Publications by authors named "Ercument Yentur"

12 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Acute Kidney Injury After Pediatric Liver Transplantation.

Transplant Proc 2019 Sep 21;51(7):2486-2491. Epub 2019 Aug 21.

Department of Liver Transplantation, Şişli Florence Nightingale Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: The aim of the present study is to assess acute kidney injury (AKI) incidence according to the pRIFLE and AKIN criteria and to evaluate the risk factors for early developing AKI in postoperative intensive care unit after pediatric liver transplantation (LT).

Materials: After exclusion of retransplantations, 7 cadaveric and 44 living donors, totaling 51 pediatric LT patients that were performed between 2005 and 2017, were reviewed retrospectively. AKI was defined according to both pediatric RIFLE (Risk for renal dysfunction, Injury to the kidney, Failure of kidney function, Loss of kidney function, and End-stage renal disease) and Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) criteria. Documented data were compared between AKI and non-AKI patients.

Results: AKI incidences were 17.6% by AKIN and 37.8% by pRIFLE criteria. AKIN-defined AKI group had statistically lower serum albumin level, higher serum sodium level, higher furosemide dose, and higher rate of red blood cell (RBC) transfusion than the non-AKI group (P = .02, P = .02, P = .01 and P = .04, respectively). AKI patients had significantly prolonged mechanical ventilation (P = .01) and hospital LOS (P = .02). The pRIFLE-defined AKI group had significantly lower serum albumin level, higher blood urea nitrogen (BUN) level, and higher ascites drained and also showed higher requirement for RBC and 20% human albumin transfusions than the non-AKI group (P = .02, P = .04, P: =.007, P = .02 and P = .05, respectively).

Conclusion: We evaluated that hypoalbuminemia, high requirement for RBC and 20% human albumin transfusions, high serum sodium, high furosemide use, and high flow of ascites are risk factors for AKI and high BUN levels can be predictive for AKI in pediatric LT patients. The effect of AKI on outcome variables were prolonged mechanical ventilation and hospital LOS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2019.01.179DOI Listing
September 2019

Impact of Cytokine Adsorption Treatment in Liver Failure.

Transplant Proc 2019 Sep 9;51(7):2420-2424. Epub 2019 Aug 9.

Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Şişli Florence Nightingale Hospital, Istanbul Bilim University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Sepsis causes life-threatening organ dysfunction and is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients worldwide. Mortality rate of sepsis is close to 30% to 50% despite better understanding of the pathophysiology of sepsis, and advances in antimicrobial therapy, resuscitation strategies, and mechanical ventilation. Liver failure is characterized by accumulation of potentially toxic substances in the systemic circulation of the patient. Toxic effects of these molecules can induce cellular injuries leading to multiorgan dysfunction. Hydrophobic unconjugated bilirubin and bile acids, hydrophilic conjugated bilirubin, and ammonium are the main toxins accumulated in liver failure. We carried out cytokine adsorbtion (CytoSorb) procedure with continuous venovenous hemodialysis in 12-hour sessions. The biochemical values of the patients before and after the use of the filter were recorded. The parameters compared were as follows: total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, C-reactive protein, leukocyte, neutrophil, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, creatinine, colloid oncotic pressure, ammonia, gamma-glutamyl transferase, alkaline phosphatase, procalcitonin, hematocrit, hemoglobin, pH, albumin, international normalized ratio, fibrinogen, lactate dehydrogenase, platelet, temperature, changes in vasoactive medication requirement, temperature. According to these results, cytokine adsorption systems can be considered as an option to lower bilirubin levels in cases of liver failure. Its inability to lower ammonia level is considered a disadvantage compared with other bilirubin-lowering methods. Although further studies are needed to compare different methods, cytokine adsorption systems may be considered in treatment planning as it contributes to the treatment of sepsis and hyperbilirubinemia in liver failure patients with sepsis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2019.01.167DOI Listing
September 2019

Scoring Systems and Postoperative Outcomes in Pediatric Liver Transplantation.

