Publications by authors named "Eric Tille"

11 Publications

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A novel multilayer-coating for Total Knee Arthroplasty implants is safe - 10-year results from a randomized-controlled trial.

J Arthroplasty 2022 Jul 31. Epub 2022 Jul 31.

University Center of Orthopaedic, Trauma and Plastic Surgery, University Hospital, TU Dresden, Fetscherst. 74, 01307 Dresden, Germany.

Background: This randomized-controlled trial was initiated to compare a new multilayer hypoallergenic coating system with the standard implant in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in terms of serum metal ion levels, patient-reported outcomes (PROs), and implant survival.

Methods: A total of 120 patients were randomized to receive a coated or standard TKA of the same knee system. Serum metal ion levels (i.e., cobalt, chromium, molybdenum, and nickel) as well as knee function (Oxford Knee Score, OKS), quality of life (SF-36), and physical activity (UCLA activity scale) were assessed before surgery and until the 10 year follow-up. A total of 24 patients died and there was one revision in each group. This resulted in 85 patients who completed follow-up.

Results: Both groups demonstrated equally good improvement in PROs after surgery and constant score values thereafter. The majority of patients had metal ion serum levels below detection limit. Only cobalt levels demonstrated a slight increase in the standard group at 5- and 10-year follow-up. However, all patient displayed values below 3 μg/l. The cumulative 10-year survival was 98% in both groups.

Conclusion: There were no problems with the new coating system. No relevant increase in metal ion serum levels were measured. A slight increase in cobalt serum levels in the standard TKA was noted, thus not reaching critical values. The new coating system demonstrated equally good PROs as the standard TKA. Excellent implant survival was observed in both groups.
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July 2022

Monteggia fractures: analysis of patient-reported outcome measurements in correlation with ulnar fracture localization.

J Orthop Surg Res 2022 Jun 7;17(1):303. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

University Centre for Orthopaedic, Trauma- and Plastic Surgery (OUPC), University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus, Technical University Dresden, Fetscherstraße 74, 01307, Dresden, Germany.

Background: Monteggia fractures and Monteggia-like lesions result after severe trauma and have high complication rates. Preliminary biomechanical studies suggested a correlation between ulnar fracture localization and clinical result.

Objectives: Key objective was to evaluate whether the site of the ulnar fracture can be correlated to clinical outcome after open reduction and internal stabilization.

Methods: In a retrospective, monocentric study 35 patients who underwent surgical treatment after suffering a Monteggia injury or Monteggia-like lesion were included. Fractures were classified according to Bado and Jupiter, the site of the fracture location at the proximal ulna and regarding the potential accompanying ligamentary injury. In a follow-up examination validated patient-reported outcome measures and functional parameters were evaluated. Furthermore, treatment strategy and complications were analysed.

Results: Mean patient age was 51.9 years (± 18.0). 69% were females (n = 24). Follow-up took place after 50.5 months (± 22.1). Fractures were classified according to Bado (I:2, II:27, III:4, IV:2). Bado II-fractures were further classified according to Jupiter (A:7, B:16, C:3, D:1). Cases were divided into subgroups depending upon the distance of the ulnar fracture site in respect to its distal endpoint (A: < 7 cm and B: > 7 cm). Average overall MEPS was 84.1 (± 19.0). Oxford elbow score and DASH were 37.2 (± 10.5) and 20.4 (± 20.5). Average extension capability reached - 7° (± 7.5). Mean flexion was 134.8° (± 19.7). Average pain according to visual analogue scale was 1.6 (± 1.9). We found no differences between the subgroups regarding the PROMs. Subgroup A displayed a worse extension capability (p = 0.027) and patients were significantly older (p < 0.01). Comparing patients with and without fracture of the radial head, we observed no differences. Patients with an accompanying injury of the coronoid process displayed higher pain levels (p = 0.011), a worse functionality (p = 0.027) and overall lower scoring in PROM.

