts is underscored by (1) the non-random interconnections of genes involved, (2) the greater phylogenetic depth of the genes involved in many chimeric interactions, (3) the coordination of the expression of connected genes and (4) the close in vivo and three dimensional proximity of the genomic regions being transcribed and contributing to parts of the chimeric RNAs. The non-random nature of the connection of the genes involved suggest that chimeric transcripts should not be studied in isolation, but together, as an RNA network.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0028213PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3251577PMC
May 2012

Efficient targeted transcript discovery via array-based normalization of RACE libraries.

Nat Methods 2008 Jul 25;5(7):629-35. Epub 2008 May 25.

Grup de Recerca en Informàtica Biomèdica, Institut Municipal d'Investigació Mèdica/Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Dr. Aiguader 88, 08003 Barcelona, Spain.

Rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) is a widely used approach for transcript identification. Random clone selection from the RACE mixture, however, is an ineffective sampling strategy if the dynamic range of transcript abundances is large. To improve sampling efficiency of human transcripts, we hybridized the products of the RACE reaction onto tiling arrays and used the detected exons to delineate a series of reverse-transcriptase (RT)-PCRs, through which the original RACE transcript population was segregated into simpler transcript populations. We independently cloned the products and sequenced randomly selected clones. This approach, RACEarray, is superior to direct cloning and sequencing of RACE products because it specifically targets new transcripts and often results in overall normalization of transcript abundance. We show theoretically and experimentally that this strategy leads indeed to efficient sampling of new transcripts, and we investigated multiplexing the strategy by pooling RACE reactions from multiple interrogated loci before hybridization.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nmeth.1216DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2713501PMC
July 2008

RNA maps reveal new RNA classes and a possible function for pervasive transcription.

Science 2007 Jun 17;316(5830):1484-8. Epub 2007 May 17.

Affymetrix Laboratory, Affymetrix, Inc., 3420 Central Expressway, Santa Clara, CA, 95051, USA.

Significant fractions of eukaryotic genomes give rise to RNA, much of which is unannotated and has reduced protein-coding potential. The genomic origins and the associations of human nuclear and cytosolic polyadenylated RNAs longer than 200 nucleotides (nt) and whole-cell RNAs less than 200 nt were investigated in this genome-wide study. Subcellular addresses for nucleotides present in detected RNAs were assigned, and their potential processing into short RNAs was investigated. Taken together, these observations suggest a novel role for some unannotated RNAs as primary transcripts for the production of short RNAs. Three potentially functional classes of RNAs have been identified, two of which are syntenically conserved and correlate with the expression state of protein-coding genes. These data support a highly interleaved organization of the human transcriptome.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1138341DOI Listing
June 2007