Transplant Proc 2019 Sep 4;51(7):2430-2433. Epub 2019 Jul 4.

Department of Liver Transplantation, Şişli Florence Nightingale Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of risk scores (Pediatric End-stage Liver Disease [PELD], Child-Turcotte-Pugh [CTP], and Pediatric Risk of Mortality [PRISM-III]) of pediatric liver transplant patients on the postoperative period.

Method: Seven cadaveric and 45 living donors, totaling 52 pediatric liver transplantation (LT) patients, were reviewed retrospectively. PELD and CTP scores were calculated based on data at hospital admission. PRISM-III score was calculated from data during the first 24 hours of intensive care unit (ICU) admission. Hospital length of stay (LOS), ICU LOS, patients who developed acute kidney injury (AKI), requirement for inotropic-vasopressor therapy, hospital mortality, long-term mortality, duration of mechanical ventilation, metabolic disease, and demographic features were documented.For CTP score, class C was defined as high, and A and B as low. Cutoff values of PELD and PRISM-III scores were detected by using receiver operating characteristic curves. According to these cutoff values, patients were divided into 2 groups as high and low for each score. Documented data was analyzed and compared in groups for each score.

Results: Hospital LOS was significantly longer in the high-PELD (P = .01) and high-CTP (P = .01) groups. ICU LOS was significantly longer in the high-PRISM-III group (P = .01). Requirement for inotropic-vasopressor therapy was significantly higher in the high-PELD (P = .04) and high-CTP (P = .04) groups.

Conclusion: Hemodynamic instability and long hospital LOS can be expected in pediatric post-LT patients with high PELD or CTP scores; there is also the risk that AKI maybe higher for high-PELD score patients. Unexpectedly, the PRISM-III score did not have any correlation with the severity of physiological condition and mortality.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2019.01.174DOI Listing
September 2019

The role of "Integrated Pulmonary Index" monitoring during morphine-based intravenous patient-controlled analgesia administration following supratentorial craniotomies: a prospective, randomized, double-blind controlled study.

Curr Med Res Opin 2018 11 5;34(11):2009-2014. Epub 2018 Aug 5.

a Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Cerrahpasa School of Medicine , University of Istanbul , Turkey.

Objective: Morphine is commonly used in post-operative analgesia, but opioid-related respiratory depression causes a general reluctance for its use. The "Integrated Pulmonary Index" is a tool calculated from non-invasively obtained respiratory and hemodynamic parameters. The aim of this prospective, randomized, double blind, and placebo-controlled study is to determine a more safe and effective dose for morphine in patient-controlled analgesia following supratentorial craniotomy using the "Integrated Pulmonary Index".

Methods: This study included 60 patients (ASA I, II, and III). All patients used iv PCA for 24 h following supratentorial craniotomy. The PCA was set to administer a bolus dose of 1 mg morphine in Group 1 and 0.5 mg morphine in Group 2. The PCA contained placebo in Group 3 and patients received dexketoprofen 50 mg iv after awakening, repeated every 8 h. The IPI and NRS scores, total morphine consumption, and morphine related side-effects were recorded at 10 min, 1, 2, 6, 12, and 24 h post-operatively. The lowest IPI score, count of apnea, and desaturation events were recorded during the study period.

Results: The IPI scores were similar among the groups. Although a statistically significant difference was not observed among the groups the lowest IPI scores were observed in Group 1; apnea and desaturation counts were also higher in Group 1. Statistically significant differences were not observed among the groups in terms of pain scores, but were lower in Groups 1 and 2 compared to Group 3.

Conclusion: Patient controlled analgesia with 0.5 mg morphine may be safe and effective for pain management following supratentorial craniotomies. Integrated pulmonary index can be used for detecting opioid-induced respiratory depression. Clinical Trials registration number: NCT02929147.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03007995.2018.1501352DOI Listing
November 2018

Does preoperative oral carbohydrate treatment reduce the postoperative surgical stress response in lumbar disc surgery?

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2017 Feb 29;153:82-86. Epub 2016 Dec 29.

