Publications by authors named "Eric J Pierce"

2 Publications

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Gilteritinib: An FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3/AXL tyrosine kinase inhibitor for the treatment of relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia patients.

J Oncol Pharm Pract 2020 Jul 26;26(5):1200-1212. Epub 2020 Apr 26.

Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, USA.

Acute myeloid leukemia has recently undergone a significant transition into identifying and successfully inhibiting driver mutations leading to disease. One of the most common mutations in acute myeloid leukemia involves the protein FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3), which leads to ligand-independent activation of intracellular signaling cascades leading to the survival and proliferation of the acute leukemia blast cell. Preclinical studies have demonstrated the presence of two dominant types of mutations of this protein: internal tandem duplication and tyrosine kinase domain mutations. Successful inhibition of this protein has proven to be challenging. While FLT3 has been shown to be successfully inhibited and shown to improve overall survival in the frontline therapy of acute myeloid leukemia in combination with cytarabine and anthracycline, relapsed and refractory (R/R) patients have not been shown to be a successful population until recently. A phase III trial (ADMIRAL trial) demonstrated significant overall survival benefit in patients receiving gilteritinib compared to patients receiving salvage chemotherapy. This review will provide an overview of the preclinical, clinical, and practical use of gilteritinib in the treatment of patients with relapsed and refractory acute myeloid leukemia with mutation.
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July 2020

A prospective study on urine alkalization with an oral regimen consisting of sodium bicarbonate and acetazolamide in patients receiving high-dose methotrexate.

Cancer Manag Res 2019 30;11:8065-8072. Epub 2019 Aug 30.

Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA.

Purpose: Intravenous (IV) sodium bicarbonate is typically used in alkalization regimens for the safe use of the chemotherapeutic agent high-dose methotrexate (HDMTX). Urine parameters including urine output and pH are important in order to minimize the risk of kidney injury, which increases adverse effects and hospital length of stay following HDMTX. IV sodium bicarbonate has been on shortage, and there are limited literature describing the safety of alternative regimens.

Patients And Methods: A single institution, prospective analysis of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients receiving HDMTX for central nervous system (CNS) prophylaxis or disease. Patients received an oral (PO) regimen of sodium bicarbonate and acetazolamide to achieve a urine pH >7. This cohort was compared to a subsequent IV sodium bicarbonate control cohort. Multiple co-primary safety outcomes assessed the incidences of acute kidney injury and delayed methotrexate clearance as well as change in liver function tests. Secondary outcomes included time to urine pH, time to urine output, and length of stay.

Results: A total of 126 encounters were studied for the primary safety outcome. There was no difference between AKI incidence in patients receiving the PO alkalization regimen compared to patients receiving IV sodium bicarbonate (14.5% vs 9.3%, respectively, =0.41). There was no difference in methotrexate clearance between the PO and IV groups (26.5% vs 37.2%, respectively, =0.21). The use of PO alkalization regimen is estimated to have saved 2002 vials of IV sodium bicarbonate and was approximately US$226 less expensive per encounter.

Conclusion: This analysis supports the use of PO regimens to achieve urine alkalization necessary for safe administration of HDMTX during periods of IV sodium bicarbonate shortage. Further studies may determine optimal dosing strategies that decrease length of stay and ensure noninferiority of efficacy outcomes with PO regimens for urine alkalization with HDMTX.
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August 2019