Publications by authors named "Emna Maalej"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Synthesis and biological assessment of new pyrimidopyrimidines as inhibitors of breast cancer resistance protein (ABCG2).

Bioorg Chem 2021 Nov 6;116:105326. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Laboratoire de Chimie Organique et Thérapeutique, Neurosciences intégratives et cliniques EA 481, Univ. Bourgogne Franche-Comté, UFR Santé, 19, rue Ambroise Paré, F-25000 Besançon, France. Electronic address:

Multidrug resistance constitutes a serious obstacle of the treatment success of cancer by chemotherapy. Mostly it is driven by expression of ABC transport proteins that actively efflux the anticancer agents out of the cell. This work describes the design and synthesis of 12 new pyrimidopyrimidines, as well as their inhibition of ABCG2 a transporter referred also to as breast cancer resistance protein, the selectivity versus ABCB1 (P-glycoprotein/P-gp) and ABCC1 as well as the investigation of their accumulation in single cells. From these results, N-(3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-methyl-7-phenyl-5-(p-tolyl)pyrimido[4,5-d]pyrimidin-4-amine 7 h was identified as promising hit that deserves further investigation showing a selective and effective inhibition of ABCG2 with IC equal to 0.493 µM only 2-fold less active than Ko143.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bioorg.2021.105326DOI Listing
November 2021

Synthesis and biological assessment of KojoTacrines as new agents for Alzheimer's disease therapy.

J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem 2019 Dec;34(1):163-170

b Laboratoire de Chimie Organique et Thérapeutique, Neurosciences Intégratives et Cliniques EA 481 , Univ. Bourgogne Franche-Comté , Besançon , France.

In view of the multifactorial nature of Alzheimer's disease (AD), multitarget small molecules (MTSM) represent the most potent and attractive therapeutic strategy to design new drugs for Alzheimer's disease therapy. The new MTSM KojoTacrines (KTs) were designed and synthesized by juxtaposition of selected pharmacophoric motifs from kojic acid and tacrine. Among them, 11-amino-2-(hydroxymethyl)-12-(3-methoxyphenyl)-7,9,10,12-tetrahydropyrano [2',3':5,6] pyrano[2,3-b]quinolin-4(8H)-one (KT2d) was identified as less-hepatotoxic than tacrine, at higher concentration, a moderate, but selective human acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (IC = 4.52 ± 0.24 µM), as well as an antioxidant agent (TE = 4.79) showing significant neuroprotection against Aβ at 3 µM and 10 µM concentrations. Consequently, KT2d is a potential new hit-ligand for AD therapy for further biological exploration.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14756366.2018.1538136DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6263107PMC
December 2019

Nontoxic and neuroprotective β-naphthotacrines for Alzheimer's disease.

Chem Res Toxicol 2013 Jun 28;26(6):986-92. Epub 2013 May 28.

Departamento de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular II, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM), 28040-Madrid, Spain.

The synthesis, toxicity, neuroprotection, and human acetylcholinesterase (hAChE)/ human butyrylcholinesterase (hBuChE) inhibition properties of β-naphthotacrines1-14 as new drugs for Alzheimer's disease (AD) potential treatment, are reported. β-Naphthotacrines1-14 showed lower toxicity than tacrine; moreover, at the highest concentration assayed (300 μM) compounds 7, 10 and 11 displayed 2.25-2.01-fold higher cell viability than tacrine in HepG2 cells. A neuroprotective effect was observed for compounds 10 and 11 in a neuronal cortical culture exposed to a combination of oligomycin A/rotenone. An efficient and selective inhibition of hAChE, was only observed for the β-naphthotacrines bearing electron-donating substituents at the aromatic ring, β-naphthotacrine10 being the most potent (hAChE: IC50 = 0.083 ± 0.024 μM). Kinetic inhibition analysis clearly demonstrated that β-naphthotacrine10 behaves as a mixed-type inhibitor (Ki2= 0.72 ± 0.06 μM) at high substrate concentrations (0.5-10 μM), while at low concentrations (0.01-0.1 μM) it behaves as a hAChE competitive inhibitor (Ki1= 0.007 ± 0.001 μM). These findings identified β-naphthotacrine10 as a potent and selective hAChE inhibitor in a nanomolar range, with toxicity lower than that of tacrine both in human hepatocytes and rat cortical neurons, with a potent neuroprotective activity and, consequently, an attractive multipotent active molecule of potential application in AD treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/tx400138sDOI Listing
June 2013

Synthesis, biological assessment, and molecular modeling of racemic 7-aryl-9,10,11,12-tetrahydro-7H-benzo[7,8]chromeno[2,3-b]quinolin-8-amines as potential drugs for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.