VKF, American Hospital, Department of General Intensive Care Unit, Turkey. Electronic address:

Objectives: Surgical trauma produces metabolic and hormonal responses, which are characterized by insulin resistance. Due to extension of the preoperative fasting period, which increases the magnitude of postoperative insulin resistance, preoperative oral carbohydrates (POC) have been developed.

Patients And Methods: This prospective, randomized, controlled study was performed on 43 ASA I-II patients undergoing elective microsurgical lumbar discectomy. The intervention group received oral carbohydrate solution 800mL the night before and 400mL 2h prior to operation. The other group fasted for 8h prior to operation. Blood samples were obtained the day before the operation, before induction of anesthesia, after skin incision, 1h, 2h, 6h and 24h following skin incision. Blood glucose, plasma insulin, cortisol and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels were determined. The primary endpoint was to assess the effect of POC treatment on insulin resistance and surgical stress response following lumbar disc surgery. The secondary endpoint was to assess POC's effects on postoperative nausea and vomiting.

Results: The serum insulin levels were higher before induction of anesthesia in the study group and returned to fasted group levels by 2h after skin incision. The plasma IL-6 levels were higher in the intervention group at 6h after the skin incision. There were no differences between the two groups with respect to blood glucose, plasma cortisol levels and the incidence of nausea and vomiting.

Conclusion: This study suggests that use of POC treatment does not attenuate development of insulin resistance in patients undergoing lumbar disc surgery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clineuro.2016.12.016DOI Listing
February 2017

The Influence of Oral Carbohydrate Solution Intake on Stress Response before Total Hip Replacement Surgery during Epidural and General Anaesthesia.

Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim 2016 Jun 1;44(3):117-23. Epub 2016 Jun 1.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, İstanbul University Cerrahpaşa School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey.

Objective: The effects of oral carbohydrate solutions, ingested 2 h prior to operation, on stress response were studied in patients undergoing general or epidural anaesthesia.

Methods: The study was performed on 80 ASA I-II adult patients undergoing elective total hip replacement, which were randomized to four groups (n=20). Group G patients undergoing general anaesthesia fasted for 8 h preoperatively; Group GN patients undergoing general anaesthesia drank oral carbohydrate solutions preoperatively; Group E patients undergoing epidural anaesthesia fasted for 8 h and Group EN patients undergoing epidural anaesthesia drank oral carbohydrate solutions preoperatively. Groups GN and EN drank 800 mL of 12.5% oral carbohydrate solution at 24:00 preoperatively and 400 mL 2 h before the operation. Blood samples were taken for measurements of glucose, insulin, cortisol and IL-6 levels.

Results: The effect of preoperative oral carbohydrate ingestion on blood glucose levels was not significant. Insulin levels 24 h prior to surgery were similar; however, insulin levels measured just before surgery were 2-3 times higher in groups GN and EN than in groups G and E. Insulin levels at the 24(th) postoperative hour in epidural groups were increased compared to those at basal levels, although general anaesthesia groups showed a decrease. From these measurements, only the change in Group EN was statistically significant (p<0.05). Plasma cortisol levels at the 2(nd) peroperative hour were higher in epidural groups than in general anaesthesia groups. Both anaesthesia techniques did not have an effect on IL-6 levels.

Conclusion: We concluded that epidural anaesthesia suppressed stress response, although preoperative oral carbohydrate nutrition did not reveal a significant effect on surgical stress response.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/TJAR.2016.65265DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4925000PMC
June 2016

Postoperative analgesia for supratentorial craniotomy.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2016 Jul 4;146:90-5. Epub 2016 May 4.

Istanbul Bilim University, Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Turkey. Electronic address:

Objectives: The prevalence of moderate to severe pain is high in patients following craniotomy. Although optimal analgesic therapy is mandatory, there is no consensus regarding analgesic regimen for post-craniotomy pain exists. This study aimed to investigate the effects of morphine and non-opioid analgesics on postcraniotomy pain.

