Publications by authors named "Eric N Windsor"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Relatively Low Rate of Heterotopic Ossification Following Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg Glob Res Rev 2021 07 22;5(7). Epub 2021 Jul 22.

From the Stavros Niarchos Foundation Complex Joint Reconstruction Center, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY (Dr. Gkiatas, Mr. Xiang, Mr. Windsor, Dr. Malahias, Dr. Tarity, and Dr. Sculco), and the School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece (Mr. Karasavvidis).

Background: Heterotopic ossification (HO) is abnormal growth of ectopic bone and negatively affects the outcomes after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to characterize the prevalence and severity of HO after primary TKA.

Methods: A systematic review of the literature was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Patient demographics, publication year, and HO prevalence after a primary TKA were recorded. A meta-analysis was performed to determine the overall prevalence of HO formation, and a subanalysis compared the studies published in different timeframes to determine whether a temporal effect exists for HO prevalence.

Results: Two thousand nine hundred eighty-eight patients underwent primary TKA across the included studies. Fourteen percent of patients (9% to 20%; I2: 93.68%) developed HO postoperatively during a mean follow-up of 40.1 months (11 to 108 months). HO rates seemed to decrease in studies published in more recent years, with a pooled HO prevalence of 5% (0% to 13%; I2: 92.26%) among studies published in the past 15 years compared with 18% (12% to 25%; I2: 92.49%) among studies published before then.

Conclusion: Although studies reported a relatively low overall rate of HO after a primary TKA, the absence of a single, standardized classification system precludes the comparisons of HO severity between studies. Overall, HO prevalence seems to have decreased over time, likely reflecting the changes in perioperative medication protocols.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
July 2021

Total knee arthroplasty in dialysis patients: Is it safe? A systematic review of the literature.

J Orthop 2021 May-Jun;25:199-206. Epub 2021 May 14.

Stavros Niarchos Foundation Complex Joint Reconstruction Center, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY, 10022, USA.

Purpose: This systematic review characterizes the safety and efficacy of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients due to the unique challenges they face.

Results: The cumulative complication rate for 3684 patients on dialysis for ESRD after primary TKA was 25%(N = 925/3702), with incidence rates of 2.5%(N = 92/3702) for periprosthetic joint infection, 3.7%(N = 71/1895) for reoperations, and 2.5%(N = 90/3578) for mortality.

Conclusion: Patients on dialysis for ESRD face significant mortality rates after primary TKA, in addition to other major complications. Careful counseling regarding risks and benefits should be provided prior to TKA in this population.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
May 2021

An Overview of Telehealth in Total Joint Arthroplasty.

HSS J 2021 Feb 21;17(1):51-58. Epub 2021 Feb 21.

Adult Reconstruction and Joint Replacement Service, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY, USA.

With the increase in technological advances over the years, telehealth services in orthopedic surgery have gained in popularity, yet adoption among surgeons has been slow. With the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, however, orthopedic surgery practices nationwide have accelerated adaptation to telemedicine. Telehealth can be effectively applied to total joint arthroplasty, with the ability to perform preoperative consultations, postoperative follow-up, and telerehabilitation in a virtual, remote manner with similar outcomes to in-person visits. New technologies that have emerged, such as virtual goniometers, wearable sensors, and app-based patient questionnaires, have improved clinicians' ability to conduct telehealth visits. Benefits of using telehealth include high patient satisfaction, cost-savings, increased access to care, and more efficiency. Notably, some challenges still exist, including widespread accessibility and adaptation of new technologies, inability to conduct an in-person orthopedic physical examination, and regulatory barriers, such as insurance reimbursement, increased medicolegal risk, and privacy and confidentiality concerns. Despite these hurdles, telehealth is here to stay and can be successfully incorporated in any total joint arthroplasty practice with the appropriate adjustments.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
February 2021