Conclusion: The presented results suggest that in Monteggia fractures and Monteggia-like lesions, the localization of the ulna fracture can give a hint for its postoperative outcome. However, we could not confirm the hypothesis of an increasing instability in ulnar fractures located further distally (high severity of the potential ligamentous injury). Intraarticular fractures or injuries with a close relation to the joint have a worse prognosis, especially if the coronoid process is injured. Trial registration Registration was done with under NCT05325268.
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June 2022

[The use of knee prostheses with a hypoallergenic coating is safe in the medium term : A randomized controlled study].

Orthopadie (Heidelb) 2022 Aug 3;51(8):660-668. Epub 2021 Nov 3.

UniversitätsCentrum für Orthopädie, Unfall- und Plastische Chirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Carl Gustav Carus Dresden, TU Dresden, Fetscherstraße 74, 01307, Dresden, Deutschland.

Background: In Germany, patients with contact allergy to implant components usually receive coated joint arthroplasties. Whether the treatment using these hypoallergenic implants achieves comparable results to standard treatment with implants consisting of cobalt-chromium alloy (CoCr) implants is controversially discussed internationally and has rarely been investigated in the mid-term.

Objectives: Are there differences in blood metal ion concentrations, knee function, and patient-reported outcomes (PROM) between coated and standard implants?

Material And Methods: 118 patients were randomized to receive either a coated or a standard implant. Knee function as well as patient-reported outcome measures were assessed. Metal ion concentrations in blood samples were additionally determined for chromium, cobalt, molybdenum, and nickel, preoperatively, one and five years after surgery.

Results: After five years, it was possible to analyse the results of 97 patients. In metal ion concentrations, as well as PRO, consistently good results were seen, without any difference between the groups. While in 13 patients there was an increase in chromium concentration above 2 µg/l one year after surgery, there was no measured value above 1 µg/l after five years.

Conclusion: In our study, similar mid-term results were detected for coated (TiNiN) and standard (CoCr)TKA. With respect to metal ion concentrations and PRO there are no disadvantages in using coated TKA.
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August 2022

Ultracongruent insert design is a safe alternative to posterior cruciate-substituting total knee arthroplasty: 5-year results of a randomized controlled trial.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2021 Apr 11. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

University Center of Orthopaedic, Trauma and Plastic Surgery, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus, TU Dresden, Fetscherstr. 74, 01307, Dresden, Germany.

Purpose: If substitution of the posterior cruciate ligament in total knee arthroplasty is necessary, there are two options available: posterior stabilized (PS) design with a post-cam mechanism or anterior-lipped ultracongruent (UC) inserts. UC inserts have the advantage that no femoral box is necessary and a standard femoral component can be used. The aim of this study was to compare the range of motion (ROM) and patient-reported outcome (PRO) after UC and PS fixed-bearing TKA. Better ROM in PS TKA and no difference in PRO between both designs was hypothesized.

Methods: A randomized controlled trial with 127 patients receiving a fixed-bearing UC or PS design of the same knee system was performed. Nine patients died and there were four revision surgeries. 107 patients completed the 5-year follow-up. Patient-reported outcome was assessed. Patellofemoral problems were evaluated using selected applicable questions of the Oxford Knee Score (getting up from a table, kneeling, climbing stairs).

Results: Surgical time was 10 min shorter in the UC group (p < 0.001). After 5 years, both groups demonstrated good knee function and health-related quality of life without significant differences between the groups. Both groups demonstrated a high satisfaction score and the majority of patients would undergo this surgery again. Patellofemoral problems were recognized more frequently in the PS group (p = 0.025).

Conclusion: Both designs demonstrated similar good results after 5 years. Stabilization with an anterior-lipped UC insert can be considered a safe alternative to the well-established PS design if cruciate substitution is necessary.

