Publications by authors named "Emma J Jones"

9 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Design and Synthesis of a Highly Selective and -Capable Inhibitor of the Second Bromodomain of the Bromodomain and Extra Terminal Domain Family of Proteins.

J Med Chem 2020 09 20;63(17):9070-9092. Epub 2020 Aug 20.

Epigenetics Discovery Performance Unit, GlaxoSmithKline, Medicines Research Centre, Stevenage, Hertfordshire SG1 2NY, U.K.

Pan-bromodomain and extra terminal domain (BET) inhibitors interact equipotently with the eight bromodomains of the BET family of proteins and have shown profound efficacy in a number of phenotypic assays and pre-clinical models in inflammation or oncology. A number of these inhibitors have progressed to the clinic where pharmacology-driven adverse events have been reported. To better understand the contribution of each domain to their efficacy and improve their safety profile, selective inhibitors are required. This article discloses the profile of GSK046, also known as iBET-BD2, a highly selective inhibitor of the second bromodomains of the BET proteins that has undergone extensive pre-clinical and characterization.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.0c00605DOI Listing
September 2020

Cellular Target Engagement Approaches to Monitor Epigenetic Reader Domain Interactions.

SLAS Discov 2020 02 25;25(2):163-175. Epub 2019 Dec 25.

Medicine Design, Medicinal Science and Technology, GlaxoSmithKline, Stevenage, Hertfordshire, UK.

Malfunctions in the basic epigenetic mechanisms such as histone modifications, DNA methylation, and chromatin remodeling are implicated in a number of cancers and immunological and neurodegenerative conditions. Within GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) we have utilized a number of variations of the NanoBRET technology for the direct measurement of compound-target engagement within native cellular environments to drive high-throughput, routine structure-activity relationship (SAR) profiling across differing epigenetic targets. NanoBRET is a variation of the bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) methodology utilizing proteins of interest fused to either NanoLuc, a small, high-emission-intensity luciferase, or HaloTag, a modified dehalogenase enzyme that can be selectively labeled with a fluorophore. The combination of these two technologies has enabled the application of NanoBRET to biological systems such as epigenetic protein-protein interactions, which have previously been challenging. By synergizing target engagement assays with more complex primary cell phenotypic assays, we have been able to demonstrate compound-target selectivity profiles to enhance cellular potency and offset potential liability risks. Additionally, we have shown that in the absence of a robust, cell phenotypic assay, it is possible to utilize NanoBRET target engagement assays to aid chemistry in progressing at a higher scale than would have otherwise been achievable. The NanoBRET target engagement assays utilized have further shown an excellent correlation with more reductionist biochemical and biophysical assay systems, clearly demonstrating the possibility of using such assay systems at scale, in tandem with, or in preference to, lower-throughput cell phenotypic approaches.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2472555219896278DOI Listing
February 2020

A Qualified Success: Discovery of a New Series of ATAD2 Bromodomain Inhibitors with a Novel Binding Mode Using High-Throughput Screening and Hit Qualification.

J Med Chem 2019 08 9;62(16):7506-7525. Epub 2019 Aug 9.

GlaxoSmithKline Tres Cantos , 28760 Tres Cantos , Madrid , Spain.

The bromodomain of ATAD2 has proved to be one of the least-tractable proteins within this target class. Here, we describe the discovery of a new class of inhibitors by high-throughput screening and show how the difficulties encountered in establishing a screening triage capable of finding progressible hits were overcome by data-driven optimization. Despite the prevalence of nonspecific hits and an exceptionally low progressible hit rate (0.001%), our optimized hit qualification strategy employing orthogonal biophysical methods enabled us to identify a single active series. The compounds have a novel ATAD2 binding mode with noncanonical features including the displacement of all conserved water molecules within the active site and a halogen-bonding interaction. In addition to reporting this new series and preliminary structure-activity relationship, we demonstrate the value of diversity screening to complement the knowledge-based approach used in our previous ATAD2 work. We also exemplify tactics that can increase the chance of success when seeking new chemical starting points for novel and less-tractable targets.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.9b00673DOI Listing
August 2019

GSK6853, a Chemical Probe for Inhibition of the BRPF1 Bromodomain.

ACS Med Chem Lett 2016 Jun 9;7(6):552-7. Epub 2016 May 9.

Epinova Discovery Performance Unit, Quantitative Pharmacology, Experimental Medicine Unit, Flexible Discovery Unit, and Platform Technology and Science, GlaxoSmithKline , Gunnels Wood Road, Stevenage, Hertfordshire SG1 2NY, U.K.