Patients And Methods: This prospective, randomized, double blind, placebo controlled study included eighty three patients (ASA 1, II, and III) scheduled for elective supratentorial craniotomy. Intravenous dexketoprofen, paracetamol and metamizol were investigated for their effects on pain intensity, morphine consumption and morphine related side effects during the first 24h following supratentorial craniotomy. Patients were treated with morphine based patient controlled analgesia (PCA) for 24h following surgery and randomized to receive supplemental IV dexketoprofen 50mg, paracetamol 1g, metamizol 1g or placebo. The primary endpoint was pain intensity, secondary endpoint was the effects on morphine consumption and related side effects.

Results: When the whole study period was analyzed with repeated measures of ANOVA, the pain intensity, cumulative morphine consumption and related side effects were not different among the groups (p>0.05).

Conclusion: This study showed that the use of morphine based PCA prevented moderate to severe postoperative pain without causing any life threatening side effects in patients undergoing supratentorial craniotomy with a vigilant follow up during postoperative 24h. Although we could not demonstrate statistically significant effect of supplemental analgesics on morphine consumption, it was lower in dexketoprofen and metamizol groups than control group.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clineuro.2016.04.026DOI Listing
July 2016

Efficacy of intravenous paracetamol and dexketoprofen on postoperative pain and morphine consumption after a lumbar disk surgery.

J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 2013 Apr;25(2):143-7

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, 34098 Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: We compared the analgesic effects of intravenous (IV) paracetamol with that of dexketoprofen on postoperative pain and morphine consumption during the first 24 hour after a lumbar disk surgery.

Methods: This prospective, placebo-controlled, double blind study investigated the analgesic effects of IV paracetamol and dexketoprofen on postoperative pain, morphine consumption, and morphine-related side effects after a lumbar disk surgery. Sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists 1 or 2 status patients scheduled for elective lumbar disk surgery under general anesthesia were included in the study. Patients were treated using patient-controlled analgesia with morphine for 24 hours after a lumbar disk surgery and randomized to receive IV paracetamol 1 g, dexketoprofen 50 mg, or isotonic saline (placebo). The primary endpoint was pain intensity measured by the visual analogue scale, and secondary endpoints were morphine consumption and related side effects.

Results: Pain intensity was lower in the dexketoprofen group (P=0.01) but not in the paracetamol group (P=0.21) when compared with the control group. Cumulative morphine consumption and morphine-related side effects did not reveal significant differences between the groups.

Conclusions: The study showed that pain intensity during 24 hours after the lumbar disk surgery was significantly lowered by dexketoprofen, but not with paracetamol, as a supplemental analgesic to morphine patient-controlled analgesia when compared with controls.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANA.0b013e31827464afDOI Listing
April 2013

Neurosurgery in the sitting position: retrospective analysis of 692 adult and pediatric cases.

Turk Neurosurg 2011 ;21(4):634-40

Istanbul University, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, 34098 Istanbul, Turkey.

Aim: The sitting position is routinely used in many centers, although its use remains controversial and appears to be diminishing because of the risk of venous air embolism (VAE).

Material And Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of 601 adult and 91 pediatric cases underwent neurosurgery from January 1995 through December 2010 in the sitting position. The incidence of VAE and other complications related to the sitting position has been determined. VAE was defined as a sudden and sustained decrease of end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2) ≥0.7 kPa.

Results: The incidence of VAE in children and adults were found to be 26.3% (n=24) and 20.4% (n=123) consecutively but the difference was not significant. The incidence of positioning induced hypotension was more in adults (37.6%) compared to children (18.6%, p=0.00001). The presence of COPD (p=0.04) and ASA status (p=0.03) showed a correlation with 'hypotension with positioning'. There was no peroperative mortality.

Conclusion: The study provides a significant body of data on neuroanesthesia for the sitting position and our results suggest that if the sitting position is a neurosurgical necessity it can be used with vigilant follow up throughout the procedure to detect any occurrence of VAE by ETCO2 monitoring if you do not have the chance to use more sensitive tools.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5137/1019-5149.JTN .4974-11.0DOI Listing
April 2012

Efficacy of intravenous paracetamol, metamizol and lornoxicam on postoperative pain and morphine consumption after lumbar disc surgery.