Level Of Evidence: 1.
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April 2021

Better short-term function after unicompartmental compared to total knee arthroplasty.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 Apr 2;22(1):326. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

University Center for Orthopaedic, Trauma- and Plastic Surgery, University Medicine Carl Gustav Carus Dresden, Technische Universität Dresden, Fetscherstr. 74, 01307, Dresden, Germany.

Background: Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is an established treatment option for patients with unicompartmental osteoarthritis (OA). However, strict patient selection is crucial for its success. The proposed advantages include nearly natural knee kinematics, faster rehabilitation and better functional outcomes. Despite the aforementioned facts and it's proven cost-effectiveness, there are still hesitations for the use of UKA as an alternative to total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Key objectives of this study were therefore to assess clinical and patient-reported outcome (PRO) as well as patient's satisfaction after medial UKA in comparison to TKA.

Methods: To assess the outcome after UKA we conducted a prospective multi-center study. 116 patients with unicompartmental OA and indication for UKA were included. Overall 54 females and 62 males with an average age of 62.7 years (±9.8) and an average body mass index (BMI) of 29.2 (± 3.7) were recruited. Clinical results and PRO were assessed using the Knee Society Score (KSS). Follow-ups took place 3 months, 1 and 2 years after surgery including clinical examination, radiographs, assessment of PRO and adverse events. Pain and satisfaction was evaluated using a visual analog scale (VAS, 0 (worst) to 10 (best)). For comparison with TKA a propensity score matched-pair analysis was performed to eliminate confounders. Matching criteria were gender, patient's age, BMI and comorbidities. A total of 116 matched-pairs were analysed.

Results: There was no revision in the UKA group until 2 years after surgery. Revision rates were higher in the TKA group (0.6%). Preoperative KSS-Scores were higher within the UKA cohort (p <  0.001). After surgical treatment, PROMs displayed a significant improvement (p <  0,001) in both cohorts. Regarding the Knee-Score (Pain, Alignment, ROM) we observed no differences between cohorts after 12 months. The Function-Score demonstrated significantly better results in the UKA cohort (UKA vs. TKA 95 vs 80, p <  0.001). Patient satisfaction was also higher in UKA patients (UKA vs TKA 9.0 vs 8.8, p = 0.019).

Conclusion: Patients of both cohorts showed high satisfaction after knee arthroplasty. UKA resulted in higher function scores compared to TKA without increased revision rate during short-term follow-up. Therefore, UKA is a good treatment option for unicompartmental OA.

Trial Registration:, NCT04598568 . Registered 22 October 2020 - Retrospectively registered.
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April 2021

Wound infection caused by Photobacterium damselae in a 32-year-old woman: case report and review of the literature.

GMS Infect Dis 2020 17;8:Doc23. Epub 2020 Nov 17.

Leibniz-Institut DSMZ - Deutsche Sammlung für Mikroorganismen und Zellkulturen GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany.

The case of a 32-year-old woman is reported, who was affected by a persisting wound infection caused by after an accident in the Mediterranean Sea. Besides the clinical case, microbiological characteristics based on the phenotypic and genotypic description of the isolate (including whole genome data) are presented and discussed.
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November 2020

Instability of the proximal radioulnar joint in Monteggia fractures-an experimental study.

J Orthop Surg Res 2019 Nov 28;14(1):392. Epub 2019 Nov 28.

Orthopaedic-Traumatology Centre (OUC), Carl Gustav Carus University, Technical University Dresden, Fetscherstraße 74, 01307, Dresden, Germany.

Background: A Monteggia fracture is defined as a fracture of the proximal ulna combined with a luxation of the radial head. The aim of the present work is to evaluate the extent of instability of the radius head in the proximal radioulnar joint (PRUJ) as a function of the severity of elbow fracture and ligamentous injury in an experimental biomechanical approach.

