Publications by authors named "Engy A Wahsh"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Efficacy and Safety of Ombitasvir plus Paritaprevir, Ritonavir and Ribavirin in Non-cirrhotic Treatment-naïve and Treatment-experienced Egyptians with Chronic HCV Genotype-4 Infection.

Curr Med Sci 2021 Jun 28;41(3):581-586. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Beni Suef University, Beni Suef, 62521, Egypt.

Hepatitis C virus genotype 4 (HCV-GT4) is a risk factor for cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma and liver failure. A combination of three new direct-acting antivirals ombitasvir, paritaprevir, and ritonavir has been recommended for treatment of HCV-GT4 infection. The current study was aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of this combination plus ribavirin in non-cirrhotic, treatment-naïve and -experienced Egyptians with HCV-GT4 infection in a real-world setting. A total of 255 Egyptians with HCV-GT4 infection were enrolled, including 82 treatment-experienced and 173 treatment-naïve patients. All of them completed 12-week treatment protocol of ombitasvir, paritaprevir and ritonavir as an oral dose combination with ribavirin. Virological response (VR) was measured, as well as the biochemical parameters related to treatment efficacy and adverse events at baseline and after treatment, at 4 (VR4) and 12 (VR12) weeks post-treatment. The results showed that the VR4 rates were 98.8% in both groups, and VR12 rates were 97.7% and 96.3% in treatment-naïve and -experienced patients, respectively, with no significant differences found between the groups concerning VR4 (P=0.9) and VR12 (P=0.3). The most common adverse events were headache and fatigue, which were significantly more common (P=0.001 and 0.003, respectively) in treatment-experienced than in treatment-naïve group. The quadruple regimen was well-tolerated, and the reported adverse events were generally mild to moderate. This real-world setting study confirms that the combination of ombitasvir, paritaprevir, ritonavir, and ribavirin is highly effective in the treatment of HCV- GT4 infection with a good safety and tolerability profile.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11596-021-2363-9DOI Listing
June 2021

The AMPK modulator metformin as adjunct to methotrexate in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: A proof-of-concept, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

Int Immunopharmacol 2021 Jun 24;95:107575. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Menoufia University, Egypt.

Background: Metformin (MET) may exert anti-rheumatic effects and reduce cartilage degradation through its immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory actions.

Methods: This was a double-blind placebo-controlled study, 120 adult patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were randomized to receive MET (1000 mg) or placebo daily with methotrexate (MTX, 7.5 mg/week) for 12 weeks. American College of Rheumatology (ACR)20, ACR50, and ACR70 response rates, Disease Activity Score in 28 joints (DAS-28), and drug safety were the efficacy endpoints. Serum levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17A, NF-κB, TGG-β1, MDA together with gene expression of AMPK and IGF-IR were assessed before and after the therapy.

Results: A total of 80.8% of the patients in the MET group, compared with 54.7% in placebo group, met the criteria of ACR20 response after 12 weeks (P = 0.001). Statistically significant enhancements in the DAS28-3 (CRP) were observed after 4 and 8 weeks for the MET group compared with placebo and were sustained after 12 weeks. MET group showed statistically significant increase in percentage of patients achieving DAS remission after 12 weeks (P = 0.015). Significant improvements in ACR50, ACR70, Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI), and DAS28-3 (CRP) were also reported. MET was well-tolerated, and no serious adverse effects were reported in both groups. Furthermore, the MET group was superior in improving the measured parameters compared to the placebo.

Conclusions: MET improved the anti-rheumatic effect of MTX; suggesting it to be a beneficial adjuvant in patients with RA. Trial registration ID: NCT04068246.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2021.107575DOI Listing
June 2021

Real Life Egyptian Experience of Daclatasvir Plus Sofosbuvir with Ribavirin in Naïve Difficult to Treat HCV Patients.

Infect Disord Drug Targets 2020 ;20(1):43-48

Department of Biochemistry, Egyptian Ministry of Interior, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: Chronic infection with Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is considered as a major cause for developing liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. A new era in HCV treatment is ongoing using Direct Acting Antiviral activity (DAA). The first approved DAA drug was Sofosbuvir which has a high tolerability and preferable pharmacokinetic profile. Another recently developed drug is Daclatasvir a first-in-class HCV NS5A replication complex inhibitor. Both drugs are administered orally once daily and have potent antiviral activity with wide genotypic coverage.

Methods: In the outpatient clinic, one hundred and fifty naïve difficult to treat chronic HCV patients were recruited from Tropical Medicine Department at Fayoum public hospital. A combination of Daclatasvir (60 mg) and Sofosbuvir (400 mg) (DCV/SOF) has been administered for those patients once daily with Ribavirin (1200 mg or 1000 mg based on patients' weight on two divided doses) over a period of 12 weeks. All patients have been followed up for clinical, laboratory assessment and HCV PCR to detect the efficacy and safety of the therapy.

Results: Sustained Virologic Response rate (SVR12) was achieved in the vast majority of patients (90.67%). Cirrhotic patients showed lower SVR compared to non-cirrhotic patients (88.89% vs 90.91%, respectively). Around half of the patients (49.33%) developed adverse events (AEs) during treatment. The most common AEs were headache, fatigue and abdominal pain.

Conclusion: The available evidence seems to suggest that combination therapy of (DCV/SOF with RBV) in the treatment of chronic HCV genotype IV naïve difficult to treat patients either cirrhotic or non-cirrhotic is safe and effective. Monitoring for clinical and laboratory hepatic parameters was the basis for these findings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1871526518666180716141806DOI Listing
October 2020
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