Publications by authors named "Emrah Gökay Özgür"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Spectral domain optical coherence tomography findings of patients with pars planitis and risk factors affecting visual acuity.

Int Ophthalmol 2021 May 9;41(5):1753-1761. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: To evaluate spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) findings of 42 eyes with pars planitis and to identify risk factors affecting visual acuity.

Methods: Medical records and SD-OCT findings were retrospectively reviewed.

Results: Mean best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 0.248 ± 0.3 on the logMAR scale at baseline. SD-OCT findings included epiretinal membrane (ERM) in 16 (38.1%) eyes, loss of normal foveal contour appearance in 8 (19.0%), ellipsoid zone (EZ) damage in 5 (11.9%), external limiting membrane (ELM) damage in 3 (7.1%), disruption of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) in 2 (4.8%), and macular atrophy in 1 (2.4%). There was macular edema in 10 (23.8%) eyes [cystoid macular edema (CME) in 8 (19.0%), diffuse macular edema (DME) in 6 (14.3%), and serous retinal detachment in 2 (4.8%)]. The mean central macular thickness (CMT) was 272.1 ± 319.5 μm. Patients were followed up for a mean of 50.6 ± 36.7 months. Mean BCVA was 0.210 ± 0.3 at the final evaluation. SD-OCT findings included ERM in 28 (66.7%) eyes, EZ damage in 6 (14.3%), ELM damage in 3 (7.1%), disruption of RPE in 4 (9.5%), loss of normal foveal contour appearance in 12 (28.6%), and macular atrophy in 2 (4.8%). There was CME and/or DME in 6 (14.3%) eyes. The mean CMT was 238 ± 220.9 μm and was significantly lower than the baseline (p < 0.001). According to multivariate linear regression analysis, the presence of DME, and loss of normal foveal contour appearance at baseline were the independent factors associated with BCVA at the final examination (B = 0.726, p < 0.001; B = 0.766, p < 0.001, respectively).

Conclusions: DME and loss of normal foveal contour appearance were more likely to have adverse effects on visual acuity.
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May 2021

Visceral adiposity index is useful for evaluating obesity effect on erectile dysfunction.

Andrologia 2019 Jul 2;51(6):e13282. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Urology, Diyarlife Dagkapı Private Hospital, Diyarbakır, Turkey.

Studies show that erectile dysfunction (ED) is associated with obesity, and it has been shown that the possibility of developing sexual dysfunction in obese men is 30% higher compared to those with normal weight. Obesity is measured using various methods, for example waist circumference (WC) measurement or body mass index (BMI), but recently, visceral adiposity index (VAI) has also been utilised to better assess obesity and metabolic syndrome. In our study, the potential link between VAI and ED was investigated. The data of 176 patients who presented to the urology outpatient clinic with erection complaints were retrospectively screened. A control group was also established with 122 men without complaints of erectile dysfunction. The erectile functions of all participants were determined using the International Erectile Function Index-5 (IIEF-5) scoring. In addition, their serum fasting blood glucose, total testosterone (TT), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels were measured. The physical examination comprised the measurement of WC, height and weight, and BMI. The mean age of the participants was 58.7 ± 8.4 for the ED group and 57.1 ± 7.5 for the control group. The mean VAI was statistically significantly higher in the ED group (5.32 ± 2.77) compared to the control group (4.11 ± 1.93) (p < 0.001). Since VAI contains both physical and metabolic parameters, our findings suggest that it discloses the effects of WC, BMI, HDL and TG more clearly. VAI is considered useful for the assessment of the effect of obesity on ED patients.
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July 2019

Evaluation of adherence to Mediterranean diet in medical students at Kocaeli University, Turkey.

J Int Med Res 2018 Apr 14;46(4):1585-1594. Epub 2018 Feb 14.

Kocaeli University, School of Medicine, Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, Kocaeli, Turkey.

Introduction This study was conducted to evaluate the eating habits of medical students at Kocaeli University in northwest Turkey in terms of their ability to apply their academic knowledge regarding healthy lifestyles to their own lives using the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index (KIDMED). Methods In this cross-sectional study, a questionnaire including demographic information and the KIDMED index was administered to 354 medical school students (206 first-year and 148 third-year students). The students' sex, body mass index, KIDMED score, place of residence, smoking habit, media screen time, and regular exercising variables were evaluated. Results The KIDMED score was -2 to 8 (3.8 ± 1.9) among all students, -1 to 8 (3.9 ± 2.0) among first-year students, and -1 to 8 (3.6 ± 1.9) among third-year students. In total, 59.1% of females and 40.9% of males among first-year students showed moderate adherence to the Mediterranean diet, and female students showed better adherence to the Mediterranean diet than males among third-year students. Conclusion Medical students at Kocaeli University in Turkey showed inadequate application of their academic knowledge about healthy living to their own lives.
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April 2018