Methods: Eight fresh-frozen cadaver arms were used. All soft tissues were removed except for the ligamentous structures of the PRUJ and forearm. A tensile force of 40 N was exerted laterally, anteriorly or posteriorly onto the proximal radius. The dislocation in the PRUJ was photometrically recorded and measured by two independent examiners. After manual dissection of the ligamentous structures up to the interosseous membrane, the instability was documented and subsequently measured. The following dissection levels were differentiated: intact ligamentous structures, dissection of annular ligament, oblique cord and proximal third of interosseous membrane.

Results: An anterior instability remains relatively constant until the proximal third of the interosseous membrane is dissected. The radial head already dislocates relevantly in the posterior direction after dissection of the annular ligament with an additional considerable stability anteriorly and laterally. Subsequently, the posterior instability increases less pronouncedly in regard of distal resected structures. The lateral instability increases constantly during the progressing resection of the ligamentous structures.

Conclusion: On the one hand, a complete healing of the ligament injury after functional treatment is hardly conceivable with ligamentary damage up to the level of the proximal interosseous membrane. A remaining instability of the proximal radius could therefore be a possible cause for the unsatisfactory clinical results after certain Monteggia fractures. On the other hand, the present study may give a possible explanation (i.e. early dorsal radius head dislocation after dissection of annular ligament) why the Bado II injury is the most frequent type of Monteggia fractures.
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November 2019

Intraarticular use of tranexamic acid reduces blood loss and transfusion rate after primary total knee arthroplasty.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2019 Jul 27;20(1):341. Epub 2019 Jul 27.

University Center of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University Medicine Carl Gustav Carus Dresden, Technische Universität Dresden, Fetscherstr. 74, 01307, Dresden, Germany.

Background: Tranexamic acid (TXA) is effective in reduction of hemorrhage after major surgical procedures. In total joint replacement it is commonly administered intravenously. Despite various studies regarding the safety of its antifibrinolytic effect there are contraindications for systemic use. In total knee arthroplasty (TKA) TXA can also be administered intraarticular. However, there is a lack of studies focusing on dosage, effectiveness and complications of this local treatment. This study aimed to evaluate if blood loss and transfusion rate can be reduced in primary TKA by local application of TXA.

Methods: We included a total of 202 consecutive primary, unilateral TKA patients, 101 without and 101 with intraartricular application of 2 g TXA. Surgery was conducted after a standardized protocol. Blood loss, transfusion and complication rates were evaluated until three months after surgery. Blood loss was estimated using the hematocrit-value (Hk) prior and five days after surgery by Rosenecher's and Mercuriali's formula.

Results: By the use of TXA a significant reduction of blood loss (Rosencher average 1220 ml vs 1900 ml, Mercuriali average 430 ml vs 700 ml p < 0,001) and transfusion rate (0% vs 24.75% of patients, p < 0,001) was observed. There were no differences regarding complication rates. Due to the lower cost of TXA compared to applied erythrocyte concentrates a side effect of the treatment was a cost reduction of € 1.609 within this cohort.

Conclusions: The intraarticular application of 2 g TXA resulted in a significant reduction of blood loss and transfusion rate after primary TKA without increased complication rates. This method therefore seems to be a safe and cost effective instrument to reduce perioperative blood loss. However, it has to be considered that this is an off-label use.
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July 2019

Similar outcome during short-term follow-up after coated and uncoated total knee arthroplasty: a randomized controlled study.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2018 Nov 3;26(11):3459-3467. Epub 2018 Apr 3.

University Center of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University Medicine Carl Gustav Carus Dresden, Fetscherstr. 74, 01307, Dresden, Germany.

Purpose: Patients with known hypersensitivity to metals often require hypoallergenic TKA implants. Coating of a standard implant is a common solution, and although in vitro tests have demonstrated reduction of polyethylene wear for these coatings, it is still unknown whether these implants have any clinical benefit. This study was initiated to investigate metal ion concentrations, knee function and patient-reported outcome (PRO) after coated and uncoated TKA.