Eur J Med Chem 2012 Aug 28;54:750-63. Epub 2012 Jun 28.

Laboratoire de Chimie Appliquée, Hétérocycles, Corps Gras et Polymères Faculté des Sciences de Sfax, Université de Sfax, 3018 Sfax, Tunisia.

The synthesis, pharmacological analysis and molecular modeling of the readily available racemic tacrine analogs 21-30, bearing the 7-aryl-9,10,11,12-tetrahydro-7H-benzo[7,8]chromeno[2,3-b]quinolin-8-amine heterocyclic ring system (II), prepared by Friedländer reaction of 2-amino-4-aryl-4H-benzo[h]chromene-3-carbonitriles (11-20) with cyclohexanone, are described in this paper. Molecules 21-30 are potent and selective inhibitors of hAChE, in the low micromolar range, one of the most potent inhibitors, 4-(8-amino-9,10,11,12-tetrahydro-7H-benzo[7,8]chromeno[2,3-b]quinolin-7-yl)-2-methoxyphenol (25), showing a IC(50) (hAChE) = 0.33 ± 0.04 μM. Kinetic studies of compound 25 proved that this compound is a mixed type inhibitor for EeAChE (K(i) = 81 nM). Accordingly, molecular modeling of inhibitor 25 showed that both enantiomers have two major predicted binding modes at the active and at the peripheral anionic sites of AChE. Inhibitor 25 has an excellent antioxidant profile as determined in the ORAC experiment (1.47 ± 0.10 Trolox equiv). Inhibitors 26-28 and 30 are permeable to BBB as determined in the PAMPA assay. Compared to tacrine, selected compounds 26-28 and 30 showed less hepatic toxicity in HepG2 cells. Moreover, cell viability-related studies in cortical neurons in primary cultures show that compounds 26-28 and 30 (0.1-50 μM) have significant neuroprotective effects against mitochondrial chain blockers-induced cell death, and, unlike tacrine, are not neurotoxic at concentrations lower than 50 μM. It is worth highlighting that compound 27 has the best neuroprotective properties out of all assayed compounds and shows no neurotoxicity. To sum up, these tacrine analogs can be considered as attractive multipotent therapeutic molecules on pharmacological receptors playing key roles in the progress of Alzheimer's disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmech.2012.06.038DOI Listing
August 2012

Synthesis, biological assessment and molecular modeling of 14-aryl-10,11,12,14-tetrahydro-9H-benzo[5,6]chromeno[2,3-b]quinolin-13-amines.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2011 Apr 14;21(8):2384-8. Epub 2011 Mar 14.

Laboratoire de Chimie Appliquée: Hétérocycles, Corps Gras et Polymères Faculté des Sciences de Sfax, Université de Sfax, 3018 Sfax, Tunisia.

The synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of racemic 14-aryl-10,11,12,14-tetrahydro-9H-benzo[5,6]chromeno[2,3-b]quinolin-13-amines (19-28), prepared by Friedländer reaction of 3-amino-1-aryl-1H-benzo[f]chromene-2-carbonitriles (10-18) with suitable cycloalkanones is described. These molecules are potent, in the nanomolar range [IC(50) (EeAChE)=7-101 nM], and selective inhibitors of acetylcholinesterase (AChE). The most potent inhibitor, 4-(13-amino-10,11,12,14-tetrahydro-9H-benzo[5,6]chromeno[2,3-b]quinolin-14-yl)phenol (20) [IC(50) (EeAChE)=7±2 nM] is four-fold more active than tacrine. Kinetic studies on compound 20 showed that this is a mixed-type inhibitor of EeAChE with a K(i) of 5.00 nM. However, racemic 20 was unable to displace propidium iodide, suggesting that the inhibitor does not strongly bind to the peripheral anionic site (PAS) of AChE. Docking, molecular dynamics stimulations, and MM-GBSA calculations agree well with this behavior.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2011.02.094DOI Listing
April 2011
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