The BRPF (Bromodomain and PHD Finger-containing) protein family are important scaffolding proteins for assembly of MYST histone acetyltransferase complexes. A selective benzimidazolone BRPF1 inhibitor showing micromolar activity in a cellular target engagement assay was recently described. Herein, we report the optimization of this series leading to the identification of a superior BRPF1 inhibitor suitable for in vivo studies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsmedchemlett.6b00092DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4904261PMC
June 2016

Structure-Based Optimization of Naphthyridones into Potent ATAD2 Bromodomain Inhibitors.

J Med Chem 2015 Aug 31;58(15):6151-78. Epub 2015 Jul 31.

∥Cellzome GmbH, Molecular Discovery Research, GlaxoSmithKline, Meyerhofstrasse 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.

ATAD2 is a bromodomain-containing protein whose overexpression is linked to poor outcomes in a number of different cancer types. To date, no potent and selective inhibitors of the bromodomain have been reported. This article describes the structure-based optimization of a series of naphthyridones from micromolar leads with no selectivity over the BET bromodomains to inhibitors with sub-100 nM ATAD2 potency and 100-fold BET selectivity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.5b00773DOI Listing
August 2015

Fragment-Based Discovery of Low-Micromolar ATAD2 Bromodomain Inhibitors.

J Med Chem 2015 Jul 9;58(14):5649-73. Epub 2015 Jul 9.

∥Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics (DMPK), GlaxoSmithKline, Park Road, Ware, Hertfordshire SG12 0DP, United Kingdom.

Overexpression of ATAD2 (ATPase family, AAA domain containing 2) has been linked to disease severity and progression in a wide range of cancers, and is implicated in the regulation of several drivers of cancer growth. Little is known of the dependence of these effects upon the ATAD2 bromodomain, which has been categorized as among the least tractable of its class. The absence of any potent, selective inhibitors limits clear understanding of the therapeutic potential of the bromodomain. Here, we describe the discovery of a hit from a fragment-based targeted array. Optimization of this produced the first known micromolar inhibitors of the ATAD2 bromodomain.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.5b00772DOI Listing
July 2015

1,3-Dimethyl Benzimidazolones Are Potent, Selective Inhibitors of the BRPF1 Bromodomain.

ACS Med Chem Lett 2014 Nov 10;5(11):1190-5. Epub 2014 Sep 10.

Epinova Discovery Performance Unit and Molecular Discovery Research, GlaxoSmithKline , Gunnels Wood Road, Stevenage, Hertfordshire SG1 2NY, U.K.

The BRPF (bromodomain and PHD finger-containing) protein family are important scaffolding proteins for assembly of MYST histone acetyltransferase complexes. Here, we report the discovery, binding mode, and structure-activity relationship (SAR) of the first potent, selective series of inhibitors of the BRPF1 bromodomain.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ml5002932DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4233354PMC
November 2014

Discovery and characterization of small molecule inhibitors of the BET family bromodomains.

J Med Chem 2011 Jun 13;54(11):3827-38. Epub 2011 May 13.

Molecular Discovery Research, GlaxoSmithKline R&D, Stevenage SG5 4HT, UK.

Epigenetic mechanisms of gene regulation have a profound role in normal development and disease processes. An integral part of this mechanism occurs through lysine acetylation of histone tails which are recognized by bromodomains. While the biological and structural characterization of many bromodomain containing proteins has advanced considerably, the therapeutic tractability of this protein family is only now becoming understood. This paper describes the discovery and molecular characterization of potent (nM) small molecule inhibitors that disrupt the function of the BET family of bromodomains (Brd2, Brd3, and Brd4). By using a combination of phenotypic screening, chemoproteomics, and biophysical studies, we have discovered that the protein-protein interactions between bromodomains and acetylated histones can be antagonized by selective small molecules that bind at the acetylated lysine recognition pocket. X-ray crystal structures of compounds bound into bromodomains of Brd2 and Brd4 elucidate the molecular interactions of binding and explain the precisely defined stereochemistry required for activity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jm200108tDOI Listing
June 2011

1-Aryl-3,4-dihydroisoquinoline inhibitors of JNK3.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2009 Apr 28;19(8):2230-4. Epub 2009 Feb 28.

GlaxoSmithKline R&D, Medicines Research Centre, Stevenage, Hertfordshire, UK.

A series of 1-aryl-3,4-dihydroisoquinoline inhibitors of JNK3 are described. Compounds 20 and 24 are the most potent inhibitors (pIC50 7.3 and 6.9, respectively in a radiometric filter binding assay), with 10- and 1000-fold selectivity over JNK2 and JNK1, respectively, and selectivity within the wider mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family against p38alpha and ERK2. X-ray crystallography of 16 reveals a highly unusual binding mode where an H-bond acceptor interaction with the hinge region is made by a chloro substituent.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2009.02.098DOI Listing
April 2009