Eur J Anaesthesiol 2010 May;27(5):428-32

Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, University of Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background And Objective: The combination of opioids with supplemental analgesics is commonly used for additive or synergistic analgesic effects. We aimed to determine the most advantageous supplemental analgesic for postoperative pain relief after lumbar disc surgery.

Methods: This prospective, placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind study compared the effects of intravenous metamizol, paracetamol and lornoxicam on postoperative pain control, morphine consumption and side effects after lumbar disc surgery. Eighty patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists classification 1 or 2 scheduled for elective lumbar disc surgery under general anaesthesia were treated using patient-controlled analgesia with morphine until 24 h postoperatively and randomized to receive additional intravenous injections of metamizol 1 g, paracetamol 1 g, lornoxicam 8 mg or isotonic saline 0.9% (placebo). The primary endpoint was pain over 24 h after surgery measured by visual analogue scale. Secondary endpoints were morphine consumption and side effects.

Results: During the 24 h study period, pain was reduced in the metamizol (P = 0.001) and paracetamol (P = 0.04) groups, but not in the lornoxicam (P = 0.20) group compared with the control group. Further analysis revealed that pain scores in the metamizol group were significantly lower than in the lornoxicam group (P = 0.031). Although the rate of morphine consumption in the paracetamol group was decreased over time (P < 0.001), the total amounts of morphine consumed in 24 h were not different between groups. No significant differences with respect to morphine-related side effects were observed between groups.

Conclusion: Metamizol or paracetamol, but not lornoxicam, provides effective analgesia following lumbar disc surgery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/EJA.0b013e32833731a4DOI Listing
May 2010

A meningitis case due to Stenotrophomonas maltophilia and review of the literature.

Int J Infect Dis 2008 Nov 24;12(6):e125-7. Epub 2008 Jun 24.

Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Ankara Mevki Military Hospital, Keçiören, Ankara, Turkey.

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (formerly Xanthomonas maltophilia) is a Gram-negative bacillus increasingly associated with serious nosocomial infections. Here, we describe a 30-year-old male patient who developed meningitis associated with this organism after several neurosurgical procedures. A review of the literature revealed only 15 previous reports. Most cases were associated with neurosurgical procedures. Antimicrobial therapy is complicated by multiple drug resistance of the organism, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole is the recommended agent for treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2008.03.028DOI Listing
November 2008

Chiari type I malformations in adults: a morphometric analysis of the posterior cranial fossa.

Surg Neurol 2005 Sep;64(3):237-41; discussion 241

Department of Neurosurgery, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Istanbul 34301, Turkey.

Objective: Chiari type I malformation (CMI) is a congenital disorder characterized by caudal displacement of the cerebellar tonsils through the foramen magnum into the spinal canal. Recent studies suggest that overcrowding in the posterior cranial fossa (PCF) because of underdeveloped bony structures in the intrauterine life is the main cause of this malformation. For this reason, the authors want to contribute to the current literature, which focuses on bone abnormalities in the PCF in patients with CMIs.

Methods: We examined a retrospective cohort of 60 adult patients with CMIs, and multiple measurements were made on magnetic resonance imaging. The results were compared to 30 healthy adult control subjects. Mann-Whitney U test was used as a statistical method.

Results: All measurements except mean anteroposterior diameter of the foramen magnum were reduced in patients compared to control. An increase in the anteroposterior mid-sagittal distance of the foramen magnum in patients reached statistically significant difference compared to control. All patients had tonsillar herniation at least 5 mm below the plane of the foramen magnum. Chiari type I malformation in this study was associated with syringomyelia in 46 patients.

Conclusion: This study with a limited number of patients suggests that the bony components of the PCF are not developed fully, supporting the current concept that CMI is a disorder of the para-axial mesoderm.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.surneu.2005.02.021DOI Listing
September 2005
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