Methods: One hundred and twenty-two (122) patients were randomized to receive a coated or a standard TKA and, after exclusions, 59 patients were included in each group. Knee function and PRO were assessed with validated scores up to 3 years after surgery. Metal ion concentrations in blood samples were determined for chromium, cobalt, molybdenum and nickel, preoperatively and 1 year after surgery.

Results: Chromium concentrations in patient plasma increased from a median of 0.25 to 1.30 µg/l in the standard TKA group, and from 0.25 to 0.75 µg/l in the coated TKA group (p = 0.012). Thirteen patients (3 coated, 10 standard TKA) had chromium concentrations above 2 µg/l. The concentrations of cobalt, molybdenum and nickel did not change. Patient-reported outcome measures (PROM) demonstrated a substantial improvement after TKA, without any differences between the groups.

Conclusion: The increase in chromium concentration in the standard group needs further investigation. If surgeons use coated implants, they can be confident that these implants perform as well as standard implants.

Level Of Evidence: I.
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November 2018

Analysis of Total Knee Arthroplasty revision causes.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2018 02 14;19(1):55. Epub 2018 Feb 14.

University Center of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University Medicine Carl Gustav Carus Dresden, TU Dresden, Fetscherst. 74, 01307, Dresden, Germany.

Background: The number of revision Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) is rising in many countries. The aim of this study was the prospective assessment of the underlying causes leading to revision TKA in a tertiary care hospital and the comparison of those reasons with previously published data.

Methods: In this study patients who had revision TKA between 2010 and 2015 were prospectively included. Revision causes were categorized using all available information from patients' records including preoperative diagnostics, intraoperative findings as well as the results of the periprosthetic tissue analysis. According to previous studies patients were divided into early (up to 2 years) and late revision (more than 2 years). Additional also re-revisions after already performed revision TKA were included.

Results: We assessed 312 patients who underwent 402 revision TKA, 89.6% of them were referred to our center for revision surgery. In 289 patients (71.9%) this was the first revision surgery after primary TKA. Among the first revisions the majority was late revisions (73.7%). One hundred thirteen patients (28.1%) had already had one or more revision surgeries before. Overall, the most frequent reason for revision was infection (36.1%) followed by aseptic loosening (21.9%) and periprosthetic fracture (13.7%).

Conclusions: In a specialized arthroplasty center periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) was the most common reason for revision and re-revision TKA. This is in contrast to population-based registry data and has consequences on costs as well as on success rates in such centers.
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February 2018

Lysine-specific demethylase-1 modifies the age effect on blood pressure sensitivity to dietary salt intake.

Age (Dordr) 2013 Oct 2;35(5):1809-20. Epub 2012 Oct 2.

Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Hypertension, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 221 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA, 02115, USA,

How interactions of an individual's genetic background and environmental factors, such as dietary salt intake, result in age-associated blood pressure elevation is largely unknown. Lysine-specific demethylase-1 (LSD1) is a histone demethylase that mediates epigenetic regulation and modification of gene transcription. We have shown previously that hypertensive African-American minor allele carriers of the LSD1 single nucleotide polymorphism (rs587168) display blood pressure salt sensitivity. Our goal was to further examine the effects of LSD1 genotype variants on interactions between dietary salt intake, age, and blood pressure. We found that LSD1 single nucleotide polymorphism (rs7548692) predisposes to increasing salt sensitivity during aging in normotensive Caucasian subjects. Using a LSD1 heterozygous knockout mouse model, we compared blood pressure values on low (0.02 % Na(+)) vs. high (1.6 % Na(+)) salt intake. Our results demonstrate significantly increased blood pressure salt sensitivity in LSD1-deficient compared to wild-type animals with age, confirming our findings of salt sensitivity in humans. Elevated blood pressure in LSD1(+/-) mice is associated with total plasma volume expansion and altered renal Na(+) excretion. In summary, our human and animal studies demonstrate that LSD1 is a genetic factor that interacts with dietary salt intake modifying age-associated blood pressure increases and salt sensitivity through alteration of renal Na(+) handling.